Judiciary as a career and all the details about it

Author : Yogricha

Updated On : February 24, 2024

SHARE

Overview: If you are Aiming to make a career in Judiciary and you are confused with quesitons like, how do we become a civil judge, what to do after LL.B., is experience required to become a Civil Judge, etc. Then this Blog is for you. Read the blog to know the opportunities available to law graduates in the Indian judiciary.

In this blog we will cover:

  • Career as a Judge in India
  • How to Become a Civil Judge in India?
  • Qualifications for Appointment as a Civil Judge

In India, the judiciary is one of the most sought-after and coveted professions. The demand and popularity of judiciary can be estimated from the number of applicants to the upcoming judiciary exams and recruitments every year.

The most crucial aspect of flourishing in the judiciary, as in any other field or sector, is appropriate planning, strategies, and execution on a meaningful level.

Career as a Judge

The role of Judges is the most significant in the entire Judicial machinery. They are crucial to the operation of the Judiciary system.

How to Become a Civil Judge in India?

Aspirants are required to fulfil certain criteria for such exams, like age limit, educational background, domicile of the state and others. How they are applied and details of their application defer with each exam. One necessity of eligibility for the aspirants is to hold a law degree from any recognized university or institution.

The Union Judiciary

The Supreme Court of India is the country's highest court. It is considered as the final interpreter of the Indian Constitution and the legislation that emanates from it.

The Supreme Court of India is comprised of the Chief Justice of India and 33 other judges. The President of India appoints the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. It is carried out with the consultation of other Supreme Court and High Court judges.

Qualifications for Appointment as a Judge

You must possess the following qualifications to become a judge.

  • He must be a citizen of India.
  • He has been for at least five years a Judge of a High Court or of two or more High Courts in succession.
  • Has been for at least ten years an advocate of a High Court or of two or more High Courts in succession.
  • He is, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist. The person shall hold office until he attains the age of 65 years.

The State Judiciary

The High Court is the senior most court in the State Judiciary. The High Court is assisted by a network of systems of courts subordinate to the State High Court. The courts are within the territory of the State. 

Every State High Court in Judiciary consists of a Chief Justice of the State High Court. The Chief Justice of the High Court is accompanied by other Judges.

The number of Judges varies as the president along with the governor of the state deems necessary. All the judges in High Court are appointed by the President of India. These appointments are done in consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the state and the Chief Justice of the High Court.

Qualifications for Appointment as a Judge

A person to be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court:

  • Must be a citizen of India;
  • Must have for at least ten years held a Judicial office in the territory of India;
  • Must have for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such courts in succession.
  • Judge of the High Court holds office until he attains the age of 62 years.

The Subordinate Judiciary: The District Court

 The District Court’s jurisdiction spans over the entire district. The Judges of District Court aka Successions Court in any district are appointed by the Governor of the State. These appointments are done after consultations with the High Court 

judiciary online coaching
judiciary online coaching

Qualifications for Appointment as a Civil Judge

To appoint a Judge in Subordinate Judiciary there are two ways mainly:

For Additional District Judges

  • Must be a citizen of India.
  • Must have an advocate at least for seven years.
  • Must have attained an age of 35 years (age differs from state to state).
  • Qualify the exam conducted by the Higher Judicial Service.

For Civil Judge/ Magistrate

  • Must be a citizen of India
  • Must have an age between 21 to 35 years (age varies from State to State ).
  • Qualify the exam conducted by the State Judicial Service.

Judicial Service Examination

The Judicial Services Examination for lower judiciary (Civil Judge Class II) is conducted for law graduates for their recruitment to the post of judges.

The State governments under the ambit of High Court or PSCs conducts these state level Provincial Judicial Services Exams for Judiciary. Based upon the performance of students in the generally three tiered exams (Prelims, Mains and Interview), the shortlisted candidates are appointed to the post of Judges after the completion of their training. 

All this is done under the supervision of the respective high courts. They appoint the shortlisted students for Judiciary based on the competitive examination. Every State has different Eligibility Judiciary criteria for students appearing for the exam.

Judicial Services Examination - Eligibility Criteria

Lower Judiciary Service

  • Candidates must have a law degree.
  • They have enrolled or qualified to be enrolled as an advocate under the Advocates Act 1961.
  • No experience is required and final year candidates can also appear.
  • Usually the age limit between 21 to 35 years. ( Varies According to State)

Higher Judiciary Service

  • Candidates must have a law degree.
  • They have a minimum number of years of litigating practice; usually seven years.

As mentioned earlier, most of the Judicial Services Examination for Judiciary follow similar pattern/structure of the recruitment. The recruitment to the post of Judges through PCS J exam is held in three successive stages namely

1) Preliminary Examination: The preliminary examination is the first step in the 3 rounds of the selection process. The Prelims level of Judiciary examination is a screening level for subsequent rounds of the exam.

The exam is of objective type. The questions are framed in the form of Multiple Choice questions with one correct answer among a few options for each question. The papers generally have negative markings. 

Marks obtained by the student in the preliminary examination for Judiciary are only considered for selection in the mains round of the exam. The marks obtained in the prelims round are not considered in the final selection. Marks required to qualify for the prelims round vary with each state's Judiciary Jobs. 

2) Main Examination: Unlike prelims, the Mains level of examination is of the subjective type where students have to answer questions with essay type answers and not MCQs. This is why it is called a written examination. The Mains exam of Judiciary generally comprises three to four papers. Marks obtained by students in the Mains level along with the interview score are considered for the final selection. 

3) Interview: Judiciary Interview is the final stage of selection in the recruitment process. It is here where candidates are assessed on their personality, confidence, and presence of mind among other factors. It tells about the personal view of the candidate. This round is a face-to-face Oral Exam examination.

Judicial Services Examination Syllabus

The syllabus of judicial exams varies across states. While the Constitution of India is common to all the states. Candidates have to pay attention to the state laws as well when it comes to studying for the Judiciary exam. The Syllabus for Judiciary exams is broadly divided into the following sections.

  • Civil law
  • Criminal Law 
  • General Knowledge
  • Proficiency in English Language and Aptitude
  • Constitutional law
  • Contract Law and Tort Law
  • Transfer of Property law
  • Indian Evidence Act
  • Law of Torts

Benefits and Allowances of a Civil Judge

As mentioned earlier, perks and allowances of the Judiciary are inviting. Every Judge recruited to the Judiciary is entitled to the following allowances. 

  • House Rent Allowance
  • Travel Allowance
  • Electricity Bill
  • Phone Bill
  • Vehicle Maintenance

In addition to the aforementioned allowances, Judges under Judiciary also get their own houses to live in. They are offered security.

Conclusion

Judiciary is one of the most popular career options for Law students in India these days. Candidates get an opportunity to serve the country through interpreting the Constitution in the best manner possible. 

The field also requires complete and irrevocable dedication and passion for justice. The Indian Judiciary is slumped with a huge number of cases and is in dire need of new and energetic workforces. It can be used by youth as the direct platform to serve their nation. 

Judiciary as a career and all the details about it

Author : Yogricha

February 24, 2024

SHARE

Overview: If you are Aiming to make a career in Judiciary and you are confused with quesitons like, how do we become a civil judge, what to do after LL.B., is experience required to become a Civil Judge, etc. Then this Blog is for you. Read the blog to know the opportunities available to law graduates in the Indian judiciary.

In this blog we will cover:

  • Career as a Judge in India
  • How to Become a Civil Judge in India?
  • Qualifications for Appointment as a Civil Judge

In India, the judiciary is one of the most sought-after and coveted professions. The demand and popularity of judiciary can be estimated from the number of applicants to the upcoming judiciary exams and recruitments every year.

The most crucial aspect of flourishing in the judiciary, as in any other field or sector, is appropriate planning, strategies, and execution on a meaningful level.

Career as a Judge

The role of Judges is the most significant in the entire Judicial machinery. They are crucial to the operation of the Judiciary system.

How to Become a Civil Judge in India?

Aspirants are required to fulfil certain criteria for such exams, like age limit, educational background, domicile of the state and others. How they are applied and details of their application defer with each exam. One necessity of eligibility for the aspirants is to hold a law degree from any recognized university or institution.

The Union Judiciary

The Supreme Court of India is the country's highest court. It is considered as the final interpreter of the Indian Constitution and the legislation that emanates from it.

The Supreme Court of India is comprised of the Chief Justice of India and 33 other judges. The President of India appoints the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. It is carried out with the consultation of other Supreme Court and High Court judges.

Qualifications for Appointment as a Judge

You must possess the following qualifications to become a judge.

  • He must be a citizen of India.
  • He has been for at least five years a Judge of a High Court or of two or more High Courts in succession.
  • Has been for at least ten years an advocate of a High Court or of two or more High Courts in succession.
  • He is, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist. The person shall hold office until he attains the age of 65 years.

The State Judiciary

The High Court is the senior most court in the State Judiciary. The High Court is assisted by a network of systems of courts subordinate to the State High Court. The courts are within the territory of the State. 

Every State High Court in Judiciary consists of a Chief Justice of the State High Court. The Chief Justice of the High Court is accompanied by other Judges.

The number of Judges varies as the president along with the governor of the state deems necessary. All the judges in High Court are appointed by the President of India. These appointments are done in consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the state and the Chief Justice of the High Court.

Qualifications for Appointment as a Judge

A person to be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court:

  • Must be a citizen of India;
  • Must have for at least ten years held a Judicial office in the territory of India;
  • Must have for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such courts in succession.
  • Judge of the High Court holds office until he attains the age of 62 years.

The Subordinate Judiciary: The District Court

 The District Court’s jurisdiction spans over the entire district. The Judges of District Court aka Successions Court in any district are appointed by the Governor of the State. These appointments are done after consultations with the High Court 

judiciary online coaching
judiciary online coaching

Qualifications for Appointment as a Civil Judge

To appoint a Judge in Subordinate Judiciary there are two ways mainly:

For Additional District Judges

  • Must be a citizen of India.
  • Must have an advocate at least for seven years.
  • Must have attained an age of 35 years (age differs from state to state).
  • Qualify the exam conducted by the Higher Judicial Service.

For Civil Judge/ Magistrate

  • Must be a citizen of India
  • Must have an age between 21 to 35 years (age varies from State to State ).
  • Qualify the exam conducted by the State Judicial Service.

Judicial Service Examination

The Judicial Services Examination for lower judiciary (Civil Judge Class II) is conducted for law graduates for their recruitment to the post of judges.

The State governments under the ambit of High Court or PSCs conducts these state level Provincial Judicial Services Exams for Judiciary. Based upon the performance of students in the generally three tiered exams (Prelims, Mains and Interview), the shortlisted candidates are appointed to the post of Judges after the completion of their training. 

All this is done under the supervision of the respective high courts. They appoint the shortlisted students for Judiciary based on the competitive examination. Every State has different Eligibility Judiciary criteria for students appearing for the exam.

Judicial Services Examination - Eligibility Criteria

Lower Judiciary Service

  • Candidates must have a law degree.
  • They have enrolled or qualified to be enrolled as an advocate under the Advocates Act 1961.
  • No experience is required and final year candidates can also appear.
  • Usually the age limit between 21 to 35 years. ( Varies According to State)

Higher Judiciary Service

  • Candidates must have a law degree.
  • They have a minimum number of years of litigating practice; usually seven years.

As mentioned earlier, most of the Judicial Services Examination for Judiciary follow similar pattern/structure of the recruitment. The recruitment to the post of Judges through PCS J exam is held in three successive stages namely

1) Preliminary Examination: The preliminary examination is the first step in the 3 rounds of the selection process. The Prelims level of Judiciary examination is a screening level for subsequent rounds of the exam.

The exam is of objective type. The questions are framed in the form of Multiple Choice questions with one correct answer among a few options for each question. The papers generally have negative markings. 

Marks obtained by the student in the preliminary examination for Judiciary are only considered for selection in the mains round of the exam. The marks obtained in the prelims round are not considered in the final selection. Marks required to qualify for the prelims round vary with each state's Judiciary Jobs. 

2) Main Examination: Unlike prelims, the Mains level of examination is of the subjective type where students have to answer questions with essay type answers and not MCQs. This is why it is called a written examination. The Mains exam of Judiciary generally comprises three to four papers. Marks obtained by students in the Mains level along with the interview score are considered for the final selection. 

3) Interview: Judiciary Interview is the final stage of selection in the recruitment process. It is here where candidates are assessed on their personality, confidence, and presence of mind among other factors. It tells about the personal view of the candidate. This round is a face-to-face Oral Exam examination.

Judicial Services Examination Syllabus

The syllabus of judicial exams varies across states. While the Constitution of India is common to all the states. Candidates have to pay attention to the state laws as well when it comes to studying for the Judiciary exam. The Syllabus for Judiciary exams is broadly divided into the following sections.

  • Civil law
  • Criminal Law 
  • General Knowledge
  • Proficiency in English Language and Aptitude
  • Constitutional law
  • Contract Law and Tort Law
  • Transfer of Property law
  • Indian Evidence Act
  • Law of Torts

Benefits and Allowances of a Civil Judge

As mentioned earlier, perks and allowances of the Judiciary are inviting. Every Judge recruited to the Judiciary is entitled to the following allowances. 

  • House Rent Allowance
  • Travel Allowance
  • Electricity Bill
  • Phone Bill
  • Vehicle Maintenance

In addition to the aforementioned allowances, Judges under Judiciary also get their own houses to live in. They are offered security.

Conclusion

Judiciary is one of the most popular career options for Law students in India these days. Candidates get an opportunity to serve the country through interpreting the Constitution in the best manner possible. 

The field also requires complete and irrevocable dedication and passion for justice. The Indian Judiciary is slumped with a huge number of cases and is in dire need of new and energetic workforces. It can be used by youth as the direct platform to serve their nation. 

ABOUT TOP RANKERS

Toprankers, launched in 2016, is India’s most preferred digital counselling & preparation platform for careers beyond engineering & medicine. We envision to build awareness and increase the success rate for lucrative career options after 12th. We offer best learning practices and end-to-end support to every student preparing for management, humanities, law, judiciary & design entrances.

E

: support@toprankers.com

P

: +91-7676564400

Social Channels

App Badge

Chat to Toprankers Team