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CBSE Class 12 Humanities Subjects List 2021

Author : Palak Khanna

Updated On : April 3, 2023


Humanities, a subject that deals with the study aspects of human society and culture offer students a large number of opportunities in different fields like mass communication, counseling as well as education. Candidates appearing for the class 12 humanities exams must be aware of the subjects to better succeed in the exam. To help candidates, we have provided a detailed list of Humanities Subjects Class 12 in this post.

CBSE Class 12 Humanities Subjects List

 Before starting the preparation, it is important for candidates to check the Class 12 Humanities Syllabus as it will help them to know the important topics of all the subjects from the exam point of view. Knowing the subjects of 12th CBSE Humanities will help candidates to know how to plan their preparation to cover all the topics of each subject.

  • Students who will choose Humanities with Maths in their class 12 can excel in various fields like banks and investment firms, engineering firms, research and development firms, insurance agencies, etc.
  • Opting for Economics subject will provide a lot of scope for students in different firms like banks, finance institutes, manufacturing firms, stock exchanges, etc while computer operator, programmer, web developer are some of the career options available for students who will choose Humanities with computer science.
  • Solving CBSE Class 12 Humanities Question Papers will help candidates to know the difficulty level of the paper and the type of questions asked in the exam.

FREE Video Classes for Humanities (Economics)

Let us have a look at the table below to know the mandatory and optional Humanities Subjects Class 12

Humanities subjects Class 12
Mandatory Subjects Optional Subjects
History Philosophy
Political Science Home Science
Sociology Fine Arts
Economics Physical Education
Geography Maths
Psychology Fashion Designing

How Many Subjects Are in CBSE Class 12 Humanities?

There are mandatory as well as optional Humanities subjects class 12. It is important for candidates to be aware of all art subjects in Class 12th to score good marks in the upcoming exam. The Central Board of Secondary Education offers the following subjects to students who opt for the Humanities stream in their class 12.

  • Language 1: English (Core Language)
  • Language 2: Hindi/Sanskrit/Spanish (Elective Language)
  • History
  • Economics
  • Sociology
  • Geography
  • Political Science

Class 11 Humanities Subjects

Class 11  Maths Online Coaching

CBSE Class 12 History

History is one of the important Humanities Subject Class 12. The syllabus for History is intended to acquaint students with significant historical events. The syllabus is planned in a way to assist students with understanding the processes and cycles through which historians compose history by picking and gathering various kinds of proof, and by reading their sources with a critical perspective.

  • Students will acknowledge how historians follow the paths that lead to the past, how historical information develops, find the connection between various strategies for inquiry within history and the unified disciplines, point-by-point investigation of certain ancient topics and themes, medieval and current Indian history.
  • Despite the fact that the attempt is to relax the distinction between what is routinely named as the ancient, archaic, and present day.
  • Each topic for class XII is divided into four major subheads: an itemized overview of the occasions, issues, and cycles being talked about, a rundown of the current situation of research on the subject, a record of how information about the topic has been procured, an excerpt from a primary source identified with the topic, clarifying how it has been utilized by historians.


The Syllabus of History, one of the Humanities subjects in12th class involves three sections named - Themes in Indian History Part 1, 2, and 3. There is a sum of 15 units within these 3 sections. The syllabus extensively focuses on the old, medieval, and present-day history of India. Candidates appearing for the class 12 exams can download the FREE Humanities Study Material and start their preparation well in advance to score good marks in the exam.

  • Themes in Indian History Part 1 revolve around the antiquated history of India like the Harappan civilization as well as political, economic, and social history.
  • Themes in Indian History Part 2 revolve around the historical backdrop of the archaic period in India and comprises four units. It gives the subtleties of the archaic culture, new architectural structures during that period, religious chronicles of Sufi and bhakti traditions.
  • Themes in Indian History Part 3 revolve around the modern history of India like colonialism, partitions, the history of Mahatma Gandhi, and the formation of The Constitution of India.

NCERT Preparation Books For History

Preparing from the best books will help candidates to prepare all the topics of Humanities subjects class 12 and enhance their preparation levels for the upcoming exam. Students have to prepare by utilizing the following books:

  • Themes in Indian History (Part I)
  • Themes in Indian History (Part II)

Important Topics for Class 12 History Preparation

The following are some of the crucial topics that students need to study thoroughly to ace the history exam.

  • Themes in Indian History - Part III (35 marks)
  • Themes in Indian History - Part II (30 marks)
  • Themes in Indian History - Part I (25 marks)
  • Other Marks 10 marks

CBSE Class 12 Political Science

Political Science is one of the crucial Class 12 Humanities subjects. The Class 12 syllabus for Political Science acquaints students with different concerns of a political scientist. The syllabus creates a bridge between the past and the present, by clarifying what occurred in the past and how it ultimately formed the present.


The syllabus of political science acquaints students with a political hypothesis, Indian governmental issues, and global legislative issues. The fundamental thought here is to establish a framework for a genuine commitment to the discipline at the undergraduate courses.

  • The syllabus aims to empower students to become familiar with a portion of the key political events and figures in the post freedom period, create aptitudes of political investigation through events and processes of ongoing history, empower the students to extend their frame of reference beyond India and understand the political climate of the contemporary world, acclimate the students with a portion of the key political events and cycles in the post-Cold war era and prepare them to be conscious of the way in which global events and processes shape our everyday lives.

NCERT Preparation Books For Political Science

As per the experts, referring to the best CBSE 12th Humanities Books will help candidates to boost their preparation levels. The following are some of the NCERT books that will assist students to extensively prepare for the History exam:

  • Contemporary World Politics
  • Political Science II
  • Themes in Indian History (Part III)

Important Topics for Political Science Preparation

The following are some of the essential topics that students should not miss out on while preparing for the Political Science Examination:

  • US Dominance in World Politics
  • Alternative centers of Economic and Political Power
  • South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era
  • Regional aspirations and conflicts
  • Rise of New Social Movements
  • Recent Developments in Indian Politics

CBSE Class 12 Sociology

Sociology, one of the subjects in 12th Humanities, assists students to reflect on what they hear over the span of their regular day to day existence and build up a constructive mentality towards society.

  • The syllabus of Sociology empowers the students to comprehend human conduct extensively.
  • The syllabus not just provides scope for intuitive learning, in light of activities and project work but in addition, also helps teachers and students to come together in order to innovate new approaches to learning.

NCERT Preparation Books For Sociology

The following are some of the important books that will help students to prepare for the Sociology exam:

  • Indian Society
  • Social Change and Development in India

What are the Important Topics for Class 12 Sociology Preparation?

The following are crucial topics for the Class 12 Sociology Exam:

  • Demographic Structure & Indian Society
  • Social Institutions-Continuity and change
  • The pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  • Challenges of Cultural Diversity
  • Suggestions for Project Work Nonevaluative
  • Cultural Change
  • The Story of Democracy
  • Change and Development in Rural Society
  • Globalization and Social Change
  • Social Movements

Class 12 Humanities Syllabus

Class 12 Humanities Syllabus

CBSE Class 12 Geography

Geography is one of the elective humanities subjects class 12 on the CBSE board. This subject is for students who are seeking after their scholastic enthusiasm for the field of cartography, regional and urban planning, GIS and remote sensing, metrology, rural development, and environmental issues. For this reason, the syllabus at the Class 12 stage is planned with the end goal that it opens the students to profundities of the subject.

  • The Geography syllabus enables the students to investigate, comprehend, and assess the ecological and social components of the world in a superior way.
  • The course incorporates investigations of physical and human environments and their interactions at various scales: nearby, provincial, national, and worldwide. To comprehend these ideas, different case studies from Indian culture are taken up.

NCERT Preparation Books For Geography

The following 2 books are required to prepare for this Humanities Subjects In 12th:

  • Fundamentals of Human Geography (Part I)
  • India People and Economy

Important topics for Class 12 Exam for Geography

The Geography paper is subdivided into 3 parts. Practical work accounts for 30 marks, while 35 marks weightage is given each for part A - Fundamentals of Human Geography and part B - India: People and Economy. Part A and part B have a total of 12 chapters.

The following are some of the essential topics from Geography that students should study thoroughly:

  • Transport, Communication & Trade
  • Human settlements
  • Human activities
  • Transport, Communication and International Trade
  • Resources and Development
  • Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems

Career Options after 12th Humanities

Students who will opt for the Humanities stream in their class 12 have many career opportunities. They can pursue courses like arts, fine arts, journalism, hotel management, etc after their 12th humanities.

  • All fields from law and government to management and creative fields require students from a humanities background.
  • They can choose their career as a journalist, lawyer, fashion designer, graphic designer, writer, etc.

Arts & Humanities

Students can do specialization in courses like psychology, history, journalism, sociology, physical education, etc.

Fine Arts

Students can choose fine arts if they have an interest in expressive arts like dance, sculpting, and photography.

Hotel Management

Hotel management is one of the best streams that students can opt for after the completion of their class 12 humanities.

Fashion Designing

Students who will opt for humanities in their class 12 can also go for fashioning design course.

Frequently Asked Questions

The 6th subject is one of the additional humanities subjects offered by CBSE Class 12. CBSE gives students the alternative to study an extra subject that is, a sixth subject along with their 5 customary subjects in class eleventh and twelfth. It's not a substitute for a fundamental subject, and is picked to compensate for the chance of scoring poor marks in a main subject or to keep additional career alternatives open.

Numerous schools offer vocational or elective CBSE humanities subjects for Class 12, for example, Physical Education, Music, Hindi, Fine Arts and so forth as sixth subjects, while others offer scholarly subjects, for example, Computer Science, Informatics Practices, Mathematics, Biology, and Psychology as alternatives.

A sixth Humanities subject in 12th CBSE can assist you with improving your overall percentage, particularly if you select a simpler and higher-scoring subject. If you score higher in your sixth subject, the marks acquired in it will substitute your fifth subject in your subsequent percentage calculation. In this manner, your overall percentage will increment by a wide margin.

  •  Selecting the sixth subject can assist you in expanding the number of career choices accessible to you in some cases.
  • For instance, a Humanities student may decide to choose Mathematics as a sixth subject in addition to the primary subjects to keep Economics open as a career alternative.

Regardless of its numerous advantages of various additional Humanities Subjects in 12th CBSE, one can't ignore the fact that studying a sixth subject isn't intended for everybody. There are certain impediments related with studying an extra subject.

 The greatest worry about selecting an additional subject is the extra efforts, difficult work and time that you should dedicate to its study. This is particularly valid for students who have harder fifth subjects since they would have their hands full with their 5 fundamental subjects, and adding another to the blend may make it a lot to deal with.

Yes, it is necessary to write the sixth subject exam since you have voluntarily opted for it. Nonetheless, the marks of your sixth Humanities Subject in 12th CBSE are not included in your percentage on the off chance that you score low marks in it or fail. They are just considered in your absolute percentage calculation in the event that you have scored less in your fifth subject or a language.

History, political science, sociology, economics, geography, psychology are the mandatory Humanities Subjects class 12th in CBSE.
Philosophy, homescience, fine arts, maths, fashion designing, physical education are the optional class 12 humanities subjects in the CBSE board.


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