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Important Current Affairs 31st July 2017

Important Current Affairs 31st July 2017

Current Affairs 31st July 2017: NATIONAL NEWS

BPR&D to organise two-day National Conference for Young SPs of States/UTs and Commandants of CAPFs beginning tomorrow

The Bureau of Police Research & Development (BPR&D) is organizing a two day National Conference for Young Superintendents of Police of States/UTs and Commandants of CAPFs, beginning here tomorrow. 
●    The Union Minister of Electronics & Information Technology and Law & Justice, Shri Ravi Shankar Prasad will inaugurate the conference.
●    Briefing the media, Ms. Anupama Nilekar Chandra, IG (Modernization), BPR&D said that during the DGs/IGs Annual Conference in December, 2015 at Rann of Kutch, Gujarat, the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi in his address, said that the young officers need to be exposed to the latest technological aids available. 
●    Keeping this in view, BPR&D is organising this two-day National Conference with the theme ‘Technological Empowerment for Impactful Policing’. 
●    She said that the participants will include 5 SPs and 5 Commandant rank officers of CAPFs from each State and one SP rank officer from each UT.
●    The two-day conference will include various sessions on topics like Technology for Police, Operations and Technology, Police-Media Interface, Delivery of Citizen Centric Services and Syndicate Group discussion & presentation.

BSF and NSDC sign MoU on Skill Development 

The Border Security Force (BSF) signed an MoU with the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) here today in the presence of MoS (Independent Charge) Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE), Shri Rajiv Pratap Rudy and Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri Kiren Rijiju. 
●    The MoU will enable NSDC to provide “Skill training to retired and retiring BSF personnel, as well as to the population residing in the border areas. 
●    Speaking on the occasion, Shri Rudy said Skill Development remained an ignored aspect until the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi created the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship two and a half years ago, soon after the NDA Government came to power. 
●    Suffering from colonial legacy, Skill Development remained a neglected sector while the Human Resource Development focus remained confined to imparting academic education, Shri Rudy said. 
●    Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs) came to be regulated by the National Council for Vocational Training, an advisory body set up by the Government of India in the year 1956, and today the ITIs cater to around 23 lakh students at any point of time, he said.
●    But this alone is not sufficient and there is much more demand for skilled workforce that the NSDC aims to bridge, he added.

Projects worth Rs 425 crore approved by NMCG

The Executive Committee of National Mission for Clean Ganga in its 4th meeting held here today approved seven projects worth Rs 425 crore in the sector of sewage infrastructure, Ghat development and research.
●    In sewage sector, three projects each in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar have been approved. 
●    For Uttar Pradesh, interception, diversion and STP projects for Unnao, Shuklaganj and Ramnagar have been approved. 
●    These three projects aim at creation of sewage treatment capacity of 29 MLD (Unnao- 13 MLD, Shuklaganj- six MLD and Ramnagar- ten MLD) at a total cost of Rs 238.64 crore.
●    While in Bihar, three projects at Sultanganj, Naugachia and Mokama with total estimated cost of Rs 175 crore have been approved. 
●    These three projects will create additional sewage treatment capacity of 27 MLD (Sultanganj- ten MLD, Mokama- eight MLD and Naugachia- nine MLD).
●    All the six projects will be provided with Operation and Maintenance cost for 15 years by Central government and 100 percent central assistance. 
●    It is also important to mention that Unnao and Sultanganj projects will be taken up under Hybrid Annuity based PPP model in which 60 per cent of the capital cost will be paid to the contractor who has constructed the STP, over a period of 15 years, on the basis of his work performance on the achievement of desired norms of treated wastewater.

Centenary Anniversary of Champaran Satyagrah

The Government has decided to commemorate centenary of Champaran Satyagraha during April 2017 to April 2018. A National Implementation Committee (NIC) has been constituted under the Chairmanship of the Home Minister. 
●    Inaugural function for the commemoration was organised in Delhi on 10th April, 2017.
●    Development of Gandhi Circuit in Bihar is one of the projects identified for development under the Special Package for Bihar announced by the Hon’ble Prime Minister in 2015. 
●    A project for “Development of Gandhi Circuit: Bhitiharwa-Chandrahia-Turkaulia under Rural Circuit theme of Swadesh Darshan Scheme” has been sanctioned in Bihar with Central Financial Assistance of Rs. 4465.02 lakh. 
●    A sum of Rs. 893.00 lakh, as first instalment, has been released by Ministry of Tourism.
●    This information was given by Dr. Mahesh Sharma, Minister of State for Culture and Tourism (Independent Charge) in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

Current Affairs 31st July 2017: REPORT AND RANKING

India is world’s third-biggest beef exporter: FAO report

India is the world’s third-biggest exporter of beef and is projected to hold on to that position over the next decade, according to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the Organisation for Economic Cooperation (OECD).
●    OECD-FAO Agricultural Outlook 2017-2026 report released here this week, said that India exported 1.56 million tonnes of beef last year and was expected to maintain “its position as the third-largest beef exporter, accounting for 16 per cent of global exports in 2026” by exporting 1.93 tonnes that year.
●    The type of beef exported was not specified, but the meat exported appeared to be mostly from buffaloes as the report specified the animal for imports by Myanmar from India. 
●    According to the OECD database, India imported 363,000 tonnes of beef last year and the amount was projected to stay the same over the decade.

Current Affairs 31st July 2017: GLOBAL NEWS

Russia asks 755 US diplomats to leave country following American sanctions

Russian President Vladimir Putin on 30 July 2017 asked 755 US diplomats to leave the country. 
●    The action was taken three days after the US Congress approved sanctions against Russia.
●    Earlier, the US Senate approved a bill to toughen sanctions on Russia for allegedly meddling in the 2016 US Presidential election and for its annexation of Crimea in 2014.
●    Putin in an interview to a Russian TV channel said, more than 1000 people are working at the US embassy and consulates in Russia. 
●    He said 755 of them should stop their activities and return.
●    While announcing his decision, Putin said Russia had run out of patience waiting for relations with the United States to improve.
●    In addition, the Russian Foreign Ministry on 28 July 2017 demanded that Washington should cut its diplomatic presence in Russia to 455 by September; the same number Moscow has in the US.
●    The Russian President also said that an upturn in Moscow's relations with Washington could not be expected anytime soon.

Current Affairs 31st July 2017: INTERNATIONAL NEWS

India, Pakistan to hold talks on hydropower projects under Indus Waters Treaty

India and Pakistan will hold talks on two hydropower projects, namely Kishenganga and Ratle, under the 1960 Indus Waters Treaty (IWT) at the World Bank headquarters in Washington on 31 July 2017.
●    Union Water Resources Secretary Amarjit Singh is leading the Indian delegation during the talks. The delegation will include officials from ministries of external affairs and water resources.
●    World Bank Vice President for South Asia region Annette Dixon - in a letter to in a letter to the Indian Ambassador to the US, Navtej Sarna - has welcomed the participation of both the countries in the dialogue. 
●    She also assured neutrality and impartiality of the international body in helping both the nations to find an amicable way forward. 
●    The meet at Washington is being held as part of efforts by the World Bank to resolve the issues raised by Pakistan over India’s hydroelectricity projects.

Current Affairs 31st July 2017: SPORTS

Sebastian Vettel wins 2017 Hungarian Formula One Grand Prix

Sebastian Vettel of Germany and the Ferrari driver on 30 July 2017 won the Hungarian Formula One Grand Prix at the Hungaroring in Mogyoród.
●    The second and third place was taken by Ferrari driver Kimi Raikkonen of Finland and Mercedes driver Valtteri Bottas of Finland respectively.
●    The 2017 Hungarian Formula One Grand Prix was the eleventh round of the 2017 Formula One season and the 32nd running of the Hungarian Grand Prix.
●    Born on 3 July 1987, Sebastian Vettel is a German racing driver.
●    He is currently driving in Formula One for Scuderia Ferrari.
●    He is a four-time Formula One World Champion, having won the championship in 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013 with Red Bull Racing.
●    He is among the most successful F1 drivers of all time, as he is one of only four drivers to have won four or more drivers' titles.
●    He is contracted to remain as a Formula One driver with Scuderia Ferrari until at least the end of 2017.
●    Vettel started his career in Formula One as a test driver for BMW Sauber.

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