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How to Become a Civil Judge 2023: Make It a Win-Win Situation

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : February 28, 2023


Reader's Digest: Do you have a never-ending love for the Indian Judiciary? If yes, become a Civil Judge, and participate in the judicial system at the grass root level. Let's dive into the particulars of how to become a civil judge right after school. Learn the best possible ways to become a civil judge. Discover the alternate methods of how to become a Civil Judge in India. Read through this post, which will give you a complete insight into how to become a civil judge, the required civil judge qualification, and more.

Must Know Eligibility Criteria to Become a Civil Judge

Before appearing for the Upcoming Judiciary Exams, justify the following civil judge exam eligibility. 

  • It would be best if you held a bachelor's degree in law from a recognized university.
  • Your minimum age should be 21 years, and the maximum age must be below 35 years to apply for different state-level judiciary exams.
  • You need to qualify for the civil judge exam, which includes prelims, mains, and interview rounds as the selection process.

How to Become a Civil Judge after the 12th?

Being a Civil Judge is a matter of prestige and, indeed, a dream of many Judiciary aspirants. Every year, lakhs of aspirants appear for the judicial service examinations held by 20 state-level judiciaries. 

The two primary paths to becoming a Civil Judge in any State High Court are: clearing the Judicial Services Examination or applying directly. The Judicial Services Examination is held for the position of Civil Judge in the High Court and Direct Recruitment, meaning that individuals who are already working in the Indian judiciary and want to become civil judge will be selected directly by giving an interview.

The admissions to these courses are provided based on marks scored in the entrance exam of a junior civil judge.

The most popular entrance exams that provide admission to law programs are CLAT, AILET, LSAT, SLAT, etc.

Download Free Study Material for Judiciary Exams by Judiciary Gold

Undergraduate Degree Courses for Becoming a Civil Judge

The CLAT Exam is a national-level entrance exam conducted annually to provide admission to UG courses at 22 National Law Universities. (NLUs).

Courses Course Details Average Fees
Integrated BA LLB Eligibility: Candidates must pass the 10+2 examination in relevant subjects with a minimum aggregate mark of 45%.
Entrance Exams: LSAT
Duration: 5 years
INR 30,000 to INR 3,00,000 per annum
LLB Eligibility: Candidates must pass the 10+2 examination in relevant subjects with a minimum aggregate mark of 50%.
Entrance Exams: CLAT, AILETSET
Duration: 3 years
INR 35,000 to INR 1,50,000 per annum

Postgraduate Degree Courses for Becoming a Civil Judge

After completing your bachelor's degree, you can pursue various postgraduate law courses like LLM. To get admission to these courses, you must attempt entrance exams like AILET, CLAT PG Exam, etc.

Although, post-graduation is not required for becoming a civil judge.

Courses Course Details Average Fees
Master of Law (LLM) Eligibility: Candidates must have a qualified LLB or any other Graduate Law degree with a minimum aggregate mark of 50%.
The minimum age for LLM is 17 years or more.
Duration: 5 years
INR 1,00,000 to INR 2,50,000

How to Become a Civil Judge after LLB?

Refer to the list of below-mentioned points to know the secrets to becoming a Civil Judge after LLB.

  • The primary and minimum Judiciary Exam eligibility to apply for the Civil Judge post is that you must hold a degree in law from any recognized university.
  • The essential requirement for becoming a civil judge is to have completed a bachelor's degree in law from a recognized board.
  • You can do either BA LLB, a 5-year integrated law degree course) or LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law), a 3-year law course.
  • You can apply for LLB courses after graduating from any stream through a recognized university.
  • The minimum age to apply for the Civil Judge post examinations is 21 years, and the maximum is 35 years.
  • You must be a citizen of India to apply for the Civil Judge post examinations.

Take the opportunity to join the best little help! Here's an Online Judiciary coaching in India.

How to Become a Civil Judge through Judicial Services Exam in 3 Steps?

Naina was a bright student. She always wanted to be the protector of justice and the messiah of common people. Thus, she decided to be a Civil Judge. Belonging to a non-law background, she had no idea how to become a civil judge in India.

Bunny, a friend of Naina, also wanted to become a District Judge. He suggested three golden steps to becoming a civil judge, which are as follows. 

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree & Enroll in a Law School

Bunny told her to pursue a bachelor's degree in any field. But, he suggested that pursuing a law ug course would be better. It will help Naina to get a clear understanding of the law topics and Bare Acts.

The most important step is to appear in the law entrance examinations such as CLAT, AILET, ACLAT, DU LLB, and others to qualify for the LLB course. Else, the candidates may pursue a 5-year LLB instead of pursuing a bachelor’s degree and LLB separately, such as BA LLB, BBA LLB, or B.Com. LLB, B.Tech. LLB and others.

So, Naina enrolled herself in the LLB program at National Law University, Delhi. 

Step 2: Acquire the Skills Required 

Bunny told Naina that she must have the following skills to become a civil judge. 

  • Excellent Critical Reasoning
  • Strong Listening Ability
  • Objective Analysis
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Unbiased Decision Making
  • Empathy
  • Good Writing Skills

Naina acquired all these skills by working as an intern in various law firms. 

Step 3: Qualify for the Judicial Services Examination

The favorite question of every judiciary aspirant is 'how to be a civil judge in India.' Well, we have some tips to help you become a Civil Judge. 

  • The Judicial Services examination is the main exam conducted to recruit talented and hardworking candidates for various posts in the judiciary department of India.
  • Every state‘s High Court and Judicial Services conduct the examination for the Civil Judge in their state’s High Court.
  • As per the Judiciary Exam Pattern, there are three stages in the selection process, i.e., Preliminary Examination, Mains Examination, and Personal Interview round.
  • The prelims exam is a screening test of 150 marks and will be a computer-based test.
  • The Mains examination is a written test of 750 marks comprising four papers, i.e., Paper I is for General Knowledge and Language; Paper II is for Law – I, Paper III of Law III, and Paper IV is for Law paper.
  • Paper 1 is 150 marks, and you will get 2 hours to complete it, and the three papers are 200 marks, and you will get 3 hours for each paper to complete.
  • The prelims examination is qualifying in nature.
  • The candidate's selection process depends on their score in the Mains examination and the Personal Interview Round. The Mains Examination is for 750 marks, and the personal interview is for 250 marks. So, the selection of the candidates depends on their total marks in both the Mains and personal interview rounds.
  • Recently, Telangana Government announced a total of 87 Judiciary Exam Vacancy List for the Civil Judge in the Telangana High Court.

judiciary online coaching

judiciary online coaching

Alternative Methods to Become a Civil Judge: Direct Recruitment 

Do you know how to become a civil judge in India? Here are the alternative methods for direct recruitment as a civil judge. 

  • One more method through which you can become a civil judge, i.e., the direct recruitment method.
  • Direct recruitment is valid only for candidates working in India's judiciary department.
  • The candidates who have worked for the last five years are eligible to apply for the civil judge post examination.
  • The candidates will have to apply for it internally only, and for recruitment, they also have to give a written test and interview.
  • They will be selected based on their past record, current score, and personal interview round.
  • If the candidate's past records are not good, like he had any issue with his senior, he is not good at work, or any issue, then the recruiter can cancel his or her candidature anytime.

How to Be a Civil Judge in Rajasthan?

Rajasthan High Court has prescribed specific criteria for the Rajasthan Judicial Service Examination. If you wish to apply for the RJS exam, you must satisfy the requirements set by the exam conducting body.

  • The RJS Exam selection process involves three stages, i.e., prelims, mains, followed by the interview.
  • The minimum age limit to apply for the exam is 21 years as of 01.01.2022
  • The maximum age limit to apply for the RJS recruitment is 40 years.
  • To apply for the Rajasthan Judicial Services Exam, you must hold a Bachelor of Laws (Professional) from any university established by Law in India and recognized under the Advocates Act, 1961.
  • Also, you must have a thorough knowledge of Hindi written in Devanagari Script and Rajasthani dialects and the social customs of Rajasthan.

judiciary mock tests

judiciary mock tests

How to Become a Civil Judge in Haryana?

Haryana High Court is responsible for conducting the Haryana Civil Judge exam. As per the notification, your minimum age should be 21 years, and the maximum age is 42 years to apply for the exam.

Out of 256 vacancies, 56 are reserved for the General category, 40 for SC, 21 for BC-A, 11 for BC-B, 11 for EWS, 20 (ESM+ESP), and 10 for the PwD category.

  • The preliminary round of the HCS Judicial Branch exam consists of 125 multiple-choice questions for 500 marks. The exam is conducted for 2 hours.
  • In the Mains Exam, you are asked five subjects - Civil Law I, Civil Law II, Criminal Law III, English, and Language (Hindi in Devanagari Script).
  • If you belong to the general category, you must obtain 50% marks in the Mains exam to get shortlisted for the viva-voce. For the reserved category, the qualifying marks are 45%.
  • You will be shortlisted for interview/viva-voce only if you qualify for both Prelims and Mains exams. The interview is conducted for a total of 100 marks.

How to Become a Civil Judge in Punjab?

The Punjab Judiciary Exam is conducted jointly by the High Court of Punjab & Haryana and the Punjab Public Service Commission to recruit civil judges. 

  • The Preliminary Exam is a computer mode of the exam, including Multiple Choice Questions.
  • There are a total of 125 questions in the exam.
  • The Mains exam includes five papers, i.e., Civil Law (Papers 1 & 2), Criminal Law, English Language, and Punjab Language.
  • Except for the Punjab Language, the remaining papers are asked for 200 marks.

It must be noted, that syllabus for each state is different!

Summing Up - Hurray! Now, you know the secret of how to become civil judge in India. You can become a civil judge after LLB. You can apply for the PCS J Exam from your home or a neighboring state. Also, you can become a civil judge by direct recruitment—Good Luck with your judiciary preparation. Happy Reading!

“You don’t have to be great to start. But you have to start to be great.”

Frequently Asked Questions

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