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How to Solve Blood Relation Questions in Law Entrance Exams? Quick Tips & Tricks

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : September 12, 2023


Reader's Digest - Are you struggling to solve blood relation questions in Law Entrance Exams? Read this blog for some easy-to-follow tips & tricks on blood relation questions. 

Have you ever found yourself puzzled by the tangled web of family trees in blood relation questions? Wondering if there's a simpler way to unravel these mysteries without getting caught in the maze?

Blood relation questions often pose unexpected challenges for law school aspirants preparing for the upcoming law entrance exams. But here's the good news: With the right strategies, you can easily decode these questions and boost your score!

Blood relation puzzles aren't just about understanding family ties. They test your logical reasoning, deduction skills, and ability to keep multiple pieces of information in your mind while drawing connections.

Here is the list of topics to be discussed in this blog:

  • Basics of Blood Relation Questions: We'll start with the fundamentals, breaking down the basics of blood relation questions.
  • Types of Blood Relation QuestionsExplore the various blood relation questions you might encounter in law entrance exams.
  • How to Solve Blood Relation Questions in Law Entrance Exams? Discover effective strategies to enhance your accuracy and efficiency.
  • Table of Common Mistakes: We'll provide a comprehensive list of common errors test-takers often make when attempting blood relation questions.

Decoding the Basics of Blood Relations Questions 

In law entrance exams, blood relations refer to the logical and analytical reasoning questions that delve into familial ties and relationships.

These questions present intricate scenarios or sequences of relationships and require candidates to decipher the connections, often leading to the identification of a specific familial link or relation.

At their core, blood relation questions are designed to evaluate a candidate's ability to deduce, infer, and navigate through a web of interconnected details, akin to untangling a puzzle or reading a map of family connections.

What are the Different Types of Blood Relations Questions Asked in Law Entrance Exams?

Blood Relation questions test your ability to decipher the relationships between family members in a given scenario. These questions are usually presented as a family tree or a paragraph describing the relationships between family members.

You must identify the relationship between two or more members, find the missing member or decode the family tree. There are several types of Blood Relation questions that can appear in the law entrance exam, including:

Identifying Relationships: In this type of question, you are given a pair of individuals and asked to identify their relationships.

Example: A is the father of B. What is B to A?

Finding the Missing Member: In this type of question, you are given a family tree with one or more missing members and asked to identify the missing individual's relationship with the other members.

Example: A has two sons, B and C. B has a daughter D. What is D's relationship with C?

Decoding Complex Family Trees: In this type of question, you are given a complex family tree with multiple branches and asked to identify the relationship between two individuals.

Example: A is the sister of B. C is the brother of B. D is the mother of C. What is the relationship between A and D?

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Single-Person Blood Relations: The single-person relation is between only two people.

Example: Pointing to a photograph of a boy, Mr Ram said, “He is the son of the only son of my mother.” How is Mr Ram related to that boy? 

A) Brother

B) Uncle

C) Cousin

D) Father 

Mixed Blood Relations are mutual relations depending on two or more persons. You can solve these questions with the help of diagrams.

Example: Akhil is the son of Aman’s father’s sister. Sahil is the son of Divya, the mother of Gaurav and the grandmother of Aman. Ashok is the father of Tanya and the grandfather of Akhil. Divya is the wife of Ashok. How is Akhil related to Divya? 

A) Nephew

B) Son

C) Grandson

D) Data inadequate

Coded Blood Relations: The relationships are represented by codes and symbols like +, -, /, *. You have to analyze the relation based on the given code.

Example: If P+Q means P is the husband of Q, P/Q means P is the sister of Q, and P*Q means P is the son of Q. How is D related to A in D*B+C/A?

A) Brother

B) Sister

C) Nephew

D) Daughter

Check OutLaw Entrance Exams Other than CLAT

How to Quickly Solve Blood Relation Questions in Law Entrance Exams?

Before you know how to solve blood relation questions, you must be aware of each relationship in a family. To help you understand the relations between different family members, we have provided some important blood relations in the table below:

Relation Used Term
Father of Grandfather or Father of Grandmother Great Grandfather
Mother of Grandfather or Mother of Grandmother Great Grandmother
Father’s Father or Mother’s Father Grandfather
Father’s Mother or Mother’s Mother Grandmother
Uncle’s Daughter or Aunt’s Daughter Cousin
Uncle’s Son or Aunt’s Son Cousin
Brother’s Son or Sister’s Son Nephew
Brother’s Daughter or Sister’s Daughter Niece
Father’s Son or Mother’s Son Brother
Father’s Daughter or Mother’s Daughter Sister
Mother’s Brother Maternal Uncle
Father’s Brother Uncle
Mother’s Sister Aunt
Father’s Sister Aunt
Daughter’s Husband Son-in-law
Son’s Wife Daughter-in-law
Husband’s Brother or Wife’s Brother Brother-in-law
Husband’s Sister or Wife’s Sister Sister-in-law
Husband’s Father or Wife’s Father Father-in-law
Husband’s Mother or Wife’s Mother Mother-in-law

Check OutPara Jumble Questions for Law Entrance Exams

How to Solve Blood Relation Questions in Law Entrance Exams with 100% Accuracy?

The blood relation topic is the highest-scoring topic in the reasoning section. If you know the relations, scoring maximum marks in this section is easy.

To help you better understand how to prepare for blood relation questions, we have provided some logical reasoning tricks for law entrance exams:

Relate the Statement to Yourself

  • This is one of the best ways to solve the problems related to blood relations.
  • Try to relate every statement given in the question to yourself.
  • The starting name of the statement could be assumed as your name.

Break the Question into Small Parts

  • If the statement is very long, try to break down every statement in the question into sub-statements.
  • Then, try to find the solution using these sub-statements.

Do not Assume the Gender

  • Avoid assuming the gender of any person given in the statement based on the names in the question.

Draw Clear Diagrams 

  • Drawing a family tree is an easy trick to solve the blood relation questions with 100% accuracy.

Use Symbols to Represent the Data

  • You can use symbols like square, circle, Square + Circle, and Square - Circle while the statements are given in the question.

For Example:

  • A male can be represented as a square.
  • A female can be represented as a circle.
  • If the Husband and Wife relation is given, you can represent it as a Square + Circle.
  • If a Brother and Sister relation is given, it can be represented as a Square – Circle.
  • Generation Gap can be represented as |.

Also Read: Time & Work Questions in Law Entrance Exams

What is the Best Strategy to Solve Blood Relation Questions in Law Entrance Exams?

Blood Relation Questions can significantly boost your overall performance. Here, we'll unveil the best strategies to crack Blood Relation Questions effectively, equipping you with the skills needed to excel in your law entrance exams.

Understand the Terminology

  • To solve Blood Relation questions, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the terminology used to describe family relationships.
  • For example, father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, grandfather, grandmother, etc.
  • Knowing these terms will make it easier for you to understand the relationships between individuals.

Identify Key Relationships

  • Identifying key relationships is crucial to solving Blood Relation questions.
  • Look for clues in the given information to identify the relationships between the individuals, such as parent-child, sibling, grandparent-grandchild, etc.
  • This will help you establish a framework for solving the question.

Use Visual Aids

Visual aids like diagrams and tables can help you visualize the information and solve the question more easily.

  • Draw a family tree: Drawing a family tree effectively represents the relationships between family members. Start with the main individual and work down the tree, adding branches for each individual's spouse and children.
  • Use symbols: Using symbols such as squares for males and circles for females can help you identify the gender of the individuals easily. You can also use different colours to represent different generations.
  • For example, you can use a plus sign (+) to represent a marriage, an arrow (->) to represent a parent-child relationship, and a slash (/) to represent siblings. Using symbols and notations can do reading and understanding the family tree easier.
  • Label the relationships: Label the relationships between family members on the family tree to make it easier to understand. For example, use "father" for the male parent and "son" for the male child.
  • Start with the given information: Start with the given information and work your way through the family tree. This will help you establish a framework for solving the question.
  • Eliminate options: If you are stuck between two options, try eliminating one using the family tree. Look for a relationship between the given individuals that rules out one of the options.
  • Use tables: Use tables to represent the relationships between individuals. Label the rows and columns with the individuals' names and fill the table with the relevant information.

Examples and Illustrations

Let's take a look at some examples to help you understand these tips and techniques better:

Example 1: A is the mother of B. B is the sister of C. What is the relationship between A and C?

Solution: A is the mother of C.

Explanation: From the given information, we know that A is B's mother and B is C's sister. Therefore, A and C are siblings. Using a family tree or a table, we can easily see that A is the mother of C.

Pay Attention to Clues

Pay close attention to the clues provided in the question. Look for clues like gender, age, and birth order to help you identify the relationship between the individuals.

  1. Pay Attention to Gender: Gender is an important clue in Blood Relation questions. Pay attention to the gender of the individuals mentioned, as it will help you establish their relationship.
  2. Pay Attention to Age: Age is another important clue in Blood Relation questions. Pay attention to the age of the individuals mentioned, as it will help you establish their relationship.
  3. Pay Attention to Birth: Order Birth order can also be helpful in Blood Relation questions. Pay attention to the birth order of the individuals mentioned, as it can help you establish the relationship between them.

Explore Now: How to Prepare for Law Entrance Exams

Look for Common Ancestors

  • Looking for common ancestors can help you identify relationships between individuals who are not directly related.
  • For example, if two individuals have the same grandparents, they are first cousins. If two individuals have the same great-grandparents, they are second cousins, and so on.

Pay Attention to Names

  • The names of the individuals mentioned in the question can also provide clues about their relationships.
  • For example, if two individuals have the same last name, they are likely siblings or cousins. If two individuals have the same first name, they may be named after a common ancestor.

Practice Regularly

  • Practising Blood Relation questions regularly is essential to improving your accuracy and speed.
  • Solve as many practice questions as possible to hone your skills.

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Understand the Directions

  • Read the directions carefully before attempting the question.
  • Ensure you understand what is being asked and how to approach the question.

Solve Simple Questions

  • First, start with the simpler questions and then move on to the more complex ones.
  • This will help you build your confidence and momentum.

Eliminate Incorrect Options

  • In multiple-choice questions, eliminate the incorrect options. This will increase your chances of selecting the correct answer.

Make Logical Deductions

  • Use logical deductions to arrive at the correct answer.
  • Sometimes, you may not have all the necessary information, but you can still make logical deductions based on the information.

Take Your Time

  • Don't rush through the questions.
  • Take your time and read the information carefully before attempting to solve the question.
  • Rushing through the questions may lead to mistakes and errors.

Practice Regularly

  • Practice is the key to mastering Blood Relation questions.
  • Solve as many practice questions as possible to improve your accuracy and speed.

Find Out: How to Prepare Indian Polity for Law Entrance Exams

What are the Common Errors to Avoid While Solving Blood Relation Questions for Law Entrance Exams?

Here's a table outlining common errors to avoid while solving blood relation questions for law entrance exams, along with tips on how to avoid them:

Common Error How to Avoid
Misinterpreting Relations Error: Confusing between paternal and maternal relations.
Avoidance: Carefully read the question to identify which side of the family is referred to.
Assuming Gender Error: Assuming a person's gender incorrectly.
Avoidance: Use the given information and avoid making assumptions about gender.
Ignoring Generation Gaps Error: Not considering age differences between family members.
Avoidance: Pay attention to the age information provided and use it to determine generations accurately.
Not Using Symbols Error: Failing to use symbols to represent relationships.
Avoidance: Create a diagram with symbols (e.g., + for marriage, - for siblings) to visualize and solve the problem.
Overcomplicating Error: Making the problem more complex than it is.
Avoidance: Simplify the problem by breaking it down into smaller steps and focusing on one relationship at a time.
Disregarding Clues Error: Ignoring vital clues within the question.
Avoidance: Carefully read the entire question and all provided information to extract all relevant clues.
Lack of Practice Error: Insufficient practice on blood relation problems.
Avoidance: Regularly practice blood relation questions to improve your skills and solve them quickly.

Sample Blood Relation Questions with Answers for Law Entrance Exams

We have provided some sample questions to help you understand the type of questions asked from the blood relation topic.

Q) Pointing to a boy in the photograph, Monika said, “His sister is the only daughter of my father”. How is the boy related to Monika’s father?

Ans: Son

Q) Pointing to a person, Aman said, "His only brother is the father of my daughter's father". How is the person related to Aman?

Ans: Uncle

Q) John introduces Mary as the daughter of the only son of my father’s wife. How is Mary related to John?

Ans: Daughter

Q) Sunita is the daughter of Karan. Kanika is the mother of Karan. Mita is the wife of Karan. Poonam & Shruti are the daughters of Karan. How is Shruti related to Karan?

Ans: Daughter

Q) A and B are brothers, and C and D are sisters. A’s son is D’s brother. How is B related to C?

Ans: Uncle

Q) If P+Q means P is the husband of Q, P/Q means P is the sister of Q, and P*Q means P is the son of Q. How is D related to B in B/A*C+D?

Ans: Mother

Q) Pointing to a girl, Kirti Said, “She is the daughter of my brother’s wife”. How is the girl related to Kirti?

Ans: Niece


In conclusion, following the above tips and techniques can improve your accuracy and speed to solve blood relation questions in law entrance exam. Here are the key takeaways from the blog: 

  • Understanding the basics of blood relations is crucial for success.
  • Different types of questions, from identifying relationships to complex family trees, may appear in the exam.
  • Using visual aids like family trees and symbols enhances accuracy.
  • Pay attention to gender, age, and birth order for clues.
  • Regular practice is essential to master blood relation questions.
  • Avoid common errors like misinterpreting relations and assuming gender.

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