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Police Commemoration Day observed across India

The Police Commemoration Day was observed on 21 October 2016 across India. 
●    The Annual Conference of Inspectors General of Police of States and Union Territories held in January 1960 decided that 21 October will be observed as Commemoration Day in all Police Lines throughout India to mark the memory of these gallant personnel.
●    Home Minister Rajnath Singh laid wreath and paid homage to the police martyrs at Police Memorial Ground, Chanakyapuri in Delhi.
●    The day commemorates the sacrifices of ten policemen while defending the borders with China in 1959.
●    On 21 October 1959, Chinese Army personnel opened fire and threw grenades at the police party of 20 personnel.
●    Ten of them died, seven were taken prisoners by the Chinese and the remaining managed to escape.
●    Since 1961, more than 33000 police personnel have sacrificed their lives for security of the nation and service to the society.


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First BRICS film festival begins in New Delhi

The first BRICS Film Festival will kick started on 2 September 2016 at the Sirifort Auditorium Complex, New Delhi. Minister of State for Information and Broadcasting Rajyavardhan Singh Rathore inaugurated the festival.
•    The five-day festival aims at providing a platform for people of the film industry of member countries to explore areas of cooperation in the domain of cinema, culture and cuisine.
•    The idea of BRICS film festival has been conceived to build bridges and bring harmony amongst the BRICS countries, i.e., Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa.
•    The opening film for the festival will be the world premiere of the Malayalam movie, Veeram.
•    The closing film will be the Chinese movie, Skiptrace, starring Jackie Chan directed by Renny Harlin.
•    In the course of 5 days of the event, 20 movies will be screened in the competition section, 4 from each of the countries.
•    The festival that kick started on 2 September 2016 will conclude on 6 September 2016.

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The 22nd edition of the Delhi Book Fair started

The 22nd edition of the Delhi Book Fair (DBF) began at Pragati Maidan in New Delhi.  
•    Focus of the this edition of DBF will be to highlight initiatives undertaken by Union Government for its Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan to inculcate better reading habits among the younger generation. 
•    The Delhi Book Fair has been organised by Indian Trade Promotion Organisation in association with Federation of Indian Publishers.
•    Initiatives like Make in India, Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, Digital India, Skill India, Startup India, Smart Cities and Startup India will dominate these pavilions. 
•    It will also showcase a wide range of fictions and non-fictions, academic books besides plenty of children’s literature. 
•    Exhibitors will include both Indian and foreign publishers, book sellers and distributors, educational institutions, periodicals and magazines and e-books Special facilities will be offered for students and the teaching community, who will be provided free entry to the fair.

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Pakistan is going to host the 19th SAARC Summit

Pakistan is going to host the 19th SAARC Summit in Islamabad (capital city) and Murree on November 9 and 10, 2016. 
•    It will be the meeting of the head of states or head of government of the eight SAARC countries. 
•    SAARC is regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union in South Asia. 
•    It promotes development of economical and regional integration. 
•    As of 2015, SAARC member countries compromise of 3% of the world’s area, 21% of the world’s population and 9.12% of the global economy. 
•    Member Countries: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan .
•    Nine observer states: Australia, China, European Union, Japan, Iran, Mauritius, Myanmar, South Korea, and United States. 
•    The idea for the SAARC was proposed by Ziaur Rahman, the then President of Bangladesh on May 2, 1980. 
•    The first SAARC summit was held in Dhaka (Bangladesh) in December 1985. 
•    The SAARC Secretariat was established in Kathmandu (Nepal) on 16 January 1987.

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Mariachi festival begins in Mexican City

The largest 'Mariachi' festival will be hosted in the Mexican city of Guadalajara starting today. 
•    The annual 10-day festival, which takes place over the city's streets, features around 500 musicians from Europe
and Asia. 
•    This year, the festival is seeking to break the world record for individuals wearing hats.
•    Mariachi is a musical expression that dates back to at least 19th century Western Mexico. 
•    It is a tradition that can be defined by eight socio-musical elements: mariachi instrumentation and texture,
musical genres and subgenres, performance methods and styles, singing styles and forms, dance styles, per formative space,
performance clothing, and the word "mariachi". 
•    Each element has its own history, originated at varying moments in time and in different regions of the Western
Mexican countryside, and some, not all, had to have converged in order for the mariachi tradition to be what it has become.

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BRICS countries adopt Udaipur Declaration on disaster

The BRICS Countries on 23 August 2016 adopted the Udaipur Declaration during the second meeting of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China & South Africa) Ministers for Disaster Management in Udaipur, Rajasthan.
•    The Joint Task Force shall consist of one representative from each BRICS country and will be chaired by rotation by the representative of the country holding chairmanship of BRICS during that year.  
•    It shall meet on the sidelines of the meeting of the BRICS Ministers for disaster management and may also hold additional meetings as necessary, including through video conferencing. 
•    During the meeting, the countries also finalised the roadmap for implementation of the three-year Joint Action Plan (JAP) for BRICS emergency services (2016-18). 
•    The JAP was agreed upon at the first meeting of BRICS Ministers for Disaster Management at St. Petersburg in Russia in 2016 itself. 
•    Through JAP, the countries will work together on exchange of Information on disaster management, research & technology exchange on forecasting and early warning for floods.
The 8th BRICS Summit will be hosted by India, the current BRICS chair, in Goa in October 2016.

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The first National Conference of Investigating Agencies was held  at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.

The Bureau of Police Research and Development (BPR&D) in coordination with National Investigation Agency (NIA) is organizing the 1st National Conference of Investigation Agencies on 12-13th August, 2016, at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. The conference has originated from the mandate of the BPR&D and the recommendations of Directors General of Police (DGPs)/Inspectors General of Police (IGPs) conferences which stipulated “To organize the All India Conference of Police and Law Enforcement officers engaged in investigation tasks”. 
•    The conference envisages to provide an annual national platform to all the officers of law enforcement agencies engaged in investigation tasks with the objective to discuss the latest laws and judgments and their implications for investigation and prosecution and to deliberate on new legislation/ criminal law amendments and systematic changes for meeting new challenges in investigation. The conference also envisages about adoption of latest technology in forensic sciences for expeditious and professional investigation and to share best practices followed by different investigation agencies which could be implemented by others. 
•    The deliberations of the conference are expected to help in improving the quality of investigation which has been a long felt demand of public. The conference offers sessions by investigation experts of national repute on themes of Combating Economic and Organized crime, Digital and Technology driven crime, Terrorist Crime Investigation, Legal issue relating to Investigation and Ideas from States: Sharing good practices. 
•    These sessions would provide exposure to the investigator about the role and function of Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) and its coordination with investigation agency, Indian Drug Enforcement Regime and Role of investigation agency, co-ordination between Enforcement Directorate (ED) and investigation agencies, issues related to use of social media by terrorists and strategies to counter them and investigation of terrorist crimes. The sessions are also expected to cover combating cyber crime: strategic responses and international experience, use of technology to improve investigation, need for fresh legislation and amendments required in existing laws to facilitate investigation and database and crime investigation. 
•    There will be sessions on show-casing the best practices in investigation being followed in various States/UTs and investigation agencies. Leading experts and practitioners in these areas would present their views. 
•    The DGs of States/UTs, Central Police Organisations (CPOs) and the Heads of Crime Branches/ATS/Economic Offences Wing(EOW)/STF of States/UTs and other investigative agencies will participate in the Conference. Superintendents of Police and other investigators too shall participate.

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38th Bristol International Balloon Fiesta held in Bristol England.

The Bristol International Balloon Fiesta is Europe’s largest annual meeting of hot air balloons, attracting over 150 Hot Air Balloons from across the globe. 
The Fiesta truly is a sight that can only be seen in Bristol. 
•    Held over four days in August at Ashton Court Estate, the event is completely free with charges.
•    Alongside the fantastic site of hot air balloons filling the skies, it has a large number of great trade stands, fairground rides and entertainment.
•    The Bristol International Balloon Fiesta is held annually England. 
•    Teams from the UK and other parts of the world bring their hot air balloons to the site and participate in mass ascents where as many as 100 balloons may launch at a time.
•    The event was first held in 1979 and is now one of the largest in Europe. 
•    It takes place in a large country estate Ashton Court. 
•    One popular attraction is the night glow, when balloons are inflated and glow to music after dark.

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Delhi to host Northeastern culture festival

A festival showcasing the varied music and dances of North Eastern India will be organized in delhi beginning Thursday, seeking to promote the rich folk culture of the region.
•    The 'Amazing North-East… Paradise Unexplored' festival showcasing the various music and dances of Northeast India will be held at the India International Centre in New Delhi on Thursday, beginning 6 pm.
•    The festival will also serve as a medium to discuss the reported challenges and hardships faced by the people living in the region.
•    Eminent dancer Sonal Mansingh and academic scholar Sanjoy Hazarika will be a part of the talk show that will discuss the challenges that the region comes across, seeking to suggest solutions that may propagate its growth.
•    The show will also serve as a medium to draw the audience’s attention to the hardships faced by the people living in the region and encourage more support from the citizens of the rest of the country.

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7th meeting of SAARC Immigration Authorities held in Islamabad

The seventh meeting of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) Immigration Authorities was held on 2 August 2016 in Islamabad, Pakistan.
•    Usman A. Bajwa, Pakistan’s Director General Immigration and Passports, chaired the meeting.
•    The meeting aimed at formulating recommendations to be presented in the meetings of Home Secretaries and Interior Ministers meetings.
•    It reviewed different areas to maximize the potential of visa exemption scheme launched among the member countries in 1992.
•    It also planned on development of security software for SAARC Visa Exemption Scheme (SVES) and immigration matters.
•    SVES will help in transforming the existing manual system of the scheme into an online visa application system.
•    It will have a central database that will provide all member states with real-time and secure information.
•    The SAARC Visa Exemption Scheme was launched in 1992.
•    As directed by the Summit, the Council of Ministers regularly kept under review the list of entitled categories.
•    The Visa Stickers are issued by the respective Member States to the entitled categories of that particular country.  
•    The validity of the Visa Sticker is generally for one year.  
•    The implementation is reviewed regularly by the Immigration Authorities of SAARC Member States.

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