LSAT Assumption Questions Tricks 

LSAT preparation is a difficult process, and making the commitment is an important decision considering the various ways in which you can spend your time. 

In terms of nervousness, I'm going to attempt a couple of different things to reduce your anxiety, especially regarding the logical reasoning sections. Assumption questions account for half of the reasoning part and, if not prepared, can make or break your score. 

While having a plan for each question is crucial, having a broad approach for each section is also important. What is the finest Logical Reasoning strategy? Leave out the questions! You need to go all the way to the last question in the section before the 35 minutes are up since you want to make sure you get to all of the questions you know you can get right– Don't overlook anything simply because you were preoccupied with a question earlier in the section. 

Let's take a look at the different sorts of questions you'll see on the Logical Reasoning sections. Knowing what sorts of questions are your strengths and weaknesses can help you decide which questions to tackle and which to avoid. 

The aforementioned questions can be categorised as - 

  • (i) Basic Assumption 
  • (ii) Strengthening and Weakening the argument type 
  • (iii) Flaw or fault-based questions 
  • (iv) Inference based questions 
  • (v) Principle-based questions 
  • (vi) Method of Argument/Role of a statement/Point at Issue/Main Point/Paradox/Parallel Reasoning

Here are some general tips and tricks which can help you deal with these type of questions better- 

(i) Basic Assumption 

Logical reasoning’s bread and butter is evidence + assumption = conclusion. Remember to utilise keywords and critical thinking to get the answer FIRST. Then, ignoring any filler or background, ask, "Why is the conclusion true?" and identify the evidence. What is absent is the assumption, which is what the author takes for granted when deriving his or her conclusion from the data presented. 

(ii) Strengthening and Weakening the argument type 

Remember to distinguish between Sufficient Assumption and Necessary Assumption issues. Once again, we divide the input into conclusion and evidence and then forecast the assumption. You must corroborate the assumption in the right answer options to strengthen the argument– remember, you do not have to prove the conclusion is true, only make it more plausible. 

Weakening questions reject the author's assumption in the right response, making the conclusion less plausible (again, no need to refute it). 

The most important things to remember are to not go beyond the boundaries of the argument and to not call evidence into question– evidence is recognised as fact on the LSAT. 

(iii) Flaw or fault-based questions 

The fault is the last assumption family question type. 

All we're doing is locating the conclusion and proof in the stimulus and identifying the author's erroneous assumption. 

The main difference between a flaw and an assumption question is that the flaws are usually described in general terms in the answer choices. If the answer choices become confusing, try laying out the specifics of the argument against the general description in the answer choice; if something doesn't fit, it's not the right answer. 

(iv) Inference based questions 

The most common form of inquiry that does not require an argument-based stimulus. The most important thing to remember while answering inference questions is that the stimulus is not an argument with a conclusion and evidence, thus we must inventory the data to discover the solution. 

Because the response to a typical inference inquiry must be TRUE based on the stimulus data, you should ask one question for each answer option: does it have to be true? Return to the stimulus whenever needed, and keep an eye out for formal logic.

(v) Principle-based questions 

The most frequent method for answering a principle question is to identify the principle, which means we have a particular argument in the stimulus and a general principle in the response choice. 

We break down the specific argument (conclusion/evidence/assumption) and then search the response possibilities for a broader version of the assumption. 

We perceive a general principle in the stimulus and specific instances in the replies in the second sub-group, applying the concept. Pay close attention to the question stem, since it may ask for a case that either follows OR contradicts the concept. Finally, we have questions about parallel principles. 

These are uncommon because they include both of the preceding activities: the stimulus has a specific argument, and the answer options contain specific arguments. 

We must search the response alternatives for an argument that follows the same basic principle as the stimulus. Identify where the principle is in any principle question: answer option, stimulus, or just extracted from an argument. 

(vi) Method of Argument/Role of a statement/Point at Issue/Main Point/Paradox/Parallel Reasoning - 

The lesser question types aren't as essential to your score as the major hitters described above when taken separately, but when combined, they still carry a punch. 

Make sure you're familiar with them and know what to do if you come across one. Timed section work is an excellent way to improve at this.