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Bhartiya Janta Party to form its 1st government in ASSAM

Election Commission on 19 May 2016 announced results of 2016 Legislative Assembly Election Assam. 
•    The elections were held in two phases on 4 April 2016 and 11 April 2016 for 126 assembly seats.
•    In the election, BJP and its alliance partners have won an absolute majority in Assam state assembly election.
•    It has won 60 seats on its own in the 126 member House. Its ally AGP has won 14 seats while another ally BPF has bagged 12 seats.
•    BJP has thus made history by winning an assembly election in the state. Ruling Congress has bagged 26 seats, AIUDF 13 and one seat has gone to an independent.
•    BJP Chief Ministerial candidate Sarbananda Sonowal has won from Majuli seat, defeating his nearest rival by more than 18000 votes. 
•    Chief Minister Tarun Gogoi has won in Titabar, with a margin of over 17000 votes.
•    This thumping win of BJP in north-east India can be seen as its entry in the north-eastern part of India or expanding political influence beyond its traditional heartland. 
•    The interesting fact of the results is that the party managed to break into Congress stronghold.
•    Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. The first oil well in Asia was drilled here. 
•    The state has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds. 
•    It provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism, centred around Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park which are World Heritage Sites. 
•    Sal tree forests are found in the state, which as a result of rainfall looks green all year round. Assam receives more rainfall compared to most part of India.

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Jayalalitha retains power in Tamil Nadu

Jayalalithaa’s AIADMK today clearly headed to retain power in Tamil Nadu by winning 134 seats as arch rival DMK gave a strong fight bagging 89 segments.
•    Chief Minister Jayalalithaa, set to create history by becoming the first ever leader to retain power in the state since 1989, as she retains R K Nagar constituency defeating DMK rival by 39,545 votes. 
•    Jayalalithaa secured 97,218 votes against Shimla Muthuchozhan who polled 57,673 votes.
•    Addressing jubilant party workers, Jayalalithaa called the victory a historic one and vowed to strive for the people with renewed vigour.
•    The bad news for the AIADMK came from Chennai, which was battered by flash floods in December and whose voters appeared to have overwhelmingly turned against the ruling party.
•    AIADMK candidates trailed behind the DMK in 10 of the 16 constituencies in the capital.
•    For the first time, the elections saw several alternatives to AIADMK and DMK. But all drew blank at the polls.
•    A total of 2,873 voters in the high profile Dr. Radhakrishnan Nagar constituency, where Chief Minister J. Jayalalithaa was a contestant, preferred NOTA.
•    Tamil Nadu, with over 5.79 crore registered voters, had recorded 74.26 percent polling in the assembly polls held on May 16.
•    Tamil Nadu is the eleventh-largest state in India by area and the sixth-most populous. 
•    The state was ranked sixth among states in India according to the Human Development Index in 2011, with the second-largest state economy.
•    Its official language is Tamil, which is one of the longest-surviving classical languages in the world.

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LDF will make government in Kerala

Pinarayi Vijayan is set to be the chief minister of Kerala as Left Democratic Front (LDF) has won 91 seats out 140 assembly seats.
•    Compared to 2011 assembly elections when it had won 68 seats, LDF increased its tally by 24 seats in 2016 assembly elections.
•    On the other hand, Congress Party led United Democratic Front (UDF), like in other states, is in for a huge setback. 
•    It is leading only in 47 seats, a big 23 seats drop compared to 2011 assembly elections.
•    The account for BJP was opened by 86-year-old former Union minister O Rajagopal, who won by over 8000 votes. He will go down in history as the first BJP MLA in Kerala’s 140-member assembly.
•    It was the image of Rajagopal, popularly known as ‘Rajettan’, apart from the BJP’s organizational strength that helped the party to create history. He is considered a noble and well meaning person.
•    Anti-incumbency factor against the Congress chief Minister Oommen Chandy is responsible for such a massive setback to the grand old party in the state. 
•    The government had been hit by a series of corruption scandals involving some of his top aides and ministers.
•    There also has been a barrage of criticism following a spate of crime against women, especially the horrific rape, torture and murder of a Dalit student.
•    Kerala has the lowest positive population growth rate in India, 3.44%; highest Human Development Index (HDI), 0.790 in 2011; the highest literacy rate, 93.91% in the 2011 according to the census data. 
•    The state has witnessed significant emigration, especially to Arab states of the Persian Gulf during the Gulf Boom of the 1970s and early 1980s, and its economy depends significantly on remittances from a large Malayalam expatriate community. 
•    Hinduism is practiced by more than half of the population, followed by Islam and Christianity. 

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TMC got huge majority ever in the History of West Bengal's election

Election Commission on 19 May 2016 announced results of 2016 Legislative Assembly Election of West Bengal. 
•    The elections were held in six phases between 4 April 2016 and 5 May 2016 for 294 assembly seats.
•    In the elections, ruling All India Trinamool Congress (TMC) of Chief Minister Mamta Banerjee crossed the two-third mark by winning 211 seats. 
•    Congress-Left combine has taken 76 seats while BJP has bagged three seats. Independents and others have won four seats.
•    West Bengal Chief Minister and TMC Supremo, Mamta Banerjee won from Bhabanipur Assembly Constituency. 
•    She defeated her nearest Congress rival Deepa Dasmunshi by over 25 thousand votes. 
•    West Bengal Speaker Biman Banerjee has won from Baruipur Paschim Constituency.
•    The huge victory in the assembly elections 2016 compared to 2011 elections by Mamta-led TMC can be attributed to her campaign “Maa, Maati, Maanush.” 
•    In 2011 elections her party was able to secure just 184 seats.
•    Prafulla Chandra Ghosh. Prafulla Chandra Ghosh (1891–1983) was the first Chief Minister of West Bengal, India.

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Punjab gets world's largest rooftop solar plant


World’s largest Single Rooftop Solar Power Plant with capacity of11.5 MegaWatt (MW) was inaugurated at Dera Baba Jaimal Singhat Beas, in Amritsar, Punjab. 
•    It was inaugurated by Punjab Chief Minister Prakash Singh Badal on 18 May 2016.
•    This is the largest Solar Power Plant spread over 82 acres of rooftop in single campus on multiple roofs with installed capacity of 19.5 MW.
•    The plant has been set up with the cost of 139 crore rupees.
•    The project will generate clean and green energy sufficient to power approximately 8000 homes.
•    This solar power project at Dera Beas will help in abating about 4lakh tonnes of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) in next 25 years
•    This is equivalent to plant nearly 2 lakh trees.
•    Considering the fact that pollution level and global temperature has gone up like anything, any such initiative is quite commendable.

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Maharashtra declares drought in 29000 villages

On 12 May 2016 Maharashtra government declared drought in over 29000 villages of the state, most of them in parched Marathwada and Vidarbha regions.
•    The state is implementing various schemes and taking measures to mitigate the water scarcity in drought-hit areas, and more particularly in Marathwada and Vidarbha regions.
•    The villages that have now been declared as affected by drought were already receiving benefits from the government and that the Drought Manual provided only for the word drought-like.
•    On 7 May 2016, the Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis met Prime Minister Narendra Modi and requested 10000 crore rupees as relief for the parched state. 
•    7500 crore rupee was to be spent on completing irrigation projects in Marathwada and Vidarbha over the next three years.
•    Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India and is India's third-largest state by area and is also the world's second-most populous sub-national entity. 
•    It has over 110 million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population of approximately 18 million. 
•    Nagpur is Maharashtra's second capital as well as winter capital

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Bicycle highway between Taj and lion safari

On 11 May 2016 The Uttar Pradesh government gave its nod to develop nearly 200-km long bicycle highway from Agra to the lion safari in Etawah..
•    The highway will not run along the Agra-Etawah main road but will cover various historical and tourism centres.
•    It will cover areas such as Raja Bhoj ki Haveli, Bateshwarnath Temple, Mela Kothi Jarar, Naugava ka Quila and other rural areas to reach lion safari in Etawah.
•    Cabinet also approved the implementation of Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme from the Kharif season 2016. 
•    Cabinet also approved transfer policy for 2016-17 for employees. 
•    The Cabinet approved the construction cost for an international cricket stadium in Saifai.
•    It decided to construct a new ultra modern state-of-art model bus station at Kaiserbagh bus station in the state capital.

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Rural Sanitation Initiatives for Ganga Rejuvenation in Jharkhand

On 9 May 2016 Union Minister for Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation Uma Bharti launched nine projects for rural sanitation initiatives in Jharkhand.
•    The initiatives were launched under Namami Gange Programme of the Ministry.
•    The main aim of these projects is to improve the health and quality of life of around 45000 households located in 78 villages of the Ganga River basin in Jharkhand 
•    The projects will cover the entire 83 kilometer stretch of Ganga in Jharkhand.
•    Promotion of safe, individual hygiene practices to ensure open defecation free status of all 78 villages along the river Ganga.
•    Promotion of cost-effective, appropriate local, low cost, easy to manage technologies to ensure improved access, sustained use and maintenance of infrastructure created for effective management of solid and liquid waste.
•    Strengthening of local institutions including panchayats, village level sanitation committees and self-help groups to effectively manage, enhance and maintain facilities established for improved sanitation in the villages and an integrated and a holistic livelihood approach.
•    78 units will be established in project villages for collection, storage and composting of degradable solid waste 
•    5460 households will be supported for adoption of composting 
•    1860 households will be supported for adoption of Bio gas plants 
•    Eight village level crematoriums and 32 bathing Ghats will be 

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Uttarakhand Floor Test: Harish Rawat wins the Test with 33 votes in favour

On 11 May 2016 in the legislative assembly, the Harish Rawat-led government got the majority.
•    Harish Rawat got 33 votes against 28 votes out of 61 qualified members who voted in the assembly.
•    SC said that Harish Rawat can take charge as the Chief Minister of the.
•    President Rule under Article 356 was imposed in Uttarakhand on 27 March 2016 
•    It was done on the recommendation of the Union Cabinet.
•    Conduct of ‘composite floor test’ in the Uttarakhand legislative assembly was ordered by the Supreme Court on 5 May 2016.
•    On 9 March 2005 Apex court passed the order for Jharkhand Assembly.
•    It was done on the line of earlier order for a composite floor test in Uttar Pradesh in 1998.
•    "President's rule" refers to the imposition of Article 356 of the Constitution of India on a State whose constitutional machinery has failed. 
•    In the event that a State government is not able to function as per the Constitution, the State comes under the direct control of the central government

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Telangana govt to set up Monkey rescue and rehabilitation centre

Telangana government on 10th may issued orders for setting up a 'Monkey Rescue and Rehabilitation Centre' in Adilabad district.
•    It will be made with an investment of Rs 2.21 crore.
•    There was serious man-animal conflict in both rural and urban areas due to increased pressure on forest habitats, coupled with increased population of monkeys.
•    The religious beliefs and value attached to monkeys also resist villagers either from killing or from other measures.
•    All these factors have contributed to the increasing conflict between the monkeys and the human beings.
•    After careful examination of the proposal of Principal Chief Conservator of Forests (HoFF), Telangana State government ordered establishment of Monkey Rescue & Rehabilitation Centre at Chincholi near Nirmal in Adilabad district, as pilot project.
•    Telangana is one of the 29 states in India, in the South of the country. It was formed on 2 June 2014 with the city of Hyderabadas its capital. 
•    Telangana is bordered by the states ofMaharashtra to the north and North west,Chhattisgarh to the North, Odisha to the north east (adjoining khammam district), Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south.
•    Telangana has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 35,193,978 (2011 census).  

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