Updated On : September 6, 2022

The Logical reasoning subject of the CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2023 consists of 28 to 32 multiple choice questions (MCQs). 1 mark is allotted for each correct answer, and 0.25 marks are deducted for each wrong answer.

If you can understand how to solve logical reasoning questions quickly, then this will help to save your time in the exam and give you the best chance to score well.

This article will give you all the important logical reasoning questions for the CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) 2023. The Logical Reasoning section for the CLAT 2023 consists of various topics that are mentioned below:

- Alpha - Numeric Series
- Ranking and Directions
- Coding - Decoding
- Inequalities
- Blood Relation
- Input - Output
- Syllogism
- Seating Arrangement
- Puzzles
- Data Sufficiency
- DFD (Data Flow Diagram)
- Decision Making
- Cause and Effect
- Course of Action
- Statement and Assumptions
- Strength of Argument
- Statement and Conclusion
- Inference from Passage
- Number Series
- Clock and Calendars

Alpha - Numeric Series combines alphabets, numbers, and symbols. This topic is one of the important topics because in every law entrance test, around 1 or 2 questions come from this topic.

Some important points you have to keep in your mind:

(1). Vowels - A, E, I, O, U.

And vowels are represented as small ‘V’ (v).

(2). Consonants - All Letters except vowels

And consonants are represented as small ‘C’ (c).

(3). Numbers - 1, 2, 3, 4 etc.

And numbers are represented as small ‘N’ (n).

(4). Symbols - ! @ # $ % etc

And symbols are represented as small ‘S’ (s).

In this topic, these 4 points will be used by applying some different conditions.

Left + Left = (-) from Left

Right + Right = (-) from Right

Left + Right = (+) from Right

Right + Left = (+) from Left

**Question: Read the following character sequence carefully and then answer the questions given below it:**

**B C 4 X 6 ∆ G $ M P ⦁ 5 % R**

(1). Which character is 3rd to the right or 4th from the right?

**Explanation: **3rd to the right of 4th from the right means (4 - 3) from right = 1st from right = R.

(2). Which character is 2nd to the left or 7th from the left?

**Explanation: **2nd to the left of 7th from left means (7 - 2) from left = 5th from left = X.

(3). Which character is 2nd to the left or 7th from the right?

**Explanation: ** 2nd to the left of 7th from right means (7 + 2) from right = 9th from right = **∆.**

(4). Which character is 2nd to the right or 7th from the left?

**Explanation: **2nd to the right of 7th from left means (7 + 2) from left = 9th from left = $.

**Question: If in each number, all three digits are arranged in ascending order within the number, which of the following will be the highest number?**

(a). 574

(b). 658

(c). 821

(d). 945

(e). 247

Answer: (b). 658

**Explanation:** After arranging each digit in ascending order the number becomes 457, 568, 128, 459, 247. So the highest number which is 568 comes from 658.

2. Ranking and Direction

Ranking Test

In the Ranking test, the types of questions that come in the examination are:

(1). Rank of a particular person is mentioned from left and right, and the total number of persons is asked in the question.

(2). Sometimes, the total of persons is mentioned in the question, and the rank of a particular person from the left is mentioned, and the rank of that particular person from the right is asked.

(3). Sometimes, the total number of persons is mentioned, the rank of a particular person from right is given, and the rank of a particular person from the left is asked. The total number of persons = [(Rank of a particular person from the left + Rank of the same particular person from the right)-1].

You should keep in mind that 'left' is also called 'top'. and 'right' is also called 'button'.

**Question:** Aniket ranks sixteenth from the top and fifteenth from the bottom in a certain exam. How many students are there in his class?

**Solution:** Total number of students in the class={(Rank of Aniket from the top + rank of Aniket from the bottom) - 1}

= (16 + 15) - 1

= 31 - 1

= 30

**Direction Test**

Direction tests are introduced to test the ‘sense of direction of the candidate. This test is for ascertaining the final direction or distance between two points.

Points to keep in mind while solving the direction test:

(1). Always try to use the direction planes as the reference for all the questions.

(2). Always mark the starting point and end point differently from other points.

(3). Always be attentive while taking a right and/or left turns.

(4). While solving the direction test, you should consider the diagram below as a reference.

(5). You should be aware of basic geometric rules, such as the Pythagoras Theorem.

- AC² = AB² + BC²
- AC = ⎷AB² + BC²

Where ∆ ABC is a right-angled triangle.

**Note:** While a person moves, its left-hand side will be the left turn, and similarly, its right-hand side will be the right turn.

**Question:** Rahul walked 2km west of his house and then turned south, covering 4km. Finally, he moved 3km towards the east and then again 1km west. How far is he from the initial position? Solution:

Rahul starts from his house at A, moves 2km west up to B, then 4m to the south up to C, 3km east up to D, and finally 1km west up to E. Thus, his distance from the initial position A will be AE. And, AE = BC = 4km.

**3. Coding - Decoding**

In this type of test, secret messages or words have to be deciphered or decoded. They are coded according to a definite pattern or rule, which should be identified first. Then the same rule can be applied to decipher another coded word or message.