• Home
  • Judiciary As a Caree...

Judiciary As a Career

Author : Palak Khanna

Updated On : January 12, 2023


Joining the Judicial Services is increasingly becoming a hot career option for law students or law graduates. The Indian Judiciary System provides many opportunities for young students like you to become a part of the system and serve the nation.

Throughout the country, every state conducts its examination for recruitment into its lower judiciary. If you aspire to start your judicial career, read through the post to get a complete idea about career options after the law, judiciary jobs, roles and responsibilities of a Judiciary Officer, and more.

Is judiciary a good career option? Why do you want to join the judiciary? Dig into the post and know why you should choose Judiciary as a career in India.

Reasons for Opting for a Career in Judiciary 

The Judiciary System takes all the decisions in India, and this profession brings a lot of respect and authority. The Indian Judiciary System can provide justice for victims and matters related to social issues and serious crimes.

Becoming a judge requires a lot of dedication, hard work, patience, and determination. Also, you must have some abilities like a focused mind, honesty towards the nation, passion and commitment towards the job, and a sense of responsibility and commitment.

The following are some of the most common reasons to choose judiciary jobs in India.

Fresh Law Graduates are Eligible

For now, there is no mandatory requirement of any minimum years of practice/litigation for creating Eligibility for Judiciary Exams to appear for the recruitment process of the lower judiciary of any state.

You can become a judicial officer at a very young age when most of your peers might still struggle to find a decent job or establish their practice in law.

Multiple Opportunities and Increased Recruitment

As you might be aware, more than 3.6 crore cases are currently pending in the country's lower courts. This crisis presents an opportunity for increasingly high recruitment of judicial officers at lower levels.

In addition, all states in India conduct their selection process for recruitment into their lower judiciary, implying that you can have a chance to simultaneously appear for multiple state judiciary job examinations.

Judiciary as a Career in India - Transfer within the state only

District-level judiciary being under the aegis of respective state governments provides an added benefit that the transfers of a judicial officer can only occur within the state.

Judicial Services provides a restricted territorial radius contrary to many other government jobs in law where no such benefit is bestowed.

Judiciary as a Career in India - Handsome Salary

Judicial services are one of the highest-paying state government services, and the salary of a Civil Judge varies from state to state. Still, most newly recruited Judicial Officer receives an in-hand compensation ranging from 60,000 to 80,000 per month following various considerations such as the state, educational qualification, etc.

Apart from the basic salary, judiciary jobs in India include many other perks, allowances, and benefits mentioned below:

  • House rent allowance
  • Travel allowance
  • Petrol allowance
  • Phone bill
  • Electricity bill
  • Pension after retirement

Respectable Government Job

Judicial Services is a highly prestigious and respected job. It gives you all the perks and privileges of being a state government official and provides job security even in today’s hire and fire culture.

In India, Civil Judges take all the decisions, and this profession provides challenges in your life and brings financial and social gains to it.

Independence of Office

Another job characteristic that makes judicial services even more lucrative is the office's independence. Subject to the supervisory and administrative control of the superior Judiciary, a judicial officer is a master of their Court and holds freedom in its working.

However, an exponential increase is expected in these figures after the enforcement of recommendations by the second Judicial Pay Commission.

A career in Judiciary in India - Life and Other Benefits

Besides generous pay, the judicial officer is granted many other perks and allowances such as Government residence, driving, telephone and electricity bills, travel allowance, health, life insurance cover, etc.

Jobs in the judiciary provide decent monetary rewards and decrease one’s usual expenditure by many other non-monetary benefits.

As a result, the life of a Judicial Officer is much better than any other person earning a similar amount of remuneration through self-employment or a private job.

Judiciary as a Career in India - Satisfaction of serving the Nation

Besides being one of the most revered government jobs in law, judicial services also offer an opportunity to help one’s nation by aiding in the administration of justice.

The lower judiciary serves as the face of the Indian Judicial System for an ordinary citizen; as a result, a dedicated and empathetic judge can significantly contribute to moving the wheels of the justice delivery mechanism.

A career in Judiciary in India - The opportunity of contributing at the ground level

The judiciary jobs involve direct interaction with the common people and hold power and opportunity to foster constructive and positive societal changes.

A humane judge can ensure public faith in the country’s legal system and oversee that law doesn’t become a tool of oppression.

judiciary online coaching
judiciary online coaching

Roles and Responsibilities of Judicial Services

As said above, the civil judge post is one of India's highest-reputed posts. Learn how to become a Civil Judge from here. The following are some of the roles and responsibilities of a Judicial Services Officer.

  • The judges in the High Court decide the acceptability of evidence.
  • They have the authority to question the witness.
  • Civil Judges are the authorised persons to instruct the jury.
  • They interpret and apply laws to reach judgements.
  • Judges have the authority to accept and approve the search and arrest warrants.
  • They write their opinions, verdicts, and instructions, regarding cases, claims, and disputes.

Job Profiles of Judicial Services

If you wish to choose your career in the judiciary, you can apply for different job profiles as listed below:

  • Notary
  • Magistrate
  • Sub-Magistrate
  • Solicitors
  • Attorney General
  • Advocate General
  • Oath Commissioner
  • Public Prosecutor
  • District Judges
  • Session Judges

Judiciary as a Career in India - Level of Appointment

According to the Constitution of India, a three-tier judicial system includes the Supreme Court of India, the High Courts in different states, and the Subordinate Courts. The judges are appointed at these three levels in India. The hierarchy of the Judicial Services in India is explained below:

Judiciary Mock Tests

Judiciary Mock Tests

Supreme Court (SC) Jurisdiction

Know more about the structure of the Supreme Court judiciary from below. 

  • The Supreme Court is the highest court in India and the highest court of appeal.
  • The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the senior-most and highest-position judge in the Supreme Court. This position also holds the most prominent post in the country.
  • The jurisdiction of the Supreme Court of India includes the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and 30 Additional Judges.
  • The President of India appoints the CJI after consulting other judiciaries of the Supreme Court and the High Court. The maximum age limit for the position of SC judge is 65 years of age. 

High Court (HC) Jurisdiction

Read more about the jurisdiction of High Court Judges in India. 

  • The President of India appoints every judge of the state high court by consulting with the Chief Justice of India, the Chief Justice of the High Court, and the state governor.
  • The total number of judges depends on two factors: the average rate of distribution of the cases per judge per year in that HC or by dividing the average institutions of chief cases during the preceding five years by the national average.
  • The maximum age limit for the position of a high court judge is 62 years of age. 

District Court (DC) Jurisdiction

Get to know the judicial structure of the districts from below.

  • Sessional judges and district judges govern the district courts in India. 
  • District Judges are considered the highest authority in India.
  • The governor appoints district judges after consulting with the chief justice of the state high court.
  • To become a district judge, applicants must have completed seven years of practice as an advocate. 

Magistrates or Munsiff

The judicial structure of the magistrate from the following points.

  • The Central or State Government appoints them after consultation with the Chief Justice of the HC of the concerned State.

Frequently Asked Questions

What skills are required to clear the judicial services exam?

Which jobs are related to judicial services in India?

What is the salary of a High Court Judge?

What is the salary of a Supreme court judge?

For which posts the judicial services exams are conducted in India?

Is Judiciary as a career good option?


Toprankers, launched in 2016, is India’s most preferred digital counselling & preparation platform for careers beyond engineering & medicine. We envision to build awareness and increase the success rate for lucrative career options after 12th. We offer best learning practices and end-to-end support to every student preparing for management, humanities, law, judiciary & design entrances.


: support@toprankers.com


: +91-7676564400

Social Channels

App Badge

Chat to Toprankers Team