Indian Judiciary Exams 2021-22 [State-Wise]

The Judiciary Exam is an entry-level exam conducted for the recruitment of subordinate judiciary posts. Judiciary services can be a valuable opportunity for many of you who want to make a career in public service or the state authority's workings.

You need to appear for the entrance examination conducted by respective states to get appointed as members of the Subordinate Judiciary.

An aspirant for the judicial service exam but don't know much about the exam? Well, read through the post that will give you a complete insight about State-wise Judiciary Exams, eligibility criteria, selection process, and more.

What is Judiciary?

The judiciary is the system of courts that evaluates and implements the law in the state's name. It is the branch of government. It administers justice according to law. The courts apply the law and resolve disputes, and discipline law-breakers according to the law.

Judiciary Exams are usually known as the PCS (J) Exams, i.e., Provincial Civil Service Judicial Exam. It is the entry-level test for those who completed their graduation in law.

Download Free Study Material for Judiciary Exams by Judiciary Gold

More than 60000 applicants apply for the exam every year because it is a highly prestigious job and offers a good salary.

However, the Civil Judge Salary varies from state to state. Still, mostly a newly recruited Judicial Officer receives an in-hand salary ranging from Rs. 24,000 to Rs. 80,000 per month.

All of these judiciary level exams are conducted by the state judicial authority to hire subordinate administrative services. 

Posts Available through Judicial Services Exam

Those who choose Judiciary as a Career can apply for different job profiles to get appointed to various posts like

  • Magistrate
  • District and Sessions Judge
  • Sub-Magistrate
  • Public Prosecutor
  • Attorney General
  • Solicitors
  • Advocate General
  • Notary
  • Oath Commissioner

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judiciary online coaching

Judicial Services Exam Eligibility Criteria 2021

There are two entry levels for two apply for the Judicial Services Exam. Check out the table below to know the required Judiciary Exam Eligibility to apply for the upcoming exams.

Type of Services Education Qualification Experience Age (May differ from State to State) Eligibility
Lower Judiciary Services Must hold an LL.B degree from a recognized institution and have enrolled as an Advocate under the Advocates Act 1961 with membership in the state bar council. No experience is required, and final year applicants can also give the exam. Between 21 to 35 years. Must be a citizen of India.
Higher Judiciary Services Must hold an LL.B degree from a recognized institution. Must have a minimum of seven years of litigating practice. Between 21 to 35 years. Must be a citizen of India.

Upcoming Judiciary Exams Notification 2021

In the following table, we are providing the Judicial Services Exam notifications for all the states. Go through the notification and apply on or before the last date.

State Notification PDF
Punjab Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2018 Download PDF
UP Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2018 Download PDF
Maharashtra Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2020 Download PDF
Uttarakhand Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2018 Download PDF
MP Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2021 Download PDF
Bihar Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2021 Download PDF
West Bengal Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2020 Download PDF
Delhi Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2019 Download PDF
Rajasthan Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2021 Download PDF
Haryana Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2021 Download PDF
Jharkhand Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2018 Download PDF
Telangana Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2021 Download PDF
Karnataka Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2021 Download PDF
Gujurat Judiciary Recruitment Notification for 2018 Download PDF

Judiciary Vacancy 2021

Have a look at the following table to know the complete information about the Judiciary Vacancy for the post of Civil Judge in various states of the nation.

Name of the Organization Total Number of Post
West Bengal Public Service Commission To be Notified
Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission To be Notified
Bihar Public Service Commission 221
Karnataka High Court 94
High Court of Telangana 87
Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission To be Notified
Odisha Public Service Commission To be Notified
Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission To be Notified
Haryana High Court 256
Maharashtra Public Service Commission 32
High Court of Andhra Pradesh To be Notified
Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission To be Notified
Uttarakhand Public Service Commission 30 
Punjab Public Service Commission To be Notified
Madhya Pradesh High Court 251
Rajasthan High Court 31
Bihar Public Service Commission To be Notified
Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission To be Notified
Jharkhand Public Service Commission (JPSC) To be Notified
High Court of Gujarat To be Notified

Judiciary Exam Pattern 2021

The Judiciary Selection Process consists of 3 stages- Prelims Exam; Mains Exam; Viva-Voce/ Personal Interview. However, the pattern for prelims, mains and interviews vary for each state.

The final selection is based on the combined marks secured by you in Mains Exam and Viva-Voce. To help you understand the Judiciary Exam Pattern of different states, we have provided the pattern for all the stages in the table below.

Factors Exam Type Qualifying Marks For General & SC/ST Categories Evaluation Criteria
Prelims Exam Consists of Objective Type Questions; Acts as a screening test for the Mains exam. It comprises a subjective type-exam that comprises three to four papers. Evaluate based on- General Knowledge; Personality; Aptitude
Mains Exam It consists of descriptive type questions. The minimum qualifying marks will differ based on the State. Evaluated based on law subjects.
Viva-Voce/ Personal Interview The marks will be considered in the final score. The marks of the main exam will be considered for the final selection You are selected based on marks scored in the viva-voce and mains exam.

Judiciary Exam Syllabus 2021

The syllabus may vary from one state to the other. However, there are few common subjects for both prelims and mains in all the state-level judiciary exams.

The detailed Judiciary Exam Syllabus for both Prelims and Mains Exam is based on all the nations' states.

Prelims Syllabus

The following are the common subjects in the Prelims Syllabus from which the questions are asked in most of the states:

  • General Knowledge and Current Affairs
  • Proficiency In English Language and Aptitude
  • Constitutional law
  • IPC, CPC, CrPC, and The Indian Evidence Act
  • Contract Law and Tort Law
  • Transfer of Property law

Apart from these topics, some of the states cover the following topics in their syllabus:

State Additional Subjects
Kerala Kerala Building (Lease and Rent Control) Act.
Goa Sales of Goods Act, Land laws of Goa, The Scheduled Tribe and Scheduled Caste (Prevention of Atrocities Act, 1989)
Karnataka Karnataka Rent Act
Delhi Principles Governing Arbitration Law, the Partnership Act
Chhattisgarh Accommodation Control Act, Court fees act, Registration Act and Chhattisgarh Land revenue code, Specific Relief Acts, and Limitation,
Madhya Pradesh Madhya Pradesh Accommodation Control Act, Madhya Pradesh Land Revenue Code
Bihar Elementary General Science, Commercial law, Principles of Equity, Law of trusts, Administrative law, Specific Relief Act, Hindu and Muslim personal laws
Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Assam, Manipur, Maharashtra, and Nagaland Proficiency in the official language of Assam

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judiciary mock tests

Mains Exam Syllabus

The syllabus for the Judiciary mains exam will also differ based on the state. Let us have a look at the post below to know the state-wise syllabus for the mains exam.

Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland, Mizoram, Maharashtra, and Jammu & Kashmir

In the following table, you will learn about the topics and marking schemes for the various state-level Judicial Services exams conducted in India.

Paper I Essay, precise writing, Grammar (To Evaluate English Comprehensive and Grammar) Marking Scheme- 100 Marks; Duration- 120 Minutes
Paper-II Objective test, Aptitude Test (To Evaluate General Knowledge) Marking Scheme- 100 Marks; Duration- 120 Minutes
Paper III Transfer of Property, Civil procedure code, Indian Contract Act, Constitution of India (To Evaluate Knowledge of Law) Marking Scheme- 100 Marks; Duration- 120 Minute
Paper IV Indian Penal Code, CrPC, Law of Torts, Indian Evidence Act (To Evaluate Knowledge of Law)x Marking Scheme- 100 Marks; Duration- 120 Minute


  • In Paper I, Hindi and English are compulsory papers, which are qualifying in nature. Candidates require only 30 marks to qualify for these sections.
  • Paper-II is an optional paper, and each topic carries 150 marks.
  • Know the number of marks and subjects asked in the Bihar PCS Judiciary Exam for Paper I and Paper-II.
Paper I (Compulsory Paper)
General Knowledge and Current Affairs 150 Marks
Elementary Science 100 Marks
General Hindi 100 Marks
General English 100 Marks
Law of Evidence and Procedure 150 Marks
Paper-II (Optional Paper)
Constitutional Law of India and England 150 Marks
Hindu and Muslim Law 150 Marks
Transfer of property 150 Marks
Principles of Equity 150 Marks
Law of Trusts and Specific Relief Act 150 Marks
Law of Contract and Torts 150 Marks
Commercial Law 150 Marks


The Delhi Judiciary Exam consists of four Papers in the mains exam, and those areas are explained in the table below.

Exam Subjects Topics
Paper I (250 Marks) General Knowledge and Language Current affairs, Essay, Translation, and precise writing
Paper-II (200 Marks) Civil Law I Indian Contract Act, Indian Sale of Goods Act, the Indian Partnership Act, Specific Relief Act, Hindu Law, Muslim Law, Delhi Rent control Act and Law of Torts
Paper III (200 Marks) Civil Law II Civil Procedure Code, Law of Evidence, Law of Limitation and Law of Registration
Paper IV (200 Marks) Criminal Law Criminal Procedure Code, Indian penal code and Indian Evidence Act

Haryana and Punjab

Check out the table below to know the Haryana PCS J Exam syllabus for the mains exam.

Exams Subjects  Topics
Paper I (200 Marks) Civil Law I Code of Civil procedure, Punjab Courts Act, Indian Contract Act, Indian Sale of Goods Act, Indian Partnership Act, Specific Relief Act
Paper-II (200 Marks) Civil Law II Hindu Law, Muslim Law and Customary Law, Law of Registration and Limitation
Paper III (200 Marks) Criminal Law Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal procedure, Indian Evidence Act
Paper IV (100 Marks) English Essay, Words and Phrases, Comprehension, Corrections
Paper V (100/ 150 Marks) Language Hindi in Devanagari Script


The Jharkhand PCS Judiciary Exam will be held in four Papers. Have a look at the table to know the subjects/ topics asked in the exam.

Exam Topics
Paper I Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure Code, the Indian Evidence Act, Limitation Act
Paper-II Civil Procedure Code, Transfer of Property, Indian Contract Act, Sales of Goods Act, Arbitration and Conciliation Act
Paper III Hindu Law, Muslim Law, Rent Control Law, Specific Relief Act, and Jurisprudence
Paper IV Hindi and English

Madhya Pradesh

Check out the following table for the information about the topics asked in the Madhya Pradesh Judiciary Exam of the country-

Exam Topics/ Subjects
Paper I Civil Law and Procedure
Paper-II Criminal Law and Procedure
Paper III Writing Skill, Court Practice, Translation, and Current Legal Knowledge
Paper IV Judgment writing


Have a look at the following table for the detail about topics asked in the Rajasthan State PCS Judiciary Exam-

Exam Subject Topics
Paper I Law Paper I Constitution of India, Civil procedure Code< Contact law, Tort laws, Motor vehicle law, Rent control law, Personal laws, Law of Transfer of Property
Paper-II Law Paper-II Criminal law, Narcotic Law, Law relating to cybercrimes and electricity theft, Law of probation, Law on juvenile delinquency
Paper III Language Paper I Hindi Essay Writing and Grammar
Paper IV Language Paper-II English Essay Writing, Translation, and Grammar


In the following, applicants get subjects asked in the Uttarakhand Judiciary Exam for each Paper (I, II, III, IV, and V)-

Exams Topics/ Subjects
Paper I Substantive Law
Paper-II Evidence and Procedure
Paper III Revenue and Criminal Law
Paper IV The present-day- Current affairs and general knowledge
Paper V Language

Judiciary Exam Preparation Tips 2021

To become a Judicial Officer, you need to be motivated. It is essential to be consistent and make a proper strategy to prepare for the exam.

Following Judiciary Exam Preparation Tips and tricks provided by experts would definitely help clear the exam on teh first attempt.

  • Generally, it is suggested to begin your preparation at least 1 year before the exam as the syllabus is vast.
  • Make sure to prepare a proper study plan and follow it accordingly. 
  • Try to complete the planned task for each day without fail as per the respective state-wise syllabus.
  • Allot at least 2 hours for each subject. Based on your convenience, try to study at least 4 subjects per day.  
  • The first and basic step to starting civil judge exam preparation is starting the preparation reverse. Begin with mains exam preparation, and then automatically, you will be preparing for the prelims examination. 
  • Solve as many questions as possible from the previous year papers.

State Level Judicial Services Exams 2021

The 24 states of India will conduct the Judicial Service Exam. Each state has its own exam pattern, selection process, eligibility, pay scale, recruitment process, syllabus, etc. 

Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar
Chhattisgarh Goa Delhi
Himachal Pradesh Haryana Jammu & Kashmir
Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala
Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur
Mizoram Nagaland Odisha
Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim
Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal

Previous Year Judiciary Exams Question Paper

To help you understand the difficulty level of paper and the type of questions asked in the judiciary exams, we have provided state-wise previous year questions papers here.

Practice these papers regularly to enhance your preparation levels for the Upcoming Judiciary Exams.

State Question Paper PDF
Rajasthan Judiciary Download PDF
Bihar Judiciary Download PDF
UP Judiciary Download PDF
MP Judiciary Download PDF
Haryana Judiciary Download PDF
Delhi Judiciary Download PDF
Karnataka Judiciary Download PDF
Telangana Judiciary Download PDF
West Bengal Judiciary Download PDF


What are the stages included in Judiciary Exam Selection Process?

The Judiciary Exam Selection Process varies for each state. However, there are three major stages involved in selection of candidates for Judiciary posts that is Preliminary Exam, Mains Exam, and Viva-Voce.

What is the Judiciary Exam Eligibility criteria for Civil Judge post?

The eligibility criteria for Civil Judge is different for each state. Hence, you must go through the respective state-wise eligibility from the above post.

What is the main function of the Judiciary in India?

The main function of the Judiciary of India is preventing any kind of infringement of law. If there should be an occurrence of violation of law, a suit is documented against the offender. The judge hears the two sides and chooses whether there has been a violation of the law. In case of infringement of law, the judiciary provides justice by punishing the offender. 

Is Judicial Exam vacancy List the same every year?

No. The Judicial vacancy List differs every year and it solely depends on the number of vacancies available under each state.

How many attempts are there in Judiciary Exam?

There are a total of 6 attempts in Judiciary Exam. However, you must fulfill the eligibility criteria without fail.

Which jobs are related to judicial services in India?

The jobs related to judicial services are advocate general, attorney general, district and sessions judge, magistrate, notary, oath commissioner, public prosecutor, solicitors, and sub-magistrate.

What skills are required to clear the judiciary exams?

Critical thinking, listening skills, writing skills, oral communication skills, and reading knowledge are some of the skills that you required to clear the judicial services exam.