How to Study Logical Reasoning for Law Entrance Exams 2023 in India?

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : November 2, 2023


If you are aspiring for prestigious law entrance exams like CLAT (Common Law Admission Test), AILET (All India Law Entrance Test), and other upcoming law entrance exams, you cannot afford to ignore the logical reasoning as this section holds almost 20-25% weightage in these exams.

These questions assess your logical thinking, problem-solving skills, and ability to make deductions from the information provided.

In the logical reasoning section, the questions are designed to test your critical thinking and reasoning ability skills.

To excel in this section, it's essential to practice a wide range of problems from each of these categories to become familiar with the types of questions you may encounter during the exam.

Wondering how to study logical reasoning for Law Entrance Exams in India? We have curated tips and tricks to help you better understand how to prepare for logical reasoning for law entrance exams 2023, important topics, and more.

List of Important Topics to Study Logical Reasoning for Law Entrance Exams

Here is the list of topics you must study logical reasoning in law:

Analytical Reasoning Critical Reasoning
Data Arrangements & Puzzle Solving (linear, complex, and conditional statements), ranking Test, Input-Output Statement & Assumptions, Syllogisms, Conditional Statements, and Hidden Propositions
Directions, Blood Relations, Analogy, Alpha-numeric Test, Alphabet Test, Coding-Decoding, etc Paragraph-based CR: Understanding of conclusions, Inferences, Premises, Counter-Premises, Assumptions, Strengthing, Weakening of Arguments, Flawed Reasoning, Bold-faced Statements
Arithmetical Reasoning, Set-Theory, Clocks, Calendar, etc Statement-based CR: Assumptions, Forcefulness of Arguments, Course of Action

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How to Study Logical Reasoning for Law Entrance Exams in India?

Studying Logical Reasoning for law entrance exams in India requires a strategic approach. Here are five expert tips along with explanations and preferred methods

Understand Question Types and Techniques:

Familiarize yourself with various logical reasoning question types and the techniques to solve them. Different question types require distinct problem-solving methods.

For example, in a "syllogism" question, you should recognize the premises and draw valid conclusions. In "coding-decoding," you'll decode patterns to find solutions. Understanding these question types and techniques allows you to tackle them effectively.

Practice Regularly with Mock Tests:

Consistently practice logical reasoning questions through mock tests and practice papers.

Mock tests simulate exam conditions and provide a variety of logical reasoning questions. Law entrance exams like the LSAT India Entrance Test often have logical reasoning sections.

Regular practice helps you develop speed, accuracy, and problem-solving skills. Use official LSAT prep materials or other renowned logical reasoning sources for practice.

Master Diagramming and Visualization:

Learn to diagram and visualize complex scenarios in logical reasoning questions. Many questions involve complex relationships and scenarios.

For example, in seating arrangement puzzles, you can create a visual diagram to represent the positions of people.

Diagrams clarify the problem and help you arrive at solutions faster. This method is commonly used for logic games in law entrance exams like the LSAT.

Here's a table summarizing some shortcuts and tricks for studying Logical Reasoning in preparation for Law Entrance Exams in India:

Shortcut/Trick Description
Identify Keywords Pay attention to critical keywords in the question that guide your approach.
Visual Diagrams Use visual diagrams for seating arrangements and puzzles to make complex scenarios more manageable.
Look for Patterns Recognize recurring patterns or relationships in coding-decoding questions to decode information.
Identify Premises In arguments, pinpoint the premises and conclusions to assess the strength of the argument.
Assumption Evaluation When evaluating assumptions, ask yourself if the provided information logically supports the argument.
Draw Tables and Charts For questions involving data, draw tables or charts to organize and analyze the information.
Group Information Group-related information in questions with multiple conditions or elements.
Process of Elimination Use the process of elimination to rule out incorrect answer choices, increasing your odds of success.
Practice with Timers Practice under timed conditions to improve speed and accuracy.
Mindful Reading Read questions and passages mindfully to avoid misinterpreting information.

Explore More: How to Prepare Indian Polity for Law Entrance Exam

Critical Thinking and Deductive Reasoning:

Develop critical thinking and deductive reasoning skills.

Logical reasoning questions assess your ability to think critically and draw valid conclusions from given information.

For example, in a "strengthen or weaken" question, you'll critically evaluate arguments and assess the impact of additional information on the argument's strength.

Review and Learn from Mistakes:

Analyze your mistakes and understand the logic behind correct answers.

After attempting practice questions or mock tests, review your mistakes in detail. Recognize why you went wrong and understand the logic behind the correct answers.

This reflective approach is commonly recommended for exams like the LSAT or the bar exam (for lawyers) to improve logical reasoning skills and minimize future errors.

Read More: Time & Work Questions for Law Entrance Exams

Work on Basic Concepts

To excel in the Logical Reasoning section of law entrance exams, it is crucial to establish a strong foundation in the fundamental concepts. This foundational knowledge forms the bedrock upon which you'll build your problem-solving skills and analytical abilities.

1. Conceptual Clarity:

Understanding the core concepts of logical reasoning, such as coding, blood relations, syllogisms, seating arrangement, and directions, is akin to grasping the rules of a game.

Just as a chess player needs to know how each piece moves, you need to understand the fundamental principles of logical reasoning.

For example, in coding-decoding questions, you should be aware of the coding patterns and decoding techniques.

2. Faster Problem Solving:

When you have a firm grasp of the basics, you can approach questions with confidence and clarity. You'll recognize familiar patterns and relationships in the scenarios presented.

This knowledge empowers you to solve questions more efficiently. For instance, in a blood relations problem, knowing the key terms and relationships makes it easier to deduce family connections.

Check Out: How To Solve Puzzles For Law Entrance Exams

3. Increased Attempt Rate:

The logical reasoning section often contains a substantial number of questions.

With a strong foundation in basic concepts, you can aim to attempt a higher number of questions, ideally around 35 to 37. This is only achievable when you are well-versed in the core principles and can swiftly identify the logic involved in each question.

4. Versatility:

Mastery of basic concepts allows you to adapt to various question types and scenarios.

Whether it's a syllogism, seating arrangement, or direction-based problem, your foundational knowledge will enable you to approach them with a flexible mindset. This versatility is a hallmark of adept logical reasoning test-takers.

Which Books are the Best to Study Logical Reasoning for Law Entrance Exams?

There are many books available both offline and online for law entrance exams. But, opting for the right book is most important for better results.

As per the experts at Legal Edge, you can refer to the following best books for CLAT and other law entrance exams as these books cover all the topics as per the syllabus.

  • Universal’s Logical Reasoning for CLAT, LSAT, and other Law Entrance Exams by Jain Prateek
  • A Modern Approach to Logical Reasoning by RS Aggarwal
  • 501 challenging Logical Reasoning Practice Book

Read More: What to Study for Law Entrance Exams in India?

What is the Syllabus to Study Logical Reasoning for Law Entrance Exams?

The syllabus for law entrance exams is divided into two parts:

Analytical Reasoning

  • Syllogisms: This section involves understanding and solving syllogisms, which are deductive reasoning exercises with two or more premises leading to a conclusion.
  • Logical Puzzles: These can be in the form of grid puzzles, seating arrangements, or other types of logical puzzles where you need to make deductions based on given information.
  • Blood Relations: You may encounter questions related to family trees and blood relations, which require you to determine relationships and connections.
  • Directions and Distances: This includes questions that involve determining directions, distances, and routes based on given information.
  • Coding-Decoding: You might need to decode patterns or codes to solve problems related to letters, numbers, or symbols.

Critical Reasoning

  • Arguments and Assumptions: Analyzing arguments, identifying assumptions, and determining the strength or weakness of arguments.
  • Inference: Drawing logical inferences from provided information or passages.
  • Statement and Conclusion: Evaluating the relationship between statements and conclusions, determining if they logically follow.
  • Cause and Effect: Identifying causal relationships between events or situations.
  • Statement and Assumption: Assessing whether given assumptions support or weaken the statements.
  • Courses of Action: Analyzing a situation and proposing appropriate courses of action.

Check Out: Synonyms & Antonyms for Law Entrance Exams

What are the Types of Questions to Study Logical Reasoning for Law Entrance Exams?

Let's delve deeper into the types of questions you may encounter when studying Logical Reasoning for law entrance exams:

  • Recognizing Arguments: These questions assess your ability to identify the main arguments within a passage. You'll need to distinguish between premises and conclusions.
  • Diagnosing Arguments: This involves critically evaluating the arguments presented in a passage. You'll be asked to assess their strengths and weaknesses.
  • Assessment of Reasoning: These questions require you to analyze how changes in specific evidence or assumptions could alter the conclusions drawn in the passage.
  • Drawing Inferences: You'll need to deduce inferences from the information presented in a passage. These inferences may then be applied to different situations.
  • Identifying Equivalence and Contradictions: This type of question involves recognizing equivalent or contradictory statements and reasoning within a given passage.
  • Inferring Analogies and Relationships: You'll be asked to infer analogies, relationships, or similarities between different elements in the passage.
  • Analyzing Efficacy of Arguments: In these questions, you must evaluate the effectiveness of arguments presented in the passage.

Read More: Logical Reasoning Preparation Tips

How to Attempt Logical Reasoning for Law Entrance Exams?

When attempting Logical Reasoning for law entrance exams, it's important to follow a structured format to maximize your accuracy and efficiency.

Here's a step-by-step guide on how to approach this section:

Step 1: Read the Instructions - Start by carefully reading the instructions for the Logical Reasoning section. Pay attention to any specific guidelines provided.

Step 2: Skim the Questions - Quickly skim through the questions in this section to get an idea of what's ahead. This will help you gauge the overall difficulty level and types of questions.

Step 3: Read the Passage - Begin with the first passage. Read it thoroughly to understand the scenario and the arguments presented.

Step 4: Identify the Main Argument - While reading the passage, identify the main argument or conclusion presented. Distinguish it from the premises or supporting statements.

Step 5: Analyze the Passage - Evaluate the reasoning and logic used in the passage. Determine the strengths and weaknesses of the argument.

Step 6: Refer to the Questions - Go back to the questions. Read each question carefully and understand what it's asking.

Step 7: Work on Specific Questions - Start with the easier questions that you can answer quickly. Prioritize those that involve recognizing arguments, identifying premises, or assessing reasoning.

Step 8: Use Process of Elimination - If you're unsure about an answer, use the process of elimination to rule out incorrect options.

Step 9: Refer Back to the Passage - If a question requires you to refer back to the passage, do so to find the relevant information. Always base your answers on the information provided in the passage.

Step 10: Manage Your Time - Keep track of the time. If you're spending too long on a particular question, consider marking it for review and moving on to the next.

Step 11: Review Your Answers - Once you've completed all the questions in the Logical Reasoning section if time allows, go back to the marked questions and review them.

Step 12: Submit Your Answers - Ensure that you've filled in your answers correctly on the answer sheet. Double-check for any unanswered questions.

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LegalEdge CLAT Mocks


In conclusion, excelling in the Logical Reasoning section of law entrance exams is paramount for aspiring law students. This section, comprising up to 25% of the paper, evaluates critical thinking, problem-solving, and deductive reasoning skills.

To prepare effectively, follow these key takeaways:

  • Study a diverse range of logical reasoning question types.
  • Practice regularly with mock tests to enhance speed and accuracy.
  • Develop strong diagramming and visualization skills.
  • Hone critical thinking and deductive reasoning abilities.
  • Learn from your mistakes to minimize future errors.
  • Build a solid foundation in basic concepts for increased attempt rates and versatility.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to score good marks in Logical Reasoning Section of law Entrance Exams in India?

Is Logical Reasoning Preparation for Law entrance Exams possible in 1 month?

How to prepare for Logical Reasoning Section of the CLAT and Other Law Entrance Exam syllabus?

Will there be any comprehensive type questions in the logical reasoning section of the CLAT and other law Entrance Exams?

How can I improve my accuracy to solve Logical Reasoning section?


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