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World Television Day Observed on 21 November

The United Nations’ (UN) World Television Day was observed in countries across the world on 21 November 2016. The day is aimed at recognizing the important role television plays in presenting issues that affect people globally.
●    It is also meant to honor the role Television plays as the pillar of freedom of expression and as a promoter of cultural diversity. 
●    On 17 December 1996, during the United Nations General Assembly , it was decided that 21 November will be globally observed as World Television Day to commemorate the date on which the first World Television Forum was held in the same year. 
●    The universal body, UN then invited all its member states to observe the day by encouraging a global exchange of television programs focusing on global issues like peace, security, cultural exchange and economic and social development.
●    UN also acknowledged Television as one of the most influential forms of media for communication and broadcast of information and also as an important medium for imparting education to people across the globe.


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November 20 : Universal Children's Day

Universal Children’s Day was observed across the globe on 20 November 2016. 
●    The day is observed with an aim to promote the ideals and objectives of the United Nation’s Charter and the welfare of the children of the world.
●    20 November is the day when UNGA adopted the declaration of the Rights of the Child in 1959. 
●    On 14 December 1954, the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) recommended all countries should institute a Universal Children’s Day, which will be observed as a day of the worldwide fraternity to understand children.
●    20 November also marks the day on which, in 1989, the UNGA adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child.  
●    The Convention that ratified international human rights treaty also sets out a number of rights for children. 
●    These children rights include the right to life, to education, to health, to play, the right to family life as well as to be protected from violence, and not to be discriminated, and to have their views heard.

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Rashtriya Ekta Diwas to be celebrated on 31st Oct

The Rashtriya Ekta Diwas will be observed on 31st October, 2016 with ‘Integration of India’ as the theme. On this occasion various activities are being organised across ministries/departments all over the country.
●    The Government had decided to observe the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel as the ‘Rashtriya Ekta Diwas’ (National Unity Day) on 31st October every year. 
●    On the occasion, floral tributes will be paid to Sardar Patel across the country. 
●    It will be followed by ‘Run for Unity’ involving people from all sections of society to be organised from the National Stadium to the C-hexagon of India Gate.
●    A Run for Unity will also be organised at the State/District Headquarters involving people from all sections of society. 
●    Ministry of Human Resource Development will organise an essay competition and special programs in schools across the country.

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28 Oct : National Ayurveda Day

The first National Ayurveda Day was observed on 28 October on the occasion of Dhanwantari Jayanti. 
●    The theme for this year is ‘Ayurveda for Prevention and Control of Diabetes‘. 
●    Ayurveda is the traditional Hindu system of medicine based on the idea of balance in bodily systems and uses diet, herbal treatment, and yogic breathing.  
●    It has been incorporated in Atharva Veda, the last of the four Vedas. 
●    To celebrate this day, the Union Ministry of AYUSH had organized a day-long national seminar on Prevention and Control of Diabetes through Ayurveda in New Delhi. 
●    Besides, the Ministry also had launched Mission Madhumeha through Ayurveda on the occasion. 
●    The Mission Madhumeha will be implemented throughout the country through a specially designed National Treatment Protocol for effective management of Diabetes through Ayurveda.
●    The national treatment Protocol was also released on occasion of National Seminar. 

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Oct 15 : International Day of Rural Women

The International Day of Rural Women was observed across the world on 15 October 2016.
●    The theme for the day for the year 2016 is Climate is changing. Food and agriculture must too.
●    The theme tries to bring focus on farmers, fishers and pastoralists who are standing on the frontlines of food insecurity as temperatures rise, weather patterns become less predictable and climate-related disasters become more frequent. 
●    As key actors in food systems, as small-scale farmers and those in charge of ensuring adequate nutrition for families, rural women are at the centre of this challenge.
●    The first International Day of Rural Women was observed on 15 October 2008.
●    The day was established by the General Assembly in its resolution 62/136 of 18 December 2007.

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October 13 : International Day for Disaster Reduction

International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) was observed globally on 13 October 2016 with theme Live to Tell: Raising Awareness, Reducing Mortality. 
●    The day encourages every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster resilient communities and nations.
●    The 2016 edition marks the launch of the new "Sendai Seven" campaign by United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR). 
●    Sendai Seven is centred on the seven targets of theSendai Framework, the first of which is reducing disaster mortality. 
●    UNISDR’s campaign seeks to create a wave of awareness about actions taken to reduce mortality around the world.
●    Earlier, the day was celebrated on the second Wednesday of October (Resolution 44/236, 22 December 1989). 
●    But in 2009, the UN General Assembly formally designated 13 October as the annual date (Resolution 64/200, 21 December 2009).


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First World Tsunami Awareness Day to be celebrated on Nov 5

The First World Tsunami Awareness Day will be celebrated on 5 November 2016 at the Asian Ministerial Conference for Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) 2016.
●    The event will be organised with Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Champions at the Conference.
●    The significance of the day to tsunami awareness can be traced back to the year 1854. 
●    A villager in Wakayama Prefecture, Japan, was concerned about an impending tsunami after a high-intensity earthquake on 5 November 1854. 
●    He set up a fire to rice sheaves on the top of a hill. 
●    Fellow villagers, who went atop to put off the fire, were saved even as a tsunami destroyed their village down below. 
●    This was the first documented instance of a tsunami early warning.
●    To commemorate that day of “Inamura no Hi” (the burning of rice sheaves), a resolution was jointly proposed by 142 countries including Japan as a follow up of the third UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 
●    The United Nations designated the 5th November as World Tsunami Awareness Day.

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October 11:International Day of the Girl Child

The 2016 International Day of the Girl Child (IDGC) was observed across the world on 11 October 2016 with the theme Girls' Progress = Goals' Progress: What Counts for Girls.
●    The theme for the 2016 IDGC asks for a call for action for increased investment in collecting and analyzing girl-focused, girl-relevant and sex-disaggregated data.
●    It was created by the United Nations through a resolution in 2011.
●    Its objective is to promote the rights of girls and address the unique challenges they face.
●    Today also it’s well established that many girls are being forced for child marriage. 
●    United nations approved this day as an official international girl child day in 2012 keeping in mind that the girls must also get equal opportunity in life.
●    It was held for the first time on 11 October 2012.
●    Globally, one in seven adolescent girls aged 15 - 19 are currently married or in union.


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October 10 : World Mental Health Day

October 10th marks World Mental Health Day, created to raise awareness of mental health issues around the world. 
●    This year's theme is "psychological first aid," deemed equally important as physical first aid.
●    Key messages that will be conveyed during the day include the importance of providing a framework on how to provide psychological first aid and respond in a natural, supportive and practical manner.
●    Despite its name, psychological first aid covers both psychological and social support. 
●    Just like general health care never consists of physical first aid alone, similarly no mental health care system should consist of psychological first aid alone. 
●    The Day provides an opportunity for all stakeholders working on mental health issues to talk about their work, and what more needs to be done to make mental health care a reality for people worldwide

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84th Air Force Day observed across India

The Air Force Day 2016 was on 8 October 2016 observed across India. This is the 84th celebration of the Day that began in 1932.
●    On this day, the most renowned aerobatics display teams, Red Arrows of the Royal Air Force (RAF), enthralled audience at Indian Air Force Day celebrations in New Delhi. 
●    They flew Hawk jets, which are single-engine advanced trainer aircraft.
●    Besides, the Indian Air Force air displayed various aircrafts at Air Force Station Hindan in Uttar Pradesh.
●    The Air Force Day was officially celebrated for the first time on 8 October in the year 1932 as an auxiliary air force of Indian Empire.
●    The day was observed to increase the awareness about the importance of Indian air force in any organization of the national security by both officially and publicly.

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