The UPSC also is known as Union Public Service Commission is responsible for recruiting and taking examinations for various Central Government A group and B group of central services. The UPSC ESE is also known as IES exams are conducted for hiring various A & B group engineers in different governmental departments of India. The engineering aspirants need to practice the UPSC ESE Important Topics to clear the Prelims and Mains exam.

  • The examination and recruitment of engineers of the A & B group in the various central government departments are taken by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). 
  • The UPSC ESE Prelims and Mains serve as an important gateway for engineering candidates preparing for different engineering positions. 
  • The UPSC ESE is a three-stage examination of the Prelims, Mains and Personal Interview, and by clearing all the stages, a candidate can secure a job in various government departments. 
  • The UPSC ESE Prelims exam is an offline objective test with multiple choice questions and answer format.
  • The UPSC ESE Mains exam is an offline subjective test where candidates need to attempt at least 5 out of 8 questions and write to the point and brief answers. 
  • The Prelims has two papers the General Studies & Engineering Aptitude and Engineering Discipline topics of the relevant stream.
  • The Mains has two papers from the Engineering Discipline topics of the relevant stream.
  • The General Studies & Engineering Aptitude has topics like Engineering Mathematics, Engineering Aptitude, Project Management, and Material Science.
  • The Civil Engineerings has topics like Surveying and Geology, Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering, Building Materials and Structure Analysis. 
  • Mechanical Engineering has topics like Mechatronics and Robotics, Engineering Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, and Turbo Machineries. 
  • The Electronics Engineerings has topics like Network Theory, Electro Magnetics, Analog, and Digital Circuits, Advanced Electronics Topics.
  • Electrical Engineering has topics like Computer Fundamentals, Power Systems, Engineering Mathematics, and Control Systems. 
  • Cut-offs for UPSC ESE exams are determined based on exam level and pattern and the number of candidates.
  • Cut-offs are present in all the three stages of the UPSC ESE exams and are cumulative. 
  • In the Prelims stage, there is a negative marking, while in the Mains stage there is no negative marking.
  • Engineering candidates preparing for UPSC ESE exams need to follow and practice the important topics to get qualified. 

UPSC ESE Prelims Exam Pattern 2020

The UPSC ESE Prelims Exams has two papers of General Studies & Engineering Aptitude and Engineering Discipline of the concerned stream. The first paper gives priority to the topic that is common and relevant to all engineering graduates from various streams. The second paper focuses on chapters from a particular stream and has more weightage in terms of questions. Paper 1 and Paper 2 have multiple-choice questions format and answers have to be written in the OMR sheet. The total time duration will be 5 hours with 250 set of questions and maximum marks allotted in the Prelims is 500 marks. 

UPSC ESE Prelims Papers Number of Questions Maximum Marks Exam Time Duration
Paper 1 General Studies & Engineering Aptitude 100 200 2 Hours
Paper 2 Engineering Discipline 150 300 3 Hours
Total 250 500 5 Hours

UPSC ESE Mains Exam Pattern 2020

The UPSC ESE Mains Exam also comprises of two sets of papers from the concerned and relevant engineering field. Both Paper 1 and 2 of the Mains Exam have the same syllabus from Prelims Paper 2, but the level of difficulty will be more in stage 2 of the UPSC ESE exams. Candidates have to answer a minimum of 5 out of 8 optional questions from both paper 1 and 2. This is a written examination, so aspirants have to give impetus to handwriting and writing to the point and brief answers. Unlike the previous exam, this is a subjective question and answer format. The answers have to be written in English only, and up to 5% marks can be deducted for illegal handwriting. The total time duration will be 6 hours with 10 viable questions and maximum marks allotted in the UPSC ESE Mains is 600 marks.

UPSC ESE Mains Papers Number of Questions Maximum Marks Exam Time Duration
Paper 1 Engineering Discipline 5 out of 8 Optional Questions 300 3 Hours
Paper 2 Engineering Discipline 5 out of 8 Optional Questions 300 3 Hours
Total 10 600 6 Hours

UPSC ESE Important Topics for General Studies & Engineering Aptitude

The General Studies and Engineering Aptitude paper is common to all the engineering aspirants preparing for the UPSC ESE. The UPSC ESE Important Topics for General Studies and Engineering Aptitude deals with shared concepts and chapters of engineering for all the streams and incorporates topics like Engineering Mathematics, Engineering Aptitude, Material Science and Engineering, General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety and others. The topics are discussed in details below,

  • Current issues of national and international importance relating to social, economic and industrial development.
  • Engineering Aptitude covering Logical Reasoning and Analytical Ability.
  • Engineering Mathematics and Numerical Analysis.
  • General Principles of Design, Drawing, Importance of Safety.
  • Standards and Quality Practices in production, construction, maintenance, and services.
  • Basics of Energy and Environment: Conservation, Environmental Pollution, and Degradation, Climate Change, Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • Basics of Project Management.
  • Basics of Material Science and Engineering.
  • Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) based tools and their applications in Engineering such as networking, e-governance, and technology-based education.
  • Ethics and Values in the engineering profession.

UPSC ESE Important Topics for Civil Engineering 

The UPSC ESE Civil Engineering chapters incorporate topics from Paper I and Paper II for both examinations of the Prelims 2 and Mains 1 & 2. The level of difficulty, however, progressively increases in the Mains Test 1 & 2. The UPSC ESE Important Topics for Civil Engineering stream includes Geotechnical Engineering and Foundation Engineering, Design of Steel Structures, Building Materials, Structural Analysis, Environmental Engineering, and Transportation Engineering.

Civil Engineering Paper I

  • Building Materials
  • Solid Mechanics
  • Structural Analysis
  • Design of Steel Structures
  • Design of Concrete and Masonry Structures
  • Construction Practice, Planning, and Management

Civil Engineering Paper II

  • The flow of Fluid, Hydraulic Machines and Hydro Power.
  • Hydrology and Water Resources Engineering.
  • Environmental Engineering.
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Foundation Engineering.
  • Surveying and Geology.
  • Transportation Engineering.

UPSC ESE Important Topics for Mechanical Engineering 

The UPSC ESE Mechanical Engineering contains chapters from Paper I and Paper II for both examinations of the Prelims 2 and Mains 1 & 2. The difficulty level, however, gradually increases in the Mains Exam 1 & 2. The UPSC ESE Important Topics for Mechanical Engineering stream includes Manufacturing, Industrial and Maintenance Engineering, Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning, Engines, Engineering Mechanics, and Mechatronics and Robotics.

Mechanical Engineering Paper I

  • Fluid Mechanics.
  • Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer.
  • IC Engines, Refrigeration and Air Conditioning.
  • Turbo Machinery.
  • Power Plant Engineering.
  • Renewable Sources of Energy.

Mechanical Engineering Paper II

  • Engineering Mechanics.
  • Engineering Materials.
  • Mechanisms and Machines.
  • Design of Machine Elements.
  • Mechatronics and Robotics.
  • Manufacturing, Industrial and Maintenance Engineering.

UPSC ESE Important Topics for Electrical Engineering 

The UPSC ESE Electrical Engineering comprises of topics from Paper I and Paper II for both examinations of the Prelims 2 and Mains 1 & 2. The questions, however, become tough in the Mains 1 & 2. The UPSC ESE Important Topics for Electrical Engineering stream includes Electrical and Electronic Measurements, Engineering Mathematics, Electric Circuits and Fields, Analog and Digital Electronics and Power Systems.

Electrical Engineering Paper I

  • Engineering Mathematics.
  • Electrical Materials.
  • Electric Circuits and Fields.
  • Basic Electronics Engineering.
  • Computer Fundamentals.

Electrical Engineering Paper II

  • Analog and Digital Electronics.
  • System and Signal Processing.
  • Control Systems.
  • Power Systems.
  • Electrical Machines.
  • Power Electronics and Drives.

UPSC ESE Important Topics for Electronics Engineering 

The UPSC ESE Electronics Engineering incorporates topics from Paper I and Paper II for both examinations of the Prelims 2 and Mains 1 & 2. The questions pattern will, however, become critical in the Mains Exam 1 & 2. The UPSC ESE Important Topics for Electronics Engineering discipline includes Basic Electronics Engineering, Computer Organization and Architecture, Basic Electrical Engineering, Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation, Advanced Electronics Topics and Advanced Communication. 

Electronics Engineering Paper I

  • Basic Electronics Engineering.
  • Basic Electrical Engineering.
  • Material Science.
  • Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation.
  • Network Theory.
  • Analog and Digital Circuits.

Electronics Engineering Paper II

  • Analog and Communication Systems.
  • Control Systems.
  • Electro Magnetics.
  • Computer Organization and Architecture.
  • Advanced Electronics Topics.
  • Advanced Communication Topics.

UPSC ESE Cut-Offs Marks

  • The UPSC ESE total cut-offs are established in all three stages of the examination the Prelims, Mains and Personal Interview. 
  • In UPSC ESE exams, all the three stages are self qualifying rounds and have different cut-offs. The cut-offs usually become cumulative in each stage by adding the previous score of the candidate. The total cut-off marks are out 1300 marks. 
  • The cut-off patterns depend upon the level of difficulty, marking scheme and previous year’s cut-offs.
  • The cut-offs are also influenced by the number of candidates appearing in the examination and the number of seats available. 
  • 1/ 3 rd marks are deducted for each incorrect answer in the UPSC ESE Prelims.
  • There is no marks deduction for a wrong answer in the UPSC ESE Mains. 
  • The cut-offs marks are higher for general category candidates than reserved category candidates. 

The UPSC ESE exams are meant for only engineering aspirants. The candidates are required to clear all the three stages of the test, including the Personal Interview, to get an engineering job in Central Government. The candidates have to prepare important topics from shared concepts of engineering and the relevant disciplines to qualify the Prelims and Mains exam. 

PSPCL Exam Dates

FAQ's

When is the UPSC ESE Exam 2020 conducted?

The UPSC ESE (Engineering Services Examination) is scheduled on 5th January 2020. 

What are the different services or posts offered under UPSC ESE Recruitment 2020?

There are four different services or posts offered under UPSC ESE Recruitment 2020 i.e., 

1. Civil Engineering

2. Mechanical Engineering

3. Electrical Engineering

4. Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering

When will the UPSC ESE Results 2020 declared?

The UPSC ESE Results 2020 will be released after a month of the exam.

How many UPSC ESE vacancies are released this year?

A total of 495 vacancies have been released under UPSC ESE Recruitment 2020 including 21 Disability vacancies.

For how many marks is UPSC ESE Exam conducted?

The UPSC ESE Prelims exam is conducted for 500 marks while the Mains exam is conducted for 600 marks.