The reasoning section of every competitive exam include questions from "Statement and Conclusion" topic. This topic is considered to be quite important and at the same time a very scoring topic.

Wondering, how to solve statement and conclusion questions? Well, read through the post that will give you a complete insight into Statement and Conclusion Rules, tricks to solve statement and conclusion questions, and more.

What are Statements and Conclusions

A statement is a group of words combined to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision arrived after considering the given statements.

In most of the law entrance exams like CLAT, questions from this topic are definitely expected. Statement and Conclusion Questions are designed to test your ability to derive correct inferences from the given piece of information.

Note that no assumptions, facts, or information can be used to to answer questions related to this topic and the data given in the statement is the only fact.

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Types of Statements and Conclusions

There are two type of statement and conclusions as explained below:

One statement with two conclusion based questions

Let us understand this type with an example: 

Statement: Some people say that drinking water after 7:00 PM is not good. 

Conclusion: Do not drink water after 7:00 PM. 

Now, in the statement, there is the word "some" which does not mean "all". It means some people do not agree with this. Hence, according to the statement, only some people say drinking water after 7:00 PM is to good, so, the conclusion is not valid. Also, the word "Do not" in conclusion restricts that no one should drink after 7:00 PM. 

Thus, to derive a conclusion, read the statement carefully. You don't have to assume extra information. 

clat mock test

clat mock test

More than two statements and conclusion based questions

In this type, more than one statement is followed by 3-4 conclusions. You need to decide the conclusion that follows the statement correctly. 

A conclusion is a decision formed after continuous research on given statements or facts. A proper method of understanding is required before you proceed with the conclusion. 

Following Preparation Tips for CLAT will help you solve these types of questions easily in the exam.

Let us understand this type with an example: 

Statement

Karan Johar is a good director.

Directors are intelligent.

Conclusion:

a) All intelligent are directors

b) Karan Johar is intelligent

c) Both a and b

d) None of these

In the above statement, it is mentioned that all directors are intelligent and karan Johar is a director. Therefore, the solution is Karan Johar is intelligent.

Read More: Time Management Tips to Score well in the CLAT Exam

How to Solve Statement and Conclusions Questions?

Here are a few tips and tricks that you need to follow to get the statements and conclusions answers correct. 

  • If there are two or more sentences used to frame a statement, then, the sentences must be interrelated, and mutual contradiction should be there.
  • Do not look for truthful notions. The information provided in the statement is the only requirement for you to answer the question. No assumptions must be made.
  • Read the statement carefully and look for keywords that are common between the statement and the conclusions
  • If there is more than one conclusion that is applicable for the statement, ensure that the conclusions you have opted for have some relation with each other.
  • Do not go by the length of the statement or statements. Make sure that you read the statement carefully before you make a conclusion.
  • Ensure not to guess the answers on this topic as you might end up with negative marking. 

Different Types of Cases for Statement and Conclusions

Solving previous year Question Papers for CLAT will help you understand the type of questions asked from this topic in the upcoming exam. Here are various cases seen in the above-explained statement and conclusion types. Read through the cases carefully which are explained with an example for easy understanding.

Case-1 (Only conclusion I is valid)

Statement − If you work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Hard work and consistency is required to pass an exam.

II. Without hard work there is a possibility of passing an exam.

Explanation − Here we can clearly see that the conclusion I can be directly derived from the given statement but nothing can be particularly said about the II conclusion. Hence in this case only conclusion I is valid.

Case-2 (Only Conclusion II is valid)

Statement − If you work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Deep concentration power is also required to pass the exam.

II. Ram is working hard and consistently, this time he will pass.

Explanation − Nothing has been told about the deep concentration in the given statement. Hence that is out of our discussion and this conclusion is not valid as per the given statement. However, conclusion II is an indirect conclusion that can be referred from the statement. Hence only conclusion II is valid.

Case-3 (Either conclusion I or II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Ram is working hard and he is consistent too. He will pass the exam.

II. Ram is not working hard and neither he is consistent; he is going to fail in the exam.

Explanation − Here with a careful reading one can understand that either of the two conclusions can happen but not both. Either Ram will work hard and will be consistent, or else he will be not. So clearly our answer will be either conclusion I or II is valid.

Case-4 (Neither conclusion I nor II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Concentration power is required to pass the exam.

II. Minimum 10 min yoga is necessary to increase the concentration power.

Explanation − Here both the conclusions are irrelevant with respect to the given statement. Hence neither of the conclusions are valid.

Case-5 (Both the conclusions will follow)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Working hard is necessary to pass the exam.

II. Consistency is required to pass the exam.

Explanation − Both the conclusions are already derived from the given statement. Hence here both the conclusions are valid.

FAQ's

What is the difference between a statement and a conclusion?

A premise is a statement in an argument that provide reason for the conclusion where as conclusion is a statement in an argument that indicates the exact solution.

What is required to reach the given conclusion?

You should think only about the information given in the statement to reach a conclusion.

What are the three elements of a conclusion in a statement?

  • The answer
  • A summary of the main point
  • Final sentence

How can I improve my accuracy while solving Statement and Conclusion Questions?

Practicing more and more questions from the previous year papers will help improve your accuracy while solving Statement and Conclusion Questions.

How to solve questions using Statement and Conclusion Rules?

You can refer to the above post to know more about how to solve questions using Statement and Conclusion Rules in the exam.