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How to Read Bare Act for Judiciary Exams 2023 in 8 Simple Steps?

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : January 11, 2023


Reader's Digest: Most students consider Bare Acts the villain of the judiciary exams. But this isn't the actual case! Knowing the right trick to read Bare Acts for judiciary exams won't be a problem for you. This article will walk you through some of the most critical tricks to read the Bare Act for judiciary exams. Be the first one to the quick schemes to read Bare Acts, strategies to read Bare Acts for Judiciary Exams like a pro, and more.

Should I Read First Read Commentary or Bare Act?

Judicial aspirants are often confused if they should read Bare Act for judiciary exams or commentary books. Here are some super tips for you!

  • Reading commentary from books is comparatively an easier task than reading bare acts.
  • Firstly, read Bare Act from the judiciary exam.
  • Interpret that section as per your understanding. Know the practical application for that topic. 
  • Afterwards, read commentary books or textbooks to check that you interpreted that specific section correctly or not.

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Type of Questions Asked from Bare Acts in Judiciary Exams 2023

Bare Acts is the exact wording of legislation passed by the legislature that has been published in the official gazette and is subject to interpretation.

Reading the bare Act multiple times to understand the law and enhance analytical abilities is essential.

Since the language in bare acts is hard,  it is necessary to read it several times to comprehend the content thoroughly. 

Bare Act is one such topic seen in the Preliminary, Mains, and Interview round of the Judicial Services exam.

We have compiled a list of the questions asked in the Judiciary Prelims exam from the Bare Act.

  • Enforcement/Amendment based
  • Authority based
  • Index-based
  • Doctrine based
  • Illustration based
  • Negation based
  • Term/ Duration based

These tips would help you memorize all the bare acts sections and perform well in the exam.

For the main exam, mention the provision, write commentary and landmark, and prepare a commentary book. 

Savvy Short Tricks to Read Bare Act for Judiciary Exams 2023

Every bare Act contains hundreds of sections. Memorizing all of them can be tedious for every judiciary aspirant.

Here are instructions to help you memorize the Bare Act for Judiciary Exams. 

  • Go through the content or the index page of the Bare Act daily in the morning. 
  • Make sure to learn at least ten sections a day. 
  • Also, make a habit of revising at least 15 sections each day.  
  • You can learn five new sections daily, but increase the revision number to 20.
  • Solve as many questions as possible from the previous year's question papers for Judiciary Examsas this will help you understand the critical sections.
  • Write the section and article names in a notebook. Practice it multiple times during your law course. 
  • Read the sections repeatedly to remember.
  • Prepare mnemonics of sections to remember them for the long term. 

8 Golden Steps to Master Bare Act for Judiciary Exams 2023

Bare acts are the primary source of almost all law questions in the state-level judiciary exams.

Every multiple-choice, short, and long answer question has its roots in bare acts in the judiciary exam.

"Bare Act is the foundation stone" for becoming a successful lawyer or a legal professional.

We have shared some tips and strategies to help you understand how to read Bare Act for judiciary exams.

1. Know the Purpose of the Bare Act

Once the purpose of an act is clear, you are halfway through!

  • Purpose and object of the Act: Understand why the legislature enabled a particular action.
  • Understand: Understand the long title that defines Bare Act's object.
  • Relation: Relate every section, Clause, and illustration with their purposes, as it will help you get a clear understanding of the law.

For example, the extended title of the Code of Criminal Procedure Act, 1973, is "An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to criminal procedure."

By this, we understand that the object of this Act is to consolidate and amend the laws relating to criminal procedure.

2. Read the Interpretation/definition of Clause

  • Purpose: To understand the law deeply, you should understand the meaning of the law passed.
  • Remember, it is essential to read the preamble and interpretation clause of the base act.
  • This will help you know the primary objective of that Act and understand the action more clearly.
  • The basic definitions of the Act are generally provided in section 2 of the bare Act.
  • It would be best if you went through that initially to get more clarity on a particular act.
  • For the undefined words in the interpretation or definition clause, refer to the General Clauses Act, 1891, to find its meaning.

Note: Almost every Act provides a definition/interpretation clause in Section 2. However, some Acts may give an interpretation clause in the other Sections.

For example, Section 3 of the Transfer of Property Act 1882 provides an interpretation clause instead of Section 2.

3. Give Special Attention to Special Words

Take your magnifying glass, and wake up the Sherlock Holmes inside you by reading the Bare Acts for the judiciary.

  • Look out for words: While reading bare acts, you should give special attention to some words like "shall", "may", "should", "and", etc. 

For example, Facts are the occasion, cause, or effect of facts in an issue. 

Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect, immediate or otherwise, of relevant facts, facts in issue, or which constitute the State of things under which they happened, or which allowed their occurrence or transaction, are appropriate.

  • Illustrations

(a) The question is whether A robbed B. The facts that, shortly before the robbery, B went to a fair with money in his possession and that he showed it, or mentioned that he had it to a third person, are relevant.

(b) The question is whether A murdered B. Marks on the ground, produced by a struggle at or near the place where the murder was committed, are relevant facts.

(c) The question is whether A poisoned B. The State of B's health before the symptoms ascribed to poison and the habits of B, known to A, which allowed the administration of toxin, are relevant facts.

Also Read: How to Prepare for Judiciary Exams?

4. Take the Literal Meaning of Bare Acts

  • Interpret the Bare Act as it is.
  • Understand literal interpretation in the first principle of interpreting a statute.
  • Do not over-interpret or under-interpret the Bare Act, as it can modify the whole meaning of the section.

Judiciary Mock Tests

Judiciary Mock Tests

5. Break Sentence into Parts

  • Strategize: Many enactment's contents are lengthy and complicated sentences that are very difficult to understand.
  • Break the long sentences of Bare Acts into small parts for better understanding. 
  • Take pauses when you see the comma or any unique character.
  • Do not read bare Act too fast or too slow. 
  • Read with the optimal speed to understand the flow of the Bare Act.

For instance - If you want to read the following line from CRPC.

"Where, after an area has been declared or deemed to have been declared to be a metropolitan area, the population of such area falls below one million, such area shall, on and from such date as the State Government may, by notification, specify in this behalf, cease to be a metropolitan area; but notwithstanding such cesser, any inquiry, trial or appeal pending immediately before such cesser before any Court or Magistrate in such area shall continue to be dealt with under this Code, as if such cesser had not taken place."

Break down the sentence after every comma. So, instead of reading this massive block of text. Read the following.

Where, after an area has been declared or deemed to have been declared a metropolitan area.

The population falls below one million,

Such area shall cease to be a metropolitan area on and from such date as the State Government.

Any inquiry, trial, or appeal pending immediately before any such Court or Magistrate shall continue to be dealt with in the same area under this Code.

6. Give Multiple Readings of Bare Act

  • The language in bare acts is complex.
  • You must read it multiple times to understand the authenticity of the subject matter of each Act. 
  • In the first reading, casually give an essential read to the Bare Act.
  • In the second reading, highlight the critical points of the Bare Act.
  • In the third reading, just read the highlighted portion. 

For instance - If you read Classes of Criminal Courts from chapter 2 of the CRPC. 

In the first reading, please read the following Bare Act as it is.

Besides the High Courts and the Courts constituted under any law, other than this Code, there shall be, in every State, the following classes of Criminal Courts, namely:—

(i) Courts of Session;

(ii) Judicial Magistrates of the first class and, in any metropolitan area, Metropolitan Magistrates;

(iii) Judicial Magistrates of the second class; and (iv) Executive Magistrates.

In the second reading, the Bare Act must be highlighted as follows.

Besides the High Courts and the Courts constituted under any law, other than this Code, there shall be, in every State, the following classes of Criminal Courts, namely:—

(i) Courts of Session;

(ii) Judicial Magistrates of the first class and, in any metropolitan area, Metropolitan Magistrates;

(iii) Judicial Magistrates of the second class; and

(iv) Executive Magistrates.

In the third reading, revise the following.

In every State, the following classes of Criminal Courts

(i) Courts of Session;

(ii) Judicial Magistrates of the first class;

(iii) Judicial Magistrates of the second class

(iv) Executive Magistrates.

7. Choose the Latest Edition to Read Bare Act for Judiciary Exams

  • Preference in material: You should decide whether you prefer the diglot edition of the bare Act or the English version.
  • In diglot bare Act, on one side, sections are written in Hindi, and on the other, sections are written in English. 
  • Be comfortable with the language: If you cannot understand some particular phrase in English, you could refer to it in Hindi.
  • The language used in bare acts is complex, so you should read it multiple times to understand the authenticity of the subject.

For instance, if you decide to buy a Textbook on the Indian Evidence Act written by KD Gaur in 2023, go for the latest edition, the 8th edition. Do not settle for previous years' editions.

Check: Important Judgements For Judiciary Exams 2022

What are the Most Important Bare Acts for Judiciary Exam 2023?

As we all know, there are many bare acts, but some portions of actions are not asked about frequently. So, we have made a prioritization list so that you can read Bare Act for judiciary exams.

Based on the previous year's analysis, our experts at JudiciaryGold suggest prioritizing the topics of the Bare Act. The prioritization should be as follows.

  • Priority 1 - The most critical topics of the Bare Acts hold the maximum weightage of 20 to 25 marks.
  • Priority 2 - Bare Act topics that hold moderate importance, weighing about 10-15 marks.
  • Priority 3 -  The topics with the lowest chances of coming in the judiciary exams.

List of P1 Topics to Read Bare Act for Judiciary Exams

Refer to the list of priority (P1) topics from the following.

List of P2 Topics to Read Bare Act for Judiciary Exams

The following are the most critical and beneficial bare acts if you aspire to become a Civil Judge

Refer to the list of priority two (P2) topics from the following.

  • Indian Contract Act
  • Transfer of Property Act
  • Constitution of India
  • The Commerical Courts Act
  • Arbitration and Conciliation Act
  • The Unorthodox Laws (Family Law, Trots Law, Jurisprudence, Public International Law)

List of P3 Topics to Read Bare Act for Judiciary Exams

Refer to the list of priority one (P3) topics from the following.

  • Limitation Act
  • Specific Relief Act
  • Indian Contract Act    
  • Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act    
  • Limited Liability Partnership Act    
judiciary online coaching
judiciary online coaching

Excel the Art of Note Making for Bare Acts for Judiciary Exams 2023

There were two friends, Varun and Vicky. Both were preparing for the judiciary exams. However, Varun knew how to make perfect notes of Bare Acts. While Vicky had a firm hold on concepts of the Bare Act. But, he didn't know how to make notes and read Bare Act for judiciary exams. 

As a result, he couldn't revise all the topics when the judiciary Mains exam was approaching. Therefore, he missed the chance to become the Civil Judge. On the other hand, Vicky revised all the topics of the Bare Acts regularly, and he succeeded in becoming a Civil Judge. 

Don't worry! We are here to teach you how to prepare notes and read Bare Acts for judiciary exams. Each one of your Preparation Plans for the Judicial Services Exam can vary.

Therefore, here are a few points to keep in mind while making notes for Bare Acts:

  • Make a detailed list of all the topics and headings that could be asked in the judiciary exam.
  • Mark essential terms from the Bare Act topics and study these on a high-priority basis (P1).
  • Use bullet points or short sentences to make your points clear and crisp. 
  • For prelims, study each topic present in the index. Hence, note down essential issues to be reviewed or focused on in the index. 
  • Make sure your notes are neat and easy to read.
  • Use different colour pens for easy recognition of terminologies. 
  • Use abbreviations, mnemonics, or mindmaps while preparing any topic of the Bare Act.
  • Use a red, blue, and pink highlighter to mark priority areas (P1), moderate priority areas (P2), and most minor priority areas (P3), respectively. 
  • Use sticky notes or a bookmark to note important definitions, meanings, or terminology. This will help them study topics efficiently and concentrate more on critical concepts. 

Hurray! Now, you know all the tips and tricks to read Bare Act for Judiciary Exams. Save this blog post for future reference purposes. Good luck with your judiciary preparation with the best online PCS J online! Happy Reading!

Frequently Asked Questions

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What are the important bare acts for judiciary exams 2022?

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