Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025

Author : Shashwat Srivastava

Updated On : February 26, 2024

SHARE

Reader's Digest: If you're prepping for the CLAT PG exam, you'll want to get a grip on the Jurisprudence section. Read this article for a clear breakdown, study tips, and resources. Read on!

Last year, the CLAT PG examination featured 12 questions from the Jurisprudence section, classified as being of "moderate" difficulty. This section is particularly pivotal for candidates aiming for admission into LLM courses through entrance exams like CLAT LLM and AILET PG.

While preparing for CLAT PG 2025 can seem like a major task due to its expansive syllabus, prospective candidates can find solace in the myriad of online resources that are freely accessible to assist them. Jurisprudence, derived from "Jurisprudentia" meaning Knowledge of Law, plays a substantial role in the exam.

The article includes a video to elucidate vital concepts necessary for a solid preparation in Jurisprudence for the CLAT PG 2025 exam. So, let's begin!

Key Contents

  1. Overview of the Jurisprudence section in the CLAT PG examination.
  2. Highlight of its significance in LLM entrance exams.
  3. Definition and origins of Jurisprudence.
  4. In-depth coverage of various schools of Jurisprudence:
  5. Notable jurists and their contributions, e.g., Jeremy Bentham, Austin, Montesquieu.
  6. Tips for CLAT PG Jurisprudence preparation:
  7. Recommendations to check previous year's papers and sample papers for understanding question patterns.

 Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025 

Understanding the critical concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025 is essential for candidates aiming to score well in the exam. Here’s a breakdown of some primary aspects as listed in the CLAT LLM Syllabus including schools of law explained as follows: 

Introduction of Jurisprudence

  • Definition:

    • Jurisprudence, at its core, is the study of the theory and philosophy behind the law. Delving into its definition will provide a foundation for understanding how legal systems and principles are formulated.
  • Significance:

    • Why is Jurisprudence essential, especially for the CLAT PG 2025?
    • Grasping its significance will shed light on its role in shaping the legal fabric of societies and influencing legal decision-making processes.
  • Nature of Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025:

    • The nature of Jurisprudence dives deep into the intrinsic characteristics of law's theoretical study. It helps candidates understand the abstract concepts that underpin the concrete laws that govern societies.
  • Scope of Jurisprudence:

    • By understanding the scope, candidates will grasp:
      • The breadth and depth of topics covered under Jurisprudence.
      • The relevance and applicability of Jurisprudence in various legal scenarios and discussions.

Subtopics to delve deeper:

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory: Explore the core philosophies that form the backbone of law.
  • Relation between Law and Justice: Understand how laws ensure justice is meted out.
  • Relation between Law and Morals: Scrutinize the thin line between legality and morality, and their interplay.

The Analytical School of Jurisprudence:

  • Overview: One of the significant schools of Jurisprudence, the analytical school, revolves around understanding the relationship of law with the state.

  • Alternate Names: It's also renowned as:

    • English School of Jurisprudence
    • Imperative School of Jurisprudence
    • Austanian School of Jurisprudence

    These terms arise due to the school's roots in England and its focus on the commands (or imperatives) of a sovereign.

Insights from Jeremy Bentham:

  • Limits of Jurisprudence: Bentham, a pivotal figure in Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025, elaborates on the boundaries within which the philosophy of law operates.

  • State's Duty: Bentham was a staunch believer in the state's responsibility to ensure the maximum happiness and liberty of its citizens.

  • Pain and Pleasure: Central to Bentham’s philosophy was the idea that human behavior is governed by the pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain.

  • Principle of Utility: Bentham propagated that laws should aim to maximize pleasure and minimize pain for the majority, laying the foundation for the state's welfare.

Check: How To Prepare Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025

CLAT PG Online Coaching

CLAT PG Online Coaching

Utilitarian Calculus:

  • Purpose: Bentham devised a framework to quantify pleasure and pain, aiding in evaluating the utility of actions.

  • Parameters: The Utilitarian calculus comprises 7 distinct parameters to measure pain and pleasure. As a candidate preparing for Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025, understanding these parameters is essential:

Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2023

Austin states laws to inform what is right and wrong. 

The historical school of Jurisdiction is a direct relationship of law with society. There are 4 concepts under this they are - 

  • Montesquieu
  • Savigny
  • Henry Maine
  • Puchta

Check: AILET PG Last Minute preparation tips 2025

The philosophical school of Jurisprudence is law based on reason, and the reasons can be Justice, Fairness, and reasonableness. This law is also called Natural laws.

You must check the theories by St. Thomas Aquinas, John Locke, Immanuel Kant, Fichte, Hegel.

The sociological school of Jurisprudence explains sociology as understanding human society and social behaviour. 

You must check the theories by Ehlrich, Roscoe Pound, Auguste Comte, Duguit, Rudolf Van Ihering.

If you find it hard to grasp these concepts and are looking for help, check CLAT LLM Coaching by LegalEdge and take their mock tests to understand where you stand with your preparations. 

The realist school of Jurisprudence explains the concept of reality/ inaction. It mainly focuses on Factors, Experience of Justice. 2 major questions asked are the Rules of Judges in Making Law and the Value of the Doctrine of precedent. John Grey and Oliver Wendell Holmes are known as the fathers of the Realist school. 

CLAT PG Mock Tests

CLAT PG Mock Tests

 Other Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025 

1. Realism in Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025:

  • American Realism: Oliver Homes championed this approach, emphasizing the pragmatic and real-world effects of legal decisions.
  • Badman Theory and Skepticism: Delve into theories that challenge traditional views of law and its relationship with morality.
  • Jurimetrics and Law Job Theory: Explore how quantitative methods can be used in the legal field.
  • Scandinavian Realism: A northern European perspective on realism, it offers a unique viewpoint on legal theory.

2. Economic View of Law and State:

  • Karl Marx: Understand his perspective on how economic forces shape law and the state.
  • Angel: Dive deeper into Angel's contributions and understandings related to the economic aspects of law.

3. Feminist and Legal Jurisprudence:

  • Feminist Jurisprudence: Explore how gender issues and feminism intersect with legal theories and practices.
  • Legal Jurisprudence: Gain a comprehensive understanding of the foundational principles that underpin the legal system.

Check: CLAT PG Mock Test 2025

4. Sources of Law in Jurisprudence:

  • Legislation: Study formal statutes and laws made by the legislative body.
  • Judicial Reasoning: Understand how judges interpret laws and make decisions.
  • Customs: Learn about traditional practices that have legal standing in various cultures and societies.

5. Essential Legal Concepts for Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025:

  • Legal Personality: Grasp the concept of who or what can be a subject of legal rights and duties.
  • Rights and Duties: Understand the foundational elements of legal systems and societal expectations.
  • Responsibilities and Liability: Dive into the obligations people have and the potential consequences of not fulfilling them.
  • Criminal Liability: Focus on the conditions under which an individual can be held legally accountable for a crime.
  • Theory of Punishment: Explore the different perspectives on why and how individuals should be punished for their wrongdoings.

Check: List of Jobs after CLAT PG

 CLAT PG Jurisprudence Preparation Tips 

Purchase AK Jain to understand the basic concepts. In the year 2021 - CLAT PG paper, the questions were asked based on the basics of Jurisprudence, making this section a high-scoring one. 

Note the important topics, and memorize the jurist's words that belong to which school: Jural Correlators or Jural Opposites.

Understand the type of questions that will be asked in the exam. You can check the previous year's papers and sample papers. 

Solve many passage-based questions and try to answer as many questions using the passage only.

There are no preparations without taking CLAT PG mocks! Take your mock tests seriously. 

Prepare for the topics listed below: 

  • Rights, Duties, Power Liability
  • Person and Liabilities
  • Ownership and PossessionSource of Law
  • Schools of Jurisprudence
  • Analytical School
  • Natural School
  • Historical School
  • Philosophical School
  • Ethical School
  • Sociological School
  • Corporate Liability
  • Theories of Punishment
  • Definition/outlook of the subject/Nature of Jurisprudence
  • Law and Morals
  • Contemporary Jurists & Recent Contemporary Concepts and Maxims
  • Hohfeld’s Legal Relation/ Jural Analysis

Check: Important Concepts of Constitutional Law

A minimum of 2 passage questions will be asked from this section. Therefore revise and prepare thoroughly for this section. 

Legal Edge After College Presents LLMOne comprehensive course to help you prepare for all LLM entrance exams, including CLAT PG 2025 & more!

Click below to watch free demo class videos on important syllabus subjects.

 Key Takeaways 

  • Jurisprudence Significance: This section holds considerable weight in the CLAT PG exam, making it crucial for candidates to understand and prepare thoroughly.
  • Content Coverage: Topics span from the basics like the definition, significance, and scope of Jurisprudence to detailed schools of Jurisprudence, including analytical, historical, philosophical, and more.
  • Study Tips: Familiarize yourself with past papers, focus on understanding basic concepts, and practice with mock tests. Remember, passage-based questions are pivotal.
  • Preparation Materials: Numerous free online resources and coaching by LegalEdge can aid in your preparation journey.
  • Conclusion: Jurisprudence, though challenging, can be a high-scoring section with the right preparation. Dive deep into its basics and practice extensively.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the concepts to be covered for historical school of Jurisdiction?

Whose theories are to be referred for philosophical school of Jurisprudence?

What is Sociological school of Jurisprudence?

What concepts to study for Realism?

So what is Jurisprudence?

Which books to refer for Important Concepts of Jurisprudence?

What is realist school of Jurisprudence?

Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025

Author : Shashwat Srivastava

February 26, 2024

SHARE

Reader's Digest: If you're prepping for the CLAT PG exam, you'll want to get a grip on the Jurisprudence section. Read this article for a clear breakdown, study tips, and resources. Read on!

Last year, the CLAT PG examination featured 12 questions from the Jurisprudence section, classified as being of "moderate" difficulty. This section is particularly pivotal for candidates aiming for admission into LLM courses through entrance exams like CLAT LLM and AILET PG.

While preparing for CLAT PG 2025 can seem like a major task due to its expansive syllabus, prospective candidates can find solace in the myriad of online resources that are freely accessible to assist them. Jurisprudence, derived from "Jurisprudentia" meaning Knowledge of Law, plays a substantial role in the exam.

The article includes a video to elucidate vital concepts necessary for a solid preparation in Jurisprudence for the CLAT PG 2025 exam. So, let's begin!

Key Contents

  1. Overview of the Jurisprudence section in the CLAT PG examination.
  2. Highlight of its significance in LLM entrance exams.
  3. Definition and origins of Jurisprudence.
  4. In-depth coverage of various schools of Jurisprudence:
  5. Notable jurists and their contributions, e.g., Jeremy Bentham, Austin, Montesquieu.
  6. Tips for CLAT PG Jurisprudence preparation:
  7. Recommendations to check previous year's papers and sample papers for understanding question patterns.

 Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025 

Understanding the critical concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025 is essential for candidates aiming to score well in the exam. Here’s a breakdown of some primary aspects as listed in the CLAT LLM Syllabus including schools of law explained as follows: 

Introduction of Jurisprudence

  • Definition:

    • Jurisprudence, at its core, is the study of the theory and philosophy behind the law. Delving into its definition will provide a foundation for understanding how legal systems and principles are formulated.
  • Significance:

    • Why is Jurisprudence essential, especially for the CLAT PG 2025?
    • Grasping its significance will shed light on its role in shaping the legal fabric of societies and influencing legal decision-making processes.
  • Nature of Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025:

    • The nature of Jurisprudence dives deep into the intrinsic characteristics of law's theoretical study. It helps candidates understand the abstract concepts that underpin the concrete laws that govern societies.
  • Scope of Jurisprudence:

    • By understanding the scope, candidates will grasp:
      • The breadth and depth of topics covered under Jurisprudence.
      • The relevance and applicability of Jurisprudence in various legal scenarios and discussions.

Subtopics to delve deeper:

  • Jurisprudence and Legal Theory: Explore the core philosophies that form the backbone of law.
  • Relation between Law and Justice: Understand how laws ensure justice is meted out.
  • Relation between Law and Morals: Scrutinize the thin line between legality and morality, and their interplay.

The Analytical School of Jurisprudence:

  • Overview: One of the significant schools of Jurisprudence, the analytical school, revolves around understanding the relationship of law with the state.

  • Alternate Names: It's also renowned as:

    • English School of Jurisprudence
    • Imperative School of Jurisprudence
    • Austanian School of Jurisprudence

    These terms arise due to the school's roots in England and its focus on the commands (or imperatives) of a sovereign.

Insights from Jeremy Bentham:

  • Limits of Jurisprudence: Bentham, a pivotal figure in Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025, elaborates on the boundaries within which the philosophy of law operates.

  • State's Duty: Bentham was a staunch believer in the state's responsibility to ensure the maximum happiness and liberty of its citizens.

  • Pain and Pleasure: Central to Bentham’s philosophy was the idea that human behavior is governed by the pursuit of pleasure and avoidance of pain.

  • Principle of Utility: Bentham propagated that laws should aim to maximize pleasure and minimize pain for the majority, laying the foundation for the state's welfare.

Check: How To Prepare Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025

CLAT PG Online Coaching

CLAT PG Online Coaching

Utilitarian Calculus:

  • Purpose: Bentham devised a framework to quantify pleasure and pain, aiding in evaluating the utility of actions.

  • Parameters: The Utilitarian calculus comprises 7 distinct parameters to measure pain and pleasure. As a candidate preparing for Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025, understanding these parameters is essential:

Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2023

Austin states laws to inform what is right and wrong. 

The historical school of Jurisdiction is a direct relationship of law with society. There are 4 concepts under this they are - 

  • Montesquieu
  • Savigny
  • Henry Maine
  • Puchta

Check: AILET PG Last Minute preparation tips 2025

The philosophical school of Jurisprudence is law based on reason, and the reasons can be Justice, Fairness, and reasonableness. This law is also called Natural laws.

You must check the theories by St. Thomas Aquinas, John Locke, Immanuel Kant, Fichte, Hegel.

The sociological school of Jurisprudence explains sociology as understanding human society and social behaviour. 

You must check the theories by Ehlrich, Roscoe Pound, Auguste Comte, Duguit, Rudolf Van Ihering.

If you find it hard to grasp these concepts and are looking for help, check CLAT LLM Coaching by LegalEdge and take their mock tests to understand where you stand with your preparations. 

The realist school of Jurisprudence explains the concept of reality/ inaction. It mainly focuses on Factors, Experience of Justice. 2 major questions asked are the Rules of Judges in Making Law and the Value of the Doctrine of precedent. John Grey and Oliver Wendell Holmes are known as the fathers of the Realist school. 

CLAT PG Mock Tests

CLAT PG Mock Tests

 Other Important Concepts of Jurisprudence for CLAT PG 2025 

1. Realism in Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025:

  • American Realism: Oliver Homes championed this approach, emphasizing the pragmatic and real-world effects of legal decisions.
  • Badman Theory and Skepticism: Delve into theories that challenge traditional views of law and its relationship with morality.
  • Jurimetrics and Law Job Theory: Explore how quantitative methods can be used in the legal field.
  • Scandinavian Realism: A northern European perspective on realism, it offers a unique viewpoint on legal theory.

2. Economic View of Law and State:

  • Karl Marx: Understand his perspective on how economic forces shape law and the state.
  • Angel: Dive deeper into Angel's contributions and understandings related to the economic aspects of law.

3. Feminist and Legal Jurisprudence:

  • Feminist Jurisprudence: Explore how gender issues and feminism intersect with legal theories and practices.
  • Legal Jurisprudence: Gain a comprehensive understanding of the foundational principles that underpin the legal system.

Check: CLAT PG Mock Test 2025

4. Sources of Law in Jurisprudence:

  • Legislation: Study formal statutes and laws made by the legislative body.
  • Judicial Reasoning: Understand how judges interpret laws and make decisions.
  • Customs: Learn about traditional practices that have legal standing in various cultures and societies.

5. Essential Legal Concepts for Jurisprudence For CLAT PG 2025:

  • Legal Personality: Grasp the concept of who or what can be a subject of legal rights and duties.
  • Rights and Duties: Understand the foundational elements of legal systems and societal expectations.
  • Responsibilities and Liability: Dive into the obligations people have and the potential consequences of not fulfilling them.
  • Criminal Liability: Focus on the conditions under which an individual can be held legally accountable for a crime.
  • Theory of Punishment: Explore the different perspectives on why and how individuals should be punished for their wrongdoings.

Check: List of Jobs after CLAT PG

 CLAT PG Jurisprudence Preparation Tips 

Purchase AK Jain to understand the basic concepts. In the year 2021 - CLAT PG paper, the questions were asked based on the basics of Jurisprudence, making this section a high-scoring one. 

Note the important topics, and memorize the jurist's words that belong to which school: Jural Correlators or Jural Opposites.

Understand the type of questions that will be asked in the exam. You can check the previous year's papers and sample papers. 

Solve many passage-based questions and try to answer as many questions using the passage only.

There are no preparations without taking CLAT PG mocks! Take your mock tests seriously. 

Prepare for the topics listed below: 

  • Rights, Duties, Power Liability
  • Person and Liabilities
  • Ownership and PossessionSource of Law
  • Schools of Jurisprudence
  • Analytical School
  • Natural School
  • Historical School
  • Philosophical School
  • Ethical School
  • Sociological School
  • Corporate Liability
  • Theories of Punishment
  • Definition/outlook of the subject/Nature of Jurisprudence
  • Law and Morals
  • Contemporary Jurists & Recent Contemporary Concepts and Maxims
  • Hohfeld’s Legal Relation/ Jural Analysis

Check: Important Concepts of Constitutional Law

A minimum of 2 passage questions will be asked from this section. Therefore revise and prepare thoroughly for this section. 

Legal Edge After College Presents LLMOne comprehensive course to help you prepare for all LLM entrance exams, including CLAT PG 2025 & more!

Click below to watch free demo class videos on important syllabus subjects.

 Key Takeaways 

  • Jurisprudence Significance: This section holds considerable weight in the CLAT PG exam, making it crucial for candidates to understand and prepare thoroughly.
  • Content Coverage: Topics span from the basics like the definition, significance, and scope of Jurisprudence to detailed schools of Jurisprudence, including analytical, historical, philosophical, and more.
  • Study Tips: Familiarize yourself with past papers, focus on understanding basic concepts, and practice with mock tests. Remember, passage-based questions are pivotal.
  • Preparation Materials: Numerous free online resources and coaching by LegalEdge can aid in your preparation journey.
  • Conclusion: Jurisprudence, though challenging, can be a high-scoring section with the right preparation. Dive deep into its basics and practice extensively.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the concepts to be covered for historical school of Jurisdiction?

Whose theories are to be referred for philosophical school of Jurisprudence?

What is Sociological school of Jurisprudence?

What concepts to study for Realism?

So what is Jurisprudence?

Which books to refer for Important Concepts of Jurisprudence?

What is realist school of Jurisprudence?

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