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Special Category of Punishment : SC Moving Away from Death Sentence

The Supreme Court has moved away from death penalty (capital punishment) after it commuted the death sentence of a youth for raping and killing a seven-year-old girl with the Special Category of Punishment. 
•    The apex court in its judicial innovation awarded the convict 25 year jail term considering it appropriate punishment between death sentence and life imprisonment in heinous crimes. 
•    Special Category of Punishment is judicial innovation that will be veering away from capital punishment. 
•    It will be limited to a “very few cases”. In this case capital punishment will be shifted to life imprisonment without the benefit of release on remission for prolonged periods ranging from 25 to 30 years, if not more. 
•    It was formalised by a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in the Rajiv Gandhi killers’ case in December 2015. 
•    It helps “get rid of death penalty” and addresses the genuine concerns of the society to see justice done. 

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