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CBSE Marking Scheme for Class 12 Political Science & Exam Pattern

Author : Akash Kumar Singh

Updated On : September 7, 2023


Summary: Dive into the intricate the world of CBSE Class 12 Political Science, where global politics mix with exam strategies. Discover the exam pattern, marking method, and other details to help you plan your preparation. Are you ready to learn about the political landscape? Dive in. 

The Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) is a centralised institution in India that controls the curriculum for public and private schools. Political Science is one of the disciplines taught in Class 12, and it plays an important part in understanding political institutions, theories, and behaviours around the world. Knowing the marking scheme and test pattern is critical for students to adequately prepare for their board exams. 

The CBSE Class 12 Political Science curriculum is designed to provide students with this critical knowledge, ensuring that they are aware and engaged in today's dynamic political landscape. 

Marking Scheme for Class 12 Political Science 

The CBSE marking scheme for Class 12 Political Science explains how marks are distributed across topics and how different units are weighted. Here's the detailed marking scheme of CBSE Class 12 political science: 

CBSE Marking Scheme for Class 12 Political Science 

Section – A 


Content and Type of Question 


c) Political Movement  

b) Mikhail Gorbachev  

b) ASEAN Interaction 

b) Denmark and Sweden 

b) Both (A) & (R) are true but R is not the correct explanation of (A) 

a) both (A) and (R) are true but (R) is the correct explanation of (A) 

b) Systematic use of brutal violence that creates an atmosphere of fear in society 

c) Multiple Choice (i), (iii), and (iv)  

d) P.C. Mahalanobis 


a) Multiple Choice (i, iii, ii, iv) 


b) Jagmohan Lal Sinha  


c) Naxalite Movement 

Check: CBSE Class 12 Political Science Syllabus

Section – B 

  • Multi-polar world features: Coexistence, Negotiated settlements - 2 marks 
  • South Asia: Countries, Peace initiatives - 2 marks 
  • Politics of North-East India: Demands for Autonomy, Opposition to outsiders - 2 marks 
  • Mandal Commission: Reservation implementation, Protests - 2 marks 
  • Balance of power: Sensitivity, Military and economic power - 2 marks 
  • Punjab Accord: Efforts for peace, Electoral process restoration - 2 marks 

Section – C 

  • Environmental Issues: Mining impacts, Anti-dam movements - 4 marks 
  • India-Bangladesh Cooperation & Disagreements: Cooperation areas, Disagreements - 4 marks 
  • India's Foreign Policy: Peaceful world role - 4 marks 
  • Imposing Emergency in 1975: Reasons - 4 marks 
  • Soviet Union Bureaucracy and Authoritarianism: Reasons - 4 marks 

Section – D 

  • Integration of Princely States: Reasons, Role of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel - 4 marks 
  • States Reorganization Commission: Reasons - 4 marks 
  • Coalition Governments Emergence: Historical context - 4 marks 
  • Globalization Consequences: Cultural and Political - 6 marks 
  • UN Reforms: Suggested reforms - 6 marks 
  • UN Security Council Composition: Members, Privileges - 6 marks 
  • 1980s Political Developments: End of Congress dominance, Mandal issue, Economic reforms - 6 marks 

Check: CBSE Syllabus for Class 12 Chemistry

Exam Pattern for CBSE Class 12 Political Science 

Understanding the exam pattern is just as important as understanding the grading scheme. The exam pattern reveals what types of questions students can expect in their exams. 

The CBSE Class 12 Political Science examination is worth 100 marks, including 80 for the board exam and 20 for internal assessment. The board exam includes a wide range of questions, from extremely short (1 mark) to long (6 mark) answers, and may incorporate source or case-based questions. The assessment will last three hours. 

Question Number 



1 - 12 

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) 

1 each 

13 - 18 

Short Answer Questions 

2 each 

19 - 23 

Short Answer Questions 

4 each 

24 - 26 

Passage and Map-based Questions 

27 - 30 

Essay Questions 

6 each 

Check: CBSE Commerce Online Coaching


Students taking the CBSE Class 12 Political Science exam have to completely understand the CBSE Class 12 Political Science marking scheme and test pattern. This will not only help learners in their preparation plan, but will also guarantee that they are aware of which portions carry more weight and require more attention.

Students can quickly tackle the subject and approach the exam with confidence if they have a well-defined study plan. 

Also check: CBSE 2023 Toppers Talk

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the total marks distribution for the CBSE Class 12 Political Science exam?

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