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CLAT PG Syllabus 2022

CLAT PG is an All-India centralized test that permits you to seek admission into various postgraduate (PG) courses offered by National Law Universities (forming part of Consortium of NLUs) in India for the LLM degree.

CLAT PG is a prerequisite for admission to National Law Universities' Master of Laws (LLM) programs (NLUs). Renowned private law institutions as well as Public Sector Undertaking, consider the CLAT PG 2022 scores for admissions and recruitment. 

Key Highlights: 

Particulars Highlights
Total Questions 120
Total Marks 120
Marking Scheme +1 for every correct answer
-0.25 for every incorrect answer
Mode Offline
Duration 2 hours
Nature of exam Objective + Subjective (as anticipated)
Medium English
Personal Interview Round No


  1. The subjective part is tentative.
  2. If the subjective section is included, the number of questions will be 102 questions.
  3. The subjective section will be corrected only when the candidate secures 40% marks in the objective section.

CLAT PG 2022 Syllabus:

CLAT PG exam aims to evaluate the comprehension abilities of the candidate.

In the table given below, we have mentioned all the subjects of the CLAT PG Syllabus

Constitutional Law Property Law
Law of Torts Public International Law 
Jurisprudence Law of Contracts
Labour and Industrial Law Intellectual Property Law
Environmental Law Contemporary Judgements
Criminal Law Cyber Law
Administrative Law Consumer Protection Act

Constitutional  Law

  1. Basic & Salient Features of Indian Constitution/History/ Preamble
  2. Citizenship
  3. Doctrine of Basic Structure
  4. Fundamental Rights- Article 12- Article 30 
  5. DPSPs & Fundamental Duties
  6. Important Amendments
  7. Constitutional Remedies
  8. Supreme Court
  9. Ordinance Power
  10. Parliament
  11. Services under Union and State
  12. Emergency Provisions
  13. Trade, Commerce, Intercourse 
  14. Executive
  15.  Amendment Power
  16. Committee and Commissions 
  17. Anti-Defection Law
  18. Center-state Relations
  19. Scheduled Area
  20. Article 300 A
  21. Article 370

Law of Torts

  1. Introduction to General Principles
  2. What is Tort? Origin of Law of Torts in India
  3. Criticism of Winfield
  4. Damnum sine Injuria/Injuria sine Damnum
  5. Tortious Liability
  6. Several and Independent Tortfeasors
  7. Joint Tortfeasors and related cases
  8. Statutory Authority
  9. Consent (Volenti non fit Injuria)
  10. General Defences
  11. Act of God & Private Defence
  12. Strict Liability, Specific Torts, and Absolute Liability
  13. Negligence, Nuisance and Defamation
  14. Vicarious Liability
  15. Consumer Protection
  16. The distinction between Joint and Several Tortfeasor

Labour and Industrial Law

  1. Introduction
  2. Theory and Concept of Industrial Relations
  3. Industrial Relations Code 2020
  4. Code on Social Security 2020
  5. Code on Occupational Safety Health and Working Conditions 2020
  6. Code on Wages 2020
  7. Industrial Dispute Act
  8. The Factories Act, 1948
  9. The Standing Orders Act
  10. Analysis of Recent amendment made in Labour Laws and their leading cases


  1. Definition/outlook of the subject/Nature of Jurisprudence
  2. Source of Law
  3. School of Jurisprudence a. Analytical School b. Natural School c. Historical School d. Philosophical School e. Ethical School f. Sociological School
  4. Rights, Duties Power Liability
  5. Person and Liabilities
  6. Ownership and Possession
  7. Corporate Liability
  8. Theories of Punishment
  9. Law and Morals
  10. Contemporary Jurists & Recent Contemporary Concepts and Maxims
  11. Hohfeld’s Legal Relation/ Jural Analysis

Environmental Law:

  1. Outline of the Subject
  2. The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1974
  3. The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act 1981
  4. The Environment (Protection) Act 1986
  5. The National Environment Tribunal Act, 1955
  6. Indian Forest Act 1927
  7. The Forest (Conservation) Act, 1980
  8. The Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
  9. Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991
  10. Schedule Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act 2006
  11. International Environment Law

Criminal Law -

A. Code Of Criminal Procedure

  1. Overview of Code/Introduction
  2. Criminal Courts in India
  3. Stages of Trial (Investigation- Inquiry- Trial)
  4. Plea Bargaining
  5. Bail
  6. Vitiation of Proceedings
  7. Inherent Power

B. Indian Penal Code

  1. Introduction- Extraterritorial and Interterritorial Jurisdiction of the Code
  2. General Defence and Exceptions
  3. Right of Private Defence
  4. Punishment
  5. Attempt
  6. Criminal Conspiracy
  7. Offence Against Human Body
  8. Offence Against Property
  9. Defamation
  10. Offences Related to Marriage
  11. Criminal Intimidation
  12. Offence against State
  13. False Evidence and Offenses against Public Justice

C. Indian Evidence Act

Public International  Law

  1. Overview of the Subject
  2. Sources of International Law
  3. Relationship between Municipal and International Law
  4. Treaties
  5. International Organisations
  6. State Recognition
  7. State Succession
  8. Human Rights and International Law
  9. Law of Sea, Air and Space
  10. Settlement of Dispute

Law of  Contracts

  1. Introduction, Basic elements of Contract, Offer Acceptance Consideration, etc.
  2. Communication of Offer, Acceptance and Revocation of Offer & Acceptance
  3. Consent, Capacity to Contract, Privity of contract
  4. Element Vitiating Contract
  5. Wagering Agreements and Contingent Contract
  6. Quasi Contract
  7. Breach of Contract and Remedies for Breach of Contract
  8. Bailment, Pledge- Specific Contract
  9. Indemnity, Guarantee and Agency
  10. Force Majure & Doctrine of Frustration

Property Law

  1. Outline and Applicability of the subject
  2. Types of Properties
  3. Concept of Sale, Lease, Mortgage, Exchange, Gift, Will, etc.
  4. Actionable Claims

Intellectual  Property Law

  1. Introduction to Intellectual Property Law
  2. Copyright Law
  3. Trademark Law
  4. Patent Law
  5. Geographical Indications Law
  6. Trade Secrets
  7. Design Law
  8. Various International Forums for Intellectual Property and Principles included in their working
  9. Various Adjudicatory Forum- National and International

Cyber Law

  1. Cyber Contract and IT Act 2000
  2. Overview of Cyber Law
  3. Cyber Law in India
  4. Basic Legal terms and Concepts
  5. Regulation of Cyber Crimes
  6. Copyright Issue in Cyberspace

Consumer  Protection Act

  1. An Introduction to Consumer Protection Law and Policies
  2. Consumer Rights
  3. Legislative Framework on Consumer Protection in India
  4. Salient Features of Consumer Protection Act and the Amendments
  5. Some Important area covered under Consumer Protection Act and Case Laws
  6. Emerging concerns in Consumer Protection and Law

Administrative  Law

  1. Meaning Definition scope and Significance of Administrative Law
  2. Rule of Law
  3. Administrative Actions- Meaning and Classifications
  4. Principles of Natural Justice
  5. Meaning, Nature and need of administrative direction
  6. Natural Justice and Statutory Provisions
  7. Control Mechanism of Delegated Legislation Parliamentary, Procedural and Adjudicatory
  8. Liability of Administration
  9. Administrative Discretion and Remedies
  10. Control of Administrative Discretion- At the stage of delegation of discretion and control at the stage of exercise of Discretion
  11. Meaning of Delegated Legislation and its growth
  12. Administrative Adjudication
  13. Enforceability of Administrative Direction
  14. Administrative Direction to Quasi-Judicial and Statutory Bodies
  15. Doctrine of Estoppel
  16. Relationship between Constitutional Law and Administrative Law
  17. Emerging Trends in Administrative Law


What is CLAT PG course?

CLAT PG is a Common-Law Admission Test for post graduate (PG) courses offered at National Law Universities forming part of Consortium of NLUs in India for the LLM course.

What is the duration of CLAT PG exam?

The CLAT PG paper is of two hours duration. 

What is the medium of CLAT PG question paper?

The medium of CLAT PG question paper is English. 

Is there negative marking in CLAT PG?

Yes, there is negative marking of 0.25 marks in the objective section of CLAT PG exam.

What is the Counselling Fees for participating in counseling for CLAT PG?

The counselling Fees for participating in counseling for CLAT PG is Rs 2000. Note that it has recently been reduced to Rs. 20000 from Rs. 50000.