CBSE Class 12 Humanities Subjects List 2023-24 And Preparation Tips

Author : Shashwat Srivastava

Updated On : November 15, 2023


Reader's Digest: Are you curious about the CBSE Class 12 Humanities Subjects List for 2023-24? Well, you're in for a treat! The curriculum promises fresh insights and diverse learning opportunities. Whether you're a student, parent, or educator, this article will shed light on the exciting updates awaiting you in the humanities subject.

Humanities, a subject that deals with the study of aspects of human society and culture, offers students a large number of opportunities in different fields like mass communication, counselling, and education. Candidates appearing for the class 12 humanities exams must be aware of the subjects to better succeed in the exam. To help candidates, we have provided a detailed list of Humanities Subjects in Class 12 in this post.

 Before starting the preparation, it is important for candidates to check the Class 12 Humanities Syllabus as it will help them to know the important topics of all the subjects from the exam point of view. Knowing the subjects of the 12th CBSE Humanities will help candidates know how to plan their preparation to cover all the topics of each subject.

  • Students who will choose Humanities with Maths in their class 12 can excel in various fields like banks and investment firms, engineering firms, research and development firms, insurance agencies, etc.
  • Opting for Economics subject will provide a lot of scope for students in different firms like banks, finance institutes, manufacturing firms, stock exchanges, etc while computer operator, programmer, web developer are some of the career options available for students who will choose Humanities with computer science.
  • Solving CBSE Class 12 Humanities Question Papers will help candidates to know the difficulty level of the paper and the type of questions asked in the exam.

Key Contents

  • Preparation Insights:

    • Emphasis on checking Class 12 Humanities Syllabus before starting preparations.
    • Benefits of solving CBSE Class 12 Humanities Question Papers.
  • Subject Breakdown:

    • Mandatory and optional Humanities subjects in Class 12.
    • Detailed insights into core subjects:
      • History: Syllabus overview, NCERT books recommendation, important topics, and the syllabus's division.
      • Political Science: Overview, syllabus details, recommended books, and important topics.
      • Sociology: Introduction, suggested books, and key topics for exam preparation.
      • Geography: Brief, required NCERT books, and essential chapters.
  • Career Prospects Post Humanities:

    • Various fields and specializations available for Humanities students post Class 12, including:
      • Arts & Humanities specializations.
      • Fine Arts.
      • Hotel Management.
      • Fashion Designing.

CBSE Class 12 Humanities Subjects List 2023-24

Let us have a look at the table below to know the mandatory and optional Humanities Subjects in Class 12

Humanities subjects Class 12
Mandatory Subjects Optional Subjects
History Philosophy
Political Science Home Science
Sociology Fine Arts
Economics Physical Education
Geography Maths
Psychology Fashion Designing

How Many Subjects Are in CBSE Class 12 Humanities?

There are mandatory as well as optional Humanities subjects class 12. It is important for candidates to be aware of all art subjects in Class 12th to score good marks in the upcoming exam. The Central Board of Secondary Education offers the following subjects to students who opt for the Humanities stream in their class 12.

  • Language 1: English (Core Language)
  • Language 2: Hindi/Sanskrit/Spanish (Elective Language)
  • History
  • Economics
  • Sociology
  • Geography
  • Political Science

CBSE Class 12 History

History is one of the important Humanities Subject Class 12. The syllabus for History is intended to acquaint students with significant historical events. The syllabus is planned in a way to assist students with understanding the processes and cycles through which historians compose history by picking and gathering various kinds of proof, and by reading their sources with a critical perspective.

  • Students will acknowledge how historians follow the paths that lead to the past, how historical information develops, find the connection between various strategies for inquiry within history and the unified disciplines, point-by-point investigation of certain ancient topics and themes, medieval and current Indian history.
  • Despite the fact that the attempt is to relax the distinction between what is routinely named as the ancient, archaic, and present day.
  • Each topic for class XII is divided into four major subheads: an itemized overview of the occasions, issues, and cycles being talked about, a rundown of the current situation of research on the subject, a record of how information about the topic has been procured, an excerpt from a primary source identified with the topic, clarifying how it has been utilized by historians.


The Syllabus of History, one of the Humanities subjects in12th class involves three sections named - Themes in Indian History Part 1, 2, and 3. There is a sum of 15 units within these 3 sections. The syllabus extensively focuses on the old, medieval, and present-day history of India. Candidates appearing for the class 12 exams can download the FREE Humanities Study Material and start their preparation well in advance to score good marks in the exam.

  • Themes in Indian History Part 1 revolve around the antiquated history of India like the Harappan civilization as well as political, economic, and social history.
  • Themes in Indian History Part 2 revolve around the historical backdrop of the archaic period in India and comprises four units. It gives the subtleties of the archaic culture, new architectural structures during that period, religious chronicles of Sufi and bhakti traditions.
  • Themes in Indian History Part 3 revolve around the modern history of India like colonialism, partitions, the history of Mahatma Gandhi, and the formation of The Constitution of India.

NCERT Preparation Books For History

Preparing from the best books will help candidates to prepare all the topics of Humanities subjects class 12 and enhance their preparation levels for the upcoming exam. Students have to prepare by utilizing the following books:

  • Themes in Indian History (Part I)
  • Themes in Indian History (Part II)

Important Topics for Class 12 History Preparation

The following are some of the crucial topics that students need to study thoroughly to ace the history exam.

  • Themes in Indian History - Part III (35 marks)
  • Themes in Indian History - Part II (30 marks)
  • Themes in Indian History - Part I (25 marks)
  • Other Marks 10 marks

CBSE Class 12 Political Science

Political Science is one of the crucial Class 12 Humanities subjects. The Class 12 syllabus for Political Science acquaints students with different concerns of a political scientist. The syllabus creates a bridge between the past and the present by clarifying what occurred in the past and how it ultimately formed the present.


The syllabus of political science acquaints students with a political hypothesis, Indian governmental issues, and global legislative issues. The fundamental thought here is to establish a framework for a genuine commitment to the discipline of undergraduate courses.

  • The syllabus aims to empower students to become familiar with a portion of the key political events and figures in the post-freedom period, create aptitudes of political investigation through events and processes of ongoing history, empower the students to extend their frame of reference beyond India and understand the political climate of the contemporary world, acclimate the students with a portion of the key political events and cycles in the post-Cold war era and prepare them to be conscious of the way in which global events and processes shape our everyday lives.

NCERT Preparation Books For Political Science

As per the experts, referring to the best CBSE 12th Humanities Books will help candidates to boost their preparation levels. The following are some of the NCERT books that will assist students to extensively preparing for the History exam:

  • Contemporary World Politics
  • Political Science II
  • Themes in Indian History (Part III)

Important Topics for Political Science Preparation

The following are some of the essential topics that students should not miss out on while preparing for the Political Science Examination:

  • US Dominance in World Politics
  • Alternative centers of Economic and Political Power
  • South Asia in the Post-Cold War Era
  • Regional aspirations and conflicts
  • Rise of New Social Movements
  • Recent Developments in Indian Politics

CBSE Class 12 Sociology

Sociology, one of the subjects in 12th Humanities, assists students to reflect on what they hear over the span of their regular day to day existence and build up a constructive mentality towards society.

  • The syllabus of Sociology empowers the students to comprehend human conduct extensively.
  • The syllabus not just provides scope for intuitive learning, in light of activities and project work but in addition, also helps teachers and students to come together in order to innovate new approaches to learning.

NCERT Preparation Books For Sociology

The following are some of the important books that will help students to prepare for the Sociology exam:

  • Indian Society
  • Social Change and Development in India

What are the Important Topics for Class 12 Sociology Preparation?

The following are crucial topics for the Class 12 Sociology Exam:

  • Demographic Structure & Indian Society
  • Social Institutions-Continuity and change
  • The pattern of Social Inequality and Exclusion
  • Challenges of Cultural Diversity
  • Suggestions for Project Work Nonevaluative
  • Cultural Change
  • The Story of Democracy
  • Change and Development in Rural Society
  • Globalization and Social Change
  • Social Movements

CBSE Class 12 Geography

Geography is one of the elective humanities subjects class 12 on the CBSE board. This subject is for students who are seeking after their scholastic enthusiasm for the field of cartography, regional and urban planning, GIS and remote sensing, metrology, rural development, and environmental issues. For this reason, the syllabus at the Class 12 stage is planned with the end goal that it opens the students to profundities of the subject.

  • The Geography syllabus enables the students to investigate, comprehend, and assess the ecological and social components of the world in a superior way.
  • The course incorporates investigations of physical and human environments and their interactions at various scales: nearby, provincial, national, and worldwide. To comprehend these ideas, different case studies from Indian culture are taken up.

Check Also: CBSE Class 12 Commerce Syllabus 

NCERT Preparation Books For Geography

The following 2 books are required to prepare for this Humanities Subjects In 12th:

  • Fundamentals of Human Geography (Part I)
  • India People and Economy

Important topics for Class 12 Exam for Geography

The Geography paper is subdivided into 3 parts. Practical work accounts for 30 marks, while 35 marks weightage is given each for part A - Fundamentals of Human Geography and part B - India: People and Economy. Part A and part B have a total of 12 chapters.

The following are some of the essential topics from Geography that students should study thoroughly:

  • Transport, Communication & Trade
  • Human settlements
  • Human activities
  • Transport, Communication and International Trade
  • Resources and Development
  • Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems

Check Also: CBSE Class 12 English Syllabus

Career Options after 12th Humanities

Students who will opt for the Humanities stream in their class 12 have many career opportunities. They can pursue courses like arts, fine arts, journalism, hotel management, etc after their 12th humanities.

  • All fields from law and government to management and creative fields require students from a humanities background.
  • They can choose their career as a journalist, lawyer, fashion designer, graphic designer, writer, etc.

Arts & Humanities

Students can do specialization in courses like psychology, history, journalism, sociology, physical education, etc.

Fine Arts

Students can choose fine arts if they have an interest in expressive arts like dance, sculpting, and photography.

Hotel Management

Hotel management is one of the best streams that students can opt for after the completion of their class 12 humanities.

Fashion Designing

Students who will opt for humanities in their class 12 can also go for fashioning design course.

Check Also: CBSE Class 12 Computer Science Syllabus

Key Takeaways

  1. Curriculum Overview: The CBSE Class 12 Humanities for 2023-24 offers a mix of mandatory and optional subjects, covering a broad spectrum from History to Fashion Designing.

  2. Preparation Tip: Familiarize yourself with the entire syllabus, as it will guide your studies and highlight important topics for the exams.

  3. Diverse Career Opportunities: Humanities students can explore careers in various sectors like banking, investment, research, programming, and web development, to name a few.

  4. Importance of Practice: Solving past question papers gives an insight into the exam pattern and difficulty level.

  5. Study Resources: Several NCERT books are recommended for each subject, offering comprehensive coverage of the syllabus.

  6. Future Prospects: Post 12th, Humanities students have a vast array of career paths such as journalism, law, hotel management, fashion designing, and more.

  7. Subject Deep-Dive: Each subject, be it History, Political Science, or Sociology, has its unique significance and areas of focus. Ensure you are well-prepared in all.

Remember, the humanities stream offers a rich understanding of human society and culture, making it integral to various professions and sectors. Choose wisely and study hard!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is an additional or sixth CBSE 12th humanities subject?

What are the benefits of having a sixth subject in class 12th?

What are the disadvantages of having a sixth Humanities subject class 12th?

Is it mandatory to give the sixth Humanities subject class 12 test in the event that I have picked it?

What are the mandatory CBSE Class 12 Humanities Subjects?

What are the optional humanities subjects class 12 in CBSE board?


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