Bihar Judiciary Mains Answering Strategy by Judiciary Gold

The mains session in Bihar Judiciary is the most crucial stage as the marks secured in this stage is considered for final selection. The Bihar Judiciary Mains exam comprises descriptive questions. 

Wondering about how to get the answer correct and what is the suitable method to write a response? This post shall take you through the answer writing strategy for the Bihar Judiciary Mains Exam explained by the mentor Shubham Upadhyaya from the Judiciary Gold team. 

Answering Strategy for Bihar Judiciary Mains Exam

Before you understand how to write answers for different types of questions asked in the Bihar Judiciary exam, know the tips for answering any question. Follow these tips and tricks for answering any question in the Bihar Judicial Services examination smoothly. 

  • It would help if you had clarity of concepts of all law subjects mentioned in the syllabus.
  • Reading the question before attempting is a must to understand what precisely the examiner needs clearly.
  • Practising answer writing in a time-bound manner can help your writing speed.
  • If the word limit to a question is not provided, the critical question of how much is written in a given question depends primarily on two factors: Marks allotted to the same and scope/need of extension in the answer.
  • The length of the answer or number of pages is not a decisive factor for marking. So, keeping your answers brief and to the point helps a lot in completing the exam on time.
  • Make sure to write neatly in legible handwriting so that your answer is readable for the examiner.
  • Making short paragraphs or pointers is a suggested way to hold the examiner's interest.
  • Contrary to popular opinion, not every answer requires the mentioning of case laws. So, write case laws only if they are relevant and dealing directly with the question asked.
  • You should only write either the landmark judgments or recent important case laws, which can help convey your clarity of the concept.

bihar Judiciary mock test

Bihar Judiciary mock test

General Format of Answering Strategy for Bihar Judiciary Mains Exam

This format can be followed while answering any question in the Bihar Judiciary Mains Examination. The general form of writing an answer includes Introduction, Main body or central idea, and conclusion. 

You can apply this format to all answers, but the following sections in this post shall discuss a particular type of answer writing in Bihar Judicial Services. 


  • Whenever you begin with an answer is that you need to understand the question. 
  • If there is a definition needed for your answer, then begin with the definition. 
  • Next, you can start with the importance of the concept or terminology given.
  • In case there is no definition, you can start with the general concept.
  • Give a little background or history of the topic. 
  • Remember not to give any negative statements in the introduction. 
  • The maximum length of the introduction must be 4-5 lines.
  • Be straightforward and precise with clarity. 

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Main Body or Central Idea

  • This gives the examiner an idea of whether you are thorough with the concept or not.
  • Remember that you must begin with the provision when you start the main body of the mains answer. This gives an impact that the aspirant has understood the general concept.
  • Next comes the applicability and enforcement. Explain how this provision is applicable in the judiciary system.
  • Mention any amendments that happened or was announced.
  • Further is the illustration. Build connectivity between the provision and illustration. It is not necessary that the illustration must be from the bare act; however, it can be from any commentary or in the form of any case laws.
  • The last part of the main body will be case laws. You can include one or two recent judgements of the particular state.

Read MoreHow to deal with Negative Marking in Judiciary Exams?


  • Most of you might miss this part in the answer. But it is vital to give a summary of the solution. 
  • At least 3-4 lines of the conclusion are essential for a complete answer. 
  • Give the gist of the crux. 
  • The conclusion must include an overall summation of the answer and significant takeaways for the examiner.

This is the structure of a general answer writing for the Bihar Judiciary mains exam. As per the Bihar Judiciary Pattern, the mains session shall include short notes and concept-based questions. Let us understand the strategies for writing these answers.

How to Write Short Notes Answer in Bihar Judiciary Mains?

As the question type says, these are short notes or essay type answers. You might be given a word limit for this answer, or there might not be a limit. 

  • There is no prescribed structure for short notes based questions. Also, there is no scope for introduction, main body or conclusion.
  • But it is recommended to have a proper introduction in pointers. 
  • Be crisp and precise while writing short notes or specific format. Instead of explaining a detailed introduction, you can directly get to the point by explaining provisions. 
  • You can avoid case laws as they can increase the length and words in the answer. In case if it is necessary, then you can explain short terms.
  • Also, make sure you check the marking scheme and write accordingly. 

How to Write Factual Matrix Answer in Bihar Judicial Services Mains?

The main aim of the factual matrix question is to test if you can decode what law and legal provision will apply in the given facts.


The introduction should lay down the law/legal principles relevant to the mentioned factual scenario. This needs to be brief and on point.

Main Body

  • The main body shall include the appreciation of facts and elaboration on the law, legal provisions relevant to the facts.
  • Ensure to explain the ingredients of law and establish a connecting link between the facts and law.
  • You should also mention illustrations or case laws based on similar facts and convey a better idea of the applicable law.
  • At this stage, justifying your answer with logical and legal reasoning adds quality to it.


  • The conclusion will be summarising the whole answer along with writing a direct response concerning the factual matrix is a good technique.

For example: If the question is whether the offence of theft is made out in the given facts? After discussing the law of theft, its provision and ingredients, and justifying your answer that theft here is/is not made out, the conclusion should lay down a summarised and direct response that the robbery is/is not made out in these facts along with its reasons.