Important Case Laws for UGC NET 2024 Exam: Your Comprehensive Guide!

Author : Shashwat Srivastava

Updated On : June 5, 2024

SHARE

Overview: Looking to learn important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024? Our guide simplifies these crucial cases, offering clear insights into important case laws from recent years. So, let's begin!

Looking for more details on the exam? Check out UGC NET Law 2024 page! 

UGC NET JUNE 2024 UPDATE!

The UGC NET Law 2024 Exam is scheduled to take place on June 18th, during Shift 1, from 09:30 AM to 12:30 PM.

Now is a great time to go over the important case laws listed below to help you prepare!

Key Contents

  1. Significance of Case Laws: Explanation of their importance in the legal system and for exam preparation.
  2. Key Case Laws: Summaries of crucial case laws for UGC NET 2024, including their background, provisions, and verdicts.
  3. Study Methods: Tips on contextual learning, summarizing facts, connecting related cases, and interactive study techniques.
  4. Preparation Strategies: Advice on making concise notes, using mnemonic devices, testing knowledge regularly, and seeking guidance.
  5. Additional Resources: Links to download free study materials, previous years' papers, and mock test series.

The Significance of Case Laws 

Understanding Case Laws

  • Definition: Case laws are decisions made by higher judiciary bodies.
  • Role: These decisions, known as judicial precedents, guide future cases of a similar nature.

Why Are Case Laws Important in the Indian Legal System?

  • Foundational Pillars:

    • Case laws, like the Constitution, form the foundation of the legal structure.
    • They interpret, question, and even challenge written statutes.
  • Dynamic Evolution:

    • Unlike static legal textbooks, case laws reflect the ever-evolving nature of law.
    • Example: The Right to Privacy was declared a fundamental right in the 2017 Justice K.S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) vs Union Of India case, showcasing the law's adaptability.
  • Establishing Clarity:

    • Case laws help clarify ambiguous statutes.
    • Example: The interpretation of 'life' in Article 21 of the Constitution has expanded through various judgments, adding depth to its meaning.

Importance for UGC NET Aspirants

  • Competitive Edge:

    • A thorough understanding of the important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024 can make aspirants stand out.
    • It’s crucial to grasp the underlying principles and their significance in the legal spectrum.
  • Practical Application:

    • Studying important case laws for UGC NET exam helps aspirants see the practical application of laws.
    • Example: Understanding Tort law principles through landmark cases like M.C. Mehta vs Union of India (Oleum Gas Leak Case) provides deeper comprehension.

By focusing on these aspects, aspirants can enhance their knowledge and performance in the UGC NET exam.

Check Detailed Guide: UGC NET Law Eligibility 2024 Guide

Key Case Laws to Know for UGC NET Law 2024

1. Union of India v. KA Najeeb (2022)

  • Importance: A landmark judgment on the right to a speedy trial.
  • Background: Focused on bail pleas due to trial delays.
  • Bench: Justices NV Ramana, Surya Kant, and Aniruddha Bose.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Section 43D (5) of UAPA: Discussed court restrictions on granting bail.
    • Article 21 of the Constitution: Ensures the right to a speedy trial.
  • Verdict: Constitutional Courts can grant bail if the right to a speedy trial is violated.

2. Vikash Kumar v. UPSC (2021)

  • Importance: Key case law on disability rights.
  • Background: Challenged UPSC's rules for extra time for disabled candidates.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016: Ensures equal opportunities.
    • Section 32: Emphasizes inclusive education.
  • Verdict: Affirmed equal rights for disabled individuals, particularly in competitive exams.

3. V Surendra Mohan v. State of Tamil Nadu

  • Importance: Discussed eligibility criteria for judicial positions based on disabilities.
  • Background: Addressed whether visually impaired individuals could hold judicial positions.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016: Provides for special relaxations.
  • Verdict: Upheld a 50% visual impairment limit for judicial roles.

Check: UGC NET Law Exam Pattern 2024

4. Dr. Jaishree Laxmanrao Patil v. Chief Minister (2021)

  • Importance: Important case law on reservation policies.
  • Background: Examined the Maratha quota in Maharashtra.
  • Key Provisions:
    • 102nd Amendment of the Constitution: Gave constitutional status to the NCBC.
    • Article 15(4) and Article 16(4): Pertains to reservation in education and jobs.
  • Verdict: Struck down the Maratha quota for exceeding the 50% reservation ceiling.

5. Madras Bar Association v. Union of India (2021)

  • Importance: Focused on judicial and tribunal reforms.
  • Background: Examined the Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021: Addressed justice and fair representation.
    • Article 323A and Article 323B: Parliamentary power to establish tribunals.
  • Verdict: Invalidated certain provisions of the ordinance, emphasizing judicial checks and balances.

6. Neil Aurelio Nunes v. Union of India, (2022)

  • Importance: Discussed reservation policies in educational institutes.
  • Background: Challenged NEET reservation policies.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Article 15(5) of the Constitution: Allows special provisions for backward classes in education.
  • Verdict: Emphasized balancing reservation with meritocracy.

7. Kaniz Fatima v. Commissioner of Police (2021)

  • Importance: Addressed public protests and fundamental rights.
  • Background: Focused on the balance between the right to protest and public order.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Article 19(1)(a): Right to freedom of speech and expression.
    • Article 19(1)(b): Right to assemble peaceably.
    • Articles 19(2) & 19(3): Allow reasonable restrictions for public order.
  • Verdict: Emphasized the importance of balancing the right to protest with maintaining public order.

8. Anoop Baranwal v. Union of India (2023)

  • Importance: Changed the appointment process for Election Commissioners.
  • Background: Examined the selection process for members of the Election Commission of India.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Article 324(5): Pertains to the conditions of service for ECI members.
  • Verdict: Created a selection committee involving the Chief Justice of India, the Prime Minister, and the Leader of the Opposition​.

These are some of the most important case laws for UGC NET exam, providing valuable insights and helping to enhance your legal knowledge and preparation for the exam.

8. Aparna Bhat v. State of Madhya Pradesh (2021)

  • Background: Addressed the handling of sexual crimes and gender sensitization.
  • Provisions:
    • Article 15: Prohibits discrimination.
    • Article 21: Right to life and dignity.
  • Verdict: Laid down guidelines for gender sensitivity in sexual crime cases.
  • Importance: Highlights gender sensitivity, part of important case laws for UGC NET exam.

9. Patricia Mukhim v. State of Meghalaya & Ors. (2021)

  • Background: Focused on freedom of speech and FIR against a journalist.
  • Provisions:
    • Article 19(1)(a): Freedom of speech.
    • Article 19(2): Restrictions for public order and defamation.
  • Verdict: Quashed FIR, emphasizing freedom of speech.
  • Importance: Essential for understanding speech rights, included in important case laws for UGC NET exam.

10. Mohammad Salimullah v. Union Of India (2021)

  • Background: Examined the rights of Rohingya refugees facing deportation.
  • Provisions:
    • Article 21: Right to life and liberty.
    • Article 14: Equality before the law.
  • Verdict: Emphasized upholding fundamental rights for non-citizens.
  • Importance: Discusses non-citizens' rights, crucial among important case laws for UGC NET exam.

Read Detailed Guide: Important Topics for UGC NET LAW 2024

How to Study Important Case Laws for UGC NET Exam 2024

Studying important case laws for UGC NET exam is essential. Here are simplified methods to help you prepare effectively:

  • Contextual Learning:

    • Understand the socio-political background of each case.
    • Example: A case on freedom of speech may be influenced by political events or unrest.
  • Summarize the Facts:

    • Break down judgments into concise points.
    • Example: Summarize a ten-page judgment into ten bullet points.
    • Focus on the final decision and its implications.
  • Connect the Dots:

    • Create a timeline of related case laws.
    • Example: See how a 1990 case influenced a 2000 case.
    • Assess the impact of each case on legal norms and standards.
  • Interactive Study Methods:

    • Discuss case laws with peers for diverse perspectives.
    • Simulate court sessions to understand practical applications.
    • Example: Role-play in a mock trial for better comprehension.
    • Engage in debates on the pros and cons of judgments.
  • Stay Updated:

    • Regularly read recent judgments and legal developments.
    • Follow legal blogs or platforms like LiveLaw and Bar & Bench.
    • Example: Keep up with new judgments that might be important case laws for UGC NET exam.

By using these methods, you can master important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024 and enhance your exam preparation.

Check: UGC NET Law Cut Off

Strategies and Tips for UGC NET LAW 2024 Exam

1. Make Concise Notes

  • Understanding and remembering key aspects of important case laws for UGC NET exam is crucial.
  • Example: For "Shreya Singhal v. Union of India," instead of writing pages, note: "Section 66A of IT Act - unconstitutional as it violates freedom of speech."
  • Tips:
    • Use keywords or phrases to capture the essence.
    • Highlight significant points with different colors.
    • Keep notes handy and review them regularly.

2. Employ Mnemonic Devices

  • Mnemonics simplify remembering intricate details of important case laws for UGC NET exam.
  • Example: For the "Right to Privacy" case (Justice K.S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India), use: "Justice K.P = Keep Private."
  • Tips:
    • Create rhymes or short stories around case law names.
    • Associate case laws with familiar images or concepts.
    • Make mnemonics unique and personal for easier recall.

3. Test Your Knowledge Regularly

  • Regular assessments keep your understanding of important case laws for UGC NET exam sharp.
  • Example: After studying 5-10 case laws

, set up a mini-quiz to test recall. For instance, ask questions like, “Which case law dealt with online freedom of speech?”

  • Tips:
    • Organize group discussions to highlight points you might have missed.
    • Use online platforms like Quizlet to create and share quizzes on case laws.
    • Engage in flashcard practices with one side showing the case name and the other its summary.

4. Always Be Open to Seeking Guidance

  • Leveraging others' knowledge can solidify your understanding of important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024.
  • Example: While studying the “Aadhaar Case,” if you're uncertain about its privacy implications, join a forum or online class for explanations.
  • Tips:
    • Participate in webinars or workshops focused on UGC NET's legal segment.
    • Join online communities or forums where aspirants discuss and debate case laws.
    • Follow prominent legal educators or mentors online; they often share valuable insights and analyses.

Key Takeaways 

  • Understand the Importance: Case laws are crucial for the UGC NET Law exam, offering real-world examples and applications.
  • Focus on Landmark Cases: Study key cases like Union of India v. KA Najeeb and Vikash Kumar v. UPSC for deeper insights.
  • Use Effective Study Methods: Summarize judgments, create timelines, and engage in discussions to enhance understanding.
  • Stay Updated: Regularly read recent judgments and follow legal blogs for the latest developments.
  • Utilize Resources: Take advantage of free study materials, mock tests, and practice questions to boost your preparation.
  • Interactive Learning: Participate in webinars, workshops, and mock trials to see practical applications of case laws.

Download Your Free UGC NET Prep Material

Fill your details

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of Union of India v. KA Najeeb 2022?

Why is Vikash Kumar v. UPSC 2021 a key case for UGC NET exam?

What restriction did the V Surendra Mohan v. State of Tamil Nadu case bring about?

Which case invalidated the Maratha quota?

How does Madras Bar Association v. Union of India 2021 impact tribunals?

Which case emphasized the balance between reservation and merit in educational institutions?

Why is Kaniz Fatima v. Commissioner of Police; 2021 essential for UGC NET exam aspirants?

What did the Aparna Bhat v. State of Madhya Pradesh; 2021 case focus on?

Important Case Laws for UGC NET 2024 Exam: Your Comprehensive Guide!

Author : Shashwat Srivastava

June 5, 2024

SHARE

Overview: Looking to learn important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024? Our guide simplifies these crucial cases, offering clear insights into important case laws from recent years. So, let's begin!

Looking for more details on the exam? Check out UGC NET Law 2024 page! 

UGC NET JUNE 2024 UPDATE!

The UGC NET Law 2024 Exam is scheduled to take place on June 18th, during Shift 1, from 09:30 AM to 12:30 PM.

Now is a great time to go over the important case laws listed below to help you prepare!

Key Contents

  1. Significance of Case Laws: Explanation of their importance in the legal system and for exam preparation.
  2. Key Case Laws: Summaries of crucial case laws for UGC NET 2024, including their background, provisions, and verdicts.
  3. Study Methods: Tips on contextual learning, summarizing facts, connecting related cases, and interactive study techniques.
  4. Preparation Strategies: Advice on making concise notes, using mnemonic devices, testing knowledge regularly, and seeking guidance.
  5. Additional Resources: Links to download free study materials, previous years' papers, and mock test series.

The Significance of Case Laws 

Understanding Case Laws

  • Definition: Case laws are decisions made by higher judiciary bodies.
  • Role: These decisions, known as judicial precedents, guide future cases of a similar nature.

Why Are Case Laws Important in the Indian Legal System?

  • Foundational Pillars:

    • Case laws, like the Constitution, form the foundation of the legal structure.
    • They interpret, question, and even challenge written statutes.
  • Dynamic Evolution:

    • Unlike static legal textbooks, case laws reflect the ever-evolving nature of law.
    • Example: The Right to Privacy was declared a fundamental right in the 2017 Justice K.S. Puttaswamy (Retd.) vs Union Of India case, showcasing the law's adaptability.
  • Establishing Clarity:

    • Case laws help clarify ambiguous statutes.
    • Example: The interpretation of 'life' in Article 21 of the Constitution has expanded through various judgments, adding depth to its meaning.

Importance for UGC NET Aspirants

  • Competitive Edge:

    • A thorough understanding of the important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024 can make aspirants stand out.
    • It’s crucial to grasp the underlying principles and their significance in the legal spectrum.
  • Practical Application:

    • Studying important case laws for UGC NET exam helps aspirants see the practical application of laws.
    • Example: Understanding Tort law principles through landmark cases like M.C. Mehta vs Union of India (Oleum Gas Leak Case) provides deeper comprehension.

By focusing on these aspects, aspirants can enhance their knowledge and performance in the UGC NET exam.

Check Detailed Guide: UGC NET Law Eligibility 2024 Guide

Key Case Laws to Know for UGC NET Law 2024

1. Union of India v. KA Najeeb (2022)

  • Importance: A landmark judgment on the right to a speedy trial.
  • Background: Focused on bail pleas due to trial delays.
  • Bench: Justices NV Ramana, Surya Kant, and Aniruddha Bose.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Section 43D (5) of UAPA: Discussed court restrictions on granting bail.
    • Article 21 of the Constitution: Ensures the right to a speedy trial.
  • Verdict: Constitutional Courts can grant bail if the right to a speedy trial is violated.

2. Vikash Kumar v. UPSC (2021)

  • Importance: Key case law on disability rights.
  • Background: Challenged UPSC's rules for extra time for disabled candidates.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016: Ensures equal opportunities.
    • Section 32: Emphasizes inclusive education.
  • Verdict: Affirmed equal rights for disabled individuals, particularly in competitive exams.

3. V Surendra Mohan v. State of Tamil Nadu

  • Importance: Discussed eligibility criteria for judicial positions based on disabilities.
  • Background: Addressed whether visually impaired individuals could hold judicial positions.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016: Provides for special relaxations.
  • Verdict: Upheld a 50% visual impairment limit for judicial roles.

Check: UGC NET Law Exam Pattern 2024

4. Dr. Jaishree Laxmanrao Patil v. Chief Minister (2021)

  • Importance: Important case law on reservation policies.
  • Background: Examined the Maratha quota in Maharashtra.
  • Key Provisions:
    • 102nd Amendment of the Constitution: Gave constitutional status to the NCBC.
    • Article 15(4) and Article 16(4): Pertains to reservation in education and jobs.
  • Verdict: Struck down the Maratha quota for exceeding the 50% reservation ceiling.

5. Madras Bar Association v. Union of India (2021)

  • Importance: Focused on judicial and tribunal reforms.
  • Background: Examined the Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Tribunals Reforms Ordinance 2021: Addressed justice and fair representation.
    • Article 323A and Article 323B: Parliamentary power to establish tribunals.
  • Verdict: Invalidated certain provisions of the ordinance, emphasizing judicial checks and balances.

6. Neil Aurelio Nunes v. Union of India, (2022)

  • Importance: Discussed reservation policies in educational institutes.
  • Background: Challenged NEET reservation policies.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Article 15(5) of the Constitution: Allows special provisions for backward classes in education.
  • Verdict: Emphasized balancing reservation with meritocracy.

7. Kaniz Fatima v. Commissioner of Police (2021)

  • Importance: Addressed public protests and fundamental rights.
  • Background: Focused on the balance between the right to protest and public order.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Article 19(1)(a): Right to freedom of speech and expression.
    • Article 19(1)(b): Right to assemble peaceably.
    • Articles 19(2) & 19(3): Allow reasonable restrictions for public order.
  • Verdict: Emphasized the importance of balancing the right to protest with maintaining public order.

8. Anoop Baranwal v. Union of India (2023)

  • Importance: Changed the appointment process for Election Commissioners.
  • Background: Examined the selection process for members of the Election Commission of India.
  • Key Provisions:
    • Article 324(5): Pertains to the conditions of service for ECI members.
  • Verdict: Created a selection committee involving the Chief Justice of India, the Prime Minister, and the Leader of the Opposition​.

These are some of the most important case laws for UGC NET exam, providing valuable insights and helping to enhance your legal knowledge and preparation for the exam.

8. Aparna Bhat v. State of Madhya Pradesh (2021)

  • Background: Addressed the handling of sexual crimes and gender sensitization.
  • Provisions:
    • Article 15: Prohibits discrimination.
    • Article 21: Right to life and dignity.
  • Verdict: Laid down guidelines for gender sensitivity in sexual crime cases.
  • Importance: Highlights gender sensitivity, part of important case laws for UGC NET exam.

9. Patricia Mukhim v. State of Meghalaya & Ors. (2021)

  • Background: Focused on freedom of speech and FIR against a journalist.
  • Provisions:
    • Article 19(1)(a): Freedom of speech.
    • Article 19(2): Restrictions for public order and defamation.
  • Verdict: Quashed FIR, emphasizing freedom of speech.
  • Importance: Essential for understanding speech rights, included in important case laws for UGC NET exam.

10. Mohammad Salimullah v. Union Of India (2021)

  • Background: Examined the rights of Rohingya refugees facing deportation.
  • Provisions:
    • Article 21: Right to life and liberty.
    • Article 14: Equality before the law.
  • Verdict: Emphasized upholding fundamental rights for non-citizens.
  • Importance: Discusses non-citizens' rights, crucial among important case laws for UGC NET exam.

Read Detailed Guide: Important Topics for UGC NET LAW 2024

How to Study Important Case Laws for UGC NET Exam 2024

Studying important case laws for UGC NET exam is essential. Here are simplified methods to help you prepare effectively:

  • Contextual Learning:

    • Understand the socio-political background of each case.
    • Example: A case on freedom of speech may be influenced by political events or unrest.
  • Summarize the Facts:

    • Break down judgments into concise points.
    • Example: Summarize a ten-page judgment into ten bullet points.
    • Focus on the final decision and its implications.
  • Connect the Dots:

    • Create a timeline of related case laws.
    • Example: See how a 1990 case influenced a 2000 case.
    • Assess the impact of each case on legal norms and standards.
  • Interactive Study Methods:

    • Discuss case laws with peers for diverse perspectives.
    • Simulate court sessions to understand practical applications.
    • Example: Role-play in a mock trial for better comprehension.
    • Engage in debates on the pros and cons of judgments.
  • Stay Updated:

    • Regularly read recent judgments and legal developments.
    • Follow legal blogs or platforms like LiveLaw and Bar & Bench.
    • Example: Keep up with new judgments that might be important case laws for UGC NET exam.

By using these methods, you can master important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024 and enhance your exam preparation.

Check: UGC NET Law Cut Off

Strategies and Tips for UGC NET LAW 2024 Exam

1. Make Concise Notes

  • Understanding and remembering key aspects of important case laws for UGC NET exam is crucial.
  • Example: For "Shreya Singhal v. Union of India," instead of writing pages, note: "Section 66A of IT Act - unconstitutional as it violates freedom of speech."
  • Tips:
    • Use keywords or phrases to capture the essence.
    • Highlight significant points with different colors.
    • Keep notes handy and review them regularly.

2. Employ Mnemonic Devices

  • Mnemonics simplify remembering intricate details of important case laws for UGC NET exam.
  • Example: For the "Right to Privacy" case (Justice K.S. Puttaswamy v. Union of India), use: "Justice K.P = Keep Private."
  • Tips:
    • Create rhymes or short stories around case law names.
    • Associate case laws with familiar images or concepts.
    • Make mnemonics unique and personal for easier recall.

3. Test Your Knowledge Regularly

  • Regular assessments keep your understanding of important case laws for UGC NET exam sharp.
  • Example: After studying 5-10 case laws

, set up a mini-quiz to test recall. For instance, ask questions like, “Which case law dealt with online freedom of speech?”

  • Tips:
    • Organize group discussions to highlight points you might have missed.
    • Use online platforms like Quizlet to create and share quizzes on case laws.
    • Engage in flashcard practices with one side showing the case name and the other its summary.

4. Always Be Open to Seeking Guidance

  • Leveraging others' knowledge can solidify your understanding of important case laws for UGC NET exam 2024.
  • Example: While studying the “Aadhaar Case,” if you're uncertain about its privacy implications, join a forum or online class for explanations.
  • Tips:
    • Participate in webinars or workshops focused on UGC NET's legal segment.
    • Join online communities or forums where aspirants discuss and debate case laws.
    • Follow prominent legal educators or mentors online; they often share valuable insights and analyses.

Key Takeaways 

  • Understand the Importance: Case laws are crucial for the UGC NET Law exam, offering real-world examples and applications.
  • Focus on Landmark Cases: Study key cases like Union of India v. KA Najeeb and Vikash Kumar v. UPSC for deeper insights.
  • Use Effective Study Methods: Summarize judgments, create timelines, and engage in discussions to enhance understanding.
  • Stay Updated: Regularly read recent judgments and follow legal blogs for the latest developments.
  • Utilize Resources: Take advantage of free study materials, mock tests, and practice questions to boost your preparation.
  • Interactive Learning: Participate in webinars, workshops, and mock trials to see practical applications of case laws.

Download Your Free UGC NET Prep Material

Fill your details

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the significance of Union of India v. KA Najeeb 2022?

Why is Vikash Kumar v. UPSC 2021 a key case for UGC NET exam?

What restriction did the V Surendra Mohan v. State of Tamil Nadu case bring about?

Which case invalidated the Maratha quota?

How does Madras Bar Association v. Union of India 2021 impact tribunals?

Which case emphasized the balance between reservation and merit in educational institutions?

Why is Kaniz Fatima v. Commissioner of Police; 2021 essential for UGC NET exam aspirants?

What did the Aparna Bhat v. State of Madhya Pradesh; 2021 case focus on?

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