Important Articles of Indian Constitution for Judiciary Exams 2023
Author : Tanya Kaushal
Updated On : June 6, 2023
As you gear up to take the Judiciary exams, you must be aware of all the articles of the Indian Constitution. On average, you can expect 10-15 questions from the Indian Constitution in the Preliminary Examination of the Judiciary Exam.
While there are 448 articles in total, not all will be covered in the examination. However, the ten articles below are the most important and will likely be covered in detail.
So, read on and familiarize yourself with these critical articles of our Constitution!
Important Constitutional Articles for Judiciary Exams
The Indian Constitution is a lengthy document with 448 articles in total. However, a few articles are significant and cover some of the most critical aspects of the Constitution.
These articles are essential for anyone preparing for Judiciary exams, as they provide a basic overview of the Constitution and its key components.
Part 1 - Article 1 to Article 4
Article 1 – Name and territory of the union.
Article 2 – Admission and establishment of the new state.
Article 3 – Forming new states and altering existing states' areas, boundaries, and names.
Part 2 - Article 5 to Article 11
Article 5 – Citizenship at the commencement of the constitution.
Article 6 – Rights of citizenship of a certain person who has migrated to India from Pakistan.
Article 10 – Continuance of rights of citizenship.
Article 11 – Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law.
Part 3 - Article 12 to Article 35
Article 12 – Definition of the state.
Article 13 – Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights.
Important Fundamental Rights
There were originally seven basic fundamental rights in the Indian Constitution; now, only six remain. By the 44th amendment act of 1978, the Right to Property U/A 31 was removed from the list of fundamental rights. Part XII of the constitution contains a legal right referred to as U/A 300–A.
Right to Equality - Article 14 to Article 18
Article 14 – Equality before the law.
Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth.
Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment.
Article 17 – Abolition of the untouchability.
Article 18 – Abolition of titles.
Right to Freedom- Article 19 to Article 22
Article 19 – Guarantees all citizens the six rights, and they are
Article 19A – Freedom of speech and expression.
Article 19B – Freedom to assemble peaceably and without arms.
Article 19C – Freedom to form associations or unions.
Article 19D – Freedom to move freely throughout the territory of India.
Article 19E – Freedom to reside and settle in any part of the territory of India.
Article 19G – Freedom to practice any profession or to carry on any occupation, trade, or business.
Article 20 – Protection in respect of conviction for offences.
Article 21 – Protection of life and personal liberty.
Article 22 – Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases.
Right Against Exploitation - Article 23 and Article 24
Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour.
Article 24 – Prohibition of employment of children (Under the age of 14) in factories and mines.
Right to Freedom of Religion - Article 25 to Article 28
Article 25 – Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice, and propagation of religion.
Article 26 – Freedom to manage religious affairs.
Article 27 – Freedom to pay taxes to promote any particular religion.
Article 28 – Freedom from attending religious instruction.
Cultural and Educational Rights - Article 29 and Article 30
Article 29 – Protection of interest of minorities.
Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
Right to Constitutional Remedies - Article 32
Article 32 – Remedies for enforcement of Fundamental Rights.
Part 4 - Directive Principles of State Policy (Article 36 to Article 51)
Article 36 – Definition
Article 37– Application of DPSP
Article 39A – Equal justice and free legal aid
Article 40 – Organization of a village panchayat
Article 41 – Right to work, education, and public assistance in certain cases
Article 43 – Living Wages, etc., for workers.
Article 43A – Participation of workers in the management of industries.
Article 44 – Uniform civil code
Article 45 – Provision for free and compulsory education for children.
Article 46 – Promotion of educational and economic interest of scheduled castes (SC), scheduled tribes (ST), and OBC.
Article 47– Duty of the state to raise the level of nutrition and the standard of living and to improve public health.
Article 48 – Organization of agriculture and animal husbandry.
Article 49 – Protection of monuments, places, and objects of natural importance.
Article 50 – Separation of judiciary from the executive.
Article 51 – Promotion of international peace and security.
Part 4A - Fundamental Duties: Article 51A
The eleven fundamental duties are listed below. 42nd amendment act 1976 added 10 fundamental duties. One more was added to the list by the 86th amendment act of 2002.
Abide by the Constitution and respect the national flag & National Anthem
Follow the ideals of the freedom struggle
Protect the sovereignty & integrity of India
Defend the country and render national services when called upon
Spirit of common brotherhood
Preserve composite culture
Preserve natural environment
Develop scientific temper
Safeguard public property
Strive for excellence
Duty for all parents/guardians to send their children in the age group of 6-14 years to school.
Article 17 of the Indian Constitution clearly lays down the provision of 'Abolition of the untouchability.'
State the article that protects the interests of minorities in India.
Article 29 of the Indian Constitution protects the interests of minorities. It clearly mentions that no discrimination be done on the grounds of religion, race, caste, language, race, or any of them.
Which article of the Indian Constitution specifies the Special Address by the president is a part of which article?
Article 87 of the Indian Constitution deals with a Special Address by the president. At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of the People and at the commencement of the first session of each year, the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons.
In the Indian Constitution, "Assent to Bills" is covered which article?
Article 111 of the Indian Constitution specifies the "Assent to Bills".
Under which act was the Bi-cameral legislature introduced for the first time?
For the first time, the Government of India Act of 1919 introduced bicameralism and direct elections in the country.
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