Updated On : March 3, 2022
Verbal Ability, together with Reading Comprehension, accounts for one-third of the DU JAT question paper. It is not easy to score well in the Verbal Ability section because there are so many things to cover. Vocabulary is one area where students frequently struggle. Many vocabulary-based questions are asked in DU JAT and IPM, either directly or indirectly through comprehension-based questions. You cannot answer these questions unless you have a proper knowledge of words.
One of the best ways to learn vocabulary and understand a given word, is understanding the root of the word. Which means every given word is formed of a root to which we can add suffixes and prefixes to form new words. Learning just one root word can help you understand several words in English. So, by learning just 20 or 30 root words, you can expand your English vocabulary to include hundreds of new words.
A root can be any part of a word that carries meaning: the beginning, middle or end. The prefix appears at the beginning of a word, the base in the middle and the suffix at the end. Most English root words came from the Greek and Latin languages, example: the base word “struct-.” It comes from the Latin word meaning “build.”
This method can be used to understand many words originating from the same root, for example the word “Specto” comes from an latin word meaning: To look
A visually striking performance of display.
The Olympics are the biggest sporting spectacle in the world.
The great firework was a fine spectacle.
Look at (someone or something) to closely examine, scrutinize.
The leader inspected the tool kit.
Review of past course of events.
In retrospect, she wished she had thought about the alternate plan.
The possibility of some future event occurring
He scored a fabulous result therefore his job prospect looks good.
Examine one’s own thoughts or feelings
As a student he was quite introspective.
Directions(Q.1-Q.9): Select one entry for each blank from the corresponding column of choices. Fill in the blank in the way that best completes the text.
Q1. In Europe, football, otherwise known as soccer, is the most popular sport by several orders of magnitude, whereas in America, fandom is fairly evenly ⸺⸺among a few different sports.
Solution. d. apportioned
Q2. The astrophysicist argues that our books and films about interstellar space travel are a form of mass ⸺ ,and that only a miracle could allow a human being to voyage to even the closest star in another solar.
Solution. b. Delusion
Q3. On an aptitude test in 1986, an argument posited that the possibility of conducting banking transactions from home was as likely as flying cars, an argument that today sounds ⸺.
Solution. d. preposterous
Prescient - state of knowing everything in advance
presumptuous - person who does know limits. He will just take the liberty to say whatever he has to say
Paradoxical - contradictory statement
Preposterous - absurd
Q4. Many ⸺ people feared for the life of Ronald Reagan because since 1840 every president elected in a year ending in zero had died in office.
Solution c. Superstitious
Q5. Every generation is accused of slacking by the preceding ones, before in turn calling their own progeny lackadaisical; such is the ⸺ of life.
Solution c. circle
Q6. Although retired, the professor takes pains to remain ⸺ the latest developments in her field.
Solution b. abreast of
Q7. After the US Civil War, "carpetbaggers"-so-called because they carried suitcases made of inexpensive carpeting material ⸺ quick profit. the South, hoping to turn a quick profit.
Solution b. inundated
Q8. December's earthquake was but a ⸺ to a terrible year for a small island nation recently wracked by civil strife and devastating tropical storms.
Solution c. coda
Blank (i) Blank (ii)
(a) awkward lisp (a) enthralled
(b) overwhelming passion (b) repelled
(c) appealing shyness (c) amused
Solution (c) appealing shyness and (a) enthralled
Directions (Q10 to Q15): In each of the following questions, out of the given alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the idiom/ phrase in italics in the sentence.
Q10. It is clear that the ideas of both reformers ran in the same groove.
(a) promoted each other
(b) lashed with each other
(c) advanced in harmony
(d) moved in different directions
Solution (c) advanced in harmony
Q11. He stood his ground despite the pressure.
(a) remained firm (b) was obstinate (c) was prejudiced (d) felt shaky
Solution (a) remained firm
Q12. With regard to licensing policy, it is advisable for every state to cut corners.
(a) become lenient (b) amend the existing rules
(c) exercise strict control (d) simplify the procedure
Solution. (d) simplify the procedure
Q13. There was opposition to the new policy by the rank and file of the Government.
(a) the majority (b) the ordinary members
(c) the cabinet members (d) the official machinery
Solution (b) the ordinary members
Q14. Dowry is a burning question of the day.
(a) a relevant problem (b) a dying issue
(c) an irrelevant problem (d) a widely debated issue
Solution. (d) a widely debated issue
(a) lost in the deep sea (b)facing two challenges
(c) facing two equally bad alternatives (d)confronting two opportunities
Solution. (c) facing two equally bad alternatives
Directions (Q16 to Q22): In each question, four words (identified as A, B, C and D) are given. Two of them are opposite in meaning to each other. Identify this pair from the choices and mark it as your answer:
(a) A-C (b) B-D (c) C-D (d) B-C
Solution (c) C-D
(a) B-C (b) B-D (c) C-D (d) A-C
Solution (a) B-C
Q18. A. Dignity B. Discord C. Strife D. Agreement
(a) B-C (b) A-C (c) B-D (d) A-D
Solution (c) B-D
(a) A-B (b)B-C (c) A-C (d) B-D
Solution. (d) B-D
(a) A-B (b) B-D (c) A-C (d) C-D
Solution. (a) A-B
Q21. A. Ecstasy B. Elation C. Greed D. Despair
(a) A-B (b)C-D (c) A-D (d) B-C
Solution. (c) A-D
(a) B-D (b) A-B (c) B-C (d) A-C
Solution. (c) B-C
(Q.23 - 28)Read the following passage and choose the answer that is closest to each of the questions that are based on the passage.
Supposing half a dozen or a dozen men were cast ashore from a wreck on an uninhabited island and left to their own resources, one of course, according to his capacity, would be set to one business and one to another; the strongest to dig and to cut wood, and to build huts for the rest: the most dexterous to make shoes out of bark and coats out of skins; the best educated to look for iron or lead in the rocks, and to plan the channels for the irrigation of the fields. But though their labours were thus naturally severed, that small group of shipwrecked men would understand well enough that the speediest progress was to be made by helping each other-not by opposing each other; and they would know that this help could only be properly given so long as they were frank and open in their relations, and the difficulties which each lay under properly explained to the rest. So that any appearance of secrecy or separateness in the actions of any of them would instantly, and justly, be looked upon with suspicion by the rest, as the sign of some selfish or foolish proceeding on the part of the individual. If, for instance, the scientific man were found to have gone out at night, unknown to the rest, to alter the sluices, the others would think, and in all probability rightly think, that he wanted to get the best supply of water to his own field; and if the shoemaker refused to show them where the bark grew which he made the sandals of, they would naturally think, and in all probability rightly think, that he didn't want them to see how much there was of it, and that he meant to ask from them more corn and potatoes in exchange for his sandals than the trouble of making them deserved. And thus, although each man would have a portion of time to himself in which he was allowed to do what he chose without let or inquiry - so long as he was working in that particular business which he had undertaken for the common benefit, any secrecy on his part would be immediately supposed to mean mischief; and would require to be accounted for, or put an end to: and this all the more because, whatever the work might be, certainly there would be difficulties about it which, when once they were well explained, might be more or less done away with by the help of the rest; so that assuredly every one of them would advance with his labour not only more happily, but more profitably and quickly, by having no secrets, and by frankly bestowing, and frankly receiving, such help as lay in his way to get or to give.
Q23. When a dozen men are cast away on an imaginary island, the best educated would look for metals in rocks because
Q24. The author states that any appearance of secrecy or separateness would instantly and justly be looked upon with suspicion. From this statement we may infer that
Q25. The instance of the shoemaker who refuses to show his source and asks for more corn and potatoes, is an example of
Q26. According to the author, whatever one's work might be
Q27. The author's belief is that for progress to happen
Q28. The writer makes a hypothesis, which can be related to