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CBSE Class 12 Sociology Important Questions: Chapter Wise

Author : Akash Kumar Singh

Updated On : September 14, 2023


Summary: Explore the CBSE Class 12 Sociology important questions! Discover India's rich social fabric, from cultural transitions to critical socioeconomic challenges. Are you prepared to ace your examinations? Dive straight in to succeed in your paper! 

The study of human society, its institutions, and the processes that sustain and change them is known as sociology. For CBSE Class 12 students, the topic provides a window into the complexities of society, culture, and human interactions. To help students prepare for their upcoming examinations, we've produced a set of key questions based on the CBSE Class 12 Sociology syllabus

It is an important exam for Arts students because it is one of their core disciplines. Students have plenty of time to study for CBSE Class 12 Sociology exam. You should have the syllabus and have begun working on the sample question papers. 

Important Questions of Sociology Class 12 Part A Indian Society 

Unit 1: Introducing Indian Society 

  • Define ‘sanskritization’. Discuss its features and critique. 
  • Explain the difference between Western and Indian notions of secularism. 
  • How does the colonial period impact the tribal identity in India? 
  • Discuss the concept of ‘patriarchy’ in Indian society. 

Unit 2: The Demographic Structure of the Indian Society 

  • Highlight the major features of India’s population distribution. 
  • Explain the social implications of a high percentage of the young population in India. 
  • Discuss the gender ratio in the Indian context and its social significance. 
  • Describe the socio-economic factors affecting population growth. 

Unit 3: Social Institutions 

  • Define family. Distinguish between nuclear and joint families, highlighting their pros and cons. 
  • Discuss the changing nature of the institution of marriage in India. 
  • Describe the main features and functions of kinship. 
  • How does the caste system in India adapt and change over time? Discuss with examples. 

Unit 4: The Market as a Social Institution 

  • Describe the difference between barter and monetary economies. 
  • Discuss the social implications of globalization in India. 
  • How has the Green Revolution transformed the agrarian structure in India? 
  • Explain the rise and challenges of consumerism in modern Indian society. 

Check: CBSE Class 12 Humanities Books

Unit 5: Patterns of Social Inequality and Exclusion 

  • Highlight the various dimensions of social inequality in India. 
  • Discuss the challenges faced by the scheduled castes in contemporary India. 
  • Explain the concept of ‘minority’ and the issues they face in India. 
  • Describe the status and rights of Adivasis in India. 

Unit 6: The Challenges of Cultural Diversity 

  • Discuss the linguistic diversity of India and its implications. 
  • How does religion influence the cultural patterns of Indian society? 
  • Describe the issues arising from regionalism in India. 
  • How does the Indian state respond to the challenges of cultural diversity? 

Unit 7: Suggestions for Project Work 

  • The concept of this unit will involve more of personal exploration, so any questions related to this would typically be centered on personal experiences and understanding. However, some potential questions might be: 
  • Describe a project work you’ve undertaken to understand a specific cultural practice in your region. 
  • Discuss your experience and learnings from a field trip related to sociology. 

Check: CBSE Class 12 Sociology Project

Important Questions of Sociology Class 12 Part B Social Change and Development in India 

Unit 1: Structural Change 

  • What is 'modernization' in the context of post-colonial India? 
  • Describe the societal impact of the introduction of the railways in India. 
  • How did land reforms post-independence aim at altering structural inequalities? 
  • Discuss the major shifts in India's economic policies post-1991. 

Unit 2: Cultural Change 

  • How has globalization influenced Indian cultural traditions? 
  • Describe the process of 'westernization' in India. 
  • What role does mass media play in accelerating or moderating cultural change? 
  • Explain the concept of 'sanskritization' and its implications on cultural change. 

Unit 3: The Story of Indian Democracy 

  • Highlight the primary challenges faced by Indian democracy since independence. 
  • What has been the role of social movements in the evolution of Indian democracy? 
  • Discuss the significance of the 73rd and 74th amendments in the Indian Constitution. 
  • How have regional parties influenced the trajectory of Indian democracy? 

Unit 4: Change and Development in Rural Society 

  • What were the major outcomes of the Green Revolution in India? 
  • Describe the socio-economic challenges faced by contemporary rural labour. 
  • How did land reform policies intend to transform agrarian structures? 
  • Discuss the role of microfinance in rural development. 

Check: CBSE Class 12 Humanities Syllabus

Unit 5: Change and Development in Industrial Society 

  • Trace the evolution of industrialization in India post-independence. 
  • How have IT industries reshaped urban landscapes in India? 
  • What are the major challenges faced by industrial labor in India? 
  • Discuss the significance of the informal sector in the Indian industrial landscape. 

Unit 6: Globalization and Social Change 

  • Define globalization and discuss its major implications for India. 
  • How has globalization impacted the artisanal sectors in India? 
  • Discuss the socio-cultural repercussions of the rise of multinational corporations in India. 
  • What have been the major resistances or criticisms against globalization in the Indian context? 

Unit 7: Mass Media and Communications 

  • How has mass media influenced societal values and beliefs in India? 
  • Discuss the shift from traditional to digital media and its implications. 
  • What role does media play in shaping political narratives in India? 
  • Describe the challenges and opportunities posed by the digital revolution in media. 

Unit 8: Social Movements 

  • What are 'social movements'? Describe their significance in a democratic society like India. 
  • Discuss the environmental implications and outcomes of the Chipko movement. 
  • How has the Dalit movement sought to address caste-based inequalities and discrimination? 
  • Describe the role of women-centric movements in shaping gender discourse in India. 

Tips for Tackling these Questions: 

  • Understand the Core Concepts: Instead of rote memorising, aim to fully comprehend the fundamental principles. This makes answering application-based questions easier. 
  • Stay Updated: Keep an eye on current events and make an attempt to connect them to sociological concepts. 
  • Practice Writing: Because the majority of the questions are subjective, writing can help you streamline your thoughts and improve your time management throughout the exam. 
  • Refer to NCERT Books: NCERT books are designed to cover the full syllabus and are a useful resource. 

Check: CBSE Class 12 English Tips and Tricks

This CBSE Class 12 Sociology study guide extensively explores into India's sociological details. Students are better prepared for exams by focusing on key questions and integrating theoretical knowledge with current events.

To genuinely understand the changing character of Indian society, use the NCERT books, practise constantly, and approach the subject with an analytical perspective. 

Also check: CBSE Class 12 Commerce Books

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