Scope of LAW In India (Salaries, Job Opportunities & Growth)
Author : Tanya Kaushal
Updated On : February 15, 2023
Reader's Digest - From complex contract disputes to the esoteric aspects of family law, the Scope of law in India can be enormous. Join us in this knowledgeable blog as we explore the boundaries of the law & you'll come away with a few unknown facts about the scope of law!
The Indian legal sector has been multiplying in demand and job opportunities, making law a lucrative career choice. With the country's population of 1.3 billion, the legal industry has become one of the biggest industries in India.
Law is one of India's most sought-after career paths, with a wide range of opportunities to pursue. It is an area of study that offers immense potential for personal and professional growth.
From a lucrative career to the ability to make a real difference in the lives of many, there are numerous reasons why an individual may pursue law as a career in India.
The Scope of Law in India is not only limited to handling criminal and civil disputes. Instead, it expands to providing legal advice to companies and individuals. There are various career options available in the field of law ranging from corporate lawyers, litigators, legal advisors, and law firm partners.
The Scope of law in India is vast and encompasses a wide range of specialisations. This huge variety makes it easy for aspiring legal eagles to choose the field that best suits their interests and career goals.
Overview of Scope of Law in India
Once upon a time, there was a small village in India. The people of this village were simple and hardworking, but they had no one to guide them in their day-to-day affairs.
One day, the village elders invited a wise man from the neighbouring city to help them. The wise man was a renowned lawyer and had come to the village to speak about the Scope of law in India.
He began by telling the villagers that the law is one of India's oldest and most respected professions. He said it is an ever-evolving field that provides an opportunity to make a positive difference in society. He also explained that law is a challenging profession that requires hard work, dedication, and commitment.
The wise man explained that a lawyer's job is to provide legal advice, defend clients in court, and help people understand the country's laws. He also explained that law is a vast field and there are various specializations that a lawyer can pursue, such as criminal law, civil law, corporate law, and many more.
The wise man concluded his talk by saying that one does not necessarily need a law degree to pursue a career in law and how to prepare for Law Entrance Exams. He said one could become a lawyer by attending law school and passing the AIBE. He also explained that many lawyers pursue higher education to specialize in a particular field.
The villagers were very impressed by the wise man's words and thanked him for his advice. They realized that law is not just an exciting profession but also a vital profession that can help people understand the country's laws and make a positive difference in society.
The villagers thanked the wise man and took his words to heart. From that day onwards, many pursued a career in law and made a difference in their community.
Moral of the Story - Law is an ever-evolving field that provides an opportunity to make a positive difference in society. It is a challenging profession that requires hard work and dedication. Still, it is also a rewarding profession that can help people understand the country's laws and positively impact society.
Scope of Law in India - A Successful Career
Law as a career is a rewarding experience both in terms of financial benefits and the sense of fulfilment in helping the citizens of society.
The first step to starting a career in Law is to pursue an undergraduate program like LLB/BBA LLB after the 12th.
To get admission to these courses, you must first clear a Law Entrance Exams like CLAT(Common Law Admission Test), AILET (All India Law Entrance Test), LSAT (Law School Admission Test), etc.
Upon completion of the course, one can either start practising law in court or join a legal firm.
Another option is to enrol in a postgraduate law program like LLM to advance knowledge and gain requisite career skills.
Scope of Law in India - Vast Specializations
Here are various areas of specialization in the law field which you can choose from:
1) Civil Law
Civil law involves working on guardian disputes, damage suits, wills, deeds, individual rights & conflicts etc.
Although both the government and private sector offers numerous opportunities. However, private companies have more scope.
The remuneration of a civil lawyer is determined by his or her qualifications and experience.
An experienced civil lawyer gets a higher income in the private sector than in the public sector.
Civil lawyers in India can get anywhere between Rs 6 lakhs to Rs 12 lakhs per annum.
2) Criminal Law
Criminal law involves the prosecution and defence of individuals charged with a crime.
They specialize in defending clients accused of crimes.
Criminal Lawyers in India can get anywhere between Rs 8 lakhs to Rs 15 lakhs per annum.
3) Corporate Law
Corporate lawyers focus on providing legal advice and services to businesses, including negotiating and drafting contracts to advise on corporate governance issues.
This specialization involves advising companies on legal matters related to their business operations, such as setting up a corporation, mergers and acquisitions, financing, bankruptcy, and securities.
Salaries for corporate lawyers can vary greatly depending on the firm's size, experience, and geographic location.
Corporate lawyers typically earn higher salaries than other lawyers.
Salaries for experienced corporate lawyers can range from ₹15 lakhs to ₹2 crores and above annually.
4) Taxation Law
Tax lawyers advise clients on tax-related matters, such as filing taxes, understanding the tax code, and helping clients resolve tax disputes.
This specialization focuses on the laws related to the taxation of individuals and businesses.
Tax lawyers in India can earn between ₹3-10 lakhs per annum, depending on the complexity of their cases.
5) Real Estate Law
Real estate lawyers provide legal advice and services related to selling, leasing, and financing real estate.
This area of law deals with legal matters related to buying, selling, and leasing real estate.
Salaries for real estate lawyers typically range from $60,000 to $150,000.
6) International Law
This branch of law deals with the legal interactions between different countries and their respective governments.
International law is one of the most sought-after specialisations, with salaries ranging from $90,000 to over $200,000, depending on the experience level and number of years in the field.
Salaries can also vary based on the type of international law being practised.
For example, in-house international lawyers typically earn more than lawyers specializing in international arbitration and dispute resolution.
7) Family Law
Family law covers various topics, such as marriage, divorce, child custody, adoption, and more.
Family lawyers in India can earn between ₹2-6 lakhs per annum.
Scope of Law in India - Unknown Career Opportunities
Law is an evergreen field with innumerable career opportunities. It is one of the most sought-after professions in the world, and the opportunities available in this field are vast. Whether you wish to become a successful lawyer, a legal advisor, or pursue a career in legal research, the law sector offers many different positions for you to choose from.
Here are some of the most popular career options that are within the Scope of law in India:
1. Corporate Legal Advisor:
First, corporate legal advisors are responsible for providing legal advice to their clients. This may include drafting contracts and other related legal documents, analyzing laws, regulations, and policies, and providing advice on legal issues.
Corporate legal advisors must also be aware of changes in the law and be able to advise their clients on how to comply with these changes.
Second, corporate legal advisors are often involved in the negotiation process. They must be able to effectively negotiate contracts and other legal documents and provide advice on dispute resolution.
Corporate legal advisors must also understand the language of contracts and the implications of specific clauses.
Third, corporate legal advisors are also involved in the litigation process. They must be able to prepare legal documents and present them in court.
Corporate legal advisors must also be familiar with the court system and have the ability to navigate it successfully.
2. LPO-Legal Process Outsourcing:
Legal Process Outsourcing (LPO) is an increasingly popular career choice for lawyers and legal professionals in India and abroad.
LPO has become a viable alternative to traditional law firm practice and is an attractive option for those looking to gain legal experience and knowledge in a challenging and rewarding environment.
LPO is a rapidly growing industry that offers unique opportunities for attorneys and legal professionals to work in an exciting and dynamic field.
LPO firms are responsible for providing outsourced legal services to their clients, such as document review, legal research, document drafting, and legal document management. This service is often offered on a contract basis and used to supplement a law firm’s workload.
3. Indian Judicial Services:
Government judicial services open career opportunities for those who want to make a difference in the legal world.
From district court judges to Supreme Court justices, the government judicial system offers a variety of positions and a unique opportunity to serve the people of a nation.
A career in the government’s judicial system is an excellent choice for those passionate about law.
There are a variety of positions available, such as district court judges, appellate court judges, Supreme Court justices, high court justices, and many others. These positions are highly sought after and require much education, experience, and dedication.
Public policy is another area of opportunity in the government and judiciary.
Government agencies often use public policy analysts to research and analyze various policy issues and suggest ways to improve current laws and regulations.
These professionals use research, data analysis, and stakeholder input to create evidence-based policy solutions.
You can have a rewarding career in many different industries as a legal analyst.
From law firms to government agencies, legal analysts are in high demand.
They are responsible for interpreting and analyzing laws and regulations and providing legal advice to organizations.
Legal analysts must have an in-depth knowledge of the legal system and understand current regulations. They must be able to analyze complex information and present it clearly and concisely.
They must also be able to communicate effectively with clients and colleagues.
Law firms, corporate legal departments, and other organizations often employ legal analysts. They may work independently or as part of a team.
In addition, some legal analysts may choose to specialize in a particular area of the law, such as tax, corporate, or international law.
Legal analysts are typically employed full-time, though part-time and freelance positions are available.
Salaries vary depending on experience and the industry in which the analyst works.
5. Legal Journalist:
Legal journalists must be very knowledgeable about all aspects of the law and be able to interpret and analyze legal documents.
A legal journalist must have excellent research skills, be able to think critically and communicate complex legal issues in a manner that is easy to understand.
Legal journalism provides accurate, thorough, timely coverage of news, legal cases, and other related topics.
They must also be able to write clearly, objectively and accurately.
This type of journalism is advantageous and offers an excellent opportunity to make a difference.
It is a great way to inform and educate people about important legal issues.
6. Legal Advisor:
Legal advisors advise clients on various issues, from business and corporate law to family law and real estate.
They help clients understand the legal implications of their actions and make decisions that are in their best interests.
Legal advisors can work in various settings, including law firms, corporate legal departments, government agencies, non-profit organizations, and private practice.
They may also work in specialized fields, such as tax law, bankruptcy law, or intellectual property law.
The legal advisor job can be demanding and requires strong analytical and communication skills.
Legal advisors must be able to interpret legal documents and regulations, provide advice on legal issues, and represent clients in court.
They must also have a thorough understanding of the laws in their jurisdiction and be able to explain complex legal concepts to their clients in a way that is easy to understand.
7. Law Agency:
Careers in law agencies offer a wide range of opportunities for those seeking a legal career. From research and writing to client representation, various positions are available to those interested in a law agency career.
Here, we’ll discuss some of the most common positions and what they entail:
Paralegal: Paralegals work closely with attorneys to help prepare legal documents and research case law. They often specialize in a particular area of law, such as family law, criminal law, or corporate law. Paralegals often take on the role of a quasi-attorney, but they are not qualified to give legal advice.
Legal Secretary: Legal secretaries provide administrative support to lawyers and legal professionals. They handle filing, scheduling appointments, and other clerical tasks. Legal secretaries typically have a good understanding of the legal system and are familiar with legal terminology.
Law Clerk: Law clerks are responsible for researching legal precedents and assisting attorneys in legal proceedings. They may help prepare legal documents and draft memorandums. Law clerks must have a strong understanding of the law and be familiar with legal writing.
Legal Researcher: Legal researchers conduct research on legal topics and prepare reports for attorneys. They often specialize in a particular area of the law and have knowledge in their research. Legal researchers usually have advanced degrees in the field of law.
Scope of Law in India - Growth & Opportunity
The legal profession has grown quickly during the last few years. A constant increase in earnings and considerable improvement in wages created many career prospects in various legal roles.
A law graduate has a plethora of options. This is why many of you choose Law as a Career in India. One can work as a business lawyer or an advocate in a court of law.
A law graduate can become a judge by passing tests administered by the Public Service Commission. A law graduate with enough experience can work as a Solicitor General, a Public Prosecutor, or provide legal services to government agencies and ministries.
Working as a legal counsel for various organizations is also an option. Other appealing alternatives include teaching in universities, working with NGOs, and working as a reporter for newspapers and television stations.
We hope this blog clears all your doubts about the Scope of law in India. Happy Reading!
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Frequently Asked Questions
Which stream should I choose to pursue Law?
There is no specific stream suggested to pursue Law. You can choose commerce or humanities stream after 10th. In case if you choose science, and later wish to take up law, then you need to put in extra effort to crack entrance exams with high scores.
Can I pursue Higher Studies after BA LLB?
Yes. After 5 years of BA LLB, few students prefer going abroad for higher studies i.e., LLM. Others who want to expose themselves in practical knowledge of law choose to work in law firms.
What are the criteria for determining NIRF Ranking for Top Government Law Colleges in India?
The following parameters are considered while determining the NIRF Ranking for Top Government Law Colleges in India:
Teaching, Learning and Resources Research and Professional Practice Graduation Outcomes Outreach and Inclusivity Perception
How do I become lawyer after graduation?
After completing 3 years UG degree in law, you can pursue masters for higher qualification. Some students after 5 years of integrated law course start practising to become a lawyer.
What is the salary of law career after graduation?
For a lawyer, the starting salary can be between Rs 2 to 3 LPA while for the senior level the salary is between Rs 9 to10 LPA.
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