Judiciary As a Career in India

Joining the Judicial Services is increasingly becoming a hot career option for law students or law graduates. The Indian Judiciary System provides a wide variety of opportunities to young students like you to become a part of the system and serve the nation.

Throughout the country, every state conducts its examination for recruitment into its lower judiciary. If you aspire to start your career in the judiciary field, read through the post to get a complete idea about career options after the law, job profiles in the judiciary, roles and responsibilities of Judiciary Officer, and more.

So, why late? Dig into the post and know why you should choose Judiciary as a Career in India.

Reasons for Opting for Judiciary as a Career

The Judiciary System takes all the decisions in India, and this profession brings a lot of respect and authority. Indian Judiciary System has the power to provide justice for victims and matters related to social issues and serious crimes.

Becoming a judge requires a lot of dedication, hard work, patience, and determination. Also, you must have some abilities like a focused mind, honesty towards the nation, passion and commitment towards the job, a sense of responsibility and commitment.

The following are some of the reasons that most of the students choose the judiciary as their career.

Fresh Law Graduates Eligible

For now, there is no mandatory requirement of any minimum years of practice/litigation for creating Eligibility for Judiciary Exams to appear for the recruitment process of the lower judiciary of any state.

You can become a judicial officer at a very young age when most of your peers might still struggle to find a decent job or establish their practice in law.

Multiple Opportunities and Increased Recruitment

As you might be aware, more than 3.6 crore cases are currently pending in the country's lower courts. This crisis presents an opportunity for increasingly high recruitment of judicial officers at lower levels.

In addition, all states in India conduct their selection process for recruitment into their lower judiciary, implying that you can have a chance to appear for multiple state judiciary examinations simultaneously.

Judiciary Mock Tests

Judiciary Mock Tests

Judiciary as a Career in India - Transfer within the state only

District-level judiciary being under the aegis of respective state governments provides an added benefit that the transfers of a judicial officer can take place only within the state.

Judicial Services provides a restricted territorial radius contrary to many other government jobs in law where no such benefit is bestowed.

Download Study Material For Judiciary Exams by Judiciary Gold

Judiciary as a Career in India - Handsome Salary

Judicial services are one of the highest paying state government services. The salary of a Civil judge varies from state to state. Still, mostly a newly recruited Judicial Officer receives an in-hand compensation ranging from 60,000 to 80,000 per month following various considerations such as the state, educational qualification, etc.

Apart from the salary, the civil judge is entitled to get many other benefits as mentioned below:

  • House rent allowance
  • Travel allowance
  • Petrol allowance
  • Phone bill
  • Electricity bill
  • Pension after retirement

Respectable Government Job

Judicial Services is a highly prestigious and respected job. It gives you all the perks and privileges of being a state government official and provides job security even in today’s hire and fire culture.

In India, Civil Judges take all the decisions, and this profession provides challenges in your life and brings financial and social gains to it.

Independence of Office

Another job characteristic that makes judicial services even more lucrative is the independence of the office. Subject to the supervisory, administrative control of the superior Judiciary, a judicial officer is a master of their Court and holds freedom in its working.

However, an exponential increase is expected in these figures after the enforcement of recommendations by the second Judicial Pay Commission.

Read More: How to become a Civil Judge.

Judiciary as a Career in India - Life and other Benefits

Besides generous pay, the judicial officer is granted many other perks and allowances such as Government residence, driver, telephone and electricity bills, Travel allowance, health, life insurance cover, etc.

Judicial services provide decent monetary rewards and decrease one’s usual expenditure by many other non-monetary benefits.

As a result, the life of a Judicial Officer is much better than any other person who is earning a similar amount of remuneration through self-employment or a private job.

Judiciary as a Career in India - Satisfaction of serving the Nation

Needless to say, that besides being one of the most revered government jobs in law, Judicial services also offer one an opportunity to help one’s nation by aiding in the process of administration of justice.

The lower judiciary serves as the face of the Indian Judicial System for an ordinary citizen; as a result, a dedicated and empathetic judge can significantly contribute to moving the wheels of the justice delivery mechanism.

Judiciary as a Career in India - The opportunity of contributing at the ground level

The Job profile of a judicial officer involves direct interaction with the common people and holds power and opportunity to foster constructive and positive changes in society.

A humane judge can ensure public faith in the country’s legal system and oversee that law doesn’t become a tool of oppression.

Roles and Responsibilities of Judicial Services

As said above, the civil judge post is one of the highest reputed posts in India. The following are some of the roles and responsibilities of a Judicial Services Officer.

  • The judges in the High Court decides the acceptability of evidence.
  • They have the authority to question the witness.
  • Civil Judges are the authorised persons to instruct the jury.
  • They interpret and apply laws to reach judgements.
  • Judges have the authority to accept and approve the search and arrest warrants.
  • They write their opinions, verdicts, and instructions, regarding cases, claims, and disputes.

Job Profiles of Judicial Services

If you wish to choose your career in the judicial services, you can apply for different job profiles as listed below:

  • Notary
  • Magistrate
  • Sub-Magistrate
  • Solicitors
  • Attorney General
  • Advocate General
  • Oath Commissioner
  • Public Prosecutor
  • District Judges
  • Session Judges

Judiciary as a Career in India - Level of Appointment

According to the Constitution of India, there is a three-tier judicial system that includes the Supreme Court of India, the High Courts in different states, and the Subordinate Courts. The judges are appointed at these three levels in India. The hierarchy of the Judicial Services in India is explained below:

Supreme Court (SC) Jurisdiction

  • The Supreme Court is the highest court in India and it is the ultimate court of appeal.
  • The Chief Justice of India (CJI) is the senior-most and highest position judge in the Supreme Court. This position also holds the most prominent post in the country.
  • The jurisdiction of the supreme court of India includes the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and 30 Additional Judges.
  • The CJI is appointed by the President of India after consulting with another judiciary of the supreme court and high court. The maximum age limit for the position of SC judge is 65 years of age. 

High Court (HC) Jurisdiction

  • Every judge of the state high court is appointed by the President of India by consulting with the Chief Justice of India, Chief Justice of High Court, and the governor of the state.
  • The total number of judges depends on two factors: the average rate of distribution of the cases per Judge per year in that HC, or by dividing the average institutions of chief cases during the preceding five years by the national average.
  • The maximum age limit for the position of a high court judge is 62 years of age. 

District Court (DC) Jurisdiction

  • The district courts in India are governed by sessional judges and district judges. 
  • District Judges are considered the highest authority of India.
  • The appointment of district judges is done by the governor after consulting with the chief justice of the state high court.
  • To become a district judge, applicants must have completed seven years of practice as an advocate. 

Magistrates or Munsiff

  • They are appointed by the Central or State Government after consultation with the Chief Justice of the HC of the concerned State.


What skills are required to clear the judicial services exam?

Critical thinking, listening skills, writing skills, oral communication skills, and reading knowledge are some of the skills that you required to clear the judicial services exam.

Which jobs are related to judicial services in India?

The jobs related to judicial services are advocate general, attorney general, district and sessions judge, magistrate, notary, oath commissioner, public prosecutor, solicitors, and sub-magistrate.

What is the salary of a High Court Judge?

A High Court Judge draws a salary of Rs. 80,000 per month. The minimum basic pay scale of the high court judge will be Rs. 26,000 and an experienced judge will get salary up to Rs. 45,000 including grade pay and allowances.

What is the salary of a Supreme court judge?

The supreme court judge draws a salary of Rs.90,000 per month and that includes basic salary, allowances, and perks. The Supreme Court judge will get more salary compared to the High Court judge and Chief Justice of India will be paid higher than the Supreme Court Judge.

For which posts the judicial services exams are conducted in India?

The judiciary exams in India are conducted for the folloeing posts :

  • District judge,
  • Sessional Judge
  • District Magistrate
  • Sub Magistrate

Is Judiciary as a career good option?

Yes, it is a good option for law graduates. Along with learning and working connected with law throughout your life, you will have job satisfaction.