Updated On : June 22, 2023
Reader's Digest: Unlock the secrets to conquer the CLAT Logical Reasoning section like a pro! Dive into this treasure trove for the best CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips that'll have your brain working like a well-oiled machine.
Are you a law aspirant gearing up for CLAT 2024? Logical Reasoning can make or break your chances of cracking the exam because it holds almost 20% weightage.
This section relies on your power to reason inductively and deductively, not on external knowledge. Your foundations in the logic matter here.
Remembering the concepts is not enough to crack this section, and you must thoroughly answer each question. If you understand how to solve each question quickly, it will help save you time on the exam and give you the best chance to score well.
Here, we have answered the common queries of students like you on CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips:
The following video, brought to you by Legal Edge, the leading name in the industry, guides you through the various learning from the CLAT 2023 session.
Before starting the preparation, getting an idea about the important topics for the CLAT logical reasoning section from the exam point of view is essential.
The syllabus for logical reasoning includes various questions based on verbal reasoning, such as syllogism, analogies, logical sequence, blood relation, etc.
|Blood Relations||Number Series|
|Statements and Assumptions||Logical Sequences|
|Seating Arrangement/Puzzle Test||Arguments & Conclusions|
|Assertions and Reasoning||Puzzles|
|Circular Arrangements||Direct sense|
|Clocks and calendars||Connectives|
You can easily ace this section with enough practice and a clear understanding of the theoretical concepts. It is recommended that you put some extra effect into this section, as it is one of the most time-consuming sections in the exam.
The following are some of the best CLAT Logical Reasoning preparation tips to help you score well in the upcoming exam.
So, how do you focus on one topic at a time for your CLAT Logical Reasoning preparation?
Logical reasoning is the most scoreable section of CLAT, and a significant part depends on your approach.
You can consider the below preparation tips for CLAT to enhance your logical reasoning preparation:
Even though the Logical Reasoning section for CLAT has changed immensely, the question paper will retain some questions from the LR section.
Questions related to syllogisms can be repeated. In this case, practising the previous year's papers is advisable just as a cautionary measure.
The Logical Reasoning section in CLAT is significantly entwined with Legal Reasoning and English Language.
As such, you can use this aspect to your advantage by preparing for all three sections from the same source. Editorial and opinion pieces from magazines and newspapers will greatly help you.
You can use these sources to sharpen your Logical Reasoning knowledge by asking yourself questions. These questions can be
By taking the help of others in the form of small debates, you will learn about various viewpoints with proper premises and conclusions. This will aid you in broadening your horizons and enhancing your knowledge.
The most vital practice papers are undoubtedly the CLAT Consortium model papers. You can also practice the previous years' LNAT and the LSAT question papers.
Although the examinations are quite different, they will help you practice and learn more about logical reasoning. Only with repeated practice can you excel in this section.
The Logical Reasoning section of CLAT will consist of passages that will be within 300 words. This passage will be followed by more than one question and scored accordingly.
You can attempt the Logical Reasoning questions of CLAT in several ways. Try to follow these quick CLAT Logical Reasoning preparation tips to answer questions quickly:
A question regarding the implication of a particular statement in a passage may be given. In this case, two things need to be done, i.e., you have to assess what the statement implies explicitly and inexplicitly.
You must assess and deduce all possible arguments for the statement from different views. Identifying the theme or the point will be beneficial while attempting these questions.
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Solving CLAT Mock Tests will help you understand the difficulty level and the type of questions asked in the exam.
To help you understand the type of questions asked in the exam, we have provided analytical reasoning questions for the upcoming exam here.
Q1. Rahul Dravid, the head coach of India's Under-19 cricket team, explained that the 2018 Under-19 World Cup team selection strategy provided opportunities for many more players to enter the India Under-19 fold. He explained that more than winning — which is not the right touchstone of success of a program at this level — what matters is how many of the players can move to the next level, which is playing first-class cricket. Therefore, he decided not to select players from the previous World Cup for the 2018 Under-19 World Cup squad.
1.1 As stated above, which of the following statements is consistent with Dravid's 2018 Under-19 World Cup selection strategy?
(a) Selecting an inexperienced team at the under-19 level ensures failure, and players who experience failure learn to be humble.
(b) Playing a sport is more important than winning or losing.
(c) The Under-19 World Cup is a stepping-stone to first-class cricket; winning it should not be the end goal.
(d) When players are under 19, they do not feel stressed about playing at a World Cup; however, as they age, their ability to play well depends on the number of matches they have already played.
(a) The team loses the World Cup, but 5 players from the squad go on to play first-class cricket.
(b) The team winning the World Cup and 1 player getting selected for the national team.
(c) The team winning the World Cup, and no player getting selected for the next Under-19 World Cup team.
(d) The team winning the World Cup, and 5 players from the squad going on to play first-class cricket.
1.3 Which of the following statements, if true, contradicts Dravid's selection strategy?
(a) First-class cricket selectors evaluate under-19 cricketers based on the win-loss ratio of the team they were a part of.
(b) First-class cricket selectors evaluate under-19 cricketers based on their ability to cope with injuries.
(c) First-class cricket selectors evaluate under-19 cricketers based on their individual performances.
(d) Players who have played in international tournaments face domestic competition better than those who have not.
Q2. Gayatri: Maharana Pratap was courageous, no doubt, but his forces were lost to the forces of Emperor Akbar the Great in the Battle of Haldighati. The king of a region such as Mewar and the Emperor of most of the Indian sub-continent at the time cannot both be eligible for the title 'the Great', given the historical context.
Ranjini: Pratap never surrendered to Akbar in his lifetime despite Akbar sending several envoys to his great rival to make him a Mughal ally. Pratap's defiance gave other Rajput rulers the courage to refuse alliance with Akbar. The victory in the Battle of Haldighati was a hollow victory for Akbar at best. Pratap's forces were outnumbered by Akbar's by far in the battle, but Pratap escaped with his life and recovered much of the territory lost. Maharana Pratap the Great was recognised by Emperor Akbar the Great. The latter is known to have wept on hearing the news of his rival's death.
2.1 In support of which of the following does Gayatri state the fact that Maharana Pratap's forces lost to the forces of Emperor Akbar the Great?
(a) Maharana Pratap was not courageous
(b) Mewar is a smaller region in comparison to the Indian sub-continent
(c) Maharana Pratap does not deserve the title 'the Great
(d) Akbar defeated Pratap in the battle
2.2 Ranjini's statement that Pratap subsequently recovered much of the territory lost in the battle plays which one of the following roles?
(a) Forms the conclusion of ranjini's argument that Pratap was courageous
(b) Forms a premise for Rajini's argument that Pratap does not deserve the title the Great
(c) Offers a clarification on who won the battle between the forces of Akbar and Pratap
(d) Forms a premise for Rajini's argument that the outcome of the battle of Haldighati was not of much consequence
(a) Pratap also deserves the title 'the Great'.
(b) Akbar does not deserve the title 'the Great'.
(c) Akbar had no rival greater than Pratap
(d) Pratap did not care about the outcome of the Battle of Haldighati
2.4 The patterns of reasoning in Gayatri's argument closely resemble those in all of the following except?
(a) Sir Donald Bradman is the greatest batsman to have ever played Test cricket. Sachin Tendulkar was hugely successful against most bowling attacks. Still, his batting average of 53.78 in test matches disqualifies him from holding the same status in Test cricket as Sir Bradman, who averaged 99.9.
(b) Rafael Nadal and Roger Federer are the greatest tennis players ever. While Nadal has a better record against Federer when they have played against each other, Federer has won more grand slams.
(c) There can be no dispute about Diego Maradona's legendary football skills. Still, in terms of international football, he cannot be compared with Pele because Pele scored 77 goals in 92 matches, whereas Maradona only managed 34 goals in 91 matches.
(d) It is true that Maria Sharapova is a fierce competitor and has had a storied career in international tennis. However, with Serena Williams' 19-2 head-to-head lead over Maria Sharapova, Serena is the most dominant woman to have played tennis. Maria Sharapova has done nothing to threaten that domination.
Illustration Question Set
Q1. In South Asia, the ruling classes ignore the quotidian at their own peril. Just ask them about onions. This autumn, the humble bulb has challenged the titans. The trouble began when unseasonably heavy rains followed drought across the onion-growing belt of north and central India. That not only destroyed the crop; the wet caused more than a third of the onions in storage to rot. The result is a severe shortage of onions across India, with more than tripling prices. This hardly threatens famine – something the green revolution abolished decades ago by boosting wheat and rice yields.
Yet remove the onion, and you struggle to imagine Indian cuisine. It forms the base for curries and biryanis. When a poor Indian has nothing else to eat, at least she has an onion with a chapati or two. In late September, the Indian government slapped a ban on exports of onions. That briefly brought down prices, helping consumers. But it has angered farmers and exporters in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka, for whom onions are an essential cash crop.
There are international implications in South Asia, a region riven by geopolitical fault lines. Upon hearing of India's export ban, Bangladesh's strong woman, Sheikh Hasina Wajed, admonished the Indian government for giving no warning. Her country counts on Indian onions, whose price at one point had risen fivefold in the markets of Dhaka, Bangladesh's capital. [Extracted, with edits and revisions, from "Banyan: Tight bulb moment", The Economist, Vol. 433, No. 9172, December 7, 2019.]
1.1 Which of the following forms the premise for the author's argument that a shortage of onions would not cause a famine in India today?
(a) India can ban onion exports, ensuring adequate supply.
(b) India can always import onions from its neighbouring countries.
(c) Onions are only used for flavour in Indian cuisine and are not the main staple.
(d) There are enough wheat and rice for people to eat in India today because of the green revolution.
Rationale: The correct answer is (d) – there is enough wheat and rice for people to eat in India today because of the green revolution. The author states this towards the beginning of the third paragraph.
While each of the other options may be true, the author does not base the conclusion that a shortage of onions would not cause a famine in India today on any of the statements set out in the other options. Therefore, none of (a), (b), or (c) can be the correct answer.
1.2 Which of the following is most likely to be true had heavy rains not followed drought across the onion-growing regions of India?
(a) Bangladesh would not have needed to import onions from India.
(b) India would not have had a shortage of onions.
(c) The onion harvest in storage would not have rotted.
(d) The onion crop would not have been destroyed.
Rationale: The correct answer is (c) – the onion harvest in storage would not have rotted. We can infer this from the author's statement that "the wet caused more than a third of onions in storage to rot".
Nothing in the passage indicates that Bangladesh would not have needed to import onions from India had the rains not followed the drought, so (a) cannot be the correct answer.
The heavy rains and the preceding drought caused a shortage of onions (and not either of these reasons alone), so (b) cannot be the correct answer. The draught, not the rains, destroyed the onion crop, so (d) cannot be the correct answer either.
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(a) Farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka do not mind receiving lower prices from selling onions to ensure an adequate supply in India.
(b) Farmers in states other than Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka do not cultivate onions.
(c) Farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Karnataka have been forced to cultivate onions because of the policies of the Indian government.
(d) Farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Karnataka care more about earning money through selling onions than ensuring an adequate supply in India.
Rationale: The correct answer is (d) – farmers in Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Karnataka care more about earning money through exporting onions than ensuring an adequate supply of onions in India.
We can infer this because of the author's statement about how the ban on the export of onions brought down prices but angered farmers in these states, who view onions as an important cash crop.
Since option (a) directly contradicts this statement, (a) cannot be the correct answer. There is nothing in the passage to support either (b) or (c), and so, neither of these can be the correct answer.
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(a) Prohibit onion cultivation in Bangladesh
(b) Increase imports of onions from other countries
(c) Close the market on alternate days
(d) None of the above
Rationale: The correct answer is (b) – increase imports of onions from other countries. The price of onions would reduce with an increase in their supply.
Option (a) would have the opposite effect; it would reduce supply, so (a) cannot be the correct answer. Option (c) would not affect the supply or demand for onions, so this cannot be the correct answer. Since (b) is likely to counter the ban's effect, (d) cannot be the correct answer for the reasons discussed.
1.5 Which of the following point most accurately express the passage's main point?
(a) Onions are not an important crop for India or Bangladesh.
(b) The Bangladeshi government habitually opposes India's export policies, and the ban on onion exports is the most recent example of such opposition.
(c) Adverse weather has affected the availability of onions in India, leading to cascading effects, including in neighbouring countries.
(d) Onions form a very important part of India's diet, and in the absence of anything else, an Indian can always eat onions with chapatis.
Rationale: The correct answer is (c) - adverse weather has affected the availability of onions in India, leading to cascading effects, including in neighbouring countries. The author discusses the reason for the shortage of onions in India, how the government's ban on exports affected farmers and exporters in India, the impact on the prices of onions in Bangladesh, and the government's reaction to Bangladesh the ban.
Since option (c) is the only option that addresses all these points, it is the correct answer. Option (a) contradicts the author's description of how important onions are to an Indian's diet and cannot be the correct answer.
There is nothing to indicate that the Bangladeshi government habitually opposes India's export policies – the only instance we hear of their opposition to the ban on the export of on, and so, (b) cannot be the correct answer. While (d) may be true, it only touches upon one of the points the author discusses in the passage rather than expressing the author's main point, so (d) cannot be the correct answer.
In conclusion, a strong command of logical reasoning is critical to succeeding in CLAT, and the tips mentioned above can help you streamline your preparation and boost your confidence. Not only with this particular section but building strong foundations in logic will help you in all reading-based sections.
By implementing these strategies and practising regularly, you can build a solid foundation in logical reasoning and increase your chances of acing the CLAT exam. So, prepare today and give yourself the best shot at a bright legal career!
“We generate fears while we do nothing. We overcome these fears by taking action.”
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