The questions in the legal aptitude section are designed to test your problem-solving ability of the legal issues. Two types of questions will be asked from this section: Legal Reasoning and Legal GK. This post takes you through complete details about Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips 2021.

Broadly the legal aptitude is divided into five parts: Law of Torts, Law of Contracts, Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, and Miscellaneous (Property Law, Intellectual Proper Law, Road Safety Law, etc). 

To help ease out your legal aptitude preparation, experts at Legal Edge (a pioneer in providing the best online guidance for law entrance exams) have shared some tips and strategies in this post. Following the tips provided by them would definitely help clear this section easily.

Latest Updates: The CLAT 2021 entrance card has been published on the Consortium of NLUs' official website. You may download the CLAT Admit Card by entering your registration number and date of birth.

How to Prepare for CLAT Legal Aptitude?

As we all know Consortium came up with a new CLAT Exam Pattern last year. Therefore, you must approach the legal aptitude section a little differently because the passages will have to be comprehended in order to look for facts and applicable rules, Harsh Gagrani, director of the Legal Edge, quoted.

You can apply a time management strategy while solving legal aptitude questions which are based on legal matters, public policies, and moral philosophies. You should aim to solve a legal reasoning question in 45 seconds and a legal knowledge question in 12 seconds.

To score good marks in this section, you should be thorough with all the Judgements, laws, amendments, constitution articles.

clat mock test

clat Mock test

What are the Important Topics under CLAT Legal Aptitude Syllabus?

A total of 35 questions will be asked from the legal aptitude section in the exam. Therefore, it is extremely important to focus more on this section since you do not have adequate knowledge of legal concepts, Harsh said.

Before starting the preparation, it is important to be aware of the CLAT Syllabus 2021 as this will help you know the important topics from the exam point of view.

Study of law Research aptitude Problem-solving ability Questions based on hypothetical situations
Important court decisions Indian Constitution Indian Penal Code Law of Torts
Indian Contract Act Legal Fundamentals & Terms

How Can I Improve My Time Management Skills for Legal Aptitude Preparation?

Time management is the most important factor while solving the legal aptitude section in the CLAT exam. Harsh provided the following CLAT Time Management Tips that help enhance your legal reasoning preparation.

Download Study Material for CLAT by LegalEdge

  • Step 1: The first thing you do is allocate 2-3 hours of your daily time for the legal aptitude section
  • Step 2: Collect the required study material either from Legal Edge or from any proper online resources
  • Step 3: Make a time table for each topic and try to complete all the topics within the fixed time
  • Step 4: Set aside the topics which are time-consuming and revise them at the end of the day
  • Step 5: Improve your legal vocabulary by reading the newspaper or watching the news
  • Step 6: Try to attempt more and more questions from the CLAT Question Papers regularly to know the difficulty level and the type of questions asked from the legal aptitude section
  • Step 7: Use the order like Principle - Fact - Option while answering the legal fact questions
  • Step 8: Practice mock tests to improve your speed and accuracy

What is the CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Strategy?

According to Sakshi Tomar, one of the subject matter experts at Legal Edge, you must require a sound knowledge of judgment and amendments while solving legal facts.

  • Allocate at least 2 hours of your daily time for preparing the legal aptitude section.
  • You must begin with the theory first and then move on to practice questions.
  • Focus on improving your language skills.
  • Read legal theory: torts, constitutional law, and criminal laws.
  • Prepare well on legal terminologies and foreign phrases.
  • Every 15 days once do your revision to remember whatever you have studied.
  • Follow the order like Principle-Fact-Option-Double check language of correct option with principle and mark for solving questions.
  • Solve as many previous year question papers as possible and try to improve in weak areas.

How to Answer CLAT Legal Aptitude Questions?

  • From this year onwards, facts and principles will not be given separately in the question, make sure to read the passage as well as the Legal Aptitude questions thoroughly to identify the principles. 
  • You do not have much time to spend reading questions again and again. So, make sure you read it with a focus on the first time, Harsh said.
  • After a thorough reading, try to relate the facts drawn with the question and analyze if they support/justify the argument fully without any assumptions.
  • Pay attention to all the small details and identify all the principles and their roles in the passage clearly.
  • Beware of the small tweaks given in the statements or questions. Hence, paying attention to detail is key here. 
  • Try to keep your assumptions outside the principle facts and stick to the theories that the principle is always right.
  • Do not waste more time on a single question if you are not able to identify the correct answer.
  • Solve CLAT Legal Reasoning Questions to know which type of questions can be asked and its difficulty level.

Is the CLAT Exam designed to Test My Legal Reasoning and Legal Knowledge?

Yes. The legal aptitude questions are designed to test your legal reasoning, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability, Harsh quoted. The Legal Aptitude section is divided into three sections:

  • Legal Reasoning: This section tests your legal aptitude skills. You must apply legal principles to the factual situation. Also, your knowledge in the study of law, research aptitude, and problem-solving ability is also judged through this section. Important topics in this section include the Indian Penal Code, Law of Torts, Law of Contract.
  • Legal Facts: This section is based on knowledge of judgments and amendments. Some of the major topics focussed in this section are Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, Preamble, Important Amendments, Important Judgments, Recommendations & Chairpersons of law commissions.
  • Legal GK: This is completely based on general awareness and current affairs. One of the best ways to prepare for Legal GK is to read newspapers regularly.

Which Books Should I Consider for CLAT Legal Aptitude?

Harsh mentioned that the most important tip to prepare for CLAT 2021 is to take help from the preparation books. The following CLAT Books can be helpful to prepare the legal aptitude section.

  • Legal Aptitude for CLAT and other Kaw Exams: Workbook by A. P Bhardwaj
  • Our Judiciary Book  by National Book Trust
  • Legal Aptitude (CLAT) by R. K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta
  • Legal Awareness and Legal Reasoning - For the CLAT and LL.B. Entrance Examinations by Bhardwaj

How to Score 30+ marks in CLAT Legal Aptitude Section?

  • Firstly, understand the legal principles in a quick way
  • You must know how to apply the facts in the situations and arguments
  • Practice Short-Cut Techniques, too. But we would suggest not to ever rely on them. Go through them for knowledge and new ideas.
  • Try to understand the concepts. Do not go for cramming.
  • Allocate at least 2-3 hours of your daily time for the legal aptitude section.
  • Good Reading speed is very important to crack this section.
  • Try to read law magazines and have a more legal perspective on issues.
  • Practice more and more questions from the previous year’s papers.
  • Solve as many mock tests as possible to build your confidence levels.

Read: How to Score 42+ in CLAT Legal Reasoning

Is Solving Mock Tests will help me Score More Marks in the CLAT Legal Aptitude Section?

  • Solving CLAT Mock Tests would definitely help improve your speed and accuracy on the day of the final exam and score good marks, Harsh said.
  • Also, it will help you know the difficulty level of the paper and the type of question asked in the exam.
  • With the help of mock tests, you can test your preparation level and improve in weak areas.
  • Practicing mock tests will help improve your time-management skills and build your confidence levels too.

What is the Last Week Preparation Strategy for CLAT 2021 Legal Aptitude?

According to Harsh, a proper last week's preparation plan is most important compared to the year-long preparation. You should focus only on the following things while preparing for the CLAT Legal Aptitude in last week.

  • Solving previous year's questions is the most important factor in the last week's preparation strategy as this will help improve your time management skills and problem-solving skills.
  • Try to solve at least two to three mock tests in a day.
  • Revise all the important formulas on a daily basis.

Sample Legal Aptitude Questions for CLAT 2021

Till 2019, you were presented with the statements and facts clearly, however, from the year 2020, you are expected to comprehend the passages, and draw facts and arguments on your own.

Harsh has shared some of the sample questions here for your reference.

clat question papers

clat question papers

The old woman didn’t like the look or sound of the kid. She scowled at her husband. ‘Where did you pick up this kitten from? Why do we need her?’ When the old man told her she was a goat kid, she picked her up and exclaimed in amazement: ‘Yes, she is a goat kid!’ All night, they went over the story of how the kid had come into their hands. 

That same night the old lady gave the goat kid that resembled a kitten a nickname: Poonachi. She once had a cat by the same name. In memory of that beloved cat, this goat kid too was named Poonachi. They had acquired her without spending a penny. Now they had to look after her somehow. Her husband had told her a vague story about meeting a demon who looked like Bakasuran and receiving the kid from him as a gift. She wondered if he could have stolen it from a goatherd. Someone might come looking for it tomorrow. Maybe her husband had told her the story only to cover up his crime? 

The old woman was not used to lighting lamps at night. The couple ate their evening meal and went to bed when it was still dusk. That night, though, she took a large earthern lamp and filled it with castor oil extracted the year before. There was no cotton for a wick. She tore off a strip from a discarded loincloth of her husband’s and fashioned it into a wick.

She looked at the kid under the lamplight in that shed as though she were seeing her own child after a long time. There was no bald spot or bruise anywhere on her body. The kid was all black. As she stared at the lamp, her wide-open eyes were starkly visible. There was a trace of fatigue on her face. The old woman thought the kid looked haggard because she had not been fed properly. She must be just a couple of days old. A determination that she must somehow raise this kid to adulthood took root in her heart. 

She called the old man to come and see the kid. She looked like a black lump glittering in the lamplight in that pitch-black night. He pulled fondly at her flapping ears and said, ‘Aren’t you lucky to come and live here?’ 

It had been a long time since there was such pleasant chit-chat between the couple. Because of the kid’s sudden entry into their lives, they ended up talking a while about the old days.

[Extracted, with edits and revisions, from Poonachi, or the Story of a Black Goat, by Perumal Murugan, translated by N. Kalyan Raman, Context, 2018.] 

Question: Why did the old woman doubt her husband’s story about how he had got the kid? 

(a) Because goat kids are only sold in livestock markets. 

(b) Because she thought the story was vague, and that he had actually stolen it from a goatherd. 

(c) Because she did not think Bakasuran was so generous as to gift him a goat kid. 

(d) Because her husband was a habitual thief and regularly stole things from other people. 

Answer: (b) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (b) – because she thought the story was vague, and that he had actually stolen it from a goatherd. Both these points are set out in the third paragraph. There is no information in the passage that would support the claim in option (a); similarly, there is nothing in the passage to indicate that the old woman thought Bakasuran was not generous, neither is there any information in the passage to indicate that her husband was a habitual thief, and so, neither (a), (c), nor (d) are correct. 

Question: Why did the old woman name the goat kid ‘Poonachi’? 

(a) Because the kid made small bleating noises that sounded like ‘Poonachi’. 

(b) Because the kid reminded the old woman of her husband, whose name was also Poonachi. 

(c) Because the old woman had first thought the kid was a kitten, and so she named it after a beloved cat she had once had. 

(d) Because ‘Poonachi’ was the name typically given to goat kids in the area the couple lived in. 

Answer: (c)

Rationale: The correct answer is (c) – because the old woman had first thought the kid was a kitten, and so she named it after a beloved cat she had once had. This is apparent from the first three sentences of the third paragraph. There is no indication of any noises made by the kid in the passage, and so option (a) cannot be correct. Similarly, there is no indication of the old woman’s husband’s name in the passage, and so, option (b) cannot be correct either. Option (d) cannot be correct since there is no information in the passage about what name was typically given to kids in the area that the old couple lived in. 

Question: What does the word ‘haggard’ as used in the passage mean? 

(a) Dark in colour and hard to see. 

(b) Looking exhausted and unwell. 

(c) Direct and outspoken. 

(d) Furry and warm. 

Answer: (b) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (b) – looking exhausted and unwell. This can be inferred from the information set out in the fifth paragraph, which indicates that there was a trace of fatigue on the kid’s face, and that the old woman thought the kid looked haggard because she had not been fed properly. Both these pieces of information, that is, that the kid looked fatigued, and had not been fed properly, would support the meaning of ‘haggard’ set out in option (b). While the passage also discusses how dark the kid is, this discussion is not related to the use of the word ‘haggard’ in any way, and so, option (a) cannot be correct. There is nothing in the passage to indicate that the kid made any sounds, and so option (c) cannot be correct. Neither is there any discussion in the passage about how furry the kid may have been, and so, option (d) cannot be correct.

Question: Why was the old woman not used to lighting lamps at night? 

(a) Because the couple usually ate their evening meal and slept at dusk. 

(b) Because her daughter used to light the lamps in their household. 

(c) Because the couple was very poor, and could not afford oil for lamps. 

(d) Because the old couple did not usually exchange pleasant chit-chat. 

Answer: (a) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (a) – because the old couple usually ate their evening meal and slept at dusk. This is apparent from the first two lines of the fourth paragraph. There is no mention of the couple’s daughter in the passage, and so, option (b) cannot be correct. Neither option (c) nor option (d) is related to the author’s explanation of why the old woman was not used to lighting lamps at night. 

Question: What can we infer from the passage about why the old couple talked about the old days that night? 

(a) The old couple did not usually like talking with each other, and avoided conversation. 

(b) The old couple was very poor, and were so tired after working all day that they did not feel like talking. 

(c) The old woman was usually very upset with her husband and thought he was a thief. 

(d) They spoke about the old days because of the kid’s sudden entry in their lives, and the pleasant chit-chat they exchanged about it. 

Answer: (d) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (d) - they spoke about the old days because of the kid’s sudden entry in their lives, and the pleasant chit-chat they exchanged about it. This can be inferred from the last two paragraphs of the passage; the last line of the passage clearly indicates this. Nothing in the passage supports options (a) or (b) as the correct answer. While the third paragraph indicates that the old woman may have suspected her husband had stolen the kid, the author does not relate this to their talking about the old days that night.

FREE CLAT Legal Reasoning Quiz

Illustration Question Set

Mahmood Kaskar resided in the city of Mumbai and was long suspected of having committed several offences, including smuggling. Kaskar came across a police check-post on the road on 15 December 2019, and, afraid that the police would find the contraband that he had hidden in the trunk of his car, he drove through the check-post instead of stopping. In doing so, he smashed his car through the barricades at the check-post, and a piece from the barricades flew a few feet away and injured a policeman manning the check-post. Kaskar was later caught by the police, and charged with the offence of obstructing justice, which the police claimed he did by crashing through the check-post. Kaskar was acquitted of this charge, since the police were not able to produce adequate evidence before the court. Some months later, the police, bent on teaching Kaskar a lesson, filed charges of injuring a police officer on duty against Kaskar. 

Question: When Kaskar was convicted, he filed an appeal claiming that the decision violated the protection against double jeopardy in Article 20. Will Kaskar succeed? 

(a)No, since the second charge filed against Kaskar was in relation to a different offence than the first one. 

(b)Yes, since he had already been prosecuted for crashing through the barricades and could not be prosecuted for the same actions again. 

(c)Yes, since he had already been acquitted the first time charges were filed against him. 

(d)No, since he was long suspected of having committed several offences. 

Answer: (a) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (a) - no, since the second charge filed against Kaskar was in relation to a different offence than the first one. The passage tells us that the protection against double jeopardy is against a person being ‘prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once’. Since Kaskar was being prosecuted for a different offence the second time (that of injuring a police officer on duty) than the first time (that of obstructing justice), the protection against double jeopardy would not apply in this case. Since the second prosecution involved a different offence, options (b) and (c) cannot be the correct answer. Option (d) is irrelevant to the question, and so, cannot be the correct answer. 

Question: Sometime after the two prosecutions mentioned in the previous question, the police manage to recover CCTV footage from the area near the place where the police check-post was and filed fresh charges of obstructing justice against Kaskar for crashing through the check-post. They claim that the CCTV footage would help them win the case this time. Kaskar claims that this fresh, third trial, violates his protection against double jeopardy in Article 20 of the Constitution. Will he succeed? 

(a)Yes, since Kaskar is a citizen of India and is protected under Article 20 of the Constitution. 

(b)No, since the police were able to bring fresh evidence before the court in this new trial. 

(c)Yes, since he had already been prosecuted for the offence of obstructing justice and was acquitted. 

(d)No, since he was prosecuted but not punished for the same offence in the first trial. 

Answer: (d) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (d) - no, since he was prosecuted but not punished for the same offence in the first trial. The protection under Article 20 is against a person being ‘prosecuted and punished for the same offence more than once’. Since Kaskar had been prosecuted, but not punished in the first trial, he would not have the advantage of this protection under Article 20. For the same reason, (c) cannot be the correct answer. While options (a) and (b) may be true, they do not address the issue of whether the protection under Article 20 applies in this third trial, and so, neither (a) nor (b) can be the correct answer. 

Question 3: Concerned at the increasing number of instances of rash driving in Mumbai, the legislature passes a law on 12 January 2020, making rash driving a criminal offense punishable with three months’ imprisonment. The police, who are hell-bent on punishing Kaskar by now, file fresh charges and initiate a fourth case against Kaskar, claiming that his act of driving through the police check-post constituted rash driving. Kaskar now claims that this fourth trial violates the first clause of Article 20. Will the police succeed in this fourth trial? 

(a)Yes, since Kaskar had injured a policeman when he drove through the check-post. 

(b)No, since driving through a check-post does not constitute rash driving. 

(c)No, since rash driving was not an offense at the time Kaskar drove through the police check-post. 

(d)Yes, since Kaskar had been prosecuted for different offenses in the previous three trials. 

Answer: (c)

Rationale: The correct answer is (c) – no, since rash driving was not an offense at the time Kaskar drove through the police check-post. The first clause of Article 20 provides that “a 

person cannot be convicted for an offense which was not an offense at the time at which it was committed”. Since rash driving was not an offense on 15 December 2019 when Kaskar drove through the check-post, he cannot be punished for having committed that offence. While options (a) and (b) may or may not be true, they do not address the question of whether Kaskar’s 

rights under the first clause of Article 20 had been violated, and so, neither (a) nor (b) can be the correct answer. Option (d) is irrelevant to the question – it addresses the issue of double jeopardy rather than the protection under the first clause of Article 20, and so, (d) cannot be the correct answer. 

Question: While he was in custody, the police decided to investigate whether Kaskar was involved in the instances of smuggling that he was suspected of having committed. They asked him to produce a DNA sample that they could use to compare against the evidence they obtained from a boat suspected to have been used in such smuggling activities. Kaskar refused, claiming that forcing him to provide a DNA sample would violate his protection against self-incrimination under Article 20. Can the police force Kaskar to provide the DNA sample? 

(a)Yes, since DNA samples amount to physical evidence, and not testimonial evidence. 

(b)Yes, since smuggling is a serious offense, and Kaskar was already suspected of being involved in it. 

(c)No, since producing DNA samples would amount to compelling Kaskar to be a witness against himself. 

(d)No, since Kaskar had not been charged with smuggling at the time he was asked to produce the sample. 

Answer: (a) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (a) – yes since DNA samples amount to physical evidence, and not testimonial evidence. The decision in Kathu Kalu Oghad clarifies that the protection against self-incrimination under Article 20 extends to “the production of information based on personal knowledge” (testimonial evidence) but not ‘physical evidence’ like “a writing sample or a thumb impression”. For this reason, (c) cannot be the correct answer. Options (b) and (d) may be true, but they do not address the question, and so, neither can be the correct answer. 

Question: Assuming that the Supreme Court was bound to follow the decision in Kathu Kalu Oghad while deciding Selvi, what decision should the Supreme Court have taken in Selvi as regards the forcible administration of narco-analysis on a person? 

(a)It would be constitutional, since it is a new technology, and is different from other techniques of extracting evidence like fingerprints or thumb impressions. 

(b)It would be unconstitutional since it would amount to forcibly extracting testimonial evidence. 

(c)It would be constitutional, since it only has a physical effect, and so, would amount to extracting physical evidence. 

(d)It would be unconstitutional since it puts a person in an abnormal state of mind where they cannot remember their rights under Article 20. 

Answer: (b) 

Rationale: The correct answer is (b) – it would be unconstitutional since it would amount to forcibly extracting testimonial evidence. As the passage tells us, the administration of sodium pentothal would lower a person’s inhibitions, and take them into a trance, inducing them to converse casually – as a result of which, they may provide information based on personal knowledge (testimonial evidence). While it may be new technology, and different from thumb impressions or handwriting samples, the forcible use of narco-analysis may result in the extraction of testimonial evidence, and so, (a) cannot be the correct answer. While it may have a physical effect, the end result of the forcible administration of narco-analysis would be the extraction of testimonial evidence, and so, (c) cannot be the correct answer. While (d) may be true, it does not address the issue of whether the forcible administration of narco-analysis violates the protection against self-incrimination under Article 20, and so, (d) cannot be the correct answer. 

FAQ's

How many questions are asked in CLAT Legal Aptitude section?

In CLAT legal Aptitude Section, around 35-29 questions are asked. 

What are the CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation Tips?

Some of the general preparation tips to crack Legal Aptitude are:

  • Read the passage carefully in order to answer the questions correctly. 
  • Pay attention to all the small details and identify all the principles and their roles in the passage clearly.
  • Ensure to refer the best books for preparation.

Which are the best books for CLAT Legal Aptitude section?

Some of the best books for CLAT Legal Aptitude section are

  • Legal Aptitude for CLAT and other Law Exams: Workbook by A. P Bhardwaj
  • Our Judiciary (National Book Trust) by National Book Trust
  • Legal Aptitude (CLAT) by R. K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta

What are the important topics to be studied under CLAT Legal Aptitude?

In Legal Aptitude, aspirants must be well versed with all Legal fundamentals and terms. Some of the important topics to be prepared are:

Research aptitude, Problem-solving ability, Questions based on hypothetical situations, Law of Torts, Indian Contract Act, Indian Constitution, Important court decisions.

Can I prepare for CLAT Legal Aptitude Exam in one month?

With proper preparation methods and following experts tips you can answer any type of question easily. Ensure to study all the topics from the highly recommended books by experts.

What is the CLAT Exam Pattern?

The CLAT Exam pattern is as explained below

  • The CLAT Exam is conducted in offline mode
  • The Medium of question paper is English and involves Multiple Choice Questions
  • For each correct answer candidate is awarded 1 mark and for each wrong answer 0.25 marks are deducted.
  • The total time duration to complete the CLAT Exam is 2 hours.

Is one month enough CLAT Legal Aptitude Preparation?

It is depends on your capability and grasping power. If you have already begun your preparation an year ago, then one month of of revision is good. However, since the syllabus is huge with a new pattern of questions it requires a lot of dedication and hard work if preparing one month before the exam. 

Is legal aptitude removed from CLAT?

No, legal aptitude section is included in the CLAT Exam with weightage of 25%. 

Is Legal Aptitude Questions easy?

As per the new pattern, the questions are asked in comprehension based passages. You need to read through the passage carefully and answer the questions.