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Oct 15 : International Day of Rural Women

The International Day of Rural Women was observed across the world on 15 October 2016.
●    The theme for the day for the year 2016 is Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too.
●    The theme tries to bring focus on farmers, fishers and pastoralists who are standing on the frontlines of food insecurity as temperatures rise, weather patterns become less predictable and climate-related disasters become more frequent. 
●    As key actors in food systems, as small-scale farmers and those in charge of ensuring adequate nutrition for families, rural women are at the centre of this challenge.
●    The first International Day of Rural Women was observed on 15 October 2008.
●    The day was established by the General Assembly in its resolution 62/136 of 18 December 2007.

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October 13 : International Day for Disaster Reduction

International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) was observed globally on 13 October 2016 with theme Live to Tell: Raising Awareness, Reducing Mortality. 
●    The day encourages every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster resilient communities and nations.
●    The 2016 edition marks the launch of the new "Sendai Seven" campaign by United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). 
●    Sendai Seven is centred on the seven targets of theSendai Framework, the first of which is reducing disaster mortality. 
●    UNISDR’s campaign seeks to create a wave of awareness about actions taken to reduce mortality around the world.
●    Earlier, the day was celebrated on the second Wednesday of October (Resolution 44/236, 22 December 1989). 
●    But in 2009, the UN General Assembly formally designated 13 October as the annual date (Resolution 64/200, 21 December 2009).


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First World Tsunami Awareness Day to be celebrated on Nov 5

The First World Tsunami Awareness Day will be celebrated on 5 November 2016 at the Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) 2016.
●    The event will be organised with Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Champions at the Conference.
●    The significance of the day to tsunami awareness can be traced back to the year 1854. 
●    A villager in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, was concerned about an impending tsunami after a high-intensity earthquake on 5 November 1854. 
●    He set up a fire to rice sheaves on the top of a hill. 
●    Fellow villagers, who went atop to put off the fire, were saved even as a tsunami destroyed their village down below. 
●    This was the first documented instance of a tsunami early warning.
●    To commemorate that day of “Inamura no Hi” (the burning of rice sheaves), a resolution was jointly proposed by 142 countries including Japan as a follow up of the third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 
●    The United Nations designated the 5th November as World Tsunami Awareness Day.

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October 11:International Day of the Girl Child

The 2016 International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC) was observed across the world on 11 October 2016 with the theme Girls' Progress = Goals' Progress: What Counts for Girls.
●    The theme for the 2016 IDGC asks for a call for action for increased investment in collecting and analyzing girl-focused, girl-relevant and sex-disaggregated data.
●    It was created by the United Nations through a resolution in 2011.
●    Its objective is to promote the rights of girls and address the unique challenges they face.
●    Today also it’s well established that many girls are being forced for child marriage. 
●    United nations approved this day as an official international girl child day in 2012 keeping in mind that the girls must also get equal opportunity in life.
●    It was held for the first time on 11 October 2012.
●    Globally, one in seven adolescent girls aged 15 - 19 are currently married or in union.


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October 10 : World Mental Health Day

October 10th marks World Mental Health Day, created to raise awareness of mental health issues around the world. 
●    This year's theme is "psychological first aid," deemed equally important as physical first aid.
●    Key messages that will be conveyed during the day include the importance of providing a framework on how to provide psychological first aid and respond in a natural, supportive and practical manner.
●    Despite its name, psychological first aid covers both psychological and social support. 
●    Just like general health care never consists of physical first aid alone, similarly no mental health care system should consist of psychological first aid alone. 
●    The Day provides an opportunity for all stakeholders working on mental health issues to talk about their work, and what more needs to be done to make mental health care a reality for people worldwide

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84th Air Force Day observed across India

The Air Force Day 2016 was on 8 October 2016 observed across India. This is the 84th celebration of the Day that began in 1932.
●    On this day, the most renowned aerobatics display teams, Red Arrows of the Royal Air Force (RAF), enthralled audience at Indian Air Force Day celebrations in New Delhi. 
●    They flew Hawk jets, which are single-engine advanced trainer aircraft.
●    Besides, the Indian Air Force air displayed various aircrafts at Air Force Station Hindan in Uttar Pradesh.
●    The Air Force Day was officially celebrated for the first time on 8 October in the year 1932 as an auxiliary air force of Indian Empire.
●    The day was observed to increase the awareness about the importance of Indian air force in any organization of the national security by both officially and publicly.

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World Habitat Day Observed on October 3

The World Habitat Day was on 3 October 2016 observed across the world with the theme Housing at the Centre.
●    The 2016 World Habitat Day campaign aims to raise awareness about the need for affordable housing for all in urban areas, towns and cities.
●    Access to adequate housing is a global challenge growing fast with urbanization. Around one quarter of the world’s urban population continues to live in slums and informal settlements.
●    An increasing number of urban dwellers, especially the poor and vulnerable groups are living in precarious conditions, addressing their housing needs informally, lacking access to basic services and living space, isolated from livelihood opportunities and vulnerable to forced evictions or homelessness.
●    Every day, as people are born in or move to urban centres in search of opportunities, the demand for housing grows.
●    Globally, a billion new houses are needed by 2025 to accommodate 50 million new urban dwellers per year.
●    World Habitat Day is observed every year on the first Monday of October throughout the world.
●    It was officially designated by the United Nations and first celebrated in 1986.

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International Translation Day observed across the world

The International Translation Day was on 30 September 2016 observed across the world with the theme Translation and Interpreting: Connecting Worlds.
●    This is the annual event for the translation community and event is marked with a series of dedicated events, seminars and symposiums across the world.
●    The Day was established in 1953 by the International Federation of Translators (FIT).
●    It is celebrated every year on 30 September on the feast of St Jerome, the Bible translator who is considered the patron saint of translators.
●    In 1991, FIT launched the idea of an officially recognised International Translation Day to show solidarity of the worldwide translation community in an effort to promote the translation profession.

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28 September : World Rabies Day

World Rabies Day was observed on 28 September 2016. The theme for World Rabies Day is Rabies: Educate. Vaccinate. Eliminate. 
●    The day is annually celebrated to raise awareness about rabies prevention and to highlight progress in defeating the disease.
●    The theme of the day emphasizes on the two crucial actions that communities can do to prevent rabies. 
●    It also reflects the global target to eliminate all human deaths from dog-mediated rabies by 2030.
●    In addition, 28 September also marks the anniversary of Louis Pasteur's death, the French chemist and microbiologist, who developed the first rabies vaccine.
●    Rabies is a zoonotic disease (a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans), caused by the rabies virus, of the Lyssavirus genus, within the family Rhabdoviridae. 
●    Domestic dogs are the most common reservoir of the virus, with more than 95% of human deaths caused by dog-mediated rabies.

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Nissan to celebrate 'Happy Bolt Day' on August 21

Japanese automaker Nissan will celebrate August 21, 2016 as 'Happy Bolt Day' in honour of athlete Usain Bolt's 30th birthday. 
•    Fans have been invited to imitate Bolt's famous lightning bolt pose on social media with the hashtag #HappyBoltDay. 
•    Bolt was named Nissan's Global Director of Excitement in 2012, serving as an ambassador for the sports car GT-R.
•    Nissan Motor Company Ltd is a Japanese multinational automobile manufacturer headquartered in Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan.
•    Since 1999, Nissan has been part of the Renault–Nissan Alliance, a partnership between Nissan and French automaker Renault. 
•    As of 2013, Renault holds a 43.4% voting stake in Nissan, while Nissan holds a 15% non-voting stake in Renault. 
•    Carlos Ghosn serves as CEO of both companies.

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