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Important Judgements For Judiciary Exams 2023

Author : Palak Khanna

Updated On : January 12, 2023


Judgment writing is an indispensable part of the judicial services examination. Whether it is a civil judge, junior division, or higher judicial services exam, you will face questions related to judgment writing.

To attempt judgment writing questions, you must have in-depth knowledge of all substantive and procedural laws such as the Civil Procedure Code, Contract Act, Sale of Goods Act, etc.

Remember, judgment writing is like a Mathematics problem that involves step marking. Hence, sticking to a proper format of a court's judgment and attempting each judgment stage will exponentially increase your chances of selection in the exam.

To ease your preparation, we have compiled the most Important Judgements for Judiciary Exams provided by our experts at Judiciary Gold (a pioneer in providing the best online guidance for Judiciary Exams in this post).

So, what are you waiting for? Check out the important judgments and brush up on your legal knowledge by learning the most significant judgments.

What is the Definition of Judgment?

Section 2(9) of the Civil Procedure Code of 1908 defines judgment as "the statement issued by the court based on a decree or order."

It signifies that a judge delivers a decision on the merits of the decree of a case.

Most Important Judgements for Judiciary Exams 2023

Before proceeding with the judgment writing question, you must prepare a rough judgment format by taking a minute not to skip any vital information.

The following are some of the most important judgment writing questions for the Upcoming Judiciary Exams

1. Romesh Thapar v. State of Madras (1950)

  • Freedom of speech and expression includes freedom of propagation of ideas that can only be ensured by circulation.
  • The order violates article 19(1)(a).
  • The rule of severability was applied to section 9(1-A) of the Madras Maintenance of Public Order Act, 1949.

2. A. K. Gopalan v. State of Madras (1950)

  • Preventive Detention Act, 1950 (exception-section 14) was held valid.
  • Section 14 restricted disclosure of the grounds of detention.
  • 'Procedure Established by Law' does NOT include 'Due Process of Law'.

3. Champakam Dorairajan v. State of Madras (1951)

  • Upheld the Madras HC Judgement, which had struck down the GO passed in 1927.
  • The GO had provided reservations in Government jobs and college seats.
  • This led to the passing of the 1st Constitutional Amendment.
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judiciary online coaching

4. Shankari Prasad Singh Deo v. Union of India (1951)

  • 1st Constitutional Amendment is valid.
  • Constitutional Amendment is not 'Law' for Article 13.
  • Differences laid down between 'Ordinary Law' and 'Constitutional Amendment.'

Read more: Important essay topics for Judiciary Exams

5. Mohd. Hanif Qureshi v. State of Bihar (1958)

  • Cattle slaughter laws of Bihar, U. P. and MP are not violated by Articles 19& 25.
  • The sacrifice of cows on Bakr-Eid is not essential to the Islamic religion.
  • However, the slaughter of "useless cattle" was allowed, and the total ban was unconstitutional.

6. Hamdard Dwarakhana v. Union of India (1959)

  • Held Sections 3 & 8 of the Drugs & Magical Remedies Act as constitutional.
  • The right to publish commercial advertisements is not a part of Article 19(1)(a).
  • There is a causal link between unethical advertising & physical harm due to self-medication.

Read more: Short tricks to write answers in Judiciary Mains Exam

7. The Berubari Union Case (1960)

  • Parliament cannot make law under Article 3 to implement the Nehru-Noon agreement.
  • The preamble is NOT a part of the Constitution.
  • This led to the 9th constitutional Amendment.

8. Ranjit Udeshi v. State of Maharashtra (1964)

  • Section 292 of IPC, which restricted the sale of obscene books, was upheld.
  • Hicklin test was applied: does the material deprive and corrupt those whose minds are open to such immoral influences and into whose hands a publication of this sort may fall?
  • The Hicklin test was rejected in the 2004 case of Aveek Sarkar v. State of West Bengal.

Read more: Short tricks to read the newspaper for upcoming Judiciary exams.

9. Golaknath v. Union of India (1967)

  • There is no difference between ordinary law and constitutional Amendment.
  • Parliament cannot amend any Fundamental Right under part III.
  • This led to the 24th Amendment in 1971.

10. Madhav Rao Scindia v. Union of India (1970)

  • The Presidential order derecognizing the privileges of the ex-rulers of the Indian State was declared unconstitutional.
  • The Privy Purse was held to the property; therefore, it could not be taken anyway merely by executive order.
  • 26th Amendment, 1971, repealed articles 291 & 362.

Read more: Simple tricks to enhance your English preparation for Judiciary Exams

11. Kesavananda Bharti v. State of Kerala (1973)

  • The parliament cannot amend the 'Basic Structure'.
  • Articles 13(4) and 368(3) were valid.
  • This led to the passing of the 42nd Amendment and adding Articles 368 (4) & (5).

12. E. P. Royappa v. State of Tamilnadu (1973)

  • Broadened the concept of equality.
  • Equality is a dynamic concept that cannot reduce within traditional limits.
  • Equality is antithetical to arbitrariness.

Judiciary Mock Tests

Judiciary Mock Tests

13. Indira Nehru Gandhi v. Raj Narain (1975)

  • The 39th Amendment, which placed the elections of President, Vice-President, PM and speakers of LS, was held unconstitutional.
  • The Basic Structure Doctrine was referred to for the first time and reinforced.
  • The judgement of the Allahabad High Court was, however, overturned.

Read more: Short tricks to crack the Judiciary Exam on the first attempt.

14. Rev. Stanislaus v. State of MP (1977)

  • The term 'Propogate' under Article 25 does not include 'Convert.'
  • Laws enacted by MP and Orissa prohibiting conversion by force, fraud, 0r allurement were held to be valid.
  • Forceful conversions would impinge upon the 'Freedom of Conscience' given under Article 25.

15. Maneka Gandhi v. Union of India (1978)

  • Overruled AK Gopalan's case and held that 'Procedure Established by Law' includes 'Due Process of Law.'
  • Law passed should be Just, Fair and Reasonable.
  • A law depriving personal liberty should not violate the Golden Triangle (Articles 14, 19 & 21).

Read more: Short tricks to prepare computer science for Judiciary exams

How to Write a Judgement for Judiciary Exams 2023?

Judgment Writing is considered the backbone of the Judicial Services Exam. In any civil judge examination, judgment writing is a separate section that holds equal importance as other sections.

You can follow the simple tips for judgment writing listed below while appearing for the judiciary exams.

  • The first and foremost important thing is to get a good hold of all substantive and procedural laws.
  • While attempting the judgment writing question, diligently read all the facts given in the question and mark the important points.
  • Prepare a rough judgment format by taking a minute not to skip any necessary information in the question.
  • Try to attempt as many questions as possible from the previous year's questions of Judiciary Exams, as it will help improve your time management skills and speed.
  • Avoid using technical vocabulary. Instead, you can use simple language that anyone can easily understand.
  • Also, write a 4-5 line paragraph highlighting the introduction to the case mentioned in the question.

Frequently Asked Questions

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