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Tricks to Attempt Logical Reasoning for IPMAT 2023

Author : Palak Khanna

August 3, 2022

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Logical Reasoning is an integral part of the IPMAT and other management entrance examinations. It holds about one-third weightage in the IPMAT exam.

IPMAT Indore does not have a separate LR section, LR questions are generally asked in the QA section only. Logical reasoning and Data interpretation are of paramount importance in the IPMAT examination as one can score higher marks in this section.

Unlike theory exams, logical reasoning cannot be excelled by studying theoretical concepts, it's an application-based topic that can only be aced by the practice of application-based questions. 

The ability to solve these questions depends on your ability to recognize and evaluate the logic presented in the question. The better you understand and comprehend arguments and logic, the better you will be at LR questions. To ease out your preparation, we have accumulated important Tips and Tricks to attempt Logical Reasoning Questions with ease along with solving previous year's IPMAT questions and a few self-designed questions by Supergrads faculty.

How to Start Preparing for the Logical Reasoning section of IPMAT 2023?

Before you go ahead with your preparation for the IPMAT, you need to know about the exam syllabus and pattern.

In the IPMAT exam, about 30-35 questions will be asked from the logical reasoning and Data Interpretation section. The reasoning is predominantly an experientially learned subject, that is, a subject learned mostly via practice.

  • The main objective while preparing for the reasoning section is to develop the skills and abilities required to understand the argumentative logic asked in the questions. 
  • Make a comprehensive study plan consisting of all the topics with a strict schedule giving sufficient time for revision.
  • After every topic, solve at least 100 questions to develop the best techniques and thought processes required to address LR problems.

Download Free Study Material for IPMAT Exam by SuperGrads

You must methodically plan your preparation and learn with enthusiasm. Solving puzzle-related questions that require reasoning on a daily basis will definitely help you enhance your logical skills.

What are the Important Topics for the IPMAT Logical Reasoning section?

Before you begin with preparation, be aware of the complete syllabus as it will help you get some idea about the important topics for the IPMAT exam.

The table below shows the topics you need to focus on in the logical reasoning section.

Blood Relations Syllogism Arrangements
Direction Sense Logical Deduction Ranking
Statement and Conclusions Set Theory Team Formation
Statement and Assumptions Binary Logic Quantitative Reasoning
Assertion and Reason Critical Reasoning Puzzles
Statement- Course of Action Mathematical operations  Coding and Decoding

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ipmat online coaching

How to prepare for the Logical Reasoning Section of IPMAT 2023?

Logical reasoning is the most scorable section of IPMAT, and a significant part of it depends on your approach during the preparation phase. You can consider below IPMAT Logical Reasoning Preparation tips for enhancing your preparation:

Active Learning

  • Passive reading is going through any content in a real time frame without putting any effort to induce the learning, assuming that there will be a tomorrow when you would come back to the same content and learn the things given. 
  • An active learner is keeping a piece of paper and a pencil/pen with yourself so that you can integrate the various activities like reading–learning–practising at the same time. 
  • Candidates should actively read as it can definitely help them understand better than passive reading.

Logical Process

  • The first step in the logical process of learning is to understand all the concepts of that topic and solve questions based on it.
  • The second step is to visualize problems by mental development, this will help you solve a major level of questions through mental mapping only, without using pen and paper.

Practice sessions

Practise sessions will help candidates to be prepared for the exam in the best possible manner/

  • Candidates need to practice as many mock and previous year's papers as possible to crack the exam comfortably.
  • Also, a set of repeated questions will be asked each year in the exam from the previous year's papers, so it will be easier to score marks in the exam. 
  • Attempting a mock will help you build confidence, improve temperament, and understand the types of questions asked in the examination. 
  • Now comes the most important thing, which is to analyze your progress. Analyzing a mock will help you build new concepts and correct conceptual and silly mistakes.

 Strengths and Weaknesses

  • Throughout the planning phase, candidates should be aware of their own flaws and strengths.
  • It will aid the development of strong areas as well as the understanding of weak areas that require more focus. 
  • Analyze what went wrong, go through everything that can be improved, and come up with alternate techniques to increase your speed and efficiency.
  • Follow up on your study plan on a regular basis; consistency and perseverance are critical for success in the aptitude exams.

How to Attempt Logical Reasoning Questions of IPMAT 2023?

One of the most important things is to identify questions that you can solve, the ability to identify your level of questions can help you differentiate from others. You can consider the below tips while solving logical reasoning questions for IPMAT

  • Clear your concepts and understand the foundation of the topics from the logical reasoning syllabus from the best books.
  • Work on developing a system to identify the difficulty level of a question. All questions are language intensive, they all look the same. The Ability to differentiate can be developed only by practising mock tests and previous year papers.
  • Before solving the questions look at the number of variables involved, generally the more the variables are, the higher is the difficulty level of the question.
  • Practice regularly and solve as many mock test papers and previous year papers as possible.

How to Solve IPMAT Syllogism questions?

Syllogism is an inference or deduction of the given statements. This is ‘undoubtedly’ the most important part of logical reasoning. It consists of a major and minor premise, leading to a conclusion. For example,

Major: Every crime is deplorable 

Minor: Eve teasing is a crime

Conclusion: Eve teasing is deplorable

In these types of questions generally, premises are given and you are asked to derive conclusions on the basis of the relationship between statements. The best method to solve these questions is to use a Venn diagram. The various types of syllogism questions asked in management entrances are listed below:

  • All A’s are B’s- there will be two possible Venn diagrams for this statement. If all A’s are B’s then either all B’s are A’s or some B’s are A’s.

  • Some A’s are B’s- there can only be one Venn diagram to represent it, as there will be some B’s that are not A.

  • No A is B- Conclusion will be that No B is A

The best method for solving these questions is to use inference from Venn diagrams.

For Example.

Example 1. A. Some curtains are cloth

  1. All cloth is wood
  2. All that is wood is cloth
  3. All cloth is curtains
  4. All curtains are wood
  5. Some curtains are Woods

ipmat mock test

ipmat Mock test

Identify the logically correct sequence

a. BED b. BDF c. FAB d. FBA

BDF is the most logical sequence here since if we take B and D as the premise, then the curtains which are cloth will also be wood.

Example 2. 

(A) No hyenas laugh. Some who laugh are lions. Some lions are not hyenas. 

(B) All ghosts are red. Some ghosts do not dance. Some dancers are not red. 

(C) Australians indulge in swearing. Those who swear are fined. Some who are fined are not Australians.

(D) Some Europeans are Spanish. All Europeans are British. Some British are Spanish. 

Identify the logically correct premises

(a) A and B (b) C only (c) A and D (d) D only

Solution:

Obviously, the lions who laugh are not hyenas. Hence, the conclusion is justified. 

   

It is obvious that whatever circle we draw for Spanish (apart from the one shown) will have to intersect the circle for Europeans. This in effect means that it has also to intersect with the British circle.

Hence, the conclusion that 'Some British are Spanish' is justified.

It is obvious that whatever circle we draw for Spanish (apart from the one shown) it will have to intersect the circle for Europeans. This in effect means that it has also to intersect with the British circle. Hence, the 

conclusion that 'Some British are Spanish' is justified

How to Solve IPMAT Blood Relation questions?

The only skill set required to solve these kinds of questions is general logic or the ability to translate the given situation in the question into pictorial representation. The more easily we do this, the easier it will be to solve the questions based on relations. Below are some tips to solve questions based on blood relations.

  • These questions should ideally be handled from the back end.
  • Perform a generation check—Keep track of the generational level—is the answer from the same generation as the subject, or is it from a generation higher or lower than the subject?
  • This may not always provide you with the answer, but it will help you narrow down your alternatives.

Example 1. If X is the brother of the son of Y’s son, how is X related to Y? 

Solution. Son of Y’s Son – Grandson of Y – Brother of the son of Y’s son = Brother of (Grandson of Y) = Grandson of Y

Example 2. Amit introduces Rahul as the son of the only brother of his father’s wife. How is Rahul related to Amit? 

(a) Cousin (b) Son (c) Uncle (d) Son-in-law Solution 

Solution. 

Father’s wife = Mother [A generation above] 

The only brother of his father’s wife = Only brother of his Mother = Maternal Uncle [A generation above]

Son of the only brother of his father’s wife = Son of Maternal Uncle = Cousin [Same generation]

Hence, Option A. is the correct Choice.

Example 3 

  • A + B means A is the mother of B 
  • A – B means A is the brother B 
  • A @ B means A is the father of B 
  • A × B means A is the sister of B

Which of the following shows that P is the maternal uncle of Q? 

(a) Q – N + M × P (b) P + S × N – Q (c) P – M + N × Q (d) Q – S @ P 

Solution 

We have to obtain that P is the maternal uncle of Q. P is the brother of the mother of Q (

(a) Q – N + M × P 

Q – N means Q is the brother of N. N + M means that N is the mother of M. Using the above two statements, we can say that Q is the maternal uncle of M. Now to show that P is the maternal uncle of Q, next relation should be M is the brother/sister of Q. M × P = M is the sister of P. So, the final relation that comes out is – Q is the maternal uncle of M and M is the sister of P, hence Q is the maternal uncle of P. 

(b) P + S × N – Q P + S × N = P is the mother of S and S is the sister of N 1 P is the mother of N N – Q = N is the brother of B 1 P is the mother of B. Hence not true. 

(c) P – M + N × Q P – M + N = P is the brother of M and M is the mother of N 1 P is the maternal uncle of N Next, N × Q = N is the sister of Q We already know that P is the maternal uncle of N and N is the sister of Q 1 P is the maternal uncle of Q. Hence option (c) is the answer.

Read more: Short tricks to attempt multiplication and division questions in IPMAT

How to Solve Logical Reasoning Questions based on Arrangements?

Arrangements is one of the most asked and scoring topics of the IPMAT exam. In these questions, you will have to arrange people or objects in a geometrical shape as per the rules provided in the question. The ability to solve these questions depends on your visual skills.

The best method to solve these questions is to map the given data as per the clues provided. To ease out your preparation, we have curated few sample questions for your reference here.

Example 1. Directions: Study the information given below to answer these questions. 

(i) Arnold’s fitness schedule consists of cycling, rowing, gymnasium, jogging and boxing from Monday to Saturday, each workout is on one day, one day being a rest day. 

(ii) Gymnasium workout is done neither on the first nor on the last day but is done earlier than rowing. 

(iii) Jogging is done on the immediate next day of the rowing day. 

(iv) Cycling is done on the immediate previous day of the rest day. 

(v) Jogging and boxing were done with a two-day gap between them. 

(vi) Boxing was done on the day following the rest day.

Solution:

  1. From the second and third clues (gymnasium workout is done neither on the first nor on the last day but was done earlier than rowing and jogging was done on the day immediately following the rowing day), we know that rowing and jogging should be together and also that gymnasium has to be somewhere before this. Therefore G ⇒ RJ
  2. Since gymnasium has to precede rowing and jogging, and gymnasium is not on the first day we can have 3 possibilities for placing the gymnasium—viz: Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday. 
  3. From four and five Cycling ⇒ Rest ⇒Boxing, therefore, CRB are together
  4. If Gymnasium is done on Tuesday or Wednesday, then there won't be any thre-day window for CRB. Therefore Gymnasium can only be done on Thursday
Monday Cycling
Tuesday  Rest
Wednesday Boxing
Thursday  Gymnasium
Friday Rowing
Saturday Jogging

Q2. Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions. 

(i) Alex, Betsy, Chloe, Dennis, Edward, Fiona, Giles, and Herbert are gamblers sitting around a round table facing the center. 

(ii) Dennis is the neighbour of Alex but not of Herbert. 

(iii) Betsy is the neighbour of Fiona and 4th to the left of Dennis. 

(iv) Edward is the neighbour of Herbert and 3 rd to the right of Fiona. 

(v) Chloe is neither the neighbour of Alex nor of Giles.

Solution. 

From i and iii. placing D at 1st position, we have two possibilities of placing F. 

From (iv) Edward is the third to the right of Fiona. The 1st case above is rejected. Now Herbest is next to Edward. There will be two cases.

  

Now, from clue (v), Chloe can’t be the neighbour of Giles. Therefore, reject Case II (c). Again, since Chloe can’t be the neighbour of Alex, the final seating arrangement will be as follows:

How to solve Direction Test questions asked in IPMAT?

These are some of the easiest questions of logical reasoning sections. The best way to solve Direction test questions is to visualise or position places in a map.

Questions about directions would involve reasoning based on the eight directions on a map – viz: north, northeast, east, southeast, south, southwest, west and northwest. Look at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Direction for Questions 1 to 2: Answer the questions based on the following information. The city K is 30 km to the southeast of Z while Y is 50 km to the northwest of K. Also, H is 38 km to the southeast of Y. L lies in the direct route between Y and K and its distance from H is 14 km. G also lies on this route and is exactly midway between L and Y. 

Q1. A car starting from K at 9 am and running at a constant speed towards Y reaches H at 9.24 am and then reaches G at (a) 9.18 am (b) 10.16 am (c) 10.36 am (d) 10.42 am 

Q2. If M is 1 km to the southeast of L, then it is exactly midway between (a) H and L (b) Y and K (c) H and Z (d) None of these 3. The distance from G to H is (a) 26 km (b) 24 km (c) 12 km (d) 16 km 

Solution. The respective positioning of the cities K, H, L, Z, G and Y are shown below.

(1) The car covers K to H—a distance of 12 km in 24 minutes according to the figure (starting at 9 am and reaching at 9:24 am). From H to G, the distance is 26 km. (18 H to Z + 8 Z to G). 

Since the car has covered 12 km in 24 minutes, it is obvious that it is taking 2 minutes to cover 1 km. We also know that the speed of the car is constant throughout. Hence, the car would take another 52 minutes to cover the 26 km distance between H to G. This means that the car would reach G at 10:16 am (52 minutes after 9:24 am). Hence, Option (b) is correct. 

(2) The total distance between Y and K is 50 km (20 km from Y to Z and 30 km from Z to K). If M is 1 km southeast of L, it means that M is 4+1 = 5 km from Z. This would also mean that M is 25 km from Y. Hence, M would be exactly midway between Y and K. Option (b) is correct. (3) G to Z, the distance is 8 km (20 km from Y to Z – 12 km from Y to G). Further, from Z to H the distance is 18 km (from the figure based on the logic that if H is 38 km southeast of Y and Z is 20 km southeast of Y, the distance from Z to H would be 38 – 20). Total distance would be 8 + 18 = 26 km. Option (a) is correct.

How to Solve Questions based on Course of Action?

These questions have been an important part of management entrance exams, in these questions we have to select the best course of action for a particular situation given in the question. Course of Action based questions tests your ability on how a situation can be handled. Look at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Directions: In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two courses of action. A course of action is taken for improvement, follow up, etc. Read the statement carefully and give your answer as 

(a) If only the course of action I follow. 

(b) If only course of action II follows. 

(c) If both I and II follow. 

(d) If neither course of action I nor II follows. 

Q1 Statement: The presence of mafiosi in the education system of UP has increased drastically. 

Courses of Action I. There should be a special task force constituted to clean the system of its ills. 

  1. The U.P government should resign immediately. 

Solution. Course of action I follow, because it is necessary to tackle such antisocial elements. Course of action II does not follow because the resignation of the government is unlikely to improve the situation. Hence, option (a) is correct.

Q2 Statement: In a recent survey by the National Health mission it was shown that fruits and vegetables which contain certain vitamins have a higher effect on human health than capsules marketed by private companies that contain the same vitamins. 

Courses of Action I. Such vitamin capsules marketed by private companies should be banned with immediate effect. 

  1. People should prefer fruits and vegetables to capsules marketed by private companies. 

Solution. The course of action I do not follow because we are only making a comparison between the effects of food and vegetables against the effect of capsules. Capsules have just been found to be less effective and it does not mean that they are harmful. Course of action II follows because fruits and vegetables are preferable to capsules for their positive effect on health. Hence, option (b) is correct.

How to Solve Questions based on Statement and Assumptions?

In these questions you will be provided with a statement and some assumptions based on it, you will have to test whether an assumption is implied in the statement or not. ook at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit. Given answer 

(a) If only assumption I is implicit. 

(b) If only assumption II is implicit. 

(c) If both I and II are implicit. 

(d) If neither I nor II is implicit. 

Q1.Statement: Strong programming skills cannot be the only criteria for a successful career in the field of Information Technology. 

Assumptions 1. Bright careers in Information Technology are not linked only with strong programming skills. 

  1. If a person has excellent communication skills as well as strong programming skills, only then would he be successful. 

Solution. Clearly, there should be some other skills such as interpersonal skills, communication skills, negotiation skills, etc., for a successful career. Hence, assumption I is implicit. Assumption II is not implicit because it talks only about communication and technical skills. Hence option (a) is correct. 

How to Solve Logical Reasoning Questions based on Ranking?

In these questions, we have to order people or objects according to a specific parameter as provided in the question. The key ability required for solving these questions is the ability to structure as per the clues provided. These questions are generally asked in the IPMAT Exam. Look at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Example 1 Directions for Questions 1 to 2

  1. Six students A, B, C, D, E and F participated in a self-evaluation test of Quants and Data Interpretation 
  2. The total marks of A in Quants was just above C and in D.I. just above F. 

iii. B was just above C in D.I. but he scored less than D in Quants. 

  1. F got more marks than D and E in D.I. but did not perform as well in Quants as in D.I. as compared to D and E. 
  2. No one is in between C and D in Quant and C and A in D.I. 

Q1. Who got the highest marks in D.I.? 

(a) A (b) B (c) C (d) Data inadequate 

Q2. Which of the following students has scored the least in D.I.? 

(a) Only D (b) Only E (c) Only D or E (d) None of these

Solution.

From the second statement we have: 

Q. Test DI Test
A A
C F

From three and four

Q. Test DI Test
A A
C F
D & E above F D & E below F

From (v), the final result would be

Q. Test DI Test
A B
C C
A
B is less than D F
F is below D and E D and E are below F
E can be placed anywhere, 

Important Syllogism questions for IPMAT 2023

Directions for Questions 1 to 3: In each of the questions below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements as true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answers 

(a) if only the conclusion I follow. (b) if only conclusion II follows. 

(c) if either I or II follows. (d) if neither I nor II follows (e) if both follow 

Q1. Statements: 

(A) All cats are dogs. (B) All dogs are brown. 

Conclusions: 

  1. All cats are brown II. All brown are dogs. 

Q2. Statements: 

(A) All computers are pentiums. (B) Some pentiums are machines

Conclusions: 

  1. Some computers are machines. II. Some machines are computers. 

Q3. Statements: 

(A) Some apples are fruit. (B) Some fruits are sour. 

Conclusions: 

  1. Some apples are sour. II. Some sours are fruit.

Directions for Questions 4 to 7: In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts. 

Q4. Statements: 

(A) Some apples are fruits. (B) All vegetables are fruits. (C) All fruits are vegetables. Conclusions: 

  1. Some apples are vegetables. II. All vegetables are fruits.

III. All fruits are apples. IV. All vegetables are apples. 

(a) Only I and II follow. (b) Only II follows. (c) Only I and IV follow. 

(d) Only II and IV follow. (e) None of these. 

Q5. Statements: 

(A) Some cars are four wheelers. (B) All four wheelers are vehicles. (C) Some vehicles are SUVs.

Conclusions: 

  1. Some SUVs are four wheelers. II. Some vehicles are four wheelers. 

III. Some vehicles are cars. IV. Some SUVs are cars. 

(a) All follow (b) Only II & III follow 

(c) Only III follows (d) Either III or IV follows (e) None of these. 

Q6. Statements: 

(A) All principals are men. (B) Some women are principals. (C) All humans are women. Conclusions: 

  1. All humans are men. II. Some humans are principals. 

III. Some men are principals. IV. All women are men. 

(a) Only I follows (b) Only II follows 

(c) Only I and III follow (d) Only III follows (e) None of these. 

Q7. Statements: 

(A) Most architects are writers. (B) No writer is a driver. (C) All drivers are architects. Conclusions: 

  1. Some writers are architects. II. All architects are drivers.

III. No driver is a writer. IV. Some drivers are writers. 

(a) Only I follow. (b) Only II and III follow. 

(c) Only I and III follow (d) Either III or IV follows. (e) None of these

Directions for Questions 8 to 10: Each question contains six statements, followed by four options of combinations of any three of the given sentences. Choose the option in which the combinations are logically related. 

Q8. A) All Martians eat sausages. B) All those who eat sausages are not Martians. 

  1. C) All those who eat sausages are herbivorous. D) All Martians are carnivorous.
  2. E) All those who eat sausages are carnivorous. F) Martians are herbivorous. 

(a) BCE (b) ABE (c) ACD (d) ACF 

Q9. A) All lotuses have flowers. B) All lotuses have nectar. 

  1. C) All plants with nectar have flowers. D) All shrubs have lotuses. 
  2. E) All shrubs have nectar. F) Some lotuses have flowers 

(a) BEF (b) BCF (c) BDE (d) ACF 

Q10. A) No summer is a season. B) Some seasons are summers. 

  1. C) Some seasons are winters. D) No seasons are winters. 
  2. E) Some summers are not winters. F) All summers are winters. 

(a) DFA (b) BEF (c) CEB (d) DEB

Directions for Questions 11 to 13: Each question contains four arguments of three sentences each. Choose the set in which the third statement is a logical conclusion of the first two.

Q11 I. Some bikes are mopeds. All mopeds are scooters. Some bikes are scooters. 

  1. All children are hairs. None of the hairs are red. No children are red. 

III. No pencil is a pen. Some pens are markers. Some pencils are markers. 

  1. Every man has a wife. All wives are devoted. No one devoted has a husband. 

(a) I, II and III (b) I and II (c) III and II (d) I, II and III and IV 

Q12. I. No moon is not red. All stars are moon. All the stars are red. 

  1. All doors are open. No open is outdoors. All doors are not outdoors. 

III. No Japanese can fire. All Chinese are books. Japanese and Chinese can fight. 

  1. No A is B. No B is C. No A is C. 

(a) I only (b) II only (c) I & II only (d) IV only 

Q13. I. All envelopes are rectangles. All rectangles are rectangular. All envelopes are rectangular. 

  1. Some things are smart. Some smart things are tiny. Some things are tiny. 

III. Learneds are well read. Well read know. Learneds know.

  1. Dieting is good for your health. Healthy foods are rare. Dieting is rare. 

(a) IV only (b) III only (c) Both I and III (d) All of these

Important Blood Relation questions for IPMAT 2023

Q1. A girl introduced a boy as the son of the daughter of the father of her maternal uncle. The boy is girl’s:

  1. a) Son (b) Uncle (c) Son-in-law (d) cannot be determined 

Q2. Pointing to a photograph, a man tells his friend ‘She is the daughter of the only son of my father’s wife’. How is the girl in the photograph related to the man? 

(a) Daughter (b) Cousin (c) Mother (d) Sister

Directions for questions 3 to 5: Read the passage below and solve the questions based on it. There is a family of six persons A, B, C, D, E and F. Following information pertains to the members of this family: 

(a) There are two married couples and the family members belong to three generations. 

(b) Each member has a distinct choice of colour among green, yellow, black, white, red and blue. 

(c) No lady member likes green or white colour. 

(d) C, who likes black colour, is the daughter-in-law of E. 

(e) B is the brother of F and son of D and he likes blue. 

(f) A is grandmother of F and F does not like red. 

(g) There is a man who likes green and his wife likes yellow. 

Q3. Which of the following is one of the married couples? (a) CD (b) DA (c) AC (d) none of these. 

Q4. How many male members are there in the family? (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 1

Directions for questions 5to 6: Read the passage below and solve the questions based on it. 

(i) In a family of six members A, B, C, D, E and F each one plays one game out of the six games snooker, Carom, Table Tennis, badminton, Bridge and Cricket. 

(ii) Two are married couples. 

(iii) B who plays carom, is daughter in law of E. 

(iv) A is the father of D, the Table Tennis player, and D is the father of C, who plays cricket. 

(v) F is the brother of (c) 

(vi) Snooker is not played by a female member. 

(vii) E’s husband plays Badminton. 

Q5. Who among them plays bridge? (a) E (b) F (c) A (d) Data Inadequate 

Q6. How is F related to A? (a) Granddaughter (b) Grandson (c) Son (d) Daughter

Q7.

  • A @ B means A is the sister of B 
  • A $ B means B is the mother of A 
  • A + B means A is the brother of B 
  • A = B means B is the father of A. 

Which of the following means M is the maternal uncle of N? 

(a) M = P + Q @ N (b) N + P = Q @ M (c) N @ P $ Q @ M (d) None of these 

Q8 

  • M x N means M is the daughter of N
  • M + N means M is the father of N
  • M % N means M is the mother of N 
  • M – N means M is the brother of N. 

Given that P % Q + R – T x K, what is the relation of P to K? 

(a) Daughter-in-law (b) Sister-in-law (c) Aunt (d) None of these

Important questions based on Arrangements for IPMAT 2022

Directions for questions 1-2: These questions are based on the information that follows. In a row of soldiers facing North, 

(i) Lambert is 8 th to the right of Khurusheva; 

(ii) Mickey is 16 th from the left end; 

(iii) Lambert is 16 th to the right of Jackson, who is 27 th from the right end of the row; 

(iv) Khurusheva is nearer than Mickey to the right end of the row; 

(v) there are 5 boys between Mickey and Khurusheva. 

Q1. How many soldiers are there between Jackson and Mickey? 

(a) One (b) Two (c) Three (d) Data inadequate 

Q2. How far away is Khurusheva from the right end of the row? 

(a) 30 th (b) 10 th (a) 19 th (b) 18 th

Directions for Questions 3-4: (Question Category: Matching Puzzle) Study the following information and answer the questions that follow: 

  1. Six picture cards P, Q, R, S, T and U are framed in six different colours – blue, red green, grey yellow and brown and are arranged from left to right (not necessarily in the same order). 
  2. The pictures are of the king, princess, queen, palace, joker and prince. 

iii. The picture of the palace is in the blue colour frame but is not on card S and card P which is of the queen, is in the brown frame and is placed at the extreme right. 

  1. The picture of the princess is neither on card S nor on card T and is not in either the green or the yellow frame. Card R has a picture of the king in a grey frame and it is fifth from right and next to card Q having the picture of the prince. 

Q3. If the princess’s card is immediately between the cards of the palace and the prince, then at what number is the joker’s card placed from the left? 

(a) Fifth (b) Second (c) First (d) Data inadequate 

Q4. Which is the correct combination of card and frame colours? 

(a) T-Yellow (b) U-Red (c) Q-Green (d) Data inadequate

Directions for Questions 5 to 6: Study the following information and answer the questions that follow: 

A company is planning to organise 8 lectures—A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H for 3 subjects —Quants, D.I. and English. The lectures are spread over three days. Quants are to be covered first in 3 lectures followed by English and then D.I. in 2 lectures. Lectures A, C and D have to be different days. (Lectures B and F have to be on the same day), but lecture B cannot be clubbed with A or G or D. Lecture G and H should come on the same day. Lecture A is a lecture on Quants and Lecture C cannot be on the last day. It is also known that there are at least 3 lectures on day 

Q5. Which of the following pairs of lectures can go along with lecture ‘A’ on Quants? 

(a) B, C (b) G, H (c) D, E (d) Data inadequate 

Q6. Which combination of lectures was arranged on the second day of the series? 

(a) D, E, F (b) B, C, E (c) C, G, H (d) Data inadequate

Directions for Questions 7-8: 

In a bar, there are seven frequent visitors who visit the bar daily. On being asked about their visit to the bar the preceding Sunday, the following were the answers: 

Jai Chand: I came in first and the next two persons to enter were Sohan Singh and Shail Munshi. When I left the bar, Jai Prakash and Vinod Rai were present in the bar. Deepak Garg left with me. 

Jai Prakash: When I entered the bar with Vinod Rai, Jai Chand was sitting there. There was someone else also, but I was not in a position to recognise him. 

Shail Munshi; I went to the bar for a short while last Sunday and met Jai Chand, Sohan Singh and Deepak Garg there. 

Sohan Singh: I left immediately after Shail Munshi left. 

Deepak Garg: I met Jai Chand, Sohan Singh, Shail Munshi, Jai Prakash and Vinod Rai during my first visit to the bar. But I got an urgent call and came out of the bar with Jai Chand. When I went to the bar the second time, Jai Prakash and Vinod Rai were there. 

Pradeep Kumar: I had some urgent work, so I did not sit in the bar for a long time. Jai Prakash and Deepak Garg were the only people in the bar while I was there. 

Vinod Rai: I was drunk and I don’t remember anything.

Q7. Who among Jai Prakash and Deepak Garg entered the bar first? 

(a) Jai Prakash (b) Deepak Garg (c) Both entered (d) Cannot be determined 

Q8. Who was sitting with Jai Chand when Jai Prakash entered the bar? 

(a) Sohan Singh (b) Shail Munshi (c) Deepak Garg (d) Pradeep Kumar

Important questions based on Statements and Assumptions for IPMAT 2023

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit. Given answer 

(a) If only assumption I is implicit. 

(b) If only assumption II is implicit. 

(c) If both I and II are implicit. 

(d) If neither I nor II is implicit. 

Q1 Statement: The maximum IAS exam selection will be from our institute—A director of a coaching institution. 

Assumptions I. Most of the students who study in this institute are geniuses. 

  1. II. Teachers of the coaching institution are preparing their students thoroughly. 

Solution: Assumption I is irrelevant because there might be some other genius students who are studying in other coaching institutions. Assumption II is implicit. A coaching institution can only claim such statements if it is preparing its students thoroughly. Hence, option (b) is correct.

Q2 Statement: Over a cricketing career most players would do well to remember that there is only one thing that overcomes hard luck—hard work. 

Assumptions I. If a cricketer is hardworking, he/she can easily tackle the toughest phases of his cricketing career. 

  1. A cricketer writes his/her own destiny by hard work. 

Solution. Both the statements are implicit. All cricket players face difficult times in their careers, but only those succeed, who confront these phases bravely and work hard to overcome them. In this way, hard luck becomes insignificant for a cricketer. Hence, option (c) is correct.

Important questions based on Ranking for IPMAT 2022

Directions for Questions 1 to 4: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below: 

Five geeks (enthusiasts) entered a comic book character costume contest held during the comic con festival. The contestants dressed up and were given two awards—one for being best in a particular category (i.e. strongest, smartest, most efficient, scariest and powerful) and one for being ranked (i.e. 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , 4 th and 5 th ). Determine who wore what costume and what two awards they received. 

(i) The winner of the most efficient character’s costume was ranked just above Sacha’s character’s costume (which wasn't superman). 

(ii) The winner of the strongest category (which wasn't Wonder Woman) was not worn by Billy. 

(iii) The joker’s costume was ranked just above Sacha’s costume (which wasn’t the strongest costume winner). 

(iv) The Wonderwoman costume ranked just above the scariest costume and just below Vladimirs’s costume. 

(v) The Batman costume was placed just higher than the winner of the strongest costume and just lower than Catherine’s costume. 

(vi) The Lex Luthor costume ranked just above Jelena’s (which wasn’t the Superman) and just below the smartest. 

Q1 Who among the following ranked fifth? (a) Billy (b) Jelena (c) Vladimir (d) Can’t be determined 

Q2 Who among the following got the award for the scariest costume? (a) Billy (b) Catharine (c) Sacha (d) Vladimir 

Q3. Which of the following is the costume of Sacha? (a) Joker (b) Batman (c) Lex Luthor (d) Wonder Woman 

Q4 Which of the following shows the correct order of ranks 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , 4 th and 5 th respectively? (a) Billy, Jelena, Vladimir, Sacha, Catherine (b) Vladimir, Sacha, Catherine, Billy, Jelena 

(c) Catherine, Sacha, Vladimir, Jelena, Billy (d) Vladimir, Billy, Catherine, Sacha, Jelena

Frequently Asked Questions

It completely depends on you and your understanding of topics. There are few aspirants who are good at understanding and grasping concepts quickly while some are too slow. On average, if starting to prepare from basics it will take a minimum of 2-3 months.
Through Venn diagram you can easily solve the syllogism question in the IPMAT exam.
There is no formula to solve para jumble questions. You just need to link a sentence to another with linking words in order to complete the paragraph in a logical way.
Logical Sequence Series, Coding, Arrangements, Blood Relations, Input & Output, Binary Logic, Critical Reasoning, Statements, and Conclusions, Syllogisms, True or False are some of the important topics under logical reasoning for IPMAT 2022.
A total of 40 questions are asked from logical reasoning in IPMAT exam.
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Tricks to Attempt Logical Reasoning for IPMAT 2023

Author : Palak Khanna

Updated On : August 3, 2022

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Logical Reasoning is an integral part of the IPMAT and other management entrance examinations. It holds about one-third weightage in the IPMAT exam.

IPMAT Indore does not have a separate LR section, LR questions are generally asked in the QA section only. Logical reasoning and Data interpretation are of paramount importance in the IPMAT examination as one can score higher marks in this section.

Unlike theory exams, logical reasoning cannot be excelled by studying theoretical concepts, it's an application-based topic that can only be aced by the practice of application-based questions. 

The ability to solve these questions depends on your ability to recognize and evaluate the logic presented in the question. The better you understand and comprehend arguments and logic, the better you will be at LR questions. To ease out your preparation, we have accumulated important Tips and Tricks to attempt Logical Reasoning Questions with ease along with solving previous year's IPMAT questions and a few self-designed questions by Supergrads faculty.

How to Start Preparing for the Logical Reasoning section of IPMAT 2023?

Before you go ahead with your preparation for the IPMAT, you need to know about the exam syllabus and pattern.

In the IPMAT exam, about 30-35 questions will be asked from the logical reasoning and Data Interpretation section. The reasoning is predominantly an experientially learned subject, that is, a subject learned mostly via practice.

  • The main objective while preparing for the reasoning section is to develop the skills and abilities required to understand the argumentative logic asked in the questions. 
  • Make a comprehensive study plan consisting of all the topics with a strict schedule giving sufficient time for revision.
  • After every topic, solve at least 100 questions to develop the best techniques and thought processes required to address LR problems.

Download Free Study Material for IPMAT Exam by SuperGrads

You must methodically plan your preparation and learn with enthusiasm. Solving puzzle-related questions that require reasoning on a daily basis will definitely help you enhance your logical skills.

What are the Important Topics for the IPMAT Logical Reasoning section?

Before you begin with preparation, be aware of the complete syllabus as it will help you get some idea about the important topics for the IPMAT exam.

The table below shows the topics you need to focus on in the logical reasoning section.

Blood Relations Syllogism Arrangements
Direction Sense Logical Deduction Ranking
Statement and Conclusions Set Theory Team Formation
Statement and Assumptions Binary Logic Quantitative Reasoning
Assertion and Reason Critical Reasoning Puzzles
Statement- Course of Action Mathematical operations  Coding and Decoding

ipmat online coaching

ipmat online coaching

How to prepare for the Logical Reasoning Section of IPMAT 2023?

Logical reasoning is the most scorable section of IPMAT, and a significant part of it depends on your approach during the preparation phase. You can consider below IPMAT Logical Reasoning Preparation tips for enhancing your preparation:

Active Learning

  • Passive reading is going through any content in a real time frame without putting any effort to induce the learning, assuming that there will be a tomorrow when you would come back to the same content and learn the things given. 
  • An active learner is keeping a piece of paper and a pencil/pen with yourself so that you can integrate the various activities like reading–learning–practising at the same time. 
  • Candidates should actively read as it can definitely help them understand better than passive reading.

Logical Process

  • The first step in the logical process of learning is to understand all the concepts of that topic and solve questions based on it.
  • The second step is to visualize problems by mental development, this will help you solve a major level of questions through mental mapping only, without using pen and paper.

Practice sessions

Practise sessions will help candidates to be prepared for the exam in the best possible manner/

  • Candidates need to practice as many mock and previous year's papers as possible to crack the exam comfortably.
  • Also, a set of repeated questions will be asked each year in the exam from the previous year's papers, so it will be easier to score marks in the exam. 
  • Attempting a mock will help you build confidence, improve temperament, and understand the types of questions asked in the examination. 
  • Now comes the most important thing, which is to analyze your progress. Analyzing a mock will help you build new concepts and correct conceptual and silly mistakes.

 Strengths and Weaknesses

  • Throughout the planning phase, candidates should be aware of their own flaws and strengths.
  • It will aid the development of strong areas as well as the understanding of weak areas that require more focus. 
  • Analyze what went wrong, go through everything that can be improved, and come up with alternate techniques to increase your speed and efficiency.
  • Follow up on your study plan on a regular basis; consistency and perseverance are critical for success in the aptitude exams.

How to Attempt Logical Reasoning Questions of IPMAT 2023?

One of the most important things is to identify questions that you can solve, the ability to identify your level of questions can help you differentiate from others. You can consider the below tips while solving logical reasoning questions for IPMAT

  • Clear your concepts and understand the foundation of the topics from the logical reasoning syllabus from the best books.
  • Work on developing a system to identify the difficulty level of a question. All questions are language intensive, they all look the same. The Ability to differentiate can be developed only by practising mock tests and previous year papers.
  • Before solving the questions look at the number of variables involved, generally the more the variables are, the higher is the difficulty level of the question.
  • Practice regularly and solve as many mock test papers and previous year papers as possible.

How to Solve IPMAT Syllogism questions?

Syllogism is an inference or deduction of the given statements. This is ‘undoubtedly’ the most important part of logical reasoning. It consists of a major and minor premise, leading to a conclusion. For example,

Major: Every crime is deplorable 

Minor: Eve teasing is a crime

Conclusion: Eve teasing is deplorable

In these types of questions generally, premises are given and you are asked to derive conclusions on the basis of the relationship between statements. The best method to solve these questions is to use a Venn diagram. The various types of syllogism questions asked in management entrances are listed below:

  • All A’s are B’s- there will be two possible Venn diagrams for this statement. If all A’s are B’s then either all B’s are A’s or some B’s are A’s.

  • Some A’s are B’s- there can only be one Venn diagram to represent it, as there will be some B’s that are not A.

  • No A is B- Conclusion will be that No B is A

The best method for solving these questions is to use inference from Venn diagrams.

For Example.

Example 1. A. Some curtains are cloth

  1. All cloth is wood
  2. All that is wood is cloth
  3. All cloth is curtains
  4. All curtains are wood
  5. Some curtains are Woods

ipmat mock test

ipmat Mock test

Identify the logically correct sequence

a. BED b. BDF c. FAB d. FBA

BDF is the most logical sequence here since if we take B and D as the premise, then the curtains which are cloth will also be wood.

Example 2. 

(A) No hyenas laugh. Some who laugh are lions. Some lions are not hyenas. 

(B) All ghosts are red. Some ghosts do not dance. Some dancers are not red. 

(C) Australians indulge in swearing. Those who swear are fined. Some who are fined are not Australians.

(D) Some Europeans are Spanish. All Europeans are British. Some British are Spanish. 

Identify the logically correct premises

(a) A and B (b) C only (c) A and D (d) D only

Solution:

Obviously, the lions who laugh are not hyenas. Hence, the conclusion is justified. 

   

It is obvious that whatever circle we draw for Spanish (apart from the one shown) will have to intersect the circle for Europeans. This in effect means that it has also to intersect with the British circle.

Hence, the conclusion that 'Some British are Spanish' is justified.

It is obvious that whatever circle we draw for Spanish (apart from the one shown) it will have to intersect the circle for Europeans. This in effect means that it has also to intersect with the British circle. Hence, the 

conclusion that 'Some British are Spanish' is justified

How to Solve IPMAT Blood Relation questions?

The only skill set required to solve these kinds of questions is general logic or the ability to translate the given situation in the question into pictorial representation. The more easily we do this, the easier it will be to solve the questions based on relations. Below are some tips to solve questions based on blood relations.

  • These questions should ideally be handled from the back end.
  • Perform a generation check—Keep track of the generational level—is the answer from the same generation as the subject, or is it from a generation higher or lower than the subject?
  • This may not always provide you with the answer, but it will help you narrow down your alternatives.

Example 1. If X is the brother of the son of Y’s son, how is X related to Y? 

Solution. Son of Y’s Son – Grandson of Y – Brother of the son of Y’s son = Brother of (Grandson of Y) = Grandson of Y

Example 2. Amit introduces Rahul as the son of the only brother of his father’s wife. How is Rahul related to Amit? 

(a) Cousin (b) Son (c) Uncle (d) Son-in-law Solution 

Solution. 

Father’s wife = Mother [A generation above] 

The only brother of his father’s wife = Only brother of his Mother = Maternal Uncle [A generation above]

Son of the only brother of his father’s wife = Son of Maternal Uncle = Cousin [Same generation]

Hence, Option A. is the correct Choice.

Example 3 

  • A + B means A is the mother of B 
  • A – B means A is the brother B 
  • A @ B means A is the father of B 
  • A × B means A is the sister of B

Which of the following shows that P is the maternal uncle of Q? 

(a) Q – N + M × P (b) P + S × N – Q (c) P – M + N × Q (d) Q – S @ P 

Solution 

We have to obtain that P is the maternal uncle of Q. P is the brother of the mother of Q (

(a) Q – N + M × P 

Q – N means Q is the brother of N. N + M means that N is the mother of M. Using the above two statements, we can say that Q is the maternal uncle of M. Now to show that P is the maternal uncle of Q, next relation should be M is the brother/sister of Q. M × P = M is the sister of P. So, the final relation that comes out is – Q is the maternal uncle of M and M is the sister of P, hence Q is the maternal uncle of P. 

(b) P + S × N – Q P + S × N = P is the mother of S and S is the sister of N 1 P is the mother of N N – Q = N is the brother of B 1 P is the mother of B. Hence not true. 

(c) P – M + N × Q P – M + N = P is the brother of M and M is the mother of N 1 P is the maternal uncle of N Next, N × Q = N is the sister of Q We already know that P is the maternal uncle of N and N is the sister of Q 1 P is the maternal uncle of Q. Hence option (c) is the answer.

Read more: Short tricks to attempt multiplication and division questions in IPMAT

How to Solve Logical Reasoning Questions based on Arrangements?

Arrangements is one of the most asked and scoring topics of the IPMAT exam. In these questions, you will have to arrange people or objects in a geometrical shape as per the rules provided in the question. The ability to solve these questions depends on your visual skills.

The best method to solve these questions is to map the given data as per the clues provided. To ease out your preparation, we have curated few sample questions for your reference here.

Example 1. Directions: Study the information given below to answer these questions. 

(i) Arnold’s fitness schedule consists of cycling, rowing, gymnasium, jogging and boxing from Monday to Saturday, each workout is on one day, one day being a rest day. 

(ii) Gymnasium workout is done neither on the first nor on the last day but is done earlier than rowing. 

(iii) Jogging is done on the immediate next day of the rowing day. 

(iv) Cycling is done on the immediate previous day of the rest day. 

(v) Jogging and boxing were done with a two-day gap between them. 

(vi) Boxing was done on the day following the rest day.

Solution:

  1. From the second and third clues (gymnasium workout is done neither on the first nor on the last day but was done earlier than rowing and jogging was done on the day immediately following the rowing day), we know that rowing and jogging should be together and also that gymnasium has to be somewhere before this. Therefore G ⇒ RJ
  2. Since gymnasium has to precede rowing and jogging, and gymnasium is not on the first day we can have 3 possibilities for placing the gymnasium—viz: Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday. 
  3. From four and five Cycling ⇒ Rest ⇒Boxing, therefore, CRB are together
  4. If Gymnasium is done on Tuesday or Wednesday, then there won't be any thre-day window for CRB. Therefore Gymnasium can only be done on Thursday
Monday Cycling
Tuesday  Rest
Wednesday Boxing
Thursday  Gymnasium
Friday Rowing
Saturday Jogging

Q2. Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions. 

(i) Alex, Betsy, Chloe, Dennis, Edward, Fiona, Giles, and Herbert are gamblers sitting around a round table facing the center. 

(ii) Dennis is the neighbour of Alex but not of Herbert. 

(iii) Betsy is the neighbour of Fiona and 4th to the left of Dennis. 

(iv) Edward is the neighbour of Herbert and 3 rd to the right of Fiona. 

(v) Chloe is neither the neighbour of Alex nor of Giles.

Solution. 

From i and iii. placing D at 1st position, we have two possibilities of placing F. 

From (iv) Edward is the third to the right of Fiona. The 1st case above is rejected. Now Herbest is next to Edward. There will be two cases.

  

Now, from clue (v), Chloe can’t be the neighbour of Giles. Therefore, reject Case II (c). Again, since Chloe can’t be the neighbour of Alex, the final seating arrangement will be as follows:

How to solve Direction Test questions asked in IPMAT?

These are some of the easiest questions of logical reasoning sections. The best way to solve Direction test questions is to visualise or position places in a map.

Questions about directions would involve reasoning based on the eight directions on a map – viz: north, northeast, east, southeast, south, southwest, west and northwest. Look at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Direction for Questions 1 to 2: Answer the questions based on the following information. The city K is 30 km to the southeast of Z while Y is 50 km to the northwest of K. Also, H is 38 km to the southeast of Y. L lies in the direct route between Y and K and its distance from H is 14 km. G also lies on this route and is exactly midway between L and Y. 

Q1. A car starting from K at 9 am and running at a constant speed towards Y reaches H at 9.24 am and then reaches G at (a) 9.18 am (b) 10.16 am (c) 10.36 am (d) 10.42 am 

Q2. If M is 1 km to the southeast of L, then it is exactly midway between (a) H and L (b) Y and K (c) H and Z (d) None of these 3. The distance from G to H is (a) 26 km (b) 24 km (c) 12 km (d) 16 km 

Solution. The respective positioning of the cities K, H, L, Z, G and Y are shown below.

(1) The car covers K to H—a distance of 12 km in 24 minutes according to the figure (starting at 9 am and reaching at 9:24 am). From H to G, the distance is 26 km. (18 H to Z + 8 Z to G). 

Since the car has covered 12 km in 24 minutes, it is obvious that it is taking 2 minutes to cover 1 km. We also know that the speed of the car is constant throughout. Hence, the car would take another 52 minutes to cover the 26 km distance between H to G. This means that the car would reach G at 10:16 am (52 minutes after 9:24 am). Hence, Option (b) is correct. 

(2) The total distance between Y and K is 50 km (20 km from Y to Z and 30 km from Z to K). If M is 1 km southeast of L, it means that M is 4+1 = 5 km from Z. This would also mean that M is 25 km from Y. Hence, M would be exactly midway between Y and K. Option (b) is correct. (3) G to Z, the distance is 8 km (20 km from Y to Z – 12 km from Y to G). Further, from Z to H the distance is 18 km (from the figure based on the logic that if H is 38 km southeast of Y and Z is 20 km southeast of Y, the distance from Z to H would be 38 – 20). Total distance would be 8 + 18 = 26 km. Option (a) is correct.

How to Solve Questions based on Course of Action?

These questions have been an important part of management entrance exams, in these questions we have to select the best course of action for a particular situation given in the question. Course of Action based questions tests your ability on how a situation can be handled. Look at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Directions: In each of the following questions a statement is given followed by two courses of action. A course of action is taken for improvement, follow up, etc. Read the statement carefully and give your answer as 

(a) If only the course of action I follow. 

(b) If only course of action II follows. 

(c) If both I and II follow. 

(d) If neither course of action I nor II follows. 

Q1 Statement: The presence of mafiosi in the education system of UP has increased drastically. 

Courses of Action I. There should be a special task force constituted to clean the system of its ills. 

  1. The U.P government should resign immediately. 

Solution. Course of action I follow, because it is necessary to tackle such antisocial elements. Course of action II does not follow because the resignation of the government is unlikely to improve the situation. Hence, option (a) is correct.

Q2 Statement: In a recent survey by the National Health mission it was shown that fruits and vegetables which contain certain vitamins have a higher effect on human health than capsules marketed by private companies that contain the same vitamins. 

Courses of Action I. Such vitamin capsules marketed by private companies should be banned with immediate effect. 

  1. People should prefer fruits and vegetables to capsules marketed by private companies. 

Solution. The course of action I do not follow because we are only making a comparison between the effects of food and vegetables against the effect of capsules. Capsules have just been found to be less effective and it does not mean that they are harmful. Course of action II follows because fruits and vegetables are preferable to capsules for their positive effect on health. Hence, option (b) is correct.

How to Solve Questions based on Statement and Assumptions?

In these questions you will be provided with a statement and some assumptions based on it, you will have to test whether an assumption is implied in the statement or not. ook at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit. Given answer 

(a) If only assumption I is implicit. 

(b) If only assumption II is implicit. 

(c) If both I and II are implicit. 

(d) If neither I nor II is implicit. 

Q1.Statement: Strong programming skills cannot be the only criteria for a successful career in the field of Information Technology. 

Assumptions 1. Bright careers in Information Technology are not linked only with strong programming skills. 

  1. If a person has excellent communication skills as well as strong programming skills, only then would he be successful. 

Solution. Clearly, there should be some other skills such as interpersonal skills, communication skills, negotiation skills, etc., for a successful career. Hence, assumption I is implicit. Assumption II is not implicit because it talks only about communication and technical skills. Hence option (a) is correct. 

How to Solve Logical Reasoning Questions based on Ranking?

In these questions, we have to order people or objects according to a specific parameter as provided in the question. The key ability required for solving these questions is the ability to structure as per the clues provided. These questions are generally asked in the IPMAT Exam. Look at the example below to get acquainted with the type of questions asked.

Example 1 Directions for Questions 1 to 2

  1. Six students A, B, C, D, E and F participated in a self-evaluation test of Quants and Data Interpretation 
  2. The total marks of A in Quants was just above C and in D.I. just above F. 

iii. B was just above C in D.I. but he scored less than D in Quants. 

  1. F got more marks than D and E in D.I. but did not perform as well in Quants as in D.I. as compared to D and E. 
  2. No one is in between C and D in Quant and C and A in D.I. 

Q1. Who got the highest marks in D.I.? 

(a) A (b) B (c) C (d) Data inadequate 

Q2. Which of the following students has scored the least in D.I.? 

(a) Only D (b) Only E (c) Only D or E (d) None of these

Solution.

From the second statement we have: 

Q. Test DI Test
A A
C F

From three and four

Q. Test DI Test
A A
C F
D & E above F D & E below F

From (v), the final result would be

Q. Test DI Test
A B
C C
A
B is less than D F
F is below D and E D and E are below F
E can be placed anywhere, 

Important Syllogism questions for IPMAT 2023

Directions for Questions 1 to 3: In each of the questions below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements as true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts. Give answers 

(a) if only the conclusion I follow. (b) if only conclusion II follows. 

(c) if either I or II follows. (d) if neither I nor II follows (e) if both follow 

Q1. Statements: 

(A) All cats are dogs. (B) All dogs are brown. 

Conclusions: 

  1. All cats are brown II. All brown are dogs. 

Q2. Statements: 

(A) All computers are pentiums. (B) Some pentiums are machines

Conclusions: 

  1. Some computers are machines. II. Some machines are computers. 

Q3. Statements: 

(A) Some apples are fruit. (B) Some fruits are sour. 

Conclusions: 

  1. Some apples are sour. II. Some sours are fruit.

Directions for Questions 4 to 7: In each of the questions below are given three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts. 

Q4. Statements: 

(A) Some apples are fruits. (B) All vegetables are fruits. (C) All fruits are vegetables. Conclusions: 

  1. Some apples are vegetables. II. All vegetables are fruits.

III. All fruits are apples. IV. All vegetables are apples. 

(a) Only I and II follow. (b) Only II follows. (c) Only I and IV follow. 

(d) Only II and IV follow. (e) None of these. 

Q5. Statements: 

(A) Some cars are four wheelers. (B) All four wheelers are vehicles. (C) Some vehicles are SUVs.

Conclusions: 

  1. Some SUVs are four wheelers. II. Some vehicles are four wheelers. 

III. Some vehicles are cars. IV. Some SUVs are cars. 

(a) All follow (b) Only II & III follow 

(c) Only III follows (d) Either III or IV follows (e) None of these. 

Q6. Statements: 

(A) All principals are men. (B) Some women are principals. (C) All humans are women. Conclusions: 

  1. All humans are men. II. Some humans are principals. 

III. Some men are principals. IV. All women are men. 

(a) Only I follows (b) Only II follows 

(c) Only I and III follow (d) Only III follows (e) None of these. 

Q7. Statements: 

(A) Most architects are writers. (B) No writer is a driver. (C) All drivers are architects. Conclusions: 

  1. Some writers are architects. II. All architects are drivers.

III. No driver is a writer. IV. Some drivers are writers. 

(a) Only I follow. (b) Only II and III follow. 

(c) Only I and III follow (d) Either III or IV follows. (e) None of these

Directions for Questions 8 to 10: Each question contains six statements, followed by four options of combinations of any three of the given sentences. Choose the option in which the combinations are logically related. 

Q8. A) All Martians eat sausages. B) All those who eat sausages are not Martians. 

  1. C) All those who eat sausages are herbivorous. D) All Martians are carnivorous.
  2. E) All those who eat sausages are carnivorous. F) Martians are herbivorous. 

(a) BCE (b) ABE (c) ACD (d) ACF 

Q9. A) All lotuses have flowers. B) All lotuses have nectar. 

  1. C) All plants with nectar have flowers. D) All shrubs have lotuses. 
  2. E) All shrubs have nectar. F) Some lotuses have flowers 

(a) BEF (b) BCF (c) BDE (d) ACF 

Q10. A) No summer is a season. B) Some seasons are summers. 

  1. C) Some seasons are winters. D) No seasons are winters. 
  2. E) Some summers are not winters. F) All summers are winters. 

(a) DFA (b) BEF (c) CEB (d) DEB

Directions for Questions 11 to 13: Each question contains four arguments of three sentences each. Choose the set in which the third statement is a logical conclusion of the first two.

Q11 I. Some bikes are mopeds. All mopeds are scooters. Some bikes are scooters. 

  1. All children are hairs. None of the hairs are red. No children are red. 

III. No pencil is a pen. Some pens are markers. Some pencils are markers. 

  1. Every man has a wife. All wives are devoted. No one devoted has a husband. 

(a) I, II and III (b) I and II (c) III and II (d) I, II and III and IV 

Q12. I. No moon is not red. All stars are moon. All the stars are red. 

  1. All doors are open. No open is outdoors. All doors are not outdoors. 

III. No Japanese can fire. All Chinese are books. Japanese and Chinese can fight. 

  1. No A is B. No B is C. No A is C. 

(a) I only (b) II only (c) I & II only (d) IV only 

Q13. I. All envelopes are rectangles. All rectangles are rectangular. All envelopes are rectangular. 

  1. Some things are smart. Some smart things are tiny. Some things are tiny. 

III. Learneds are well read. Well read know. Learneds know.

  1. Dieting is good for your health. Healthy foods are rare. Dieting is rare. 

(a) IV only (b) III only (c) Both I and III (d) All of these

Important Blood Relation questions for IPMAT 2023

Q1. A girl introduced a boy as the son of the daughter of the father of her maternal uncle. The boy is girl’s:

  1. a) Son (b) Uncle (c) Son-in-law (d) cannot be determined 

Q2. Pointing to a photograph, a man tells his friend ‘She is the daughter of the only son of my father’s wife’. How is the girl in the photograph related to the man? 

(a) Daughter (b) Cousin (c) Mother (d) Sister

Directions for questions 3 to 5: Read the passage below and solve the questions based on it. There is a family of six persons A, B, C, D, E and F. Following information pertains to the members of this family: 

(a) There are two married couples and the family members belong to three generations. 

(b) Each member has a distinct choice of colour among green, yellow, black, white, red and blue. 

(c) No lady member likes green or white colour. 

(d) C, who likes black colour, is the daughter-in-law of E. 

(e) B is the brother of F and son of D and he likes blue. 

(f) A is grandmother of F and F does not like red. 

(g) There is a man who likes green and his wife likes yellow. 

Q3. Which of the following is one of the married couples? (a) CD (b) DA (c) AC (d) none of these. 

Q4. How many male members are there in the family? (a) 2 (b) 3 (c) 4 (d) 1

Directions for questions 5to 6: Read the passage below and solve the questions based on it. 

(i) In a family of six members A, B, C, D, E and F each one plays one game out of the six games snooker, Carom, Table Tennis, badminton, Bridge and Cricket. 

(ii) Two are married couples. 

(iii) B who plays carom, is daughter in law of E. 

(iv) A is the father of D, the Table Tennis player, and D is the father of C, who plays cricket. 

(v) F is the brother of (c) 

(vi) Snooker is not played by a female member. 

(vii) E’s husband plays Badminton. 

Q5. Who among them plays bridge? (a) E (b) F (c) A (d) Data Inadequate 

Q6. How is F related to A? (a) Granddaughter (b) Grandson (c) Son (d) Daughter

Q7.

  • A @ B means A is the sister of B 
  • A $ B means B is the mother of A 
  • A + B means A is the brother of B 
  • A = B means B is the father of A. 

Which of the following means M is the maternal uncle of N? 

(a) M = P + Q @ N (b) N + P = Q @ M (c) N @ P $ Q @ M (d) None of these 

Q8 

  • M x N means M is the daughter of N
  • M + N means M is the father of N
  • M % N means M is the mother of N 
  • M – N means M is the brother of N. 

Given that P % Q + R – T x K, what is the relation of P to K? 

(a) Daughter-in-law (b) Sister-in-law (c) Aunt (d) None of these

Important questions based on Arrangements for IPMAT 2022

Directions for questions 1-2: These questions are based on the information that follows. In a row of soldiers facing North, 

(i) Lambert is 8 th to the right of Khurusheva; 

(ii) Mickey is 16 th from the left end; 

(iii) Lambert is 16 th to the right of Jackson, who is 27 th from the right end of the row; 

(iv) Khurusheva is nearer than Mickey to the right end of the row; 

(v) there are 5 boys between Mickey and Khurusheva. 

Q1. How many soldiers are there between Jackson and Mickey? 

(a) One (b) Two (c) Three (d) Data inadequate 

Q2. How far away is Khurusheva from the right end of the row? 

(a) 30 th (b) 10 th (a) 19 th (b) 18 th

Directions for Questions 3-4: (Question Category: Matching Puzzle) Study the following information and answer the questions that follow: 

  1. Six picture cards P, Q, R, S, T and U are framed in six different colours – blue, red green, grey yellow and brown and are arranged from left to right (not necessarily in the same order). 
  2. The pictures are of the king, princess, queen, palace, joker and prince. 

iii. The picture of the palace is in the blue colour frame but is not on card S and card P which is of the queen, is in the brown frame and is placed at the extreme right. 

  1. The picture of the princess is neither on card S nor on card T and is not in either the green or the yellow frame. Card R has a picture of the king in a grey frame and it is fifth from right and next to card Q having the picture of the prince. 

Q3. If the princess’s card is immediately between the cards of the palace and the prince, then at what number is the joker’s card placed from the left? 

(a) Fifth (b) Second (c) First (d) Data inadequate 

Q4. Which is the correct combination of card and frame colours? 

(a) T-Yellow (b) U-Red (c) Q-Green (d) Data inadequate

Directions for Questions 5 to 6: Study the following information and answer the questions that follow: 

A company is planning to organise 8 lectures—A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H for 3 subjects —Quants, D.I. and English. The lectures are spread over three days. Quants are to be covered first in 3 lectures followed by English and then D.I. in 2 lectures. Lectures A, C and D have to be different days. (Lectures B and F have to be on the same day), but lecture B cannot be clubbed with A or G or D. Lecture G and H should come on the same day. Lecture A is a lecture on Quants and Lecture C cannot be on the last day. It is also known that there are at least 3 lectures on day 

Q5. Which of the following pairs of lectures can go along with lecture ‘A’ on Quants? 

(a) B, C (b) G, H (c) D, E (d) Data inadequate 

Q6. Which combination of lectures was arranged on the second day of the series? 

(a) D, E, F (b) B, C, E (c) C, G, H (d) Data inadequate

Directions for Questions 7-8: 

In a bar, there are seven frequent visitors who visit the bar daily. On being asked about their visit to the bar the preceding Sunday, the following were the answers: 

Jai Chand: I came in first and the next two persons to enter were Sohan Singh and Shail Munshi. When I left the bar, Jai Prakash and Vinod Rai were present in the bar. Deepak Garg left with me. 

Jai Prakash: When I entered the bar with Vinod Rai, Jai Chand was sitting there. There was someone else also, but I was not in a position to recognise him. 

Shail Munshi; I went to the bar for a short while last Sunday and met Jai Chand, Sohan Singh and Deepak Garg there. 

Sohan Singh: I left immediately after Shail Munshi left. 

Deepak Garg: I met Jai Chand, Sohan Singh, Shail Munshi, Jai Prakash and Vinod Rai during my first visit to the bar. But I got an urgent call and came out of the bar with Jai Chand. When I went to the bar the second time, Jai Prakash and Vinod Rai were there. 

Pradeep Kumar: I had some urgent work, so I did not sit in the bar for a long time. Jai Prakash and Deepak Garg were the only people in the bar while I was there. 

Vinod Rai: I was drunk and I don’t remember anything.

Q7. Who among Jai Prakash and Deepak Garg entered the bar first? 

(a) Jai Prakash (b) Deepak Garg (c) Both entered (d) Cannot be determined 

Q8. Who was sitting with Jai Chand when Jai Prakash entered the bar? 

(a) Sohan Singh (b) Shail Munshi (c) Deepak Garg (d) Pradeep Kumar

Important questions based on Statements and Assumptions for IPMAT 2023

Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. Consider the statement and decide which of the given assumptions is implicit. Given answer 

(a) If only assumption I is implicit. 

(b) If only assumption II is implicit. 

(c) If both I and II are implicit. 

(d) If neither I nor II is implicit. 

Q1 Statement: The maximum IAS exam selection will be from our institute—A director of a coaching institution. 

Assumptions I. Most of the students who study in this institute are geniuses. 

  1. II. Teachers of the coaching institution are preparing their students thoroughly. 

Solution: Assumption I is irrelevant because there might be some other genius students who are studying in other coaching institutions. Assumption II is implicit. A coaching institution can only claim such statements if it is preparing its students thoroughly. Hence, option (b) is correct.

Q2 Statement: Over a cricketing career most players would do well to remember that there is only one thing that overcomes hard luck—hard work. 

Assumptions I. If a cricketer is hardworking, he/she can easily tackle the toughest phases of his cricketing career. 

  1. A cricketer writes his/her own destiny by hard work. 

Solution. Both the statements are implicit. All cricket players face difficult times in their careers, but only those succeed, who confront these phases bravely and work hard to overcome them. In this way, hard luck becomes insignificant for a cricketer. Hence, option (c) is correct.

Important questions based on Ranking for IPMAT 2022

Directions for Questions 1 to 4: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below: 

Five geeks (enthusiasts) entered a comic book character costume contest held during the comic con festival. The contestants dressed up and were given two awards—one for being best in a particular category (i.e. strongest, smartest, most efficient, scariest and powerful) and one for being ranked (i.e. 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , 4 th and 5 th ). Determine who wore what costume and what two awards they received. 

(i) The winner of the most efficient character’s costume was ranked just above Sacha’s character’s costume (which wasn't superman). 

(ii) The winner of the strongest category (which wasn't Wonder Woman) was not worn by Billy. 

(iii) The joker’s costume was ranked just above Sacha’s costume (which wasn’t the strongest costume winner). 

(iv) The Wonderwoman costume ranked just above the scariest costume and just below Vladimirs’s costume. 

(v) The Batman costume was placed just higher than the winner of the strongest costume and just lower than Catherine’s costume. 

(vi) The Lex Luthor costume ranked just above Jelena’s (which wasn’t the Superman) and just below the smartest. 

Q1 Who among the following ranked fifth? (a) Billy (b) Jelena (c) Vladimir (d) Can’t be determined 

Q2 Who among the following got the award for the scariest costume? (a) Billy (b) Catharine (c) Sacha (d) Vladimir 

Q3. Which of the following is the costume of Sacha? (a) Joker (b) Batman (c) Lex Luthor (d) Wonder Woman 

Q4 Which of the following shows the correct order of ranks 1 st , 2 nd , 3 rd , 4 th and 5 th respectively? (a) Billy, Jelena, Vladimir, Sacha, Catherine (b) Vladimir, Sacha, Catherine, Billy, Jelena 

(c) Catherine, Sacha, Vladimir, Jelena, Billy (d) Vladimir, Billy, Catherine, Sacha, Jelena

Frequently Asked Questions

It completely depends on you and your understanding of topics. There are few aspirants who are good at understanding and grasping concepts quickly while some are too slow. On average, if starting to prepare from basics it will take a minimum of 2-3 months.
Through Venn diagram you can easily solve the syllogism question in the IPMAT exam.
There is no formula to solve para jumble questions. You just need to link a sentence to another with linking words in order to complete the paragraph in a logical way.
Logical Sequence Series, Coding, Arrangements, Blood Relations, Input & Output, Binary Logic, Critical Reasoning, Statements, and Conclusions, Syllogisms, True or False are some of the important topics under logical reasoning for IPMAT 2022.
A total of 40 questions are asked from logical reasoning in IPMAT exam.

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