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Important Topics for CLAT 2024 - English, Mathematics, Logical Reasoning, GK & Current Affairs

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : March 18, 2023


Reader's Digest - If your CLAT Preparation 2024 is on, you must keep up with the important topics for CLAT. This blog will discuss the most important CLAT subjects list, their weightage, & section-wise CLAT topics for UG & PG courses.

In 2023, around 60000 to 65000 students applied for the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), and with each passing year, the number of applicants is constantly increasing. So, it's crucial to keep up with the latest trends and important topics for CLAT to secure your place in the top law schools in India.

Here we have answered some of the most common queries asked by students on CLAT important topics:

  • What are some important topics of miscellaneous law for CLAT? Some important topics of miscellaneous law for CLAT Prep include environmental law, intellectual property law, cyber law, and law related to women and children.
  • Is CLAT important for a law degree in India? Yes, CLAT is an important entrance exam if you want to pursue a law degree in India from the top law universities, including the prestigious NLUs.
  • For CLAT, which stream is the best? There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this. However, if you're from a humanities or commerce background, you may find the CLAT syllabus more familiar, while science students can bring in their analytical & logical reasoning skills to play.

Type of Questions Asked in CLAT Exam (UG & PG)

Following the CLAT UG Exam Pattern, here are bullets on the type of questions asked in the exam:

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) with four answer choices
  • Passage-based Questions with multiple questions on a given text
  • Assertion-Reasoning Questions where students need to identify whether the assertion and reasoning statements are correct and linked
  • Legal Reasoning Questions based on legal principles and case laws
  • Analytical Reasoning Questions that test logical reasoning and critical thinking skills
  • Quantitative Aptitude Questions based on basic mathematical concepts and data interpretation
  • General Knowledge and Current Affairs Questions on national and international events, government policies, and legal developments

Following the CLAT PG syllabus, here are the types of questions asked in the exam:

  • Constitutional Law: Questions related to the Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, and other Constitutional provisions.
  • Jurisprudence: Questions on Legal Theory, Legal Language, and Legal Concepts.
  • Corporate Law: Questions on Company Law, Corporate Governance, and Securities Law.
  • Intellectual Property Law: Questions on Trademarks, Patents, Copyrights, and other IP-related laws.
  • International Law: Questions on International Trade, Environmental, and Human Rights Law.
  • Criminal Law: Questions on Indian Penal Code, Criminal Procedure Code, and other Criminal laws.
  • Civil Law: Questions on Code of Civil Procedure, Property Law, and other Civil laws.
  • Legal Writing: Questions on drafting legal documents, Legal research, and legal reasoning.
  • Tax Law: Questions on Income Tax Law, GST, and other Tax-related laws.
  • Family Law: Questions on Hindu, Muslim, and other Personal laws.

Important Topics for CLAT UG 2024 

Below mentioned are the important topics of the CLAT Entrance Exam 2024 for the undergraduate (5-year BA LLB) program. This list is made based on the weightage of the topics that need to be studied before appearing for the examination.

The CLAT 2024 exam will consist of five sections: English Language, Current Affairs, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques. To excel in the exam, you should focus on the following important topics for each section:

  1. English Language: Vocabulary, Grammar, Reading Comprehension, and Error Detection.
  2. Current Affairs: National and International events, Government policies, and recent developments in law and justice.
  3. Legal Reasoning: Legal concepts, Principles of law, and Judicial decisions and precedents.
  4. Logical Reasoning: Critical reasoning, Analogies, Syllogisms, and Logical sequences.
  5. Quantitative Techniques: Elementary Mathematics, Algebra, and Data Interpretation.

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Important Topics for CLAT 2024 - English

  • The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) English Language section is a critical component that can make or break your chances of admission to top law schools.
  • This section includes a comprehension passage of 450 words, each with a weightage of 28 - 32 questions out of 150 questions.

Here are the most important English topics you should focus on while preparing for CLAT 2024:

  • Vocabulary: A strong vocabulary is essential to excel in the English section. You should focus on learning new words, their meanings, and their sentence usage. Additionally, you must practice synonyms, antonyms, idioms, and phrases.
  • Grammar: To excel in the grammar section, you should focus on tenses, subject-verb agreement, prepositions, articles, and conjunctions. Additionally, practising sentence correction, filling in the blanks, and spotting errors would be best.
  • Reading Comprehension: The reading comprehension section tests your understanding of a passage. Focus on developing your reading speed and comprehension skills. Additionally, you must practice identifying the passage's main idea, tone, and purpose.
  • Error Detection: The error detection section tests your ability to identify errors in a sentence. You should focus on grammar rules and syntax to identify the mistakes. Additionally, you must practice identifying the correct usage of punctuation marks.

Check out the important topics from the table below to enhance your CLAT English Preparation:

Important CLAT Topics Weightage
English Comprehension 7 - 8 Questions
Subject - Verb Agreement 2 - 3 Questions
Noun  1 - 2 Questions
Pronoun 1 - 2 Questions
Adjective and Determinants 2- 3 Questions
Adverb 1 - 2 Questions
Active Passive Voice 2 - 3 Questions
Vocabulary 1 - 2 Questions
Synonyms & Antonyms 1 - 2 Questions
Sentence Completion and Correction 3 - 4 Questions
Spelling Errors 3 - 4 Questions


Important Topics for CLAT 2024 - GK & Current Affairs

  • As a law student, staying up-to-date with the latest happenings, especially those related to law and justice, is essential.
  • The Current Affairs, including the General Knowledge section, consists of 35 to 39 questions out of a total of 150 questions.
  • Students will be given passages of up to 450 words each.

Here are some of the most important GK and Current Affairs topics you should focus on while preparing for the CLAT 2024 exam:

  • Indian Polity and Governance: This topic covers the Indian Constitution, its history, and its various provisions. You should also be aware of the structure and functioning of the Indian government, including the executive, legislature, and judiciary.
  • International Relations: This topic covers India's relationship with other countries, foreign policy, and role in international organizations such as the United Nations.
  • Economics and Finance: This topic covers the basics of economics, such as supply and demand, inflation, and economic policies. You should also be aware of the latest developments in the financial sector, such as the budget, GST, and banking reforms.
  • Science and Technology: This topic covers the latest developments in science and technology, such as space exploration, artificial intelligence, and biotechnology. You should also be aware of these developments' ethical and legal implications.
  • Environment and Ecology: This topic covers the conservation and management of natural resources, climate change, and biodiversity. You should know the latest environmental laws and policies, such as the National Green Tribunal and the Paris Agreement.
  • Sports and Entertainment: This topic covers the latest happenings in sports and entertainment, including major tournaments and awards.

Enhance your CLAT GK Preparation by going through the important current affairs topics for CLAT 2024 from here:

Most Important GK Topics for CLAT 2024 Weightage
Contemporary events of significance from India and the World 5 - 6 Questions
Arts and Culture 2 - 3 Questions
International Affairs 2 - 3 Questions
Historical Events of Continuing Significance 4 - 5 Questions
Legal Maxims & Important Landmarks 3 - 4 Questions
Major Industries in India 2 - 3 Questions 
Indian Tax Structure  2 - 3 Questions
Legal Fundamentals & Terms 4 - 5 Questions

Important Topics for CLAT 2024 - Mathematics 

  • As the saying goes, "mathematics is the language of the universe," which holds true even for the legal profession.
  • The Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) 2024 exam tests students on their proficiency in quantitative techniques, which includes elementary mathematics, algebra, and data interpretation.
  • The Quantitative Techniques section has a weightage of 15 to 17 questions in the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT).

Here are some of the most important mathematics topics for CLAT 2024 that you should focus on while preparing for the exam:

  • Number System: This topic covers factors, multiples, divisibility, and prime and composite numbers.
  • Percentages and Ratios: This topic covers calculating percentages, ratios, and proportions, which are used to solve various problems related to finance and business.
  • Algebra: This topic covers the basics of algebra, including linear equations, quadratic equations, and polynomials.
  • Geometry: This topic covers the basics of geometry, including lines, angles, triangles, circles, and polygons.
  • Mensuration: This topic covers calculating the area, perimeter, and volume of different shapes, including squares, rectangles, triangles, and circles.
  • Data Interpretation: This topic covers the interpretation of data, including bar graphs, pie charts, line graphs, and tables.

Here are the important topics of Mathematics to enhance your CLAT Maths Preparation:

Important CLAT Maths Topics Weightage
Percentage 1 Question
Areas Mensuration 1 - 2 Questions 
Time Speed and Distance 1 Question
Work and Time 1 Question
Probability 1 - 2 Questions
Mensuration 1 Question
Algebra 2 - 3 Questions
Number Systems 2 Questions
Average 1 Question
Profit and Loss 1 Question
Statistical Estimation 2 Questions
Ratios and Proportions 2 Questions

Check Now - CLAT PG Question Paper with Answer Key

Important Topics for CLAT 2024 - Legal Reasoning 

  • The Legal Reasoning section has a weightage of 35 to 39 multiple-choice questions out of the 150 multiple-choice questions asked in the examination.
  • Generally, the passages of legal reasoning are taken from legal journals, newspapers, articles, and editorials involving legal matters, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries.

Here are some of the most important legal reasoning topics you should focus on while preparing for the exam:

  • Legal Maxims: Legal maxims are principles of law that have been established through judicial decisions and precedents. Familiarizing yourself with these maxims will help you understand the basic principles of law and their applications in different situations.
  • Constitutional Law: This topic deals with the principles and provisions of the Indian Constitution, including fundamental rights, directive principles, and the separation of powers. You must have a sound understanding of the Constitution and its various provisions.
  • Criminal Law: This topic deals with the principles and provisions of the Indian Penal Code and other criminal laws. It is essential to understand the different types of crimes, their punishments, and the legal procedures involved in criminal cases.
  • Contract Law: This topic deals with the principles and provisions of contract law, including the different types of contracts, their formation, and their enforceability. You must know the legal terminology used in contracts and their interpretation.
  • Tort Law: This topic deals with the principles and provisions of tort law, including negligence, nuisance, and defamation. You must know the different types of torts and their legal implications.
  • International Law: This topic deals with the principles and provisions of international law, including international treaties and agreements, human rights, and international organizations.

Here is the list and weightage of the important legal topics to enhance your CLAT Legal Reasoning Preparation:

Subjects Important CLAT Legal Reasoning Topics Weightage
Constitution History of the Indian Constitution 4 - 5 Questions 
Important Acts and Amendments  2 - 3 Questions

Important Laws like IPC, CrPC, the Law of Torts, etc 3 - 4 Questions 
Prepositions and Facts 2 - 3 Questions
Important events related to Legal and Constitutional Developments 3 - 4 Questions

Rights and Duties 2 - 3 Questions
Judiciary - Supreme Court and High Court  3 - 4 Questions 
Parliament - Executive, Legislature, President 2 - 3 Questions
Current Events related to Indian Polity 4 - 5 Questions

Important Topics for CLAT 2024 - Logical Reasoning 

  • The Logical Reasoning section comprises 28 to 30 multiple-choice questions out of 150.
  • Each passage of about 300 words will have 2 - 4 questions to test the student's logical and analytical skills.
  • Students will be required to acknowledge the disagreements, establishments, and closures. Therefore, knowing the important critical reasoning topics for CLAT 2024 will help you score good marks in this section.

Here are some of the most important Logical Reasoning topics for CLAT 2024 while preparing for the exam:

  • Critical Reasoning: Critical Reasoning questions test your ability to analyze and evaluate arguments. You will be given a set of statements and must identify the argument's conclusion, assumptions, and flaws.
  • Analogies: Analogies test your ability to identify similarities and differences between two objects or concepts. You will be given two words and need to identify a third word related to the first two words similarly.
  • Syllogisms: Syllogisms test your ability to draw logical conclusions from a set of given premises. You will be given two or more statements and need to identify the correct conclusion based on those statements.
  • Logical sequences: Logical sequences test your ability to identify patterns and sequences. You will be given a series of numbers or letters and must identify the next number or letter in the sequence.

Here are the important topics to enhance your CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation:

Important Logical Reasoning Topics for CLAT Weightage
Statement and Assumptions 7 - 8 Questions
Statement and Conclusions 5 - 6 Questions
Inference from Passage 4 - 5 Questions 
Strength of Arguments 3 - 4 Questions 
Cause and Effect 3 - 4 Questions 
Course of Action  3 - 4 Questions
Seating Arrangement 1 - 2 Questions 

Important Topics for CLAT PG 2024

The CLAT PG 2024 exam consists of two sections: Constitutional Law and Other Law Subjects. To excel in the exam, you should focus on the following important topics for each section:

  1. Constitutional Law: Indian Constitution, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles of State Policy, and Centre-State Relations.
  2. Other Law Subjects: Law of Contracts, Law of Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, and Intellectual Property Law.

The table below shows the important topics for the CLAT LLM exam to enhance your CLAT PG Exam Preparation:

Subjects Important CLAT Topics
Constitutional Law Indian Constitution
Judicial Bodies - Supreme Court, High Court, District Courts
Quasi-Judicial bodies, Tribunals
Rights, Writs, and Duties
Elections to President, Vice-President, Legislative Assembly
Official Language
Important Acts like Panchayati Raj, Emergency Powers
Law of Contracts Nature of Contracts and Formation
Void and Illegal, Unenforceable Contracts
Discharge of Contracts
Guarantee and Insurance
Consequences of Breach of Contracts
Agency Contract 
Law of Torts Definitions
Liability, Strict and Absolute Liability, Different types of Liability
Joint Tortfeasors
Remedies, Negligence, Defamation
False Imprisonment and Malicious Prosecution
Criminal law General Principles of Criminal Law
Punishments and Exceptions
Criminal Conspiracy
Offences and Defamation
International law Major International Bodies like the UN, WTO, IMF, World Bank etc.
Dispute Settlements
International Treaties
Humanitarian Laws, UN Charter
Law of the Sea
State Recognition
Territorial Disputes
Forms of Terrorism 
Environmental Laws
Intellectual Property Rights Patents
WTO IPR rules
Patents Act 1970 & other important rules

Best Books for the CLAT 2024 Exam

The table below shows the best books for CLAT 2024 to enhance your preparation levels:

Book Name Author Name Book Price
Self Study Guide CLAT 2022 Arihant Experts Rs. 400/-
Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning 2022 - 2024 |For CLAT / SLAT / AILET | Detailed Analysis of 2020 - 2021 pattern| Includes 2021 and 2020 papers |Ninth Edition |By Pearson A.P. Bhardwaj Rs. 499/-
GO TO Guide for CLAT & other Law Admission Tests with Passage-based Questions 3rd Edition Disha Experts Rs. 720/-
Self Study Guide CLAT 2024 Experts Compilation Rs. 555/-
CLAT Entrance Exam Guide LearnX Rs. 649/-
New Pattern CLAT 2024 12 Practice Sets 3 Solved papers (2022 - 2020) Experts Compilation Rs. 443/-
CLAT Solved Papers [Year-wise] with 3 Online Practice Tests LearnX Rs. 299/-
CLAT & LLB Entrance Exam Guide Latest Edition 2022 - 2024 Student Aid Publications Rs. 345/-
Wiley's ExamXpert Legal Awareness & Legal Reasoning (LA & LR) for CLAT & other Law Entrance Exams Amandeep Rajgotra and Danish Hasnain Rs. 511/-

CLAT Mock Tests

CLAT Mock Tests


In conclusion, preparing for CLAT 2024 is a challenging yet exciting journey. The exam demands a comprehensive understanding of various topics, including English, General Knowledge, Legal Aptitude, Mathematics, and Logical Reasoning. However, anyone can crack the CLAT exam with the right approach, dedication, and consistent effort.

Frequently Asked Questions

A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning by RS Aggarwal is one of the best books for preparing the critical reasoning syllabus for CLAT.
As per the syllabus, there is only one section in the CLAT PG Syllabus 2024.
No, the CLAT Exam Syllabus usually remains the same every year. However, some modifications in the CLAT Undergraduate & Postgraduate syllabus were made in 2020 due to the change in the paper pattern. But there are no changes in the CLAT Syllabus 2024, and we mentioned the important topics of each section above that candidates must check out.
No, the CLAT (common law admission test) Syllabus differs for the Undergraduate and Postgraduate programs. 
The CLAT undergraduate entrance test is divided into 5 sections, i.e. English Language, Current Affairs, including General Knowledge, Legal Reasoning, Logical Reasoning, and Quantitative Techniques.
You can go through the above post to know the important topics that need to be prepared under the CLAT legal reasoning syllabus.


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