Updated On : January 17, 2023
Paragraph jumbles, or para jumbles as they're known simply, are collections of connected assertions in some arbitrary order that, when unjumbled, form a comprehensible paragraph. There aren't any simple methods for resolving Para Jumbles. Each para jumble has a unique solution, with as many techniques as you can think of.
Para jumbles are an important part of practically every entrance test as they've been appearing for a long time. It aids the examiner in assessing or judging your command of the English language section for CLAT. In the English part, you should expect at least three to five questions based on para jumbles:
Types of Para jumble Questions
Para-jumbles can be further divided into categories and the jumbled sentences are coded with an alphabet (usually A, B, C, D).
1. Sentences are given in a random order and you have to unjumble all of them. Toughest of the lot.
2. The opening sentence and sentences are given and you have to rearrange the group of sentences, having been given prior knowledge of the thought that starts off the flow of the discussion.
3. Sentences are given and the closing sentence is given and you need to correctly sequence sentences so that they flow into the last sentence.
4. Opening sentence and Closing Sentence is given and Sentences are given in a random order. You know where the story starts and where it ends. You only have to figure out the content in between.
The majority of the information in para jumbles is irrelevant to the task at hand, which is to sort the sentences. In essence, we're seeking for items that will assist us in connecting phrases. In most para jumbles, more than one strategy will be applicable at the same time; as a result, you should practice determining which approach/approaches apply to the para jumbles you need to solve.
Noun-Pronoun Relationship Approach
We know that in noun/pronoun pairings, the noun comes first and is referred to subsequently with appropriate pronouns.. For Example:-
A. People can get infected by handling Snakes and then touching their mouths or an open cut.
B. At first they look like the perfect pets: exotic, quiet and tidy.
C. A study estimates that in 1998, there were as many as 7000 snakes causing salmonella infections.
D. But lizards and other pets can harbour a salmonella bacterium that makes people sick.
(a) BCAD (b) BCDA
(c) ACDB (d) BDCA
Solution: Option (d) (BDCA)
First need to read sentences C and D carefully.
Sentence D contains the noun phrase (a salmonella bacterium) and Sentence C contains the noun phrase (salmonella infection).
Then find the relationship between the two Since the phrase D (a salmonella bacterium) introduces the bacterium, it should logically precede the phrase C (salmonella infections).
Therefore, the sentence that contains the phrase D (a salmonella bacterium) should come before the sentence that contains the phrase C (salmonella infections).
Once you have a link between two sentences, look at the answer choices to see if you are on the right track. If you are, then you have the right answer
Short Form vs. Full Form We use the full name or title of someone or something when introducing them. If we're talking about the same person or object later in the paragraph, we'll just use the surname or first name if we know who we're talking about. If we're talking about an object, we don't need modifiers and just refer to it using a noun or a pronoun.
A. If you are used to having your stimulation come in from outside, your mind never develops its own habits of thinking and reflecting.
B. Curie thought that religion was the opiate, because it soothed people‘s pain and suffering and prevented them from rising in rebellion.
C. If Marie Curie was alive today, She would say that Mobile Phones Is the opiate of the people.
D. Mobile Phones And similar entertainments are even more of an opiate because of their addictive tendencies.
(a) BACD (b) ADBC
(c) BCDA (d) CBDA
Solution: Option (d) CBDA
Sentence B has Curie (short form) and sentence C has Marie Curie (full form),
So C will come before B
Time Sequence Approach (TSA)
A time indicator may be offered, either in the form of years or time indicating words. This allows us to determine the correct sentence order by organising the sentences according to their suitable time sequence. Before, after, later, when, and other words can be used to express a time sequence.
A. Then two astronomers, the German, Johannes Kepler, and the Italian, Galileo Galilei started publicly to support the Copernican theory, despite the fact that the orbits it predicted did not quite match the ones observed.
B. His idea was that the sun was stationary at the centre and that the earth and the planets move in circular orbits around the sun.
C. A simple model was proposed in 1514 by a Polish priest, Nicholas Copernicus.
D. Nearly a century passed before this idea was taken seriously.
(a) CADB (b) BCAD
(c) CBDA (d) CDBA
Solution: Option (d) CDBA
In the above example you will observe that the flow of logic is in the form of a time sequence which flows from the oldest time period to a more contemporary time period.
Therefore, Sentence C will be the first sentence.
Sentence B expands upon the simple model proposed,
Hence, it will be the sentence following C. The next sentence in the order of chronology is C nearly a century passed, while the last sentence will be A which completes the sequence from older time to contemporary time thus giving us the answer as CBDA.
To swiftly unjumble a bunch of sentences, we must first grasp how language stays together to form a cohesive entity. English has some sequencing terms, such as first, second, then, nevertheless, therefore, on the other hand, and so on, that authors may employ to connect sentences or ideas and give a seamless flow from one thought to the next. It is critical to understand how to recognise certain terms and how to use them effectively.
Parajumble phrases often include many signal words that are combined in complex ways.
A. When conclusions are carefully excluded, however, and observed facts are given instead, there is never any trouble about the length of the papers.
B. The reason for this is that those early paragraphs
contain judgments that there is little left to be said.
C. A judgement (He is a boy, She is an awful bore) is a conclusion, summing up a large number of previously observed facts.
D. In fact, they tend to become too long, since inexperienced writers, when told to give facts, often give more than are necessary, because they lack discrimination between the important and the trivial.
E. It is a common observation among teachers that students almost always have difficulty in writing themes of the required length because their ideas give out after a paragraph or two.
(a) ECDAB (b) CEBAD
(c) EACBD (d) EBCAD
Solution: Option (d) EBCAD
Sentence E states the situation in general and gives us information about why students have problems in writing themes of the required length.
Sentence B goes on to tell us the reason for this,
so the two sentences must be related. Similarly, Sentence C is related to Sentence B because both sentences contain the word judgement, with Sentence C explaining what the word means.
In the above jumble, the word “however” in Sentence A suggests a contrast to something mentioned previously. In situations of this kind, it is always a good idea to separate the argument clearly. Sentences A and D, therefore, should come together.
To make sure that you answer para jumble questions correctly. Follow the step by step approach to solve these questions:
Determine the Opening/First Sentence
Determine the Closing/Last Sentence
Recognizing Mandatory Pairs
In the third phase, you must determine if any two sentences are connected in any manner. You may connect the phrases using a variety of determinants, such as:
Point out the Transition Words
You must identify the transition words in the supplied text in order to organise the sentences in an orderly manner. These terms will assist you in locating the following sentence since they act as logical connections between the two sentences.
Some of the commonly used transition words in the para jumbles are: again, also, above all, likewise, furthermore, moreover, therefore, thus, similarly, meantime, hence, instead, later on, in time, for now, for the time being, etc.
Identify the Pronouns
You must identify the pronouns that connect the phrases in this phase. The following are some of the pronouns that are commonly used in para jumbles:
She, he, him, it, her, they, you, their, etc.
Read all the statements one by one, and try to find out the opening statement and any possible linkage between/among the statements.
1. To read the characters or the letters of the text does not mean reading in the true sense of the word.
A. This mere mechanism of reading becomes altogether automatic at an early period of life.
B. You will often find yourself reading words or characters automatically, while your mind is concerned with a totally different subject.
C. This can be performed irrespective of attention.
D. Neither can I call it reading when it is just to extract the narrative portion of a text from the rest simply for one’s personal amusement.
(a) BACD (b) DCBA
(c) ADCB (d) CBDA
Solution: Option (a) BACD
The word “neither” in Sentence D will tell you that there is something additional that the writer wishes to discuss. Sentences 1, A, B and C all talk about the same idea. Therefore, Sentence D should be the last sentence.
A. As a retention strategy, the company has issued many schemes including ESOPs.
B. Given the track record and success of our employees, other companies often look to us as hunting ground for talent.
C. The growth of the Indian economy has led to an increased requirement for talented managerial personnel and we believe that the talented manpower is our key strength.
D. Further in order to mitigate the risk we place considerable emphasis on development of leadership skills and on building employee motivation.
a) A, B, C, D b) B, A, D, C
c) C, A, D, B d) D, A, C, B
Solution: Option (b) B, A, D, C
Can A be the opening statement - Very Unlikely. It does not introduce any idea or theme. Ideally the 1st statement would be an initiator of ideas or theme of the passage.
Can B be the opening statement - May be.
Can C be the opening statement - May be.
Can D be the opening statement - Very Unlikely.
It talks about an idea which is being “furthered” in this statement.
You can also see that statement D talks about “Mitigating the risk”.
What is the risk? So now we would try to find out the “risk” in other statements.
This “risk” is present in statement B in the words - “other companies often look to us as hunting ground for talent”.
So, statement B will come before statement D.
As discussed earlier, statement D furthers an idea, and that idea is present in statement A.
Hence, A-D should come together.
Let us see all that we have established so far: Link - A-D and B will come before D and A cannot be the starting statement. So, only possible option is (b) B, A, D, C
A. In America, highly educated women, who are in a stronger position in the labour market than less qualified ones, have higher rates of marriage than other groups. [A is the opening statement as mentioned in the paper. You are required to re-arrange the following four statements].
B. Some work supports the Becker thesis, and some appears to contradict it.
C. And, as with crime, it is equally inconclusive.
D. But regardless of the conclusion of any particular piece of work, it is hard to establish convincing connections between family changes and economic factors using conventional approaches.
E. Indeed, just as with crime, an enormous academic literature exists on the validity of the pure economic approach to the evolution of family structures. (Options Withheld pro tem).
(a) BCDE (b) DBEC
(c) BDCE (d) ECBD
Solution: Option (d) ECBD
Can B be the opening statement - Very Unlikely. There is no mention of “Becker thesis” in the opening statement.
Can C be the opening statement - Two words in the statement - “Crime” and “Inconclusive” make this statement after A very unlikely.
Can D be the opening statement - Though it furthers the idea presented in statement A, usage of word like “But” make it unlikely to be the statement coming just after statement A. Besides, statement A does not talk about any piece of work.
In fact, statement A is just an opinion.
Can E be the opening statement, Yes. E is the statement after A both through elimination of other statements and selection.
Next statement should be C, as it again talks about ‘Crime’ and how inconclusive it is (despite “an enormous academic literature exists” as given in statement E).
Next statement: D should be the last statement as it concludes the whole theme that “it is hard to establish”.
Now the whole point is - how do we place statement B and Becker thesis, which finds no mention in the whole passage.
Only reasoning that can be given here is. Probably this passage has been taken from a book or project report which has something to do with Becker Thesis, and this passage is just a small part of it.
Now let us look at the options and try to eliminate the options with the help of the conclusions that we have derived so far. So, only possible option is (d) ECBD
A. Literature is uncanny. What does this mean? To try to define the uncanny is immediately to encounter one of its decisive paradoxes, namely that the uncanny has to do with a troubling of definitions, with a fundamental disturbance of what we think and feel.
B. The uncanny is not just a matter of the weird or spooky, but has to do more specifically with a disturbance of the familiar.
C. The uncanny has to do with a sense of strangeness, mystery or ceriness.
D. More particularly it concerns a sense of unfamiliarity which appears at the very heart of the familiar, or else a sense of familiarity which appears at the very heart of the unfamiliar.
E. Such a disturbance might be hinted at by way of the word familiar itself.
[a] ABCDE [b] ACDEB
[c] ACDBE [d] ACEDB
A. But in each of these exchanges we are also presented with a kind of strangeness as well in the context of Eliot's novel, for example, we may reflect on the irony of the fact that what the mother recognizes in her children, what it is in their voice that confirms the persistence of their identity, is something that cannot be heard, a lisp perceived only by the mother.
B. In both of these examples we have what appear to be confirmations of the persistence of identity, expressed in the singular or peculiar nature (the trick) of a person's voice.
C. Nothing is stranger, or more familiar, than the idea of a voice.
D. In George Eliot's Daniel Deronda (1876), a character called Mrs Meyrick observes that A mother hears something like a lisp in her children's talk to the very last'.
E. In Shakespeare's King Lear (1605), the blinded Gloucester recognizes Lear from his voice: The trick of that voice I do well remember;/ Ist not the King?
(a] CDEBA [b] DECAB
[c] DECBA [d] CDEAB
A. We may talk about things we enjoy in a work of literature - the gripping narrative, the appealing characters, the power of the language, the comedy and pathos - but we do not very often talk about the enjoyment itself, about what enjoyment or pleasure is.
B. There are at least two reasons for this; in the first place, pleasure, enjoyment, emotional and indeed erotic excitement are extremely difficult, or even impossible, to talk about; secondly, and no doubt related to this, such pleasures tend to border on the transgressive or taboo.
C. Whether in a seminar or at the pub, often the first thing that gets asked about a book is: Did you enjoy it?
D. This is not just a way of making conversation, but also suggests the fundamental importance of pleasure when it comes to reading.
E. In fact, the question Did you enjoy it?'' far from breaking the ice and starting a passionate discussion, is generally followed by a terse 'Yes' or' No' and then forgotten.
[a] CEDBA [b] CDEAB
[c] CDEBA [d] ABCDE
Directions: In each of the questions given below the sentence is labelled with a letter. From the given choices, choose the most logical order of sentences that constructs a coherent paragraph.
a. One of them copied and pasted large portions of the required text from a website.
b. Before assigning the project to his students, the guide gave a presentation on
c. The expulsion order that followed was not alarming.
d. A few students did not pay much heed to the consequences of the illegal act.
(A) cabd (B) dbca
(C) badc (D) bdac
a. Goals are set, and relevant data is collected and analysed.
b. Strategies are made on the basis of the data and resources made available.
c. There are various stages in framing a management- strategy, and its implementation.
d. The strategies are implemented and monitored to ensure that the goals are achieved.
(A) abdc (B) acbd
(C) cabd (D) cbad
a. Despite the awareness, some citizens fail to pay their taxes honestly.
b. One of the factors that impacts our country‘s economy is income- tax.
c. Awareness regarding this aspect of our economy is often made through the education
system and media.
d. Most of these defaulters not only get into trouble, but they also create additional work for the income-tax department.
(A) adbc (B) cbad
(C) bcad (D) bdac
a. The responsible citizen helped to foil the plan of a hijack.
b. The deep pockets of his leather jacket contained what had been feared!
c. A person called up the airport and gave a message.
d. All the passengers were carefully frisked, and one of them was asked to step aside.
(A) badc (B) cdba
(C) dacb (D) cdab
a. In the following years, more layers of snow add up to the existing mass.
b. Consequently, the weight of the snow compresses and turns into solid ice.
c. Most glaciers are found near the Poles.
d. They begin to form when snow remains in the same area all year round.
(A) acbd (B) cdba
(C) abdc (D) cdab
Important Books for English Language Preparation for CLAT are tabulated below:
|Book Name||Author/Publisher||Important Aspects|
|Word Power Made Easy||Norman Lewis||This is the most pertinent book to enhance one’s vocabulary.|
|High School English Grammar and Composition||Wren & Martin||For reading comprehension and grammar|
|English is Easy||Chetnanand Singh||This book also has a Question Bank comprising questions from different competitive examinations held between the years 2010 and 2016. Additionally, a few Full-Length Examination Papers, with their answers,|
|Objective General English||RS Aggarwal||For reading comprehension and grammar|
Here are a few crucial tips and tricks that will help you prepare for your Exam
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the Tips and Tricks to Solve Parajumble Questions for CLAT?
Tips and Tricks to solve para jumble questions are:
How can I prepare for the Para Jumble topic?
Following the experts, CLAT Preparation tips will help you to prepare better for the exam. Begin your preparation by studying from the right book. Make sure you are aware of the detailed paper pattern and latest syllabus of the IPM Exam before starting your preparation. Taking mock tests regularly and solving CLAT sample papers will help to improve speed and time management.
Will solving previous year's papers help me score good marks in the exam?
Which are the Best Books to prepare for Parajumble questions for CLAT?
There are a lot of books to prepare for CLAT 2022 for preparing Para jumble questions. But students should always prepare from the topper recommended books that are: Word Power Made Easy by Normal Lewis, High School English Grammar and Composition by Wren and Martin & Objective General English by RS Aggarwal.