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How to Become a Civil Judge In India: Eligibility & Skills Required

Author : Yogricha

Updated On : June 19, 2024

SHARE

Overview: Explore your passion for the Indian Judiciary by discovering how to become a civil judge! This guide covers everything from immediate steps post-school to alternative routes, detailing qualifications and methods to achieve your judicial aspirations. So, let's begin!

In this article, we will cover:

  • How to become a Civil Judge in India, including direct entry and judiciary exams.
  • Eligibility criteria, including age and educational qualifications.
  • Overview of judicial service examination stages: prelims, mains, and interview.
  • Skills required for becoming a Civil Judge.
  • Direct recruitment process for existing judiciary department members.
  • Specific procedures for becoming a Civil Judge in Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab.

Must Know Eligibility Criteria to Become a Civil Judge

Understanding the eligibility criteria is crucial for anyone looking to pursue a career as a Civil Judge. As you begin understanding how to become a Civil Judge, it's essential to be aware of the foundational requirements set by various state judiciary bodies. These criteria not only ensure that candidates possess the necessary qualifications but also help maintain the high standards expected within the judiciary system. Below, we elaborate on the key eligibility requirements for aspiring civil judges:

Understand: How to start Judicial Examination preparation 

  • Bachelor's Degree in Law from a Recognized University:

    • One of the primary steps on how to become a civil judge is obtaining a law degree. This ensures that candidates have a thorough understanding of legal principles, practices, and the framework within which the Indian legal system operates.
    • A recognized degree is a testament to the candidate's dedication and proficiency in the field of law, preparing them for the complex nature of judicial responsibilities.

Read About: Answer Writing in Judiciary Mains Exam

  • Age Criteria:

    • Aspiring civil judges must meet specific age requirements, with the minimum age set at 21 years and the maximum age typically below 35 years. These age criteria are designed to ensure that candidates have the maturity and life experience necessary for the role.
    • The age limit is carefully considered to balance the need for youthful energy and the wisdom that comes with age, contributing positively to the judiciary system.

Understand: Question Papers of Judiciary Exams 

  • Qualification through the Civil Judge Exam:

    • The journey on how to become a Civil Judge involves clearing a series of examinations, starting with the prelims, followed by mains, and finally, the interview rounds. This rigorous selection process is essential in identifying candidates who not only have a solid legal foundation but also possess the analytical, reasoning, and interpersonal skills required for the role.
    • Success in these exams is a significant milestone in the path towards becoming a Civil Judge, marking the culmination of years of study, preparation, and dedication to the field of law.

Also Read: How To Prepare GK For Judiciary Exams 2024 - Proven Tips & Tricks

Law after 12th?

Being a Civil Judge is a matter of prestige and, indeed, a dream of many Judiciary aspirants. Every year, lakhs of aspirants appear for the judicial service examinations held by state-level judiciaries. 

The two primary paths to becoming a Civil Judge in any State High Court are: clearing the Judicial Services Examination or applying directly. The Judicial Services Examination is held for the position of Civil Judge in the High Court and Direct Recruitment, meaning that individuals who are already working in the Indian judiciary and want to become civil judge will be selected directly by giving an interview.

The admissions to these courses are provided based on marks scored in the entrance exam of a junior civil judge.

Undergraduate Degree Courses for Becoming a Civil Judge

The CLAT Exam is a national-level entrance exam conducted annually to provide admission to UG courses at 22 National Law Universities. (NLUs).

Courses Course Details Average Fees
Integrated BA LLB Eligibility: Candidates must pass the 10+2 examination in relevant subjects with a minimum aggregate mark of 45%.
Entrance Exams: LSAT
Duration: 5 years
INR 30,000 to INR 3,00,000 per annum
LLB Eligibility: Candidates must pass the 10+2 examination in relevant subjects with a minimum aggregate mark of 50%.
Entrance Exams: CLAT, AILET, SET
Duration: 3 years
INR 35,000 to INR 1,50,000 per annum

Solve Now: Free Judiciary Mock Tests 

How to become a Civil Judge after 3 YearLL.B. and 5 Year LL.B.

  • The primary and minimum Judiciary Exam eligibility to apply for the Civil Judge post is that you must hold a degree in law from any recognized university.
  • The essential requirement for becoming a civil judge is to have completed a bachelor's degree in law from a recognized board.
  • You can do either BA LLB, a 5-year integrated law degree course) or LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law), a 3-year law course.
  • You can apply for LLB courses after graduating from any stream through a recognized university.
  • The minimum age to apply for the Civil Judge post examinations is 21 years, and the maximum is 35 years.
  • You must be a citizen of India to apply for the Civil Judge post examinations.

How to Become a Civil Judge through Judicial Services Exam in 3 Steps?

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree & Enroll in a Law School

The most important step is to appear in the law entrance examinations such as CLAT, AILET, ACLAT, DU LLB, and others to qualify for the LLB course. Else, the candidates may pursue a 5-year LLB instead of pursuing a bachelor’s degree or 3 year LLB separately, such as BA LLB, BBA LLB, or B.Com. LLB, B.Tech. LLB and others.

Step 2: Acquire the Skills Required 

Here are important skills for Judiciary

  • Excellent Critical Reasoning
  • Strong Listening Ability
  • Objective Analysis
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Unbiased Decision Making
  • Empathy
  • Good Writing Skills

Know More: How to achieve success in the Civil Judge exam.

Step 3: Qualify for the Judicial Services Examination

The favourite question of every judiciary aspirant is 'how to be a civil judge in India.' Well, we have some tips to help you become a Civil Judge. 

  • The Judicial Services examination is the main exam conducted to recruit talented and hardworking candidates for various posts in the judiciary department of India.
  • Every state‘s High Court and Judicial Services conduct the examination for the Civil Judge in their state’s High Court.
  • As per the Judiciary Exam Pattern, there are three stages in the selection process, i.e., Preliminary Examination, Mains Examination, and Personal Interview round.
  • The prelims exam is a screening test of 150 marks and will be a computer-based test.
  • The Mains examination is a written test of 750 marks comprising four papers, i.e., Paper I is for General Knowledge and Language; Paper II is for Law – I, Paper III of Law III, and Paper IV is for Law paper.
  • Paper 1 is 150 marks, and you will get 2 hours to complete it, and the three papers are 200 marks, and you will get 3 hours for each paper to complete.
  • The prelims examination is qualifying in nature.
  • The candidate's selection process depends on their score in the Mains examination and the Personal Interview Round. The Mains Examination is for 750 marks, and the personal interview is for 250 marks. So, the selection of the candidates depends on their total marks in both the Mains and personal interview rounds.
  • Recently, Telangana Government announced a total of 87 Judiciary Exam Vacancy List for the Civil Judge in the Telangana High Court.

Alternative Methods to Become a Civil Judge: Direct Recruitment 

Do you know how to become a civil judge in India? Here are the alternative methods for direct recruitment as a civil judge. 

  • One more method through which you can become a civil judge, i.e., the direct recruitment method.
  • Direct recruitment is valid only for candidates who are practiting as a Lawyer
  • The candidates who have worked for the last five years are eligible to apply for the civil judge post examination.
  • The candidates will have to apply for it internally only, and for recruitment, they also have to give a written test and interview.
  • They will be selected based on their past record, current score, and personal interview round.
  • If the candidate's past records are not good, like he had any issue with his senior, he is not good at work, or any issue, then the recruiter can cancel his or her candidature anytime.

Conclusion

Becoming a Civil Judge is a commendable aspiration that requires a blend of academic excellence, adherence to eligibility criteria, and a successful passage through the rigorous selection process. As we've explored, the pathway to becoming a Civil Judge is structured yet rewarding, offering an opportunity to contribute significantly to the judiciary system and society at large.

Key Takeaways:

  • Ensure you have a Bachelor's Degree in Law from a recognized institution, setting the foundation for your legal career.
  • Meet the age criteria, with a minimum age of 21 years and a maximum age typically below 35 years, to demonstrate maturity and readiness for the role.
  • Successfully navigate through the Civil Judge Exam, including prelims, mains, and interview rounds, showcasing your legal acumen, analytical skills, and personal attributes suited to the judiciary.

Remember, achieving your goal of "How to Become a Civil Judge 2024" is a testament to your dedication, hard work, and passion for upholding justice. Keep these insights in mind as you prepare for your journey, and you'll be well on your way to making a difference in the legal landscape of India.

Download Judiciary Study Material

Fill your details

Frequently Asked Questions

Which jobs are related to judicial services in India?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the salary of a High Court Judge?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the salary of a Supreme court judge?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the age limit to apply for the Civil Judge post?

Expand Faq Icon

How many stages are there in civil judge exam?

Expand Faq Icon

How to become a civil judge?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the main requirement for becoming civil judge?

Expand Faq Icon

How to Become a Civil Judge In India: Eligibility & Skills Required

Author : Yogricha

June 19, 2024

SHARE

Overview: Explore your passion for the Indian Judiciary by discovering how to become a civil judge! This guide covers everything from immediate steps post-school to alternative routes, detailing qualifications and methods to achieve your judicial aspirations. So, let's begin!

In this article, we will cover:

  • How to become a Civil Judge in India, including direct entry and judiciary exams.
  • Eligibility criteria, including age and educational qualifications.
  • Overview of judicial service examination stages: prelims, mains, and interview.
  • Skills required for becoming a Civil Judge.
  • Direct recruitment process for existing judiciary department members.
  • Specific procedures for becoming a Civil Judge in Rajasthan, Haryana, and Punjab.

Must Know Eligibility Criteria to Become a Civil Judge

Understanding the eligibility criteria is crucial for anyone looking to pursue a career as a Civil Judge. As you begin understanding how to become a Civil Judge, it's essential to be aware of the foundational requirements set by various state judiciary bodies. These criteria not only ensure that candidates possess the necessary qualifications but also help maintain the high standards expected within the judiciary system. Below, we elaborate on the key eligibility requirements for aspiring civil judges:

Understand: How to start Judicial Examination preparation 

  • Bachelor's Degree in Law from a Recognized University:

    • One of the primary steps on how to become a civil judge is obtaining a law degree. This ensures that candidates have a thorough understanding of legal principles, practices, and the framework within which the Indian legal system operates.
    • A recognized degree is a testament to the candidate's dedication and proficiency in the field of law, preparing them for the complex nature of judicial responsibilities.

Read About: Answer Writing in Judiciary Mains Exam

  • Age Criteria:

    • Aspiring civil judges must meet specific age requirements, with the minimum age set at 21 years and the maximum age typically below 35 years. These age criteria are designed to ensure that candidates have the maturity and life experience necessary for the role.
    • The age limit is carefully considered to balance the need for youthful energy and the wisdom that comes with age, contributing positively to the judiciary system.

Understand: Question Papers of Judiciary Exams 

  • Qualification through the Civil Judge Exam:

    • The journey on how to become a Civil Judge involves clearing a series of examinations, starting with the prelims, followed by mains, and finally, the interview rounds. This rigorous selection process is essential in identifying candidates who not only have a solid legal foundation but also possess the analytical, reasoning, and interpersonal skills required for the role.
    • Success in these exams is a significant milestone in the path towards becoming a Civil Judge, marking the culmination of years of study, preparation, and dedication to the field of law.

Also Read: How To Prepare GK For Judiciary Exams 2024 - Proven Tips & Tricks

Law after 12th?

Being a Civil Judge is a matter of prestige and, indeed, a dream of many Judiciary aspirants. Every year, lakhs of aspirants appear for the judicial service examinations held by state-level judiciaries. 

The two primary paths to becoming a Civil Judge in any State High Court are: clearing the Judicial Services Examination or applying directly. The Judicial Services Examination is held for the position of Civil Judge in the High Court and Direct Recruitment, meaning that individuals who are already working in the Indian judiciary and want to become civil judge will be selected directly by giving an interview.

The admissions to these courses are provided based on marks scored in the entrance exam of a junior civil judge.

Undergraduate Degree Courses for Becoming a Civil Judge

The CLAT Exam is a national-level entrance exam conducted annually to provide admission to UG courses at 22 National Law Universities. (NLUs).

Courses Course Details Average Fees
Integrated BA LLB Eligibility: Candidates must pass the 10+2 examination in relevant subjects with a minimum aggregate mark of 45%.
Entrance Exams: LSAT
Duration: 5 years
INR 30,000 to INR 3,00,000 per annum
LLB Eligibility: Candidates must pass the 10+2 examination in relevant subjects with a minimum aggregate mark of 50%.
Entrance Exams: CLAT, AILET, SET
Duration: 3 years
INR 35,000 to INR 1,50,000 per annum

Solve Now: Free Judiciary Mock Tests 

How to become a Civil Judge after 3 YearLL.B. and 5 Year LL.B.

  • The primary and minimum Judiciary Exam eligibility to apply for the Civil Judge post is that you must hold a degree in law from any recognized university.
  • The essential requirement for becoming a civil judge is to have completed a bachelor's degree in law from a recognized board.
  • You can do either BA LLB, a 5-year integrated law degree course) or LLB (Bachelor of Legislative Law), a 3-year law course.
  • You can apply for LLB courses after graduating from any stream through a recognized university.
  • The minimum age to apply for the Civil Judge post examinations is 21 years, and the maximum is 35 years.
  • You must be a citizen of India to apply for the Civil Judge post examinations.

How to Become a Civil Judge through Judicial Services Exam in 3 Steps?

Step 1: Earn a Bachelor’s Degree & Enroll in a Law School

The most important step is to appear in the law entrance examinations such as CLAT, AILET, ACLAT, DU LLB, and others to qualify for the LLB course. Else, the candidates may pursue a 5-year LLB instead of pursuing a bachelor’s degree or 3 year LLB separately, such as BA LLB, BBA LLB, or B.Com. LLB, B.Tech. LLB and others.

Step 2: Acquire the Skills Required 

Here are important skills for Judiciary

  • Excellent Critical Reasoning
  • Strong Listening Ability
  • Objective Analysis
  • Reading Comprehension
  • Unbiased Decision Making
  • Empathy
  • Good Writing Skills

Know More: How to achieve success in the Civil Judge exam.

Step 3: Qualify for the Judicial Services Examination

The favourite question of every judiciary aspirant is 'how to be a civil judge in India.' Well, we have some tips to help you become a Civil Judge. 

  • The Judicial Services examination is the main exam conducted to recruit talented and hardworking candidates for various posts in the judiciary department of India.
  • Every state‘s High Court and Judicial Services conduct the examination for the Civil Judge in their state’s High Court.
  • As per the Judiciary Exam Pattern, there are three stages in the selection process, i.e., Preliminary Examination, Mains Examination, and Personal Interview round.
  • The prelims exam is a screening test of 150 marks and will be a computer-based test.
  • The Mains examination is a written test of 750 marks comprising four papers, i.e., Paper I is for General Knowledge and Language; Paper II is for Law – I, Paper III of Law III, and Paper IV is for Law paper.
  • Paper 1 is 150 marks, and you will get 2 hours to complete it, and the three papers are 200 marks, and you will get 3 hours for each paper to complete.
  • The prelims examination is qualifying in nature.
  • The candidate's selection process depends on their score in the Mains examination and the Personal Interview Round. The Mains Examination is for 750 marks, and the personal interview is for 250 marks. So, the selection of the candidates depends on their total marks in both the Mains and personal interview rounds.
  • Recently, Telangana Government announced a total of 87 Judiciary Exam Vacancy List for the Civil Judge in the Telangana High Court.

Alternative Methods to Become a Civil Judge: Direct Recruitment 

Do you know how to become a civil judge in India? Here are the alternative methods for direct recruitment as a civil judge. 

  • One more method through which you can become a civil judge, i.e., the direct recruitment method.
  • Direct recruitment is valid only for candidates who are practiting as a Lawyer
  • The candidates who have worked for the last five years are eligible to apply for the civil judge post examination.
  • The candidates will have to apply for it internally only, and for recruitment, they also have to give a written test and interview.
  • They will be selected based on their past record, current score, and personal interview round.
  • If the candidate's past records are not good, like he had any issue with his senior, he is not good at work, or any issue, then the recruiter can cancel his or her candidature anytime.

Conclusion

Becoming a Civil Judge is a commendable aspiration that requires a blend of academic excellence, adherence to eligibility criteria, and a successful passage through the rigorous selection process. As we've explored, the pathway to becoming a Civil Judge is structured yet rewarding, offering an opportunity to contribute significantly to the judiciary system and society at large.

Key Takeaways:

  • Ensure you have a Bachelor's Degree in Law from a recognized institution, setting the foundation for your legal career.
  • Meet the age criteria, with a minimum age of 21 years and a maximum age typically below 35 years, to demonstrate maturity and readiness for the role.
  • Successfully navigate through the Civil Judge Exam, including prelims, mains, and interview rounds, showcasing your legal acumen, analytical skills, and personal attributes suited to the judiciary.

Remember, achieving your goal of "How to Become a Civil Judge 2024" is a testament to your dedication, hard work, and passion for upholding justice. Keep these insights in mind as you prepare for your journey, and you'll be well on your way to making a difference in the legal landscape of India.

Download Judiciary Study Material

Fill your details

Frequently Asked Questions

Which jobs are related to judicial services in India?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the salary of a High Court Judge?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the salary of a Supreme court judge?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the age limit to apply for the Civil Judge post?

Expand Faq Icon

How many stages are there in civil judge exam?

Expand Faq Icon

How to become a civil judge?

Expand Faq Icon

What is the main requirement for becoming civil judge?

Expand Faq Icon

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