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CLAT Syllabus 2024 - Download Subject-wise Syllabus & Important Topics PDF

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : March 15, 2023


Reader's Digest - With CLAT 2024 just around the corner, it's time to gear up & get familiar with the CLAT Syllabus 2024This blog curates the section-wise complete syllabus along with essential topics to ease your preparation journey.

With each passing year, the competition for admission into the top NLUs becomes more intense, and the key to cracking the exam lies in a thorough understanding of the CLAT exam syllabus.

There is a different CLAT syllabus PDF for the UG and PG law courses. The CLAT PG Syllabus PDF includes the mandatory subjects of the law UG program, Constitutional Law, and other law subjects.

The UG syllabus of CLAT 2024 comprises the following five sections :

  1. English - The English language section tests your proficiency in English grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension skills.
  2. Mathematics - The mathematics section of the CLAT syllabus 2024 PDF tests your mathematical abilities.
  3. Legal Aptitude - This section tests your ability to analyze legal propositions and apply legal principles to various situations.
  4. Logical Reasoning -  The reasoning section of the CLAT syllabus tests your ability to analyze and evaluate arguments, identify logical patterns, and draw conclusions.
  5. GK & Current Affairs  - This section tests your knowledge of current events and general awareness.

Important Topics of CLAT Syllabus 2024

Knowing the CLAT 2024 Syllabus is the first step to preparing for the Common Law Admission Test. It helps you to understand the essential topics mentioned in CLAT UG Exam Pattern.

Check the table below for the brief list of important topics for CLAT 2024, and plan your preparation accordingly:

Sections Important Topics
English Grammar, Antonyms, Synonyms, Vocabulary, Adverb, Proverbs, One-word substitution, English Comprehension
GK & Current Affairs Contemporary Events from India & world, Arts, Culture, International Affairs, Historical events
Elementary Mathematics Percentage, Algebra, Areas, Number system, Time, Speed, Distance, Profit, Loss, Probability, Statistical Estimation, Ratios, and Proportion
Legal Aptitude Constitution, Law, Polity
Logical Reasoning Analogies, Series, Seating Arrangement, Syllogisms, Calendar, Clocks, Sequence & Matching, Blood Relation

Section-wise CLAT Syllabus 2024 (UG)

Are you planning to take the CLAT 2024 exam? If so, it's important to understand the section-wise CLAT Syllabus for the upcoming year. The CLAT exam consists of five sections, each focusing on the different topics mentioned below.

CLAT Syllabus 2024 for English Language 

The English language section of the exam is one of the most important and challenging components, testing the candidate's proficiency in the language. 

You must demonstrate the following abilities to:

  • Understand and comprehend the main objective of the passage, including the viewpoints discussed in it
  • Derive conclusions and inferences based on comprehension
  • Create an excerpt of the passage in your mind
  • Bring out contrast and comparisons between various arguments derived from the passage
  • Comprehend the meaning of multiple words and phrases included in the passage

You can score good marks in this section by following a few tips for CLAT English preparation.

The CLAT English Syllabus is primarily divided into three categories:

  1. Comprehension passages
  2. Grammar, vocabulary, and English proficiency

Let's discuss each part in detail.

  1. Comprehension passages: This section tests your ability to read and comprehend a given passage. You must note that the source of these passages is primarily fictional and non-fictional writings with contemporary and historical significance. The passage is followed by a set of questions that will test your understanding of the passage. You must answer the questions based on the information given in the passage. The questions are of different types, including factual, inferential, and critical reasoning.
  2. Grammar, vocabulary, and English proficiency: This section tests your grammar, vocabulary, and English proficiency skills. It includes questions related to:
  • Vocabulary: Synonyms, Antonyms, Analogies, Word Usage, Idioms and Phrases.
  • Grammar: Error Detection, Fill in the Blanks, Sentence Correction, Active and Passive Voice, Direct and Indirect Speech, and Parts of Speech.
  • English proficiency: Spellings, One Word Substitution, Para Jumbles, and Reading Comprehension.

CLAT Online Coaching

CLAT Online Coaching

CLAT Syllabus 2024 for Current Affairs

  • The Current Affairs section in CLAT 2024 is expected to be challenging and exciting at the same time. 
  • It is designed to test the your knowledge of the recent events happening in India and across the world carrying a weightage of 25% in the CLAT exam, which makes it an important section for scoring good marks.
  • The Current Affairs section is divided into two parts: Static and Dynamic.
  • The Static part includes questions related to the history, geography, economy, and polity of India, while the Dynamic part includes questions related to current events and developments in India and the world.
  • This section tests a candidate's awareness of the latest events happening around the world, including national and international news, sports, business, politics, science, and technology.
  • This section again includes passages up to 450 words.
  • These passages are extracted from news, journalistic sources, and non-fictional writing.
  • Though the subject might look easy, you need a proper CLAT GK preparation strategy to ace this section.
  • The questions are related to the passage but emphasize the legal information or topics discussed in the paragraph.
  • The questions may not require any additional legal knowledge apart from the one conveyed through the passage.

Some of the important topics in the Current Affairs section that you must focus on are:

  1. Contemporary events of significance from India and the world
  2. National and International events and developments
  3. Economic developments in India and the world
  4. Political developments in India and the world
  5. Historical events of continuing significance
  6. Arts and Culture
  7. Sports events and achievements
  8. Awards and honors
  9. Science and Technology developments
  10. Environment and ecology-related news

CLAT Syllabus 2024 for Legal Reasoning

  • The Legal Reasoning section is an essential part of the CLAT exam, and it tests the ability of the candidate to identify and analyze legal issues and arguments.
  • The section comprises passages of around 450 words, each containing a legal scenario or a principle of law.
  • The passages are followed by a series of questions that test the candidate's ability to analyze, interpret, and apply the legal principles.
  • It is a myth that you must be well-versed in legal terminology to score good in this section.
  • Infact, the core demand is that you must be aware of contemporary legal and moral issues and easily apply them practically.

Check out the detailed CLAT exam syllabus and enhance your CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation.

The questions that follow the passages given in this section require you to:

  • Identify and infer the rules and principles mentioned in the passage
  • Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations and
  • Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.

The Legal Reasoning section of the CLAT syllabus for 2024 covers a wide range of topics. The topics may include but are not limited to:

  1. Legal principles and rules: This section tests your knowledge of legal principles and rules, including their ability to apply these principles to specific situations.
  2. Legal reasoning and logical consistency: It also tests your ability to reason logically and consistently, particularly when presented with complex legal scenarios.
  3. Legal facts and issues: You must identify relevant legal facts and issues and to distinguish between relevant and irrelevant information.
  4. Legal arguments and counter-arguments: You must be able to identify, evaluate, and analyze legal arguments and counter-arguments, including the ability to assess the strength of an argument.
  5. Legal language and comprehension: Finally, the Legal Reasoning section tests the candidate's ability to understand legal language and to comprehend complex legal concepts and arguments.

CLAT Syllabus 2024 for Logical Reasoning 

  • The Logical Reasoning section of the CLAT exam assesses a candidate's ability to think logically, critically, and analytically.
  • The questions in this section test a candidate's ability to analyze, interpret, and evaluate arguments, identify patterns and relationships, and draw conclusions based on the given information.
  • The CLAT UG Logical Reasoning section has passages of around 300 words.
  • These short passages will be followed by one or more objective-type questions that require you to:
  1. Identify an argument, its premises, and inferences;
  2. Read and recognize the arguments given in the paragraph;
  3. Critically analyze patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
  4. Conclude the objective of the passage and apply the conclusions to new situations;
  5. Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.

You must diligently plan your CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation and divide this section into the following four parts: 

  • Analytical Reasoning: This section tests a candidate's ability to understand and analyze complex information and draw logical conclusions. Questions in this section may include topics such as syllogisms, analogies, coding-decoding, blood relations, direction sense, seating arrangements, puzzles, and critical reasoning.
  • Logical Reasoning: This section assesses a candidate's ability to think critically and make sound judgments based on the given information. Questions in this section may include topics such as logical sequences, logical connectives, statement and assumption, statement and conclusion, statement and argument, and course of action.
  • Verbal Reasoning: This section tests a candidate's ability to understand and analyze written information. Questions in this section may include topics such as comprehension passages, grammar, vocabulary, and sentence correction.
  • Non-Verbal Reasoning: This section assesses a candidate's ability to analyze and solve visual problems. Questions in this section may include topics such as pattern completion, figure matrix, paper folding, and visual analogies.

CLAT Syllabus 2024 for Quantitative Techniques

  • Quantitative Techniques, also known as Mathematics, is an essential section of the CLAT exam.
  • It tests the candidate's ability to solve mathematical problems using various concepts and formulas.
  • The section comprises of 13-17 questions, and each question carries one mark.
  • The Quantitative Techniques/Maths section in CLAT is non-comprehension-based.
  • This section comprise short sets of facts of propositions, graphs, and any other textual, pictorial, and diagrammatic representation-based questions.
  • Regular practice is required to enhance your CLAT Maths Preparation levels. The questions additionally will require you to:
  1. Understand, conclude and manipulate information given in the graphical or diagrammatic representations; and
  2. Implement 10th standard-based mathematical operations on topics such as ratio & proportions, algebra, mensuration, and statistics.
  • The questions are generally of Class 10th level, and the topics covered are as follows:
  1. Arithmetic: This topic includes basic mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. The questions asked in this section are based on topics such as fractions, decimals, percentages, ratios and proportions, and time and work.
  2. Algebra: This topic includes solving equations and inequalities, simplifying expressions, and working with functions. The questions asked in this section are based on topics such as linear equations, quadratic equations, and polynomials.
  3. Geometry: This topic includes working with shapes and figures, measuring angles and distances, and understanding spatial relationships. The questions asked in this section are based on topics such as triangles, circles, squares, and rectangles.
  4. Mensuration: This topic includes working with measurements such as area, perimeter, and volume. The questions asked in this section are based on topics such as surface area and volume of 3D shapes, area and circumference of circles, and perimeter and area of 2D shapes.
  5. Trigonometry: This topic includes working with angles and triangles, and understanding the relationship between them. The questions asked in this section are based on topics such as trigonometric ratios, Pythagoras theorem, and angles of elevation and depression.

CLAT Subjects Weightage 2024

Check the weightage of each section of the CLAT exam 2024 as represented in the table below:

CLAT Sections Weightage
English Language 20%
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 25%
Legal Reasoning 25%
Logical Reasoning 20%
Quantitative Techniques 10%

Read More: Short Tricks to Enhance in CLAT English

CLAT Syllabus 2024 (PG)

  • As per the notification, the CLAT PG question paper has 120 objective-type questions, and each question will carry one mark.
  • Like the UG pattern, this exam also has questions based on reading comprehension.
  • Also, there shall be a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrongly answered the question.
  • The CLAT Exam 2024 Syllabus for the PG program includes the undergraduate program's mandatory subjects and the subjects given below.

Check out the detailed CLAT PG Syllabus from the post below and enhance your preparation levels for the upcoming exam.

Constitutional Law Jurisprudence Administrative Law
Law of Contract Torts Family Law
Criminal Law Property Law Company Law
Public International Law Tax Law Environmental Law
Labour & Industrial Law

The exam conducting body will provide you extracts from primary legal materials, such as essential court decisions in various fields of law, statutes, or regulations, followed by a series of objective-type questions, which will require you to demonstrate the following:

  • Ability to read and comprehend the issues discussed in the passage.
  • Any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage.
  • Awareness of the issues addressed in the passage. 
  • Legal issues and facts are related to and arise from the passage and the judgment or statute.
  • Summarise the passage and your ability to apply your knowledge of the fields of law discussed in the passage.

Best Books for CLAT Preparation 2024

Explore some of the best books for CLAT preparation in 2024 that can help you ace the exam and secure a spot in the top law schools in India.

Here is the list of the best books for CLAT 2024:

Book Name Author
Objective General English  AP Bharadwaj
Legal Awareness and Legal Aptitude  AP Bhardwaj
Current Affairs Yearly Arihant Publications
Quantitative Aptitude Pearson

CLAT Mock Tests

CLAT Mock Tests


In conclusion, the CLAT Syllabus 2024 promises to be a comprehensive and challenging curriculum designed to test the skills and aptitude of aspiring law students. Candidates must stay updated with the latest changes and prepare diligently to succeed in this highly competitive exam.

“Genius is 1% inspiration and 99% perspiration. Accordingly, a genius is often merely a talented person who has done all his or her homework.”

Frequently Asked Questions

There are five sections in the CLAT UG syllabus: English, Mathematics, General Knowledge & Current Affairs, Logical Reasoning, and Legal Aptitude.
No, there is no change in the syllabus. The subjects in CLAT 2024 are the same- Quantitative Techniques, Logical Reasoning, English Language, Current Affairs with GK, and Legal Reasoning.

The following are some of the best books for the preparation of the CLAT Maths Syllabus: Quantitative Aptitude by RS Aggarwal, Mathematics for CLAT & AILET by LAWGICIANS, Mathematics for CLAT by Shailesh Kuma

Constitution, Law, and Polity are some of the important topics that need to be prepared under the CLAT legal reasoning syllabus.

Identification and inference of rules and principles, Application of the rules and principles, Consequences of the changes in the rules and principles


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