Analytical Reasoning for LSAT India 2024 - Tricks, Sample Questions & More
Author : Shashwat Srivastava
Updated On : July 14, 2023
Reader's Digest:Are you feeling a bit perplexed when it comes to Analytical Reasoning for the LSAT India? Don't worry! With this blog, you can ace the Analytical Reasoning section of the LSAT India in no time! So put on your thinking cap, and let's get started!
The LSAT India Exam Question Paper is divided into 4 Segments which are divided as follows: Logical Reasoning (1 & 2), Analytical Reasoning, and Reading Comprehension.
Given that LSAT India has set no definite weightage per question, it holds a good score. Analytical reasoning has 23 questions, for which you will be allotted 35 minutes.
If we put it simply, then the importance of Analytical Reasoning is directly proportional to your law profession.
Assertion and arguments, statements and Hypotheses, statements, Inference, statements and Modes of Conduct, Syllogism, Cause and Effect, and so on are all key topics in analytical thinking.
Specifically, Law schools would like to check that you’re able to apply what you practically comprehend in each class, and the ability to score well on the analytical reasoning category demonstrates that you can take what you learn, analyse it, and efficiently use it in real-world scenarios.
Analytical Reasoning for LSAT India 2024 - Overview
The Analytical Reasoning section involves numerous mainstream topics of reasoning.
If you look closely at the Analytical Reasoning section or the overall questions, you will find no scores specified for each section.
This section evaluates your analytical skill and problem-solving skills.
The most scoring topics in this section are Directions, Arrangements, and comparison.
But all the topics in this segment are not easy as such.
A few of them are quite tricky and require a sharp analytical understanding to solve them. Those topics include intersection type, logical deduction and coding, and decoding.
Also, suppose you focus on topics like Direction, Arrangement, and Family-based problems. In that case, you are likely to score more because, usually, these questions don’t have complex problems and can be solved with little analysis.
List of Important Topics of Analytical Reasoning for LSAT India
Before you begin your preparation for Analytical Reasoning for LSAT India, you need to gather information about the LSAT India syllabus. This overview of the topic will help you in drawing your strategy concerning the easy or hard topic for you. Let's find those topics below:
How to Prepare Analytical Reasoning for LSAT India?
You can’t march toward the battlefield without any prior preparation. For that, you will need a plan and a few handy tips to implement while you are preparing for the big day. Here are a few tips if you want to know how to improve analytical reasoning LSAT India.
Practice logic games.
Attempt questions with a timer.
Solve deduction with a diagram.
Pick up questions of all levels.
Pick Questions from PYQ and Sample Papers.
Practice Logic Games:
Logical deduction or logical reasoning is one of the most challenging topics of Analytical Reasoning.
In this section, 5-7 questions include a game of similar questions.
So make sure to practice logic games sequencing, grouping, and Hybrid as much as you can.
Attempt Questions with a Timer:
Set a timer and solve the questions by investing 1-2 minutes on each question.
In this way, you will be able to set your pace and enhance your accuracy.
It will help in solving your questions conveniently in the exam hall.
Solve Deductive Reasoning Questions with a Diagram:
Deductive Reasoning afternoon calls for analysis of all the statements and arguments present.
Therefore, keeping a trail of those arguments in your mind is impossible.
So make sure to write those drawn conclusions and points on a paper before answering your questions. It will help you prepare excellently.
Pick Up Questions at All Levels:
LSAT includes questions of all levels: Easy, moderate, and hard.
Hence, while preparing pickup questions with varied difficulty levels.
It will help you in drawing better ideas about the Questions of the Examination.
Pick Questions from PYQ and Sample Papers:
Previous year’s Questions are a great lead about analyzing the Question paper, the difficulty level of Questions, and the approach you adopt while solving these questions. Also, it will help in understanding the structure and nature of questions. So make sure to incorporate it into your preparation materials.
Refer to the analytical reasoning questions for LSAT India below.
If the price it pays for coffee beans continues to increase, the Coffee Shoppe will have to increase its prices. In that case, either the Coffee Shoppe will begin selling non-coffee products, or its coffee sales will decrease. But selling non-coffee products will decrease Coffee Shoppe’s overall profitability. Moreover, Coffee Shoppe can avoid a decrease in overall profitability only if its coffee sales do not decrease.
Which one of the following statements follows logically from the statements above?
If the Coffee Shoppe’s overall profitability decreases, the price it pays for coffee beans will have continued to increase.
If the Coffee Shoppe’s overall profitability decreases, either it will have begun selling non-coffee products or its coffee sales will have decreased.
The Coffee Shoppe’s overall profitability will decrease if the price it pays for coffee beans continues to increase.
The price it pays for coffee beans cannot decrease without Coffee Shoppe’s overall profitability also decreasing.
Either the price it pays for coffee beans will continue to increase, or the Coffee Shoppe’s coffee sales will increase.
Political candidates’ speeches are loaded with promises and with expressions of good intentions. Still, one must not forget that the politicians’ purpose in giving these speeches is to get themselves elected. Then, these speeches are selfishly motivated, and their promises are unreliable.
Which of the following most accurately describes a flaw in the above argument?
The argument presumes, without justifying, that if a person’s promise is not selfishly motivated, then that promise is reliable.
The argument presumes, without providing justification, that promises made for selfish reasons are never kept.
The argument confuses the effect of an action with its cause.
The argument overlooks the fact that a promise need not be unreliable just because the person who made it had an ulterior motive for doing so.
The argument overlooks the fact that a candidate who makes promises for selfish reasons may nonetheless be worthy of the office for which he or she is running.
Sociologist: Romantics who claim that people are not born evil but may be made evil by the imperfect institutions that they form cannot be right, for they misunderstand the causal relationship between people and their institutions. After all, institutions are merely collections of people.
If valid, which of the following principles would most help justify the sociologist’s argument?
People acting together in institutions can do more good or evil than can people acting individually.
Institutions formed by people are inevitably imperfect.
People should not be overly optimistic in their view of individual human beings.
A society’s institutions are the surest gauge of that society’s values.
The whole does not determine the properties of the things that compose it.
Some anthropologists argue that the human species could not have survived prehistoric times if the species had not evolved the ability to cope with diverse natural environments. However, there is considerable evidence that Australopithecus afarensis, a prehistoric species related to early humans, also thrived in diverse environments but became extinct. Hence, the anthropologists’ claim is false.
The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism because of the argument.
confuses a condition’s being required for a given result to occur in one case with the condition’s being sufficient for such a result to occur in a similar case
takes for granted that if one species had a characteristic that happened to enable it to survive certain conditions, at least one related extinct species must have had the same characteristic
generalizes, from the fact that one species with a certain characteristic survived certain conditions, that all related species with the same characteristic must have survived the same conditions
fails to consider the possibility that Australopithecus afarensis had one or more characteristics that lessened its chances of surviving prehistoric times
fails to consider the possibility that, even if a condition caused a result to occur in one case, it was not necessary to cause the result to occur in a similar case
Many corporations have begun decorating their halls with motivational posters in hopes of boosting their employees’ motivation to work productively. However, almost all employees at these corporations are already motivated to work productively. So these corporations’ use of motivational posters is unlikely to achieve its intended purpose.
The reasoning in the argument is most vulnerable to criticism because the argument
fails to consider whether corporations that do not currently use motivational posters would increase their employees’ motivation to work productively if they began using the posters.
takes for granted that, concerning their employees’ motivation to work productively, corporations that decorate their halls with motivational posters are representative of corporations in general.
fails to consider that even if motivational posters do not have one particular beneficial effect for corporations, they may have similar effects that are equally beneficial.
does not adequately address the possibility that employee productivity is strongly affected by factors other than employees’ motivation to work productively.
fails to consider that even if employees are already motivated to work productively, motivational posters may increase that motivation
Advertisement: Fabric - Soft leaves, clothes soft and fluffy, and its fresh scent is a delight. We conducted a test using 100 consumers to prove Fabric-soft is the best. Each consumer has been given one towel washed with Fabric-soft, and one towel washed without it. Ninety-nine per cent of consumers preferred the soft fabric towel. So, Fabric-soft is the most effective fabric softener available.
The advertisement's reasoning is most vulnerable to criticism on the ground that it fails to consider whether:
Any of the consumers tested are allergic to fabric softeners.
Fabric-soft is more or less harmful to the Environment than other fabric softeners.
Fabric Soft is much Cheaper and or more expensive than other fabric softeners.
The consumer test found the benefits of using fabric softener worth the price.
The customer tested had the opportunity to evaluate fabric softeners other than Fabric-Soft.
Naturalists: The recent claim that Tasmanian tigers are not extinct is false. The Tasmanian Tigers' natural habitat was taken over by sheep farming decades ago, resulting in systematic elimination from the area. Since then, naturalists working on its region have discovered no hard evidence of its survival, such as carcasses or tracks. Despite the alleged sighting of the animal, the Tasmanian Tiger no longer exists.
Which of the following is an assumption on which the naturalist's argument depends:
Sheep farming drove the last Tasmanian Tigers to starvation by chasing them from their natural habitat.
Every naturalist working in Tasmanian Tigers' habitat has looked systematically for evidence of the Tiger's survival.
Some scavengers in Tasmania are capable of destroying tiger carcasses without a trace.
The Tasmanian Tigers did not move or adapt to a different region in response to the loss of habitat.
Those who have reported sightings of the Tasmanian Tigers are not experienced naturalists.
Feathers recently taken from seabirds stuffed and preserved in the 1880s have been found to contain only half as much mercury as feathers recently taken from living birds of the same species. Since mercury that accumulates in a sea bird's feathers as the feathers grow is derived from fish eaten by the bird, these results indicate that mercury levels in saltwater fish are higher now than they were 100 years ago.
The argument depends on assuming that
the proportion of a seabird’s diet consisting of fish was not as high, on average, in the 1880s as it is today
the amount of mercury in a saltwater fish depends on the amount of pollution in the ocean habitat of the fish
C) mercury derived from fish is essential for the normal growth of a seabird's feathers
D) he stuffed birds whose feathers were tested for mercury and were not fully grown.
E) the process used to preserve birds in the 1880s did not substantially decrease the amount of mercury in the birds’ feathers.
Novel X and Novel Y are both semi-autobiographical novels. They contain many very similar themes and situations, which might lead one to suspect plagiarism on the part of one of the authors. However, it is more likely that the similarity of themes and situations in the two novels is merely coincidental since both authors are from very similar backgrounds and have led similar lives.
Which one of the following most accurately expresses the conclusion drawn in the argument?
Novel X and Novel Y are both semi-autobiographical novels, and the two novels contain many very similar themes and situations.
The fact that Novel X and Novel Y are both semi-autobiographical novels and contain many very similar themes and situations might lead one to suspect plagiarism on the part of one of the authors.
The author of Novel X and the author of Novel Y are from very similar backgrounds and have led very similar lives.
It is less likely that one of the authors of Novel X or Novel Y is guilty of plagiarism than that the similarity of themes and situations in the two novels is merely coincidental.
If the authors of Novel X and Novel Y are from very similar backgrounds and have led similar lives, suspicions that either of the authors plagiarised are very likely to be unwarranted.
Therapist: Cognitive psychotherapy focuses on changing a patient’s conscious beliefs. Thus, cognitive psychotherapy is likely to be more effective at helping patients overcome psychological problems than forms of psychotherapy that focus on changing unconscious beliefs and desires since only conscious beliefs are under the patient’s direct conscious control.
Which one of the following, if true, would most strengthen the therapist’s argument?
Psychological problems are frequently caused by unconscious beliefs that could be changed with the aid of psychotherapy.
It is difficult for any form of psychotherapy to be effective without focusing on mental states that are under the patient’s direct conscious control.
Cognitive psychotherapy is the only form of psychotherapy that focuses primarily on changing the patient’s conscious beliefs.
No form of psychotherapy that focuses on changing the patient’s unconscious beliefs and desires can be effective unless it also helps change beliefs that are under the patient’s direct conscious control.
All of a patient’s conscious beliefs are under the patient’s conscious control, but other psychological states cannot be controlled effectively without the aid of psychotherapy.
Commentator: In academic scholarship, sources are always cited, and methodology and theoretical assumptions are set out to allow critical study, replication, and expansion of scholarship. In open-source software, the code in which the program is written can be viewed and modified by individual users for their purposes without getting permission from the producer or paying a fee. In contrast, the code of proprietary software is kept secret, and the producer can only make modifications for a fee. This shows that open-source software better matches the values embodied in academic scholarship. Since scholarship is central to the mission of universities, universities should use only open-source software.
The commentator’s reasoning most closely conforms to which one of the following principles?
Whatever software tools are most advanced and can achieve the goals of academic scholarship are the ones that should alone be used in universities.
Universities should use the least expensive software technology type as long as that type of software technology is adequate for an academic scholarship.
Universities should choose the type of software technology that best matches the values embodied in the activities that are central to the mission of universities.
The form of software technology that best matches the values embodied in the activities that are central to the mission of universities is the form of software technology that is most efficient for universities to use.
A university should not pursue any activity that would block the achievement of that university's academic scholarship goals.
A consumer magazine surveyed people who had sought a psychologist’s help with a personal problem. Of those responding who had received treatment for 6 months or less, 20 per cent claimed that treatment “made things a lot better.” Of those responding who had received longer treatment, 36 per cent claimed that treatment “made things a lot better.” Therefore, psychological treatment lasting more than 6 months is more effective than shorter-term treatment.
Which one of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument?
Of the respondents who had received treatment for longer than 6 months, 10 per cent said that treatment made things worse.
Patients who had received treatment for longer than 6 months were more likely to respond to the survey than those who had received treatment for a shorter time.
Patients who feel they are doing well in treatment tend to remain in treatment, while those who are doing poorly tend to quit earlier.
Patients who were dissatisfied with their treatment were more likely to feel a need to express their feelings about it and thus return the survey.
Many psychologists encourage their patients to receive treatment for longer than 6 months.
Philosopher: Nations are not persons; they have no thoughts or feelings, and, literally speaking, they perform no actions. Thus they have no moral rights or responsibilities. But no nation can survive unless many of its citizens attribute such rights and responsibilities to it, for nothing else could prompt people to make the sacrifices national citizenship demands. Then, a nation.
Which one of the following most logically completes the philosopher’s argument?
It cannot continue to exist unless something other than the false belief that the nation has moral rights motivates its citizens to make sacrifices
It cannot survive unless many of its citizens have some belief some false beliefs a target of moral praise or blame
It is not worth the sacrifices that its citizens make on its behalf.
It should always be thought of in metaphorical rather than literal terms
When exercising the muscles in one’s back, it is important to maintain a healthy back and to exercise the muscles on opposite sides of the spine equally. After all, balanced muscle development is needed to maintain a healthy back since the muscles on opposite sides of the spine must pull equally in opposing directions to keep the back in proper alignment and protect the spine.
Which one of the following does the argument require an assumption?
Muscles on opposite sides of the spine that are equally well-developed will be enough to keep the back in proper alignment.
Exercising the muscles on opposite sides of the spine unequally tends to lead to unbalanced muscle development.
Provided that one exercises the muscles on opposite sides of the spine equally, one will have a generally healthy back.
If the muscles on opposite sides of the spine are exercised unequally, one’s back will be irreparably damaged.
One should exercise daily to ensure that the muscles on opposite sides of the spine keep the back in proper alignment.
We should accept the proposal to demolish the old train station because the local historical society, which vehemently opposes this, is dominated by people who do not commit to long-term economic well-being. Preserving old buildings creates an impediment to new development, which is critical to economic health.
The flawed reasoning exhibited by the argument above is most similar to that exhibited by which one of the following arguments?
Our country should attempt to safeguard works of art that it deems to possess national cultural significance. These works might not be recognized as such by all taxpayers or even all critics. Nevertheless, our country ought to expend whatever money is needed to procure all such works as they become available.
Documents of importance to local heritage should be properly preserved and archived for the sake of future generations. For, if even one of these documents is damaged or lost, the integrity of the historical record as a whole will be damaged.
You should have your hair cut no more than once a month. After all, beauticians suggest that their customers have their hair cut twice a month, and they do this to generate more business for themselves.
The committee should endorse the plan to postpone the new expressway construction. Many residents of the neighbourhoods that would be affected are fervently opposed to that construction, and the committee is obligated to avoid alienating those residents.
One should not borrow even small amounts of money unless it is necessary. Once one borrows a few dollars, the interest starts to accumulate. The longer one takes to repay, the more one ends up owing, and eventually, a small debt has become a large one.
Ethicist: On average, animals raised on grain must be fed sixteen pounds of grain to produce one pound of meat. A pound of meat is more nutritious for humans than a pound of grain, but sixteen pounds of grain could feed many more people than could a pound of meat. With grain yields levelling off, large areas of farmland going out of production each year, and the population rapidly expanding, we must accept the fact that the consumption of meat will soon be morally unacceptable.
Which one of the following, if true, would most weaken the ethicist’s argument?
Even though it has been established that a vegetarian diet can be healthy, many people prefer to eat meat and are willing to pay for it.
Often, cattle or sheep can be raised to maturity on grass from pasture land unsuitable for other farming.
If a grain diet is supplemented with protein derived from non-animal sources, it can have a nutritional value equivalent to that of a diet containing meat.
Although prime farmland near metropolitan areas is being lost rapidly to suburban development, we could reverse this trend by choosing to live in already urban areas.
Nutritionists agree that a diet composed solely of grain products is not adequate for human health.
Now that you have gathered all the basic Questions for Analytical Reasoning, you must practice it to its fullest. These questions will prepare you to ace the analytical reasoning sections in LSAT India and help you clear your exam with Flying colours.
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