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Criminal Law Questions for CLAT PG and AILET PG 2024

Author : Palak Khanna

Updated On : August 30, 2023


Summary: December is quite a busy month for law students appearing in highly competitive exams like AILET PG and CLAT PG. Amongst this crowd, there will be students taking both these exams in consecutive weeks. Luckily, criminal law is a common section with a similar syllabus in both exams, making it easier for your LLM exam preparations.

Challenges make your preparations interesting in highly competitive exams like the LLM entrance tests. But there is no doubt - that having a common section to cover for 2 exams is quite a relief, and one such is the Criminal Law Section. 

  • Criminal law is one of the mandatory subjects taught in the undergraduate program, helping you prepare for LLM entrance tests.
  • Your UG law textbooks are sufficient to cover all the important topics that can appear in the PG entrance test.
  • Last year, the difficulty level of this section was "high," calling you to pay extra attention while preparing for this section. We cannot emphasize this section's importance more! You can expect a minimum of 20-30 questions, and every mark you score can determine your rank and fate in studying at the top NLUs. 

Therefore, covering all the topics in your  CLAT PG syllabus 2024 with almost care is essential. 

Key Contents:

  • Importance of Common Section 
  • Criminal Law's Relevance 
  • Emphasis on Preparation 
  • Past Year Statistics 
  • Preparation Strategies 
  • Key Topics Covered 
  • Sample Questions 
  • Different Exam Formats 
  • Prioritization and Planning 

 Weightage helps you Prioritize your Syllabus

The more weightage, the more you score! 

The table below shows the number of questions from Criminal Law in previous year's papers. 

Year Number of Questions from Criminal Law
2022 24 Questions 
2021 30 Questions 
2020 10 Questions

 Preparation Strategies for Criminal Law Questions for CLAT PG and AILET PG 2024 

Criminal law in AILET PG and CLAT PG deals with statutes, rules, and regulations set to protect the right of every citizen in the country and is an important subject to be studied by every law student.

It holds the ground of Justice for the rights of all the country's citizens, emphasizing the importance of this section. 

It also deals with laws related to threatening, murder, and otherwise endangering an individual's safety, health, property, and moral welfare, including oneself requiring you to cover criminal cases and contemporary/ recent cases that can appear in your LLM entrance papers. 

1. Start your criminal law preparations with Bare Acts

  • Study bare provisions and bare acts, and understand the illustrations and legal terms. 
  • Bare Acts will be asked in the form of questions in the question paper. 

2. Short notes can be your saviour. 

Short notes will be beneficial while you revise before the examination. 

Example: If you are reading about provisions of Rape

List down its provisions, essential ingredients, and newly added amendments for every criminal topic you cover. This holds good for other sections as well. 

This saves you time and revision. 

Check: CLAT PG Mock Series 2024

3. Cover the Index of the Bare Act 

  • You must know which section deals with which concept. Refrain from reading big books or commentaries from the LLM preparation point of view. 
  • Don't go into the depth of concepts in the Bare Act's; just have a command over it.

4. What must you cover? 

  • Know the gist of IPC, CRPC, Evidence, and fundamental conceptual clarity and illustrations.
  • Read the Landmark Case Laws
  • "Do not read the entire case!" Read recent judgments based on the criminal law, IPC, CRPC, Evidence, POCSO, Domestic Violence Act, Juvenile Justice Act, 2015, and the recent amendments. 

Check: CLAT PG Online Coaching Services 2024

What to study for Criminal Law Questions for CLAT PG and AILET PG 2024

In the past year's question paper, the difficulty level of Criminal Law questions in CLAT PG and AILET LLM courses ranged from moderate to difficult.

Considering previous years' papers, it is noticed there were a good number of questions that appeared based on the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC) and not the Indian Penal Code (IPC).

Nearly 30 questions were asked in the 2021 paper on criminal law, including 4 comprehension-type passages with 3 Judgement and 2 articles. This shows the significance of thoroughly preparing for this section. 

MCQs are the types of questions expected for Criminal Law Questions for CLAT and AILET PG 2024.

And the common Criminal Law Questions for CLAT PG and AILET PG 2024 are as follows: 

  • CrPC
  • IPC 
  • General Defences
  • Concept of Constructive liability
  • Abatement and conspiracy
  • General principles and definitions of criminal law
  • Punishments and exceptions
  • Liabilities
  • Offences and defamation
  • Offences against property: Theft, Robbery, Extortion, Criminal misappropriation of property, and criminal breach of Trust
  • Stages of Crime
  • Offences against Marriage
  • Definition clause 
  • Amendment
  • Hierarchy of Courts
  • Maintenance
  • FIR and all the related provisions
  • The inherent power of the High Court
  • Provisions added through amendments.
  • Evidence 
  • Relevancy of Facts
  • Oral and documentary evidence
  • Best Evidence Rule
  • Presumptions
  • Cross and chief examinations
  • Dumb Witness

CLAT PG Online Coaching

CLAT PG Online Coaching

Subjective Type Criminal Law Questions for AILET PG 2024

CLAT PG exam consists of only MCQ-type questions. However, earlier, the subjective question paper had topics listed below: 

Previous year' Essay topics for CLAT PG

  • Criminal conspiracy
  • Offences and defamation
  • Most important sections of the CrPC and IPC
  • General principles and definitions of criminal law
  • Punishments and exceptions
  • Liabilities
  • Men's rea
  • Theft
  • Extortion
  • Cheating
  • Criminal conspiracy: Act done by several persons
  • Kidnapping
  • Attempt to commit offences
  • Assault
  • Private defence
  • General exceptions

Check: Best Books for CLAT PG 2024

Essay-type or subjective-type questions for AILET PG

Section I of the AILET PG paper usually consists of MCQ format questions, and two subjective-type questions are in section II. The Criminal law questions in AILET LLM  include topics listed below: 

  • Law of Crimes
  • Aggravating and Mitigating Factors 
  • Bail and Bonds 
  • Restitution for Crime Victims 
  • Plea Bargains and more 

Sample Criminal Law Questions for CLAT PG and AILET PG 2024 to Practise

Criminal Law Questions for CLAT are as follows: 

1. Which of the following is not a chapter heading under the Indian Penal Code?

  • a) Offenses against State
  • b) Offenses against Human Body
  • c)  Offenses against property
  • d) None of the above

Ans - None of the above

2. The case of dowry death can be filed only within

  • a) 7 years of death
  • b) 7 years of marriage
  • c) 7 years of dowry demand
  • d) Both b and c

Ans - 7 years of marriage

Check: AILET LL.M. Test Series

3. Maintenance under Section 125 of the Criminal Procedure Code can be claimed by

  • a) Wife
  • b) Everyone
  • c) Parents
  • d) Both a and c

Ans - Wife and Parents

4. A person who helps the other person is an

  • a) Abettor
  • b) Instigator
  • c) Accomplice
  • d) Friend

Ans - Accomplice

5. The offence of theft can only be against

  • a) Movable property
  • b) Immovable property
  • c) Both (a) and (b)
  • d) All properties

Ans - Movable property

Criminal Law Questions for AILET are as follows: 

6. The Law of the contract is a:

  • a) Criminal Law
  • b) Civil Law
  • c) International Law
  • d) Disputed Laws

Ans- Civil Law

7. The tort is a species of:

  • a) Criminal wrong
  • b) Breach of contract
  • c) Civil wrong
  • d) Moral wrong

Ans- Civil wrong

8. The Law of Torts is developed mainly through:

  • a) Customs
  • b) Legislations
  • c) Judicial decisions
  • d) None of the above

Ans- Judicial decisions

AILET PG Mock Tests

AILET PG Mock Tests

Check: Important Topics for CLAT PG

Key Takeaways

  1. Common Syllabus Relief: December sees a flurry of activity among law students preparing for competitive exams like AILET PG and CLAT PG. Students taking both exams consecutively benefit from the common Criminal Law section, easing their LLM exam preparation.

  2. Importance of Criminal Law: Criminal law, a mandatory undergraduate subject, is crucial for LLM entrance tests. Your undergraduate law textbooks sufficiently cover the essential topics for PG entrance tests, helping you score well.

  3. High Stakes: Last year's high difficulty level for this section highlights its significance. With 20-30 expected questions, each mark is vital for securing your rank and place in top NLUs.

  4. Preparation Strategies: Prioritize your studies based on question weightage. Key strategies include studying Bare Acts, creating short notes, mastering the index, knowing IPC, CRPC, and other core concepts, and studying landmark case laws.

  5. Subject Coverage: Focus on CrPC, IPC, General Defences, Constructive Liability, Abatement, Conspiracy, Punishments, Offences, and more. Stay updated on recent case laws.

  6. MCQ-Based Exams: CLAT PG and AILET PG primarily feature MCQ-type questions. Be prepared for this format and prioritize objective section preparation, as it's necessary to proceed to the subjective part.

  7. Subjective Questions: AILET PG includes subjective questions on topics like Law of Crimes, Aggravating and Mitigating Factors, Bail, Restitution, and Plea Bargains.

  8. Practice Questions: Regularly practice sample questions to enhance your understanding and test readiness.

  9. Strategic Approach: To succeed, effectively manage your preparation time, covering both objective and subjective sections.

Now that you know the important topics to cover in Criminal Law, your preparation process gets much easier.  Coming to the AILET PG paper, make sure you prepare thoroughly for MCQ-based questions, and only then move to prepare for the subjective section. 

If you do not clear the objective section, section II will not be evaluated. Therefore prioritize what you study and plan your preparations accordingly. 

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