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Resolution to Global Ban Nuclear Weapons Test under CTBT Approved by UNSC

The UN Security Council on 23 September 2016 approved a resolution urging quick global implementation of Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban treaty that would ban tests of nuclear weapons.
•    With 14 votes in favour and one abstention (Egypt), the resolution welcomed progress made towards universalization of the Treaty, noting that 183 States have signed the Treaty and 166 States have deposited their instruments of ratification.
•    The UN's Comprehensive Test Ban Organization already has a network of monitoring stations. But it still cannot go on site to inspect for tests until the treaty enters into force. 
•    For that, the holdouts among the 44 countries that are designated nuclear capable, the United States, China, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, North Korea and Pakistan must ratify.
•    The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty bans all nuclear explosions for both civilian and military purposes. 
•    Adopted by the UN General Assembly under resolution 50 (1996), the Treaty will enter into force 180 days after the date of deposit of the instruments of ratification by all.

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New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants adopted by UN members


The World Leaders on 19 September 2016 adopted the New York Declaration at the opening of the United Nations General Assembly's (UNGA) first-ever Summit for Refugees and Migrants.
•    Protect the human rights of all refugees and migrants, regardless of status. This includes the rights of women and girls and promoting their full, equal and meaningful participation in finding solutions.
•    Ensure that all refugee and migrant children are receiving education within a few months of arrival.
•    Prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence.
•    Support those countries rescuing, receiving and hosting large numbers of refugees and migrants.
•    Work towards ending the practice of detaining children for the purposes of determining their migration status.
•    Find new homes for all refugees identified by the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as needing resettlement.
•    Expand the opportunities for refugees to relocate to other countries through labour mobility or education schemes.
•    Strengthen the global governance of migration by bringing the International Organization for Migration (IOM) into the UN system.
 

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