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Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 PDF Download [Prelims & Mains]

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : May 30, 2023


Reader's Digest: Are you preparing for the Bihar Judiciary exam & wondering what topics to focus on? This blog on Bihar Judiciary Syllabus will provide a brief overview of the Pre, Mains & Interview syllabus.

The Bihar Public Service Commission (BPSC) publishes the Bihar Judicial Service Examination syllabus annually to recruit eligible aspirants for Civil Judge posts.

We have answered some of the common queries of the students about the Bihar Judicial Service syllabus:

  • Is the Bihar Judiciary Syllabus similar to other state judiciary syllabuses? Yes. It is similar to the syllabuses of other state judiciary exams regarding subjects covered, such as civil, criminal, and constitutional law.
  • Are there any changes in the Bihar Judiciary Syllabus for the upcoming exam? No. There is no change in the syllabus of the Bihar Judicial Services Exam
  • How much time should I allocate to prepare each subject in the Bihar Civil Judge Syllabus? The time allocation for each subject depends on your knowledge of the topic. You must give more time to subjects you are less familiar with and less time to subjects you are already proficient in.
  • What subjects are covered in the Bihar Judiciary Syllabus? The Bihar Judiciary 2023 Syllabus covers various subjects, including Civil Law, Criminal Law, Constitutional Law, and other allied laws, along with General Knowledge and Current Affairs.

Highlights of Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023

According to the Bihar Judiciary Exam Pattern, there are three stages in the BPSC exam:

  • Preliminary Examination (Objective type)
  • Mains Examination (Written exam)
  • Personal Interview

However, the syllabus varies for prelims and main exams. Hence, knowing the syllabus is the first step towards your preparation process.

  • The Preliminary Examination includes questions from General Knowledge, Current Affairs, Elementary General Science, Constitutional and Administrative Law of India, Hindu Law & Muhammadan Law, Law of Evidence & Procedure, etc.
  • The Mains Examination includes five compulsory papers: General Knowledge and Current Affairs, General Hindi, General English, Elementary General Science, and Law of Evidence and Procedure.
  • Whereas you must choose three optional papers out of five law subjects.
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Bihar Judiciary Prelims Syllabus 2023

The Bihar Judiciary Prelims Exam is an objective examination comprising two papers: Paper 1: General Knowledge & Paper 2: Law. General knowledge is conducted for 100 marks, and law paper is conducted for 150 marks.

To be selected for the mains, you must score 45% marks (unreserved category) and 40% (reserved category) in the prelims exam.

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for General Knowledge

The Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for General Knowledge evaluates a candidate's awareness of current affairs, knowledge of prominent events, and significant information in various fields.

Although, the BPSC doesn't mention the in-depth syllabus for the General Knowledge Paper. It would be best to focus on the following common topics asked in other state PCS exams to enhance your Bihar Judiciary GK preparation:

1 - History of India

You must be familiar with the broad aspects of the history of Bihar, including the following topics:

  • Ancient and Medieval Indian History
  • Modern Indian History
  • Indian national movement
  • Indian Constitution and Polity
  • Landmarks in world history
  • World Wars and their Impact on India
  • Post-Independence Consolidation and Reorganization of States in India
  • Social and cultural history of India
  • Economic and political changes in India after independence

2 - Indian Polity and Economy

Questions of Indian Polity and Economy test knowledge of the country's political system, Panchayati Raj, Community Development, and planning in India and Bihar.

Focus more on the Indian Polity and Economy and significant changes in the economy of Bihar in the post-independence period.

Indian Polity:

  • Constitution of India: Preamble, Fundamental Rights and Duties, Directive Principles of State Policy, Union and State Legislatures, Judiciary, Executive, and Electoral Systems.
  • Centre-State relations, Inter-State relations, Emergency Provisions, and Constitutional Amendments.
  • Public Administration and Governance, Indian Political System, Political Parties and Pressure Groups.
  • Local Self-Government and Panchayati Raj System.

Indian Economy:

  • Basic concepts of Indian Economy, National Income Accounting, GDP, and GNP.
  • Poverty, Unemployment, and Inflation in India.
  • Indian Agriculture, Industry, and Service sector.
  • Indian Banking and Financial System, Fiscal Policy, and Monetary Policy.
  • International Trade and Balance of Payments.

3 - Geography 

  • In Geography, the emphasis will be on the geography of India and Bihar.
  • Questions on the Geography of India and Bihar will relate to the physical, social, and economic Geography of the country, including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources.
  • You must know about Bihar's geography, geographical division, and major river systems.
  • Here is a list of topics that are commonly included in the syllabus for geography:
  1. Physical Geography: Earth, Atmosphere, Hydrosphere, Biosphere, Lithosphere, Climatology, Oceanography, Geomorphology, and Biogeography.
  2. Human Geography: Economic Geography, Social Geography, Cultural Geography, Political Geography, and Urban Geography.
  3. Environmental Geography: Biodiversity, Environmental Hazards, Environmental Management, and Sustainable Development.
  4. Cartography: Map-making, Types of Maps, Map Projections, and Remote Sensing.
  5. Geographical Techniques: Fieldwork, Surveying, Geographical Information Systems (GIS), and Statistical Techniques.

4 - Indian National Movement 

  • Questions on the Indian National Movement will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth-century resurgence, growth of nationalism, and attainment of Independence.
  • You must answer questions on Bihar's role in India's freedom movement, including the following:
  1. Introduction to the Indian National Movement and its historical significance.
  2. The factors that led to the rise of the Indian National Movement.
  3. Important events and personalities associated with the Indian National Movement, such as the Revolt of 1857, the Swadeshi Movement, the Non-Cooperation Movement, the Quit India Movement, and more.
  4. The role of various organizations and leaders in the Indian National Movement, such as the Indian National Congress, Muslim League, Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi, and others.
  5. The impact of the Indian National Movement on India's struggle for freedom, including the emergence of nationalism, cultural renaissance, and economic reforms.
  6. The legacy of the Indian National Movement and its relevance to contemporary Indian society.

5 - General Science

  • Questions on General Science cover general appreciation and understanding of science, including everyday observation and experience, as may be expected of a well-educated person who has not made a particular study of any scientific discipline.

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Law Paper

Check out the essential topics under the law syllabus and enhance your Bihar Judiciary exam preparation.

  • Law of Evidence and Procedure
  • Hindu Law and Muhammadan Law
  • Constitutional & Administrative Law of India
  • Principles of Equity
  • Law of Trusts and Specific Relief
  • Law of Contracts and Torts
  • Commercial Law

Bihar Judiciary Mains Syllabus 2023

The Mains Exam is the second stage of the selection process, after the Preliminary Exam. Only those candidates who qualify for the Preliminary Exam are eligible to appear for the Mains Exam.

Go through the detailed syllabus of Bihar judiciary for compulsory and optional subjects from below and plan your preparation accordingly.

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Compulsory Subjects

The following are the five compulsory subjects for the Bihar Judicial Service Exam 2023:

  • General Knowledge & Current Affairs
  • Elementary General Science
  • General Hindi
  • General English
  • Law of Evidence and Procedure

Bihar Judiciary Exam Syllabus 2023 for General Studies

  • History of India and Bihar
  • Culture of India and Bihar
  • Geography of India and Bihar
  • Current events of national and international importance

Bihar Judiciary Exam Syllabus 2023 for Elementary General Science

A paper of questions to test such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects may be expected of an educated person who has not made a particular study of any scientific subject. 

  • Everyday science
  • Elementary general science

Bihar Judiciary Exam Syllabus 2023 for General Hindi

The level of this paper is the same as that of Hindi intended for the aspirants studying Hindi continuously from the fourth class of the Bihar School Examination Committee's secondary examination.

The questions examine your general ability to express the expressions clearly and accurately in simple Hindi and your intuitive understanding of simple Hindi on familiar subjects.

  1. निबंध
  2. वाक्य निर्ााण
  3. व्याकरण

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for General English

Questions in General English test the knowledge of and the power to write English. A passage or passage is usually set for summary or precis.

You must refer to the following topics:

  • General understanding of the language
  • Written English
  • Passage writing
  • Precis writing
  • Letter writing

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Law of Evidence and Procedure

You will be tested on the following topics:

  • साक्ष्य और प्रक्रिया विधि (Law of Evidence and Procedure)
  • साक्ष्य और प्रक्रिया विधि (Law of Evidence and Procedure ) - भारतीय साक्ष्य अधिनियम (Indian Evidence Act (1 of 1872 ) ।
  • सिविल प्रक्रिया संहिता (Civil Procedure Code) (5 of 1908) ।
  • मध्यस्थता एवं सुलह अधिनियम, 1996 (Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996)।
  • दंड प्रक्रिया संहिता 1973 ( संख्या-2, 1974) (Code of Criminal Procedure 1973 (2 of 1974)।
  • प्रांतीय लघुवाद न्यायालय अधिनियम (Provincial Small Cause Courts Act), 1887 ।

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Optional Subjects

Out of the five Subjects listed below, you must select three papers for the Bihar Civil Judge exam 2023.

  • Constitutional & Administrative Law of India
  • Hindu Law and Mohammedan Law
  • Transfer of Property, Principal of Equity, Law of Trust, and Specific Relief Act
  • Law of Contracts and Torts
  • Commercial Law

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Constitutional and Administrative Law of India

(a) भारत का सांविधान अनुच्छेद 1 से 395 एवं अनुसूचियाँ (Constitution of India Article 1 to 395 and Schedules)
(b) भारत की प्रशासनिक विधि (Administrative Law of India) (i) प्रत्यायोजित विधान (Delegated Legislation);
(ii) प्रत्यायोजित विधान का नियंत्रण न्यायिक एवं विधायी (Control of Delegated Legislation - Judicial & Legislative);
(iii) निष्पक्ष सुनवायी नैसर्गिक न्याय का नियम पक्षपात के विरूद्ध नियम; ऑडी आल्टेरम पारटेम (Fair Hearing; Rules of Natural Justice; Rules Against Bias; Audi Alteram Partem);
(iv) न्यायाधिकरण एवं अर्द्धन्यायिक प्राधिकरण; उन पर न्यायिक नियंत्रण (Tribunals and Quasi-Judicial Authorities, Judicial Control over them);
(v) विनियामक प्राधिकरण (Regulatory Authorities); (vi) प्रशासनिक कार्यों का न्यायिक पुनरावलोकन (Judicial Review of Administrative Action);
(vii) रिट क्षेत्राधिकार एवं सांविधिक न्यायिक उपचार क्षेत्र विस्तार एवं अंतर (Writ Jurisdiction and Statutory Judicial Remedies, Scope, Extent & Distinction);
(viii) पब्लिक इंटेरेस्ट लिटिगेशन (Public Interest Litigation);
(ix) राज्य का अपकृत्य दायित्व एवं प्रतिकर (Tortious Liability of State and Compensation);
(x) वचन विबंध विधि सम्मत प्रत्याशा एवं समानुपातिका का सिद्धान्त (Promissory Estoppel, Legitimate Expectation & Doctrine of Proportionality);
(xi) सरकारी संविदा ( Government Contracts);
(xii) ओम्बुड्समैन ( Ombudsman )

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Hindu Law and Muhammadan Law

अ. हिन्दू विधि (Hindu Law)

  • स्रोतों का स्वरूप - विभिन्न शाखायें (Schools)
  • विवाह पुत्रत्व, दत्तक ग्रहण (Adoption)
  • संयुक्त परिवार और संयुक्त संपत्ति, अविभाज्य संपदा (Impartible Estate)
  • ऋण
  • हस्तांतरण
  • विभाजन
  • उत्तराधिकार
  • स्त्री धन
  • विधवा की संपदा
  • वसीयत
  • दान
  • धार्मिक और खैराती विन्यास (Endowment)

आ. मुस्लिम विधि (Muhammadan Law)

  • मुस्लिम विधि के स्त्रोत
  • विभिन्न शाखाओं का उद्गम और विकास भारत में इसके लागू होने की हद
  • शरियत अधिनियम (शरियत ऐक्ट)1937
  • इस्लाम धर्म ग्रहण करने का प्रभाव
  • उत्तराधिकार और प्रशासन
  • वसीयत (Wills)
  • हेवा
  • हेबाबिल एबाज
  • वक्फ अनुरंक्षण वल्दियत-धर्मजत्व (Legitimacy)
  • अभिस्वीकार ( Acknowledgement)
  • अभिभावकत्व (Guardianship)

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Law of Transfer of Property and Principles of Equity

संपत्ति - अन्तरण विधि (Law of Transfer of Property ) और साम्या के सिद्धांत (Principles of Equity) जिसमें न्यास - विधि (Law of Trust) तथा विशिष्ट अनुतोष (Specific Relief) भी शामिल है।

  • अ. संपत्ति - अन्तरण विधि अधिनियम सं. 4 ऑफ 1882 (संपत्ति अन्तरण अधिनियम) ।
  • आ. साम्या (Equity) का सिद्धांत जिसमें न्यास- विधि (Law of Trust) तथा विशिष्ट अनुतोष (Specific Relief) भी शामिल है।
  • साम्या न्यायालय (Court of Equity) का इतिहास, maxims, origin of use चलन से न्यास ( Trust ) का विकास।
  • न्यास की परिभाषा, न्यास गठन में औपचारिकतायें न्यास का वर्गीकरण अभिव्यक्त ( Express ) विक्षित ( Employed ) परिणामी ( Resulting) constructive, प्राइवेट और पब्लिक, बेनामी transactions |
  • Advancement का सिद्धांत खैराती ट्रस्ट देवोतर से तुलना न्यासियों (ट्रस्टियों) के अधिकार और कर्त्तव्य |
  • Determination of Trust |
  • Remedies for Breach of Trust ।
  • विनिर्दिष्ट अनुतोष अधिनियम, 1963 (संख्या - 47, 1963) (Specific Relief Act, 1963) (Act 47 of 1963) भारतीय न्यास अधिनियम (Indian Trust Act) (2 of 1882 ) 

Read More: How To Prepare For Bihar Judiciary Prelims 2023

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Law of Contracts and Torts

Refer to the following topics of the BPSC judiciary syllabus for the law of contracts and torts. 

  • अ. अधिनियम सं. 9 ऑफ 1872 (Indian Contract Act) भारतीय संविदा अधिनियम ।
  • आ. अपकृत्य - विधि (Law of Torts) - अपकृत्य का स्वरूप ।
  • दायित्व के सामान्य सिद्धांत (General Principles of Liabilities) ।
  • पार्टी प्रतिकार (Remedies, Nuisance), दैहिक क्षति (Injuries to Persons ) |
  • मृत्यु हमला (Assault) मिथ्या कारावास (False Imprisonment), घरेलू और संविदात्मक संबंधों को क्षति पहुँचाना (Injuries to Domestic and Contractual Relations).
  • सदोष बर्खास्तगी (Wrongful Dismissal) Defamation, उपेक्षा ( Negligence) |
  • खतरनाक संपत्तियों के लिए जिम्मेवारी, The Rule in Rylands Vrs. Fletcher Deceit ।
  • षडयंत्र (Conspiracy)।
  • विद्वेषपूर्ण अभियोजन (Malicious Prosecution) |

Judiciary Mock Tests

Judiciary Mock Tests

Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 for Commercial Law

The main topics relating to the Bihar PCS J syllabus for commercial law are as follows:

  • माल की बिक्री (Sale of Goods)
  • परक्राम्य लिखते (Negotiable Instruments), 
  • कंपनी विधि, (Company Law) तथा
  • पार्टनरशीप (Partnership)

Best Books for Bihar Judiciary 2023

Preparing from a book covering the complete curriculum can help you comprehend the topics in-depth and prepare well for the upcoming exam.

The following are some of the best books for the Bihar Judiciary Exam 2023.

  • Bihar And Jharkhand Judicial Services {Preliminary) Examinations–The Complete Preparation Manual Paperback – 1 by Showick Thorpe
  • Guide for Bihar Judicial Services (Mains) Examination by Rajiv Ranjan Sahay
  • The Transfer of Property Act Bare Act by Poonam Pradhan (Lexis Nexis)
  • A Compendium of Multiple Choice Questions for Judicial Services Examinations by Samarth Agrawal


In conclusion, the Bihar Judiciary Syllabus is a comprehensive guide that covers all the important topics and subjects necessary to prepare for the Bihar Judiciary Exam.

"The earlier you start working on something, the earlier you will see results."

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Frequently Asked Questions

No. The Bihar Judiciary Syllabus varies for prelims and mains exams. Go through the above post to know the detailed syllabus.
The Bihar Judiciary Prelims Syllabus includes two papers: general knowledge and law.
You can download the syllabus of the Bihar Judiciary exam by visiting the official website. Else, click here Bihar judiciary syllabus 2023 PDF.
Following the preparation tips provided by experts and solving previous year's question papers will help you better prepare for the Bihar Judiciary Exam Syllabus 2023.
Yes, with the right preparation strategy and dedication, you can quickly complete the Bihar Judiciary Syllabus 2023 in two months.


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