Updated On : March 30, 2022
Over the years Critical Reasoning questions have been consistently asked in DU JAT and other entrance exams like IPU CET, and JIPMAT. In the Reasoning and Analytical Ability section of DU JAT generally, 4-7 questions are based on critical reasoning.
The ability to solve these questions depends on your ability to recognize and evaluate argumentative logic. The better you understand and comprehend arguments, the better you will be at CR questions.
To ease out your preparation, we have accumulated important Critical Reasoning Questions for the DU JAT Exam from the previous year's papers and a few self-designed questions by TopRankers faculty.
Critical Reasoning questions are basically inferential questions based on a short passage.
The typical critical reasoning passage is about 50 to 200 words and contains an argument and questions based on the conclusion, reasons and facts are asked.
Here are a few important terms required to solve critical reasoning questions.
Generally, Critical Reasoning questions of DU JAT are based on the following types.
To help you get an idea about the type of questions asked in the exam, we have provided the sample questions that are curated from the previous year's Question Papers of DU JAT.
Practising these questions will help improve your speed and time management by doing this regularly.
In questions on strengthening the argument, the question will ask you to select the statement that strengthens the argument most.
Arguments can be strengthened in two ways: either through the introduction of some supporting evidence or some supporting reasons. Refer to the example question below to better understand these types of questions.
One of the most important and constructive reforms in National Politics has been the abolition of the post of State Ministers in the various departments.
Each of the following, if true, would strengthen the above argument, except
Similar to the strengthening of an argument these questions are based on the weakening of an argument by the introduction of additional evidence or claim.
Refer to the example question below to better understand these types of questions.
Before the arrival of a new trainer, the sales output in AMS Learning Systems Ltd. had been rising by 20% per year on average over the past ten years. However, after new training innovations by the trainer (which included computerisation of training processes and reductions in the need for additional workforce) annual sales output has only risen by 10% this year. It appears that Joe's innovations have caused a reduction in the annual growth rate.
Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the conclusion above?
In these questions, you are asked to identify the possible assumptions in the paragraph. Refer to the example question below to better understand these types of questions.
In response to the criticism about the methods used by his poll predicting agency, a leading psephologist Mannoy Toy, replied: "I realise there are some shortcomings to the questionnaire method that we have applied to do the survey. However, since we have ensured that we send a copy of the questionnaire to every home in each of the constituencies where we have carried out our survey, we believe the results to be quite representative..... We think the numbers received are so large that it overcomes the lack of a scientific approach that might have crept into our survey.
The writer of the above statement makes which of the following assumptions?
In these questions, you will be asked to spot the option that is/ is not an inference that can be drawn from the conclusion mentioned in the paragraph.
Refer to the example question below to better understand these types of questions.
A recent study on medicine addiction found out that there are principally three main factors that determine the risk of becoming dependent on or addicted to medicines. The first factor is the type of medicine, the second is the personality of the individual, and the third factor is controlled by the circumstances in which the medicine is taken. As a parallel example, we only need to look as far as alcohol. While it could be safely said that the majority of the adult population have taken alcohol, yet only a small proportion of these go on to get addicted to alcohol. Besides, it is well documented that many strong medicines that have been used for medical purposes have not caused the patient to become addicted.
However, the study found that people who took medicines for the heck of it were more likely to become dependent on the same. The dependence need not be restricted to the physiological side but may become psychological, although the effects are still essentially the same. People with psychopathic, immature or otherwise unstable personalities were shown to be at the greatest risk of becoming addicted.
Which of the following conclusions can be drawn from the text?
In these types of questions, a paragraph is given followed by four concluding options, and you have to choose the option that best concludes the paragraph. Refer to the example question below to better understand these types of questions.
Thus the end of knowledge and the closing of the frontier that it symbolizes is not a looming crisis at all, but merely one of many embarrassing fits of hubris in civilization's long industry. In the end, it will pass away and be forgotten. Ours is not the first generation to struggle to understand the organizational laws of the frontier, deceive itself that it has succeeded, and go to its grave having failed. __________
In these questions, you need to identify whether there is an error in the entire argument or it is in a specific part of the problem. Refer to the example question below to better understand these types of questions.
Roma: The number of accidents on state and national highways this year in the state of Karnataka, where the speed limit was lowered to fifty kmph an hour two years ago, is clear evidence that speed restrictions rigorously enforced, make drivers more aware of the dangers of going too fast.
Aamir: Wrong. If you take a close look at the records it will show you that the number of accidents has been falling ever since the introduction of newer and stricter penalties for traffic rules violations, which happened two years before the lowering of the speed limit.
Which of the following best describes the weak point in Roma's statement upon which Aamir focuses?
Relevance questions are framed with the objective of testing the student's abilities to understand the main idea of the passage. You are expected to test the main idea of various options for their relevance to the arguments presented. Refer to the example question below to better understand these types of questions.
Amrinder Singh is no big catch for the Congress Party in Uttar Pradesh. Even though he is the brother of the Chief Minister of the opposing Bhrasthwadi Party, he himself has no political clout and was not even important organizationally for his own party. Which of the following statements is inconsistent with the above?
Q1.Glen: An emphasis on law's purely procedural side produces a concern with personal
rights that lead to the individual's indifference to society's welfare. Law's primary role
should be to create virtuous citizens.
Sara: But such a role would encourage the government to decide which modes of life are truly
virtuous; that would be more dangerous than the government's being overprotective of
The dialogue provides the most support for the claim that Glen and Sara disagree about
Solution: Here we have to choose the dialogue which supports the argument of one individual and disagrees with the other. Statement e, clearly supports Glen and disagrees with Sara, hence option E is the correct choice.
Q2. Ethicist: An action is wrong if it violates a rule of the society in which the action is performed and that rule promotes the general welfare of people in the society. An action is right if it is required by a rule of the society in which the action is performed and the rule promotes the general welfare of the people in that society. Which one of the following judgments most closely conforms to the principle cited by the ethicist?
Solution: Here we don't know whether the action is right or wrong if there is a rule which is not promoting the general welfare. In option E, Edward’s action is right as he follows the society rule that promotes the general welfare of people. Hence option E is the correct choice.
Q3. Sociologist: The welfare state is feasible only if wage earners are prepared to contribute
their hard-earned income to assist others with means lesser than theirs. Since people
innately maintain interest only in their own well-being and happiness, a welfare state is
impossible to implement successfully.
The argument above rests on which of the following assumptions?
Solution: We have to find the statement implicit to the given paragraph, Statement C implicitly explains the paragraph as para mentions people innately maintain interest only in their own well-being and happiness and from this it is implicit People never define their well-being and happiness in terms of helping others. Hence option C is the correct choice.
Q4. Anne: Halley's Comet, now in a part of its orbit relatively far from the Sun, recently flared brightly enough to be seen by telescope. No comet has ever been observed to flare so far from the Sun before, so such a flare must be highly unusual.
Sue: Nonsense. Usually, no one bothers to try to observe comets when they are so far from the Sun. This flare was observed only because an observatory was tracking Halley's Comet very carefully.
Sue challenges Anne's reasoning by
Solution: Option D is the correct choice, as Sue has provided an alternate explanation for the evidence cited by Anne.
Q5. University budget committee: Athletes experience fewer injuries on artificial turf athletic fields than on natural-grass fields. Additionally, natural-grass fields are more expensive to maintain fields made of artificial turf. Nevertheless, this committee recommends replacing the university's current artificial turf field with a natural grass field.
Which one of the following, if true, most helps to resolve the apparent discrepancy in the committee's position?
Solution: Option B is the correct choice as it provides the most reasonable decision for selecting the Natural turf.
Q6. Marc: The fact that the people of our country look back on the past with a great deal of nostalgia demonstrates that they regret the recent revolution.
Robert: They are not nostalgic for the recent past, but for the distant past, which the pre-revolutionary regime despised; this indicates that although they are troubled, they do not regret the revolution.
Their dialogue provides the most support for the claim that Marc and Robert agree that the people of their country
Solution: Option D is the correct choice as both agree with this statement.
Q1. In the question below two statements are followed by three conclusions numbered I, II and III. Taking the two statements given as true, read all the conclusions and select the conclusions that follow from the given statement.
III. No road is a soap
Solution: Option 4
Q2. Animals in general, are shrewd in proportion as they cultivate society. Elephants and beavers show the greatest signs of this sagacity when they are together in large numbers, but when man invades their communities, they lose all their spirit of industry. Among insects, the labours of the bee and the ant have attracted the attention and admiration of naturalists, but all their sagacity seems to be lost upon separation, and a single bee or ant seems destitute of every degree of industry. It becomes the most stupid insect imaginable and it languishes and soon dies. Which of the following can be inferred from the above passage?
Solution: Option 2
Q3. Which of the following, if true, would provide the most support for concluding from the survey results described above that the use of illegal drugs by people below the age of 20 is declining?
Solution: Option 3
Frequently Asked Questions
How to solve DU JAT Critical Reasoning questions?
How to attempt the Critical Reasoning section with ease?
Do I need to join coaching to crack the DU JAT exam?