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Important Current Affairs 28th July 2017

Important Current Affairs 28th July 2017

Current Affairs 28th July 2017: NATIONAL NEWS

Ministry of Health releases Operational Guidelines for Planning and Implementation of Family Participatory Care 


Ministry of Health and Family Welfare recently released Operational Guidelines for Planning and Implementation of Family Participatory Care (FPC) for improving newborn health. 
●    The guidelines will serve as a guiding document for those intending to introduce FPC in their facility as an integral part of facility based newborn care.
●    The document also provides details of infrastructure, training, role of health care providers and steps in the operationalization of FPC in the newborn care unit. 
●    The operational guidelines of FPC are for all stakeholders involved in the process of planning and delivering newborn care. 
●    The guidelines also addresses various aspects of attitudes, infrastructural modifications and practice that will help in establishing FPC at Special Newborn Care Units (SNCU) such as sensitization of State and District Managers on FPC, prioritization of SNCUs for initiating FPC, making required infrastructural enhancement in SNCU, creating family participatory care environment in SNCU, ensuring availability of supplies for parents-attendants, training of SNCU staff for SNCU, role of healthcare providers for FPC implementation and institutional support for FPC.

Niti Aayog clears six proposals for high-tech public transport


Mass rapid transportation technologies such as hyperloop, metrino and pod taxis could soon be a reality in India after Niti Aayog cleared half-a-dozen proposals of the transport ministry exploring options to improve public transport. 
●    Following the go-ahead, the transport ministry has formed a six member committee, headed by a former top official of Railways, to study safety parameters associated with these technologies and global practices. 
●    A senior government official at Niti Aayog told ET, the think tank approved the proposals of the transport ministry with a condition that the ministry conducts trial run of all these technologies and puts in place safety measures before starting commercially operation.

No immediate arrest under dowry harassment law: Supreme Court


The Supreme Court on 27 July 2017 ruled that the police cannot arrest the accused without conducting a preliminary inquiry under dowry harassment cases.
●    With this, the court puts an end to immediate arrests in dowry harassment cases, under Section 498A of Indian Penal Code (IPC).
●    The ruling was made by a bench of Justices A K Goel and UU Lalit.
●    The court held that arrests in dowry harassment cases, where the maximum punishment is up to 7 years in jail, cannot be made on a belief that the accused may have committed the offence.
●    There has to be adequate material to show that the arrest was necessary to prevent the accused from committing any further offence.
●    However, the bench made it clear that its directions will not extend to cases of tangible injury or death.
●    The court directed states to set up a Family Welfare Committees (FWC) comprising 3 members in every district across the country to keep an eye on the uprightness of each complaint.

Current Affairs 28th July 2017: INTERNATIONAL NEWS

Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) in respect of tax matters identifying areas of cooperation signed by the BRICS Heads of Revenue at the Meeting held at Hangzhou,China


India's GST reform has been hailed by the BRICS countries in a meeting of Revenue Heads in China recently. 
●    In the meeting of the BRICS Heads of Revenue and Tax Experts held at Hangzhou, China from the 25th to 27th of July, 2017, India's GST reforms were appreciated and hailed by the BRICS countries. 
●    The Indian delegation was led by Dr. Hasmukh Adhia, Revenue Secretary of India. 
●    The leaders and representatives from BRICS countries were inquisitive about GST Reforms introduced in India and appreciated efforts of India in bringing about this major reform. 
●    During the Press Conference held after the meeting, the media also enquired about the GST reforms introduced in India. The salient features and advantages of the reform were explained to the media. 
●    During this meeting, the BRICS Heads of Revenue and Tax Experts deliberated upon contemporary International Tax issues. A joint communiqué was issued at the end of the meeting. 
●    A Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) in respect of tax matters identifying areas of cooperation, namely, coordination in International Forums, Capacity building, Experience sharing and regular interaction was also signed by the BRICS Heads of Revenue.
 

Current Affairs 28th July 2017: GLOBAL NEWS

Nawaz Sharif Resigns as Pakistan Prime Minister


Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Friday resigned from his post, his office said, hours after the country’s Supreme Court disqualified him over corruption claims against his family.
●    The Supreme Court said Sharif is not fit to hold office and ordered a criminal investigation into him and his family. The court also disqualified finance minister Ishaq Dar.
●    The prime minister’s office said in a statement that Sharif has “stepped down” despite having “serious reservations” about the judicial process.
●    Pakistan’s top court on Friday disqualified Sharif from office after a damning corruption probe into his family wealth, cutting short his third stint in power.
●    The Supreme Court dismissed Sharif after an investigative panel alleged his family could not account for its vast wealth. Domestic media reported a criminal investigation would also be launched against the premier and his family.

Current Affairs 28th July 2017: OBITUARY

Bollywood Actor Inder Kumar died


Bollywood actor Inder Kumar, who starred in Salman Khan's film 'Wanted', died due to a massive heart attack on Friday, July 28.
●    According to family sources, the actor suffered a heart attack at around 12:30 am while he was at his residence in Four Bungalows, Andheri.
●    Inder worked in several films and starred alongside Salman in 'Kahin Pyaar Na Ho Jaaye', 'Tumko Na Bhool Paayenge' and 'Wanted'. 
●    He had also appeared in Ekta Kapoor's long-running TV soap 'Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi' as Mihir Virani. 
●    Currently, he was working on a film titled, "Phati Padi Hai Yaar".
●    Actress Raveena Tandon, who worked with Inder in 1996 film 'Khiladiyon Ka Khiladi', took to Twitter to condole his death.
 

Current Affairs 28th July 2017: APPOINTMENT

Google CEO Sundar Pichai appointed to the board of parent Alphabet

Google CEO Sundar Pichai just got appointed as a board member of Google’s parent company, Alphabet. According to Alphabet’s announcement, Pichai’s appointment to its Board of Directors was effective from July 19. 
●    Chennai-born Pichai joined Google in 2004 and after a major restructuring in 2015; he was elevated to the position of Google’s CEO.
●    Commenting on Pichai’s arrival, Larry Page, CEO of Alphabet and co-founder of Google said, “Sundar has been doing a great job as Google’s CEO, driving strong growth, partnerships, and tremendous product innovation. 
●    I really enjoy working with him and I’m excited that he is joining the Alphabet board.
●    Pichai’s journey in Google which began in 2004 started with helping lead the development of key consumer products. 
●    He then led various departments in Google like product, engineering and research efforts for its products and platforms. 
●    In 2015, Google’s co-founders, Larry Page and Sergey Brin created a new company, Alphabet which serves as the parent company of Google and others like Calico, DeepMind, Google Fiber and CapitalG. As Recode reports, Pichai would be the 13th member of Alphabet’s Board of Directors. 
●    He is also the second to join from Google, the first being Diane Greene who heads the search giant’s cloud division.

Current Affairs 28th July 2017: DAYS AND DATES

World Hepatitis Day 2017 observed globally


The World Hepatitis Day was observed globally on 28 July 2017 with the theme "Eliminate Hepatitis" to mobilize intensified action towards the health targets in the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.
●    This year's theme is aimed at achieving elimination of hepatitis, greater awareness, increased diagnosis including universal vaccination, blood and injection safety, harm reduction and treatment.
●    The Day aims to bring the world together under a single theme to raise awareness of the global burden of viral hepatitis and to influence real change.
●    11 countries carry almost 50 per cent of the global burden of chronic hepatitis- Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Uganda, Vietnam.
●    17 countries have high prevalence and account for 70 per cent of the global burden of Hepatitis - Cambodia, Cameroon, Colombia, Ethiopia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Morocco, Nepal, Peru, Philippines, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Tanzania, Thailand, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Zimbabwe.

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