When can Parliament legislate on matters pertaining to the State list?
Bijoe Emmanuel v. State of Kerala
Stanislaus v. State of Madhya Pradesh.
Question 3) Describe the right to life and personal liberty, and whether the death sentence is violative of Article 21. How may the Right to Life and Personal Liberty, guaranteed by Article 21, be curtailed? 
Expansion of Right to Life and Personal Liberty
Whether the death sentence is in violation of the Right to Life and Personal Liberty?
The Procedure Established by Law and Due Process of Law (Maneka Gandhi)
Bachan Singh v. the State of Punjab
Question 4) "A declaration of Fundamental Rights is meaningless unless there is an effective judicial remedy for their enforcement." Comment. What are the judicial remedies that the Constitution provides? Explain in brief. 
Minerva Mills v. U.O.I.
Romesh Thapar v. the State of Madras
Explain all 5 writs in brief
Question 5) Describe the Protection in respect of Conviction for an offence as provided under the Constitution. Compare the same with analogous provisions under Criminal Law. 
Article 20(1) Ex-Post Facto Law
Article 20(2) Right against double jeopardy (Short note in 2017)
Section 300(1) and (2); autrefois acquit, autrefois convict
Article 20(3) Right against self-incrimination
Nandini Satpathy v. PL. Dani
Civil Procedure Code (CPC)
Civil Procedure Code holds 20 marks in Paper 1 of MPCJ Mains Exam.
The following entails a list of the previous year's questions of CPC.
Question 1) Explain the provisions about the disposal of the suit at the first hearing under Order 15 of CPC 1908. 
Introduction - Order 10, 14, 15 general relation
Order 15 general introduction
Rule1 - Parties not at issue
Rule 2 - One of several defendants not at issue
Rule 3 - Parties at issue
Rule 4 - Failure to produce evidence
Question 2) Discuss the law relating to arrest and detention of judgment debtor in Civil Prison in execution proceeding.
Provision of Arrest and Detention (55 TO 59)
Arrest and detention - WHEN - any hour and on any day, and his detention may be in the civil prison provided.
Firstly, no entry after sunset and before sunrise:
No booking open unless occupancy of the judgment-debtor
He may break open the door of any room in which he has reason to believe the judgment-debtor is to be found woman (P.N.) after allowing a reasonable time facility for withdrawing, may enter the room to make the arrest:
Judgment-debtor pays the amount of the decree and the costs of the arrest to the officer arresting him, such officer shall at once release him.
The State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare that any person or class of persons whose arrest might be tended with danger or inconvenience to the public shall not be liable for arrest.
Information by the court that he may go for an insolvent proceeding and if he expresses his intention to do so within 1 month the court may release him.
56 - Prohibition of arrest or detention of women in the execution of a decree for money
57 - Subsistence-allowance.
58 - Detention and release.-Amount exceeding five thousand rupees, period not exceeding three months, money exceeding two thousand but not exceeding five thousand rupees, for a period not exceeding six weeks.
S59. Release on the ground of illness.
Order 21 rules 37,38,39,40.
Rule 37-discretionary power to permit judgment debtor to show cause against detention in prison- (notice in place of warrant)
R38- Warrant of arrest to direct judgment debtor to be brought up
Rule 39- Subsistence allowance
Rule 40- Procedure on the appearance of Judgment Debtor in obedience to notice or after arrest.- Evidence, inquiry decision on civil prison.
Question 3) Define
Legal Representative 
Mesne Profit 
Outline 3) Decree, Order & Judgment Difference
Define / Explain
Definition of Decree
Types of decree- Paras Nath Rai v State of Bihar
What is not a decree
Order 20 Rule 1
3- Judgment to be signed and no alteration except in 152 or review
ORDER 20 RULE 6(A) within 15 days from judgment
7-Dated when judgment is pronounced
Question 4) When is an order of injunction may be discharged, varied or set aside? What are the consequences of disobedience or breach of injunction?
Question 1) Describe the powers of the Rent Controlling Authority. 
Introduction - Section 2(f) and section 28-36 in very brief
Appointment Section 28
Powers Section 29
Question 2) Under what circumstances will a sub-tenant be deemed to become a tenant? 
Introduction - Section 2(i)
Question 3) Under what circumstances defence may be struck out? What would be the consequences of striking out defence? 
Introduction - Section 12
Section 12 (3)
Section 13 (6)
Kewal Kumar v Satish Chandra 1992 MPHC
Question 4) Enumerate any four grounds on which eviction of tenants from accommodation can be sought under the Act. 
Introduction - Section 12
Mention any 4 grounds
Question 5) Discuss the circumstances in which a tenant can get the benefit of protection against eviction under Section 13. 
Section 12 (1) (a)
Transfer of Property Act (TPA)
Question 1) What do you understand by an Ostensible Owner? What are the essential elements of Section 41? Explain. 
Introduction - Section 41
Meaning of the term Ostensible Owner
The concept emerged in the case of Ramcoomar Kundoo v McQueen
4 transfer must not be voidable
Distinguish between Lease and License
Lease transfer of right to enjoy the property
License- right to do or continue
Transfer of possession
Death of either party
Question 2) Explain the Right of Redemption of a mortgagor and whether a mortgagor can seek partial redemption. 
Introduction - Right to redeem section 60
On payment of mortgage money, the right to a possession back along with title deeds cannot be availed if the right is extinguished by parties or by decree of a court.
Section 91- who may sue for redemption
Partial redemption is not allowed except when the mortgagee himself acquires a share
U. Nilan v. Kannayan adversity of one cannot be boon for others
Section 5 of TA provides that the expression "transfer of property" means an act by which a living person conveys property, in present or future, to one or more other living people, or himself and one or more other living persons:
Whether the family arrangement is transfer
Whether surrender amounts to transfer
Whether an idol is a living person
Introduction - Section 5
Property must be transferable
The transferor must be competent
Consideration and object must be lawful
Must not be opposed to nature of interest
Made in manner and form required by law
Examples-sale, mortgages etc
The family arrangement is not a transfer of property
Rights are already existing and mere specification shall transfer
Sadhu Madho Das v. Pandit Mukund Ram
Merging of lesser interest with greater interest.
No new rig formed or transferred
Morati v. Krishna 1925
Idol is not a living person but a juristic person
Dedication of property to an idol is not a transfer of property
Bhupati Nath V. Ram Lal
Question 3) Explain the doctrine of feeding the Grant by Estoppels. 
Introduction - Section 53a
Meaning and essentials of part performance
Amendment of 2001 - Registration act
Introduction - Section 43 - transfer by an unauthorised person
Essentials-fraudulent or erroneous representation
The contract of transfer still exists
Nemo dat quod non habet
Exception- transferee for good faith without notice and with consideration
Specific Relief Act (SRA)
Go through the previous year's question along with the answer outline given below.
Question 1) Explain the power of the court to award compensation in certain cases and the power to grant relief for possession, partition, refund of earnest money, etc. under the act. 
Section 22 - Define and explain
Mention Section 28
Question 2) Explain the provisions regarding the rescission of contracts or the sale or lease of immovable property, where the specific performance of the contract has already been decreed. 
Specific performance of contracts can be divided into the following segments: (mention all the segments under SRA)
Question 3) When perpetual injunction can be issued and when it cannot be issued? Discuss the difference between temporary and perpetual injunctions. 
Explain the two kinds of reliefs in the Specific Relief Act, 1963: Specific Relief and Preventive Relief.
Discuss briefly the kinds of injunctions
Explain Section 36 and 41 in detail
Differentiate between the ordinary and perpetual injunction
Discuss briefly Section 36 to Section 42
Limitation Act (LA)
Here is the previous year's question along with an outline of the answers.
Question 1) Once time has begun to run, no subsequent liability stops it. Discuss 
Introduction - Continuous running of the time once the cause of action is around. Explain disability and inability as stated under Section 6 [Babua Ram v. State of U 2 SCC 689] (once the limitation begins to run, it runs its full course until its running is interdicted by an order of the Court)
Explain Section 9 with the exception that is provided under the Section itself. Explain [Shankar Lal v Shadi Ram, 1971 DLT 311]
Mention 2 or 3 illustrations of initial disability and subsequent disability
Question 2) Define 'Written Acknowledgment' and discuss its effect. 
Introduction - The principle behind Section 18 and the extent of the same. Explain the term written acknowledgement
Explain Section 18 of the Act
Explain the following ingredients of Section 18
(a) Acknowledgment must be made before the expiration period
(b) Acknowledgment must be in writing
(c) Acknowledgment must be in relation to a particular property
Explain the Date of Acknowledgment in relation to Sub-Section (2)
Question 3) What are the circumstances under which a certain period of time is excluded while computing the period of limitation? Explain. 
Introduction - The computation of the limitation period and a brief description of exclusion of time under Sections 12 to 15. [India House v. Kishan N. Lalwani, (2003) 9 SCC 393] (Court to extend the benefit to a party where available)
Mention/Explain the following Sections -
(a) Section 12 - Exclusion of time in legal proceedings,
(b) Section 13 - Leave to Sue/appeal as a paper
(c) Section 14 Exclusion of time of proceeding bonafide in court without jurisdiction
(d) Section 15 - Exclusion of time in certain cases
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