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CLAT Exam Pattern 2024 - Weightage, CLAT Marking Scheme, & Mode

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : May 26, 2023


Reader's Digest - Hey, do you know that CLAT 2024 exam date has been announced as December 3, 2023? Read this blog on CLAT Exam Pattern 2024 for both UG & PG courses to unravel the number of sections, CLAT marking scheme, sectional weightage, negative marking, etc.

Knowing the CLAT syllabus and exam pattern helps you prepare for the test efficiently and gives you an idea of what to expect on exam day. With a thorough understanding of the CLAT Paper Pattern, you can devise a strategy that works best for you and increases your chances of scoring well.

To help you in your CLAT Preparation 2024, we have answered the commonly asked questions on the CLAT Exam Pattern:

  • Which section is easy in CLAT? It varies from candidate to candidate, depending on individual strengths and weaknesses. However, most candidates may find the English Language the easiest. 
  • What is the mode of the CLAT 2024 test? The exam is conducted in offline mode, that is, Pen & Paper based mode.
  • Does the CLAT 2024 exam have any negative marking? Yes, the exam follows a negative marking scheme. 0.25 marks will be deducted from the total score for every incorrect answer.
  • Does the CLAT exam pattern change every year? The CLAT pattern occasionally changes, although the core components of the exam remain the same.
  • Is there any difference in the exam pattern of CLAT UG and PG? Yes, there is a difference in the exam pattern of CLAT UG & PG. UG has 150 multiple-choice questions, while the PG Paper has 120.

Save the day! The Consortium has officially declared the CLAT 2024 Exam Date. Stay updated for further notifications!

CLAT Exam Pattern 2024 - Marking Scheme

  • The marking scheme is crucial for aspirants to understand as it helps them strategize their preparation and attempt the exam effectively.
  • Each question carries one mark, with a negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer.
  • Therefore, students must avoid guesswork and only answer the questions they are confident about.
  • The CLAT Question Paper will have passages followed by a series of questions except for the quantitative section.
  • The difficulty level of the Common Law Admission Test for UG programs will be class 12.
  • The total time duration of the exam is 2 hours, i.e., 120 minutes for both UG and PG programs.

Comparison of CLAT UG & PG Exam Pattern 2024

The CLAT test pattern for UG (Undergraduate) and PG (Postgraduate) differs slightly. 

  • In the UG exam, you will be tested on English, GK, Logical Reasoning, Legal Aptitude, and Quantitative Ability.
  • In the PG Exam, you will be tested on subjects of the undergraduate program and including Constitutional Law, Jurisprudence, Administrative Law, Law of Contract, Torts, Family Law, Criminal Law, Property Law, Company Law, Public International Law, Tax Law, Environmental Law, and Labour & Industrial Law.

Check out the table below to get an idea about the CLAT UG vs PG:

Fields CLAT Exam Pattern (UG) CLAT Exam Pattern (PG)
Exam Mode Offline (Pen & Paper based) Offline (Pen & Paper based)
Medium of Langauge  English English
Total Number of Questions 150 120
Total CLAT Marks 150 120
Duration  2 Hours 2 Hours
Type of Questions MCQs-based Comprehension Passages MCQs-based Comprehension Passages
Correct Marks 1 Mark 1 Mark
Negative Marking Yes (0.25 Marks) Yes (0.25 Marks)

LegalEdge CLAT Toppers

LegalEdge CLAT Toppers

CLAT UG Exam Pattern 2024

The CLAT UG Exam 2024 is conducted in an offline mode, and the duration of the exam is two hours. It consists of 150 objective-type questions, which are divided into five sections:

  • English Language: This section comprises 28-32 questions, which test the candidate's proficiency in English grammar, vocabulary, and comprehension skills.
  • Logical Reasoning: This section comprises 28-32 questions, which test the candidate's ability to analyze and evaluate arguments, identify logical patterns, and draw conclusions.
  • Legal Reasoning: This section comprises 35-39 questions that test the candidate's understanding of legal concepts and principles and their ability to apply them to given factual situations.
  • General Knowledge and Current Affairs: This section comprises 35-39 questions, which test the candidate's knowledge of general awareness and current events of national and international importance.
  • Mathematics: This section comprises 13-17 questions, which test the candidate's basic mathematical skills, including arithmetic, algebra, and geometry.

Here is the table of the highlights of the CLAT exam pattern:

Exam Mode Offline (Pen & Paper based)
Exam Duration 120 minutes (2 hours)
Test Language English 
Type of Questions Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs)
Number of Sections 5
Total Questions 150
Total Marks 150
Correct Answer 1 Mark
Negative Marking Yes (0.25 Marks)

Weightage for CLAT Exam Pattern 2024

As per the CLAT Exam Syllabus 2024, you will be mainly tested on five subjects:

  1. English Language
  2. Current Affairs & General Knowledge
  3. Legal Reasoning
  4. Logical Reasoning
  5. Quantitative Techniques

Check out the table below to know the paper pattern of CLAT Exam:

Subject Number of questions Percentage weightage
English Language 28-32 questions 20%
Current Affairs, including General Knowledge 35-39 questions 25%
Legal Reasoning 35-39 questions 25%
Logical Reasoning 28-32 questions 20%
Quantitative Techniques 13-17 questions 10%

Know Here: Short Tricks to Crack the CLAT Exam on the First Attempt

CLAT Exam Pattern 2024 Analysis (UG)

Here is a section-wise analysis of the CLAT 2024 exam pattern:

  • English Language: The section consists of 450 words of passages and questions based on contemporary fiction and non-fiction writing.
  • Current Affairs: The section consists of passages-based questions of about 400-450 words on current affairs, including national and international news, static general knowledge, and other relevant topics.
  • Quantitative Techniques: The section consists of questions on elementary mathematics, including graphs, numerical ability, elementary statistics, and data interpretation.
  • Legal Reasoning:  The section consists of short passages of about 450 words based on legal principles and concepts, and questions will be based on them.
  • Logical Reasoning: The section consists of questions and short passages of up to 450 words based on logical reasoning, including syllogisms, analogies, logical sequences, and other relevant topics.

LegalEdge CLAT Coaching

LegalEdge CLAT Coaching

CLAT PG Exam Pattern 2024

The CLAT PG exam pattern 2024 differs slightly from the UG (Undergraduate) exam pattern, and aspirants must be well-versed before starting their exam preparation. Here's an overview of the CLAT exam pattern PDF:

  • Mode of Exam: The CLAT PG Exam is a pen-and-paper-based test, meaning that candidates must take the exam on a physical answer sheet with an OMR sheet.
  • Type of Questions: The exam consists of 120 multiple-choice questions. The multiple-choice questions test your knowledge of legal reasoning. 
  • Duration: The duration of the exam is two hours.
  • Marking Scheme: Each correct answer in the multiple-choice questions carries one mark, while incorrect answers lead to a deduction of 0.25 marks. There is no negative marking for unanswered questions. 

The CLAT PG syllabus consists of questions from the following topics:

  1. Constitutional Law
  2. Jurisprudence
  3. Administrative Law
  4. Law of Contract
  5. Torts
  6. Family Law
  7. Criminal Law
  8. Property Law
  9. Company Law
  10. Public International Law
  11. Tax Law
  12. Environmental Law
  13. Labour & Industrial Law.

Check out the table below to learn the detailed CLAT LLM Exam Pattern 2024 for the PG program:

Exam Mode Offline (Pen & Paper based)
Exam Duration 120 minutes (2 hours)
Test Language English 
Type of Questions Multiple-Choice Questions (MCQs)
Number of Sections 5
Total Questions 120
Total Marks 120
Correct Answer 1 Mark
Negative Marking Yes (0.25 Marks)

 Weightage for CLAT Exam Pattern 2024

The below table explains the detailed CLAT LLM paper exam pattern and the number of questions asked for each topic in the exam:

CLAT Subjects Number of MCQ questions Marks
Constitutional Law 60 60
Other Law Subjects include Contracts Law, Law of Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR, and Jurisprudence. 60 60
Total CLAT Marks 120 120

Read More: Short Tricks to Enhance your Time Management Skills for CLAT

CLAT Marking Scheme 2024

  • As per the CLAT Exam Pattern 2024, you will be awarded a +1 mark for each correctly answered question.
  • 0.25 marks will be deducted for each wrongly answered question.
  • No marks will be awarded or deducted for unanswered questions.
Response Marks
Correct Answer + 1 Marks
Incorrect Answer 0.25 Marks
Unanswered/ Unattempted Question 0 Mark

Analysis of CLAT Paper Pattern (PG)

Check out the essential points you must remember during your CLAT Exam Preparation.

Is CLAT PG Objective or Subjective?

  • The Common Law Admission Test Postgraduate (PG) exam consists of objective-type questions.
  • As per the CLAT question pattern, objective-type questions are asked.
  • Each section of the CLAT question paper will have a reading comprehension of 400-450 words each, except the quantitative aptitude section.
  • The quantitative section will include short sets of facts, graphs, propositions, etc.
  • Each passage will have 5-6 multiple-choice questions.
  • You must answer the questions only after reading the passage.

What is the difficulty level of CLAT PG? 

  • The difficulty level of the Common Law Admission Test Postgraduate (PG) exam can vary from year to year.
  • However, the PG exam is generally considered more challenging than the UG (Undergraduate) exam, as it requires a deeper understanding of legal concepts and applying them to complex scenarios.
  • Usually, the difficulty level of the Common Law Admission Test will be moderate to difficult.
  • Overall, the PG exam is considered challenging and competitive, and you must be well-prepared and thoroughly understand the CLAT question paper pattern, syllabus, and marking scheme to excel in it.

Read More: Important GK Questions for CLAT 2024

CLAT Total Marks

  • The UG paper will have 150 multiple-choice questions for 150 marks per the CLAT exam pattern 2024.
  • The PG question paper will have 120 questions for 120 marks.

Here is the table of CLAT total marks:

Exam Type Total Marks
UG 150 Marks
PG 120 Marks

Will there be an Essay Section in CLAT PG Exam 2024?

  • The Consortium of NLUs removed the essay section from the PG Exam.
  • In addition, the number of objective questions has been increased from 100 to 120. 
  • So, the exam for the pg program will be conducted for 120 marks.

LegalEdge CLAT New Pattern Mock

LegalEdge CLAT New Pattern Mock


In conclusion, being well-versed with the CLAT syllabus and exam pattern is crucial for a successful attempt. It enables you to prepare efficiently and effectively, improving scores and increasing your chances of securing admission to prestigious law institutions.

“Worrying is silly. It’s like wandering around with an umbrella waiting for it to rain.”

Frequently Asked Questions

The Common Law Admission Test is considered one of the toughest law exams in India due to its high competition level, CLAT exam pattern, the number of seats, and cut-off marks. But, this year, the consortium has changed the CLAT marks pattern to make it less difficult for all candidates.
No, the question paper of CLAT 2024 will include questions from the 'Legal Reasoning' section.
The CLAT question paper includes 13-17 questions. Therefore, aspirants who are weak in Mathematics need not worry, as they can still score well in the CLAT UG exam by focusing on the other sections of the exam.
As per the latest notice, CLAT 2024 exam is conducted in offline mode, i.e., pen and paper test mode. 
Just as in previous times, the Common Law Admission Test takes place in an English medium only 


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