Judicial Service Examination is not just an examination where the students have to mug up things by any means and clear them. It is more than that because the aspirants sitting for the exam are the ones who would be given the most significant responsibility if delivering JUSTICE in the country.
Therefore, an aspirant of judicial service should know the soul of every law they will come across. For an aspirant to be thorough with the preparation, note making is the most important exercise that every aspirant should practise to understand any law in smaller parts and a crisp manner.
This helps build a strong foundation of fundamental laws and helps them understand the rules to their core meaning, which is significant because as a judge, you may so many situations where a mugged-up language won’t help you. At the same time, you prepare for the Judiciary exam at home.


  • Everyone needs to know that a judiciary exam is either conducted by the State PSC or the High Court of that particular state. The question here is not about the note-making because that certainly can be done by anyone by looking at the BARE ACTS. Students need to understand how to make maximum use of the notes so prepared.
  • Always keep in mind that the notes you make should be made by yourself instead of borrowing them from others, as when you take notes by yourself, it creates visuals in your mind which keep flashing while you are writing your exams. Moreover, your notes should not be State-Specific; they should be comprehensive of every law in the book you are reading. State-Specific rules are also to be read concerning your target state, but the notes for this purpose should be at some different place. A comprehensive note-making will help in revision where you would have everything in one place.
  • There are various problems faced by the students while preparing notes in their judicial journey as they cannot understand where to start from for any topic they may be studying. They feel a bit helpless, and it is genuine on their part to face such difficulties.
  • There are several reasons for them to be facing such issues. First and foremost is the “vast number of sections” within a particular law. This is the biggest problem students usually face because they don’t know where to start from. As it does not take up much of a student's time, the tiny parts may be included in notes. However, for more significant details like CRPC, taking notes and extracting the key ideas becomes time-consuming and challenging for the student.
  • Some students are of the view that they mug up every section and clear the Judicial Service Examination. But it is humanly impossible for anyone to mug up things and pour them in during the examination as there are so many things to cater to and read. Even if anyone can perform this miracle, even then, it is of no use! It is so because then, the student will not understand the depth of the law and dig to its core, which is the most important thing as they are the ones who will be representing the country’s Judicial System to the world. Some decisions can embark a person’s name in the golden history of the judicial system.


  • It is also advisable to make a question bank related to significant subjects as well as minor subjects. Prepare a question bank of 50 questions for each Majors subject and that of 25 questions for Minors.
  • Also, while preparing for Prelims, students should give a maximum number of time-bound tests, and at the same time, they should refer to some practice books.
  • An approach that should be followed by all those students and aspirants preparing for Judicial Service Examination who are confused about how to start with the note-making process is that of BIFURCATION.
  • Bifurcation is something that can help the students who are willing to practice the note-making exercise. For this, the bifurcation has to be done in three ways:

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  1. Majors and Minors: Everyone knows that there are significant and minor subjects during the preparation of the judiciary. Now the drill over here is quite simple where students have to make sure that they make “paragraph-based” notes for the minor subjects as these subjects are small and have lesser sections to write. As minor issues may readily be crammed into notes because they take up less time. Making notes for the Majors subjects should be done in a "Point-based" manner. The explanation for this is simple: essential issues are those with a high number of parts and a large quantity of material in them. With all the critical points in such vast information included in terms of issues, it becomes straightforward when rereading it during revision.
  2. Substantive and Procedural Law: There is a problem with the Substantive laws. It becomes difficult for the students to extract important points for note-making purposes, and that problem is that it lacks “connectivity”. Here students have to take some pains to read the significant subjects thoroughly and note down the essential points from the exam’s point of view. But once the notes are made by giving a thorough read, it becomes straightforward in the later or advanced stages of preparation. This lack of connectivity makes note-making a tedious task for students while studying the Substantive laws.
  3. But on the other hand, the Procedural Laws have the advantage of having connectivity among its sections, making the note-making process a cakewalk for students. For example, Section 164 and Section 167 of the CRPC have some terms in joint related to Remand and confession, and they can easily be found. It is all about finding the “keywords” in these laws. It is always recommended to use colour-coding, i.e., using different coloured highlighters to make sensible and connected notes, which gives an edge to your preparation. Students will be able to remember for a longer time.
  4. Easy and Difficult: There are various subjects students find to be easy and some to be difficult. CPC is something that every student dreads and tries to avoid. This bifurcation is not rigid as every person may have different subjects, which may be difficult and easy for them. This is a SUBJECTIVE concept and depends on a person's interests and preferences. For the easier ones, students should read the law or subject thoroughly and note down more critical points such as essentials of the law and then try to refer to commentary books for the related case laws, famous judgments, etc. This helps in a better and quick understanding of laws. Talking about the complex subjects, one should try to make notes in as simple a way as possible, i.e. try to accommodate maximum information in the minimum possible way. For students to be able to enhance their comprehension practices for complex questions, one should follow a few of the following steps to make crisp notes:
  5. a) Flow Charts: Flow Charts is a technique used to make complex things into specific things by noting down the “key points” related to the topic the student is trying to study. Students can learn more quickly through flow charts as it appears very simple visually because even the brain is not reluctant to grasp.
  6. b) Pointers: As mentioned above, it is essential for all the complex subjects to note all the essential points so that the students do not have to bother to mug up the big and large definitions. This would help them remember for a longer time.
  7. c) Color Coding: Color Coding is of great importance while preparing for any exam and not Judiciary only. Students should designate specific colours for different purposes, which will undoubtedly help them to be able to remember things more accurately. Use Highlighters for colour-coding.
  8. d) Note Making based on Pre, Mains and Interview(PMI) magnitude: This technique is something where aspirants decide what topics are essential for Prelims, Mains and Interview. This technique can be applied by going through the previous year’s paper of your target state and carry out a detailed analysis of what topics have been asked or covered in their Prelims, Mains and Interview.
    Minor subjects don’t need flow charts as they are easy to be comprehended in Paragraph form. Be sure to only take the main points about that law, and the notes being made for both categories are crisp and clear. It is a slow and gradual process where you will learn the art of note-making.

Read More: Short Tricks to crack Judiciary Exams in 6 Months.


How do you prepare for the judiciary?

Begin your studies with basic acts, as law schools tend to focus on the curriculum rather than substantive or municipal laws. Break it down into chunks and study 10 to 5 sections every day.

How do you study for the judge exam?

Candidates must devise a strategy and put it into action with zeal. Aside from topic expertise, current events must also be considered. “ Candidates should first familiarise themselves with the curriculum before beginning their preparation. They should make a study schedule.

How can I crack the judiciary exam?

Plan each day so that you can finish the entire syllabus in a short amount of time. After I finish my graduation, I plan to study for 10-12 hours a day, with 2-3 hours set out for general information, recent decisions, and newspaper reading. It is necessary to devote equal attention to both English and Hindi language papers, since both require a great deal of practise.