Arts or Humanities is popular among students who wish to seek a profession in Civil Services, education, or other social sectors. The 12th Humanities subjects incorporate History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, and Sociology. These subjects give the students a chance to comprehend the profundity and expansiveness of Humanities as a stream which empowers them to make their future vocation decisions.

Class 12th Humanities Subjects for 2020-21

Humanities is a huge stream that offers a wide assortment of subjects in CBSE just as in ICSE affiliated schools. Humanities Subjects in 12th incorporate four compulsory subjects and one optional subject and students can add up to two optional subjects in the event that they are eager to study six Humanities subjects 12th rather than five.

Subject Combination For 12th Class Humanities

The following is the 12th Humanity Subject List:

Subject CBSE  ISC
History Mandatory Mandatory
Political Science Mandatory Mandatory
Language (According to the medium of school) Mandatory Mandatory
Geography Mandatory Mandatory
Psychology Optional Optional
Economics Optional Optional
Entrepreneurship Optional Not Available
Legal Studies Optional optional
Fine Arts Optional Not Available
Mathematics Optional Optional

Best Easy Subjects To Take After 12th Humanities

For those who own a certificate in humanities in ISC or CBSE curriculum, a bunch of Humanities subjects after 12th courses are available to take up that range from Arts, Fine Arts, Journalism to Hotel Management among others.

Arts And Humanities: Includes investigation of humanities, dialects, and music. You may likewise seek specialization courses like psychology, history, archaeology, economics, journalism, sociology, geography, languages, social work, physical education, etc.

Fine Arts: Open for humanities understudies who have an inclination for expressive arts like music, dance, photography, painting, sculpting, etc.

Business Administration: If you are hoping to ride the corporate world, you may take up BBA that would open you to subjects like business statistics, marketing, business laws, human resource management, etc.

Integrated Law: Such a law course is available to humanities understudies across a number of law schools and universities in India.

Elementary Education: This is a 4-year integrated professional degree course offered to humanities understudies in the wake of finishing higher secondary school.

Hotel Management: With India rising as one of the well-known tourist locations, the travel industry has procured a significant position and the hospitality business has similarly observed exponential development. This course can be picked by a student studying the humanities course in Class XII. Combined with experience and greatness in their career after some time, hotel management students may get a chance to see the world.

Media Studies: The main prerequisite for these courses is decent proficiency in English. As the ISC and CBSE Syllabus lay incredible accentuation on language acquisition, there is no impediment to students seeking to take up courses in journalism, visual communication, and electronics media courses.

Fashion Designing: Do you have an inclination for, design and fashion? When you take up humanities in Class XII, you could before long observe yourself fraternizing with celebs, fashionistas, and models.

News-casting and Mass Communication: With the exponential development in communication apart from customary media, online and electronic media have advanced as well-known career alternatives. Do you love English or have a solid base in the language? Journalism could very well be the correct career option for you.

12th Humanities Subjects Stream 2020-21

The following are some of the 12th humanities subjects:

  • History
  • Political Science
  • Economics
  • Geography
  • Sociology
  • Psychology
  • Optional Subjects like Maths, Home Science, Legal Studies, Fine Arts, Physical Education, Media Studies


History is a field of investigation which utilizes a narrative to inspect and break down the succession of events and attempts to explore and investigate impartially, the various patterns of cause and effect that determine the fate of various global events as well as occasions.

The History Syllabus has a goal to:

  • To give precise information on the most critical events and characters of the period under examination, in the set and in the setting.
  • To build up the ability to marshal facts, assess proof, and to examine issues from a historical perspective.
  • To build up the ability to read historical views in the light of new proof or new understanding of evidence.
  • To energize the reduction of ethnocentric preferences and to build up a more global approach to deal with world history.
  • To build up the capacity to communicate perspectives and contentions clearly by utilizing the right terms of the subject.
  • To acclimate students with factual proof whereupon clarifications or judgments about the period must be established.

Preparation Books For History

The following are some of the 12th Humanities Subjects recommended books:

  • ISC History For Class XII by Sachhidananda Banerjee
  • ISC Political Science Class 12 By K.K. Ghai Paperback
  • NCERT Books Class 12 History - Themes in India Part 1
  • NCERT Books Class 12 History - Themes in India Part 2
  • NCERT Books Class 12 History - Themes in India Part 3

Political Science

Political Science, also known as politology, is a social science which deals with different frameworks of administration, the investigation of political activities, political contemplations, related constitutions, and political conduct.

Political Science involves various subfields, including comparative politics, political economy, international relations, political theory, public administration, public policy, and political methodology. Moreover, political science is identified with and draws upon, the fields of economics, law, sociology, history, philosophy, human geography, journalism, political anthropology, and social policy.

The Political Science Syllabus has a goal to:

  • To empower students to increase comprehension of fundamental ideas in Political Science.
  • To encourage the securing of information and comprehension of the practices of administration.
  • To create logical thinking, exploration, and application abilities.
  • To create familiarity with rights and obligations and to sensitize students towards various social concerns at both national as well as on the international level.
  • To open students to unique perspectives and urge them to build up their own world view.

Preparation Books For Political Science

For Political Science, one of the12th Humanities subjects, the following books are recommended to students for better preparation:

  • ISC Political Science (Class-XII) by K.K. Ghai
  • NCERT Class 12 Political Science Part 1
  • NCERT Class 12 Political Science Part 2


A literal interpretation of the term Geography would be "to portray or expound on the Earth". Geography as a Humanities Subject in 12th can be extensively divided into two auxiliary fields: human geography and physical geography. The former concentrates generally on the built environment and how space is made, seen, and managed by people as well as the impact people have on the space they possess. The latter analyses the natural environment and how the climate, vegetation & life, soil, water, and landforms are produced and interact.

The Geography Syllabus has a goal to:

  • To empower students to get knowledge and to build up a comprehension of facts, terms, symbols concepts, principles, generalizations, hypotheses, problems, trends, processes, and methods of Geography at the national as well as the international level.
  • To apply the information on the standards of Physical Geography in clarifying the causes and outcomes of natural disasters and recommend methods of coping with them through sustainable development.
  • To create aptitudes of drawing maps, surveying, and drawing statistical diagrams and topical maps.

Preparation Books For Geography

For Geography, one of the Humanities Subject 12th, the following books are suggested to students for thorough preparation:

  • ISC Geography For Class-XII By Dr. Khullar
  • NCERT Books Class 12 Geography - Fundamentals of Human Geography
  • NCERT Books Class 12 Geography - India People and Economy


Psychology is a science, an academic, and an applied discipline that includes the scientific investigation of human or animal mental capacities and functions. In this field, an expert specialist or analyst is known as a psychologist. Analysts are classified as social or behavioral scientists. Psychologists endeavor to comprehend the role of mental functions in individual and social conduct, while additionally investigating hidden physiological and neurological cycles.

The Psychology Syllabus has a goal to:

  • To build up a comprehension of human conduct: the nature of people and of members from various social groups.
  • To build up an understanding of the strategies for research and study utilized in Psychology.
  • To build up a valuation for the practical value of Psychology and its applications in day to day life.

Preparation Books For Psychology

For Psychology, as a class 12th humanities subjects, the following books are recommended to students for a better understanding of concepts and terms:

  • ISC Psychology by Papri Chattopadhyay
  • NCERT Class 12 Psychology English Medium


Sociology is the investigation of society. As a subject, sociology prepares an individual for a lifetime of change, building up an individual's valuation for diversity, love of learning new things, composing and studying abilities, along with information base about human conduct, social associations, and culture.

The Sociology Syllabus has a goal to:

  • To acquaint students with the fundamental ideas of Sociology and Anthropology.
  • To build-up a comprehension of different forces that establish social life and social issues.
  • To create a consciousness of the process of change and development in general and regarding the Indian culture specifically.
  • To give students the means whereby they can get a superior comprehension of different societies just as of their own.
  • To create the habits for examining social assumptions and convictions in the light of scientific proof.
  • To present a more profound investigation of the subject for the tertiary level.

Preparation Books For Psychology

For Sociology, one of the 12th Humanities Subjects, the following books are suggested for students to prepare from:

  • ISC Sociology For Class XII By Manjir Ghosh
  • NCERT Class 12 Sociology Part 1
  • NCERT Class 12 Sociology Part 2


12th Humanities Subjects simpler than eleventh?

You can't compare them in this manner. Essentially, both are on a same level. In the event that you are in class 11th and are well versed with the subjects, then you won't have any problem in Class 12th. You will discover that class 12th curriculum is simpler in comparison with class eleventh.

Is Sociology A High-Scoring 12th Humanities Subject?

Indeed. The ISC and CBSE boards both anticipate good long answers in detail, which ought to be relevant and very much clear, concise and detailed.

What Is The Examination Pattern For Psychology?

Along with the theory of this 12th Humanities subject, students will have a practical orientation for a superior comprehension and exposure in the field of psychology for the 12th Class. The total marks for this 12th Humanities Subject is 100. Theory accounts 70 marks and Practical Examination accounts for the rest of the 30 marks.

Is it necessary to pass in theory and practical exams independently?

Yes, it is obligatory to pass independently in theory as well as for practical exams.

Will the examiner cut marks if the answers are not written in a sequential order?

No marks are cut as long as the numbering of the answers is correct. Although, it is instructed to follow the original sequence with respect to the question as far as possible. The answers of a specific section ought to be written under the same section to evade any inconsistency while checking and adding up the marks.

I  have scored well in my Class X Boards. I am interested in Psychology and want to seek my profession in this field. But, my parents don't want taking up Arts. What should I do?

Congratulations for your Class X marks! The kind of weight that you must be feeling is quite understandable. Initially, I should disclose to you that your parents ultimately want the best for you. They probably won't be knowing about the scope of psychology and its significance. You must be the one to disclose to them the significance and career possibilities of psychology. Ask them to read our article on Psychology and its various options and am certain they would value your decision.

I have passed my Class X Boards with 40% marks. I want to have career in Hotel Management. But, I don't know which stream to choose. Which course should I take?

In the event that you want to study hotel management, you can pick Humanities as your stream. It provides various opportunities to pursue numerous career options.