Gear up preparations for Judicial Services Exam by following experts' tips and strategies. This post takes you through detailed information on How to prepare for Judiciary exam. 

During preparation, make sure to refer to the right books and expert-designed Free Study Material for Judiciary Exam which enhances preparation levels and helps in scoring more marks. 

Prerequisites of How to Prepare for Judiciary Exam 2020-21

There are some essential prerequisites while preparing for Judiciary Exams. Take a look at the below-listed points and begin preparation for Upcoming Judiciary Exams.

Watch Judiciary Exam Preparation in 6 Months

  • The first and foremost step for how to prepare for the judiciary exam is to have self-confidence. 
  • Ensure to be thorough about the syllabus of the respective state judiciary exam you are applying for. 
  • Candidates are advised to read daily current affairs and stay updated on all the issues happening across the globe. 
  • The Judiciary Exam Pattern for each state varies due to different subjects and marking schemes. 
  • Also, candidates must read the newspaper and weekly Magazines to improve their English vocabulary and General Knowledge. 

How to Start Preparing for Judiciary Exam 2020-21?

  • The first and the basic step to the start civil judge exam preparation is that you should start the preparation on the reverse way that you should prepare for the mains exam and then automatically you will be preparing for the prelims examination. 
  • The judiciary exam syllabus for the mains exam is vast if you will be preparing for the mains and you are very well prepared for that then it will be beneficial for you to easily crack prelims as well.
  • This reverse way of preparing is beneficial because usually everyone starts the preparation for the prelims examination first and after getting qualified in prelims then they start the preparation for mains. So by doing this reverse preparation candidate will be able to prepare for both the exams and will clear it with flying colors.
  • Candidates should prepare a question bank for every subject both major and minors for prelims as well as the mains exam. 
  • The major judiciary exam syllabus topics are the Constitution of India, Code of Criminal Procedure, and Code of Civil Procedure, Indian Penal Code, and Indian Evidence Act. These topics are major topics of the judiciary exam which a candidate should study first and thoroughly.
  • The candidates should prepare a question bank of 50 questions from each major topic and consider the previous year’s Judiciary Question Papers of your choice state judiciary and create 50 HOTS questions. So this question bank will help you to revise at the time of revision.
  • The minor judiciary exam syllabus topics are the Indian Contract Act, Specific Relief Act, and Transfer of Property Act.
  • The candidates should prepare a question bank of 25 questions from each topic and consider the previous year’s question paper of your choice state judiciary and create 25 HOTS questions. So this question bank will help you to revise at the time of revision.
  • After preparation of the question bank immediately start preparing for the mains exam and does not wait for the release of the vacancies. Start the civil judge exam preparation and make conceptual notes in advance before the arrival of the vacancies.

Judiciary Online Coaching

Judiciary Online Coaching

When to Start Preparing for Judicial Services Exam?

Each candidate has a different way of studying and it also depends on how quickly they grasp things. If you are a civil judge aspirant and worried about when to start preparing for the examination, then take a look at the below points for beginning the preparation.

  • Generally, it is suggested to begin the preparation at least 2 years to 1 year before the exam commences.
  • This depends on the candidate's ability. Some may require just 3-4 months while others require more than that. But is not to be worried.
  • Make sure to prepare a proper study plan and follow it accordingly. 
  • If you regularly studying topics as per the syllabus prescribed for the Judiciary prelims exam, it is really great. This way you need not get tensed upon seeing topics all at once. 
  • Make it a habit to study as much as you can each day. This results in getting extra time for revision. 

How to Make Notes for PCS J Exam?

  • From the day you have started preparing for the exam, make a note of all the important terms and definitions. 
  • This will help in the revision period, as you need not read the entire syllabus once again. 
  • Along with the mock tests and question papers, these notes are of great help. 

How to Prepare for Judiciary Prelims 2020-21 Exam?

  • The candidate should prepare for the prelims examination on the basics of reverse engineering technique i.e. start from solving MCQs and shiftily move to solve Bare Act questions like the long answer questions. This is because you have already prepared a question bank of both major and minor topics.
  • A preliminary examination is a qualifying exam so you should give as many speed tests as you can from test series and other such practice books. This will help you to enhance your speed and accuracy to solve the preliminary examination.
  • Refer to the highly recommended Judiciary Exam Books that are as per the latest syllabus and pattern. 
  • Start practicing comprehensive test series through which your ability to complete the test and your speed will increase.
  • The candidate must be thorough with the arrangement of the Bare Act. Prepare the index and structure of the topics of prelims examination. By preparing this index and structure of each chapter of the judiciary exam syllabus for prelims become easy for you to identify that from which topic the question has come.
  • You should practice judiciary exam question paper online to enhance your speed and accuracy.

How to prepare for Judiciary Mains 2020-21 Exam?

  • The candidate should practice answer writing in a time-bound manner. Because the judiciary does not except long answers of 10 pages they except comprehensive answers with the point answer.
  • The candidate has to practice at least 2 to 3 answers a day with a timer. By putting timer by your side it will help you know how much time you are taking to solve one question. 
  • The candidate has to do practice 2 to 3 answers a day from the question bank you have prepared for the practice. 
  • The main key to clear mains examination is practice answers and writes it in a comprehensive answer.
  • The candidate must be thorough with the contemporary legal and socio-legal issues for Essay writing. Because in essay writing they always ask to write an essay on current social issues so you should know all the detail about current social issues. And should know how to relate this essay topic with the law by knowing the legal information also.
  • If in any case your both the exams of procedure Law or Substantial law don’t go well or any one of them doesn’t goes well so don’t worry you still have a chance to recover by scoring goods marks in Judgment writing and Translation.
  • If you have scored fewer marks in procedure or substantial law than in judgment writing and translation so the marks of judgment writing and translation will be replaced by the marks of the procedure and substantial law.
  • You should not wait for the prelims exam or his result to start studying from the mains. 50% of the candidate does this thing do the reverse preparation be wise.
  • You should practice judiciary exam question paper online to enhance your speed and accuracy.

English and Essay Writing preparation Tips 2020-21

English is one such subject in which students can score more marks. There are many cases where the student's overall score has been increased due to the marks in English. So, here are a few expert tips and suggestions for better preparation and scoring more marks in English Langauge. 

  • Improve your General Knowledge and English Vocabulary by reading news and watching any news channel at least for 30-35 minutes in a day.
  • This helps in coming across new words and improving your vocabulary. Later, you can find the meaning of these words and know their usage in daily life.
  • Read editorials of any newspapers. You can find at least 5-6 new words in the article. Find out the meaning and know their usage.
  • There is a myth that after cracking prelims, we will begin with the English preparation. But, this is not true. Ensure to begin the preparation well in advance by preserving at least 1-2 hours every day for English.
  • Follow any one book which explains the entire syllabus and grammar. Understand the basic grammar well so that you are well versed in words and tenses. 
  • Write an essay by picking any random topic and know your errors. 

How to Prepare for Judiciary Interview 2020-21?

  • The basic and simple tip for the interview round is first, you should be clear in your mind that this interview test is not for your knowledge it is to check your personality, your manners, your behavior, etc.
  • Whenever you are going for the interview you should be confident, your attitude should be right and good and you should look solid and look like you are the perfect person for the post.
  • You should be thorough with the Bare Act and your concept should be clear it will help you if any twisted question was asked you will not get nervous and will answer it with full confidence.
  • The most important topics to be studied is the recent legal issues and developments in the country 50% of questions will be asked from these topics.
  • You should see as many mock test interviews online so as to get how the questions will be asked and what will the atmosphere inside the interview room.

Judiciary Exam Preparation Tips from Toppers 2020-21

Here are the list of tips and tricks suggested by Judiciary Exam Toppers. Candidates preparing for Judicial Services Exam can follow these toppers' tips and enhance their preparation.

  • The main preparation strategy for Judiciary Exam is to focus on your goals and have a planned framework.
  • Make a schedule for studying all the topics as per the syllabus at a certain time.
  • Along with dedication, a minimum of 10-12 hours of study is required. Allot 2-3 hours for reading general knowledge, recent judgments, and newspaper.
  • Practice more and more English and Hindi Langauge papers. With patience and determination, your hard work will be praised.
  • Focusing more on major Acts like CrPC, CPC, IPC, Evidence Act, Constitution, Personal Laws, Mercantile Laws, etc. would definitely reduce your workload and last moment’s anxiety. 
  • Do an internship that is offered to all students in Law schools. A good internship experience adds a lot to the personality. It provides a way to apply the concepts and principles learned in the Institution to situations in the real world. 
  • An interview is basically an assessment of the candidate’s suitability for the position of a judge. Interview Board assesses your confidence, ability, and commitment towards the position.
  • The interview is a mix of legal and personal questions. One should have a clear conception of all the law subjects, your background, home town, academics, work experience, recent legal developments, etc. Questions asked were mostly from procedural laws like CrPC, CPC, Domestic Violence Act, family background, general knowledge especially hometown, why the Judiciary.

States conducting Judicial Exam 2020-21

There are 20 states who every year announces vacancies in the Judicial Department of India.  The names of the 20 states are mention below: -

  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Himachal Pradesh
  • Madhya Pradesh
  • Punjab
  • Assam
  • Bihar
  • Jammu and Kashmir
  • Manipur
  • Sikkim
  • Chhattisgarh
  • Jharkhand
  • Mizoram
  • Uttarakhand
  • Goa
  • Karnataka
  • Nagaland
  • Uttar Pradesh
  • Delhi
  • Kerala
  • Odisha
  • West Bengal

Judiciary Online Coaching

Judiciary Online Coaching

How to prepare for Judiciary Exams with College 2020-21?

If you are studying in college and worried about preparation, then here are a few tips to crack the exam. 

  • The first thing to remember is, plan your schedule for preparation and study accordingly.
  • Ensure not to get tensed while preparing after coming back from college. Relax and begin to study the topics after college.
  • Practice previous year papers during the weekend to analyze your preparation and know which type of questions can be asked.
  • Also, another best way for preparation is to take up a mock test series regularly. 
  • It is obvious that you might get exhausted after attending college, so try to make time and study accordingly. 
  • Also, waking up early and studying late at night can help in better preparation.

How to Prepare for a Judical Service Exam Without Coaching?

Mnay students will worry that how to prepare for judical service examination without coaching. To help those candiadtes, we have provided some simple tips here. Followiong these tips will help candidates to score good marks in the upcoming judiciary exams.

  • First, candiadtes have to set an aim to become Judicial officer and prepare a well planned time table that cover all the topics.
  • It is known that the exam pattern differs slightly from one state to other state. Hence, it is important for candidates to be aware of the pattern of the exam for the state they wish to appear for.
  • Refer to the Bare Acts as many times as you can because most of the questions are asked from Bare Acts almost in all the state judiciary exams.
  • While preparing the Bare Acts, focus more on "may" and "shall" sentences.
  • Give less time for chapters which are not asked frequently.
  • Try to discuss the topics with peers, colleagues, and seniors as this will help clear all your doubts and also build your confidence levels.
  • Prepare your own notes in your own language that covers all the legal laws and bare acts.
  • To improve your general knowledge, read news paper, magazines, and some best books.
  • Revise all the topics that have learnt for a week. This will help remember all the important topics as per the exam point of view.

Best Books for Judiciary Exam 2020-21

The table below shows the best books for Judiciary Exam. Ensure to study the topics in-depth from these below tabulated Best Books for Judiciary Exams prescribed by the experts. 

Subject Book Name Author Legislation

A textbook of Jurisprudence Avtar Krishen Koul -
Jurisprudence: the Legal Theory B.N. Mani Tripathi -

Indian Constitutional Law Prof. M.P. Jain
The Constitution of India, 1950
Constitutional Law of India J.N. Pandey

Hindu Law
Modern Hindu Law Dr. U.P.D Kesari The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955. The Hindu Succession Act, 1956 The Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956. The Hindu Minority and Guardianship Act, 1956. The Special Act, 1954.
Family Law Dr. U.P.D Kesari
Law of Marriage and Divorce Dr. Paras Diwan

Muslim Law
Outlines of Mohammedan Law Asaf A.A. Fyzee The Dissolution of Muslim Marriage Act, 1939. Family Courts Act,1954 Muslim Personal Law (Shariat) Application Act,1937 Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Divorce) Act, 1986. The Special Marriage Act, 1954.
Principles of Mohammedan Law Sir Dinshaw Fardunji Mulla

Textbook on Law of Contract and Specific Relief Avtar Singh

The Indian Contract Act, 1872
Contract – 1 and Specific Relief Act S.K. Kapoor
Sale of Goods Act Law of Sale of Goods Avtar Singh The Sale of Goods Act, 1930.
Partnership Act Introduction to Law of Partnership Avtar Singh The Partnership Act, 1932.
Law of Torts The Law of Torts Rattan Lal and Dhiraj Lal The Motor Vehicle Act, 1988 The Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
Property Law & Easement Property Law Poonam Pradhan Saxena The Transfer of Property Act, 1882; The Easement Act, 1882
Crpc Criminal Procedure Code R.V. Kelkar The Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.

The Indian Penal Code Rattan Lal and Dhiraj Lal The Indian Penal Code, 1860
P.S.A. Pillai’s Criminal Law Rattan Lal and Dhiraj Lal

Law of Evidence Vepa P. Sarthi

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872
Law of Evidence Batuk Lal
The Law of Evidence Rattan Lal and Dhiraj Lal
CPC Civil Procedure C.K. Takwani The code of Civil Procedure, 1908
Limitation Vidhi Wise study Material The Limitation Act, 1963 -
Registration Vidhi Wise study Material The Registration Act, 1908 -
Specific Relief Vidhi Wise study Material The Specific Relief Act, 1963 -
Arbitration and Conciliation Act Vidhi Wise study Material The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 -
Negotiable Instrument Act The Negotiable Instrument Act O.P. Faizi The Negotiable and Instrument Act, 1881


What subjects must be studied for Judiciary Exams?

Most of the basics are taught in the bachelor's degree, however, candidates must study topics that are prescribed in the syllabus of the Judicial Service exam. Some of the important subjects are 

  • Indian Evidence Act
  • Constitution of India
  • Code of Civil Procedure
  • Criminal Procedure code
  • Transfer of property act
  • Jurisprudence
  • Indian Penal Code
  • Procedural Law
  • Substantive Laws

Which are the books that can be referred to for Judiciary Exam preparation?


Recommended Book(s)

Criminal Code of Procedure

Rv Kelkar

Indian Penal Code

KD Gaur, Ashok Jain (Dukki)

Indian Evidence Act

Batuk Lal, Ashok Jain (Dukki)

Civil Procedure Code

Ck Thakka (Takwani)

Indian Contract Act

Dr Avtar Singh, Rk Bangia

Sales of Goods Act


Indian Partnership Act

Avtar Singh, Rk Bangia, Mulla

Specific Relief Act

Rk Bangia

Indian Limitation Act

Jd Jain (Bare Act)

Hindu Law

Dr Kusum, Dr P Saxena, Dukki

Muslim Law

Faizee, Dukki

Indian Registration Act

Jps Sirahi

Should we focus on Mains or Prelims while preparing?

Candidates must remember that after the prelims exam there will not be more time for preparation. So, it is better if you focus on the mains initially and proceed with preparation. Divide the subjects and study accordingly. 

Can I prepare for Judiciary Exam without coaching?

It completely depends on candidates. If you are finding it difficult to understand concepts, then it is suggested to take up coaching. Through the best Judiciary Exam coaching, you can crack the exam with high score easily. 

How much percentage is required for attempting judicial services exam?

No, minimum percentage is required for attempting State Judicial Services Exam. Candidate must holds an LL.B. degree (either 5 year integrated course or 3 year course) from recognized university.