Statement and Conclusion is one of the important topics in Logical Reasoning subject. In case you are preparing for any entrance exam or competitive exam and worried about how to solve statement and conclusion questions, here is the solution.

This post shall take you through detailed information on basic understanding of Statements and Conclusions, tricks to solve them using examples. So, what are you waiting for? Read the complete post to know in detail.

What are Statements and Conclusions?

A statement is a group of words combined to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision arrived after considering the given statements. In most of the law entrance exams like AILET, questions from statements and conclusions are definitely expected. 

Types of Statements and Conclusions

There are two type of statement and conclusions listed below:

One statement with two conclusion based questions

Let us understand this type with an example: 

Statement: Some people say that drinking water after 7:00 PM is not good. 

Conclusion: Do not drink water after 7:00 PM. 

Now, in the statement, there is the word "some" which does not mean "all". It means some people do not agree with this. Hence, according to the statement, only some people say drinking water after 7:00 PM is to good, so, the conclusion is not valid. Also, the word "Do not" in conclusion restricts that no one should drink after 7:00 PM. 

Thus, to derive a conclusion, read the statement carefully. You don't have to assume extra information. 

More than two statements and conclusion based questions

In this type, more than one statement is followed by 3-4 conclusions. You need to decide the conclusion that follows the statement correctly. 

A conclusion is a decision formed after continuous research on given statements or facts. A proper method of understanding is required before you proceed with the conclusion. 

How to Solve Statement and Conclusions Questions?

Here are a few tips and tricks you need to follow to get the statements and conclusions answers correct. 

  • If there are two or more sentences used to frame a statement, then, the sentences must be interrelated, and mutual contradiction should be there.
  • Do not look for truthful notions. The information provided in the statement is the only requirement for you to answer the question. No assumptions must be made.
  • Read the statement carefully and look for keywords that are common between the statement and the conclusions
  • If there is more than one conclusion that is applicable for the statement, ensure that the conclusions you have opted for have some relation with each other.
  • Do not go by the length of the statement or statements. Make sure that you read the statement carefully before you make a conclusion.
  • Ensure not to guess the answers on this topic as you might end up with negative marking. 

Different Types of Cases

Here are various cases seen in the above-explained statement and conclusion types. Read through carefully which are explained with an example for easy understanding.

Case-1 (Only conclusion I is valid)

Statement − If you work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions − I. Hard work and consistency is required to pass an exam.; II. Without hard work there is a possibility of passing an exam.

Explanation − Here we can clearly see that the conclusion I can be directly derived from the given statement but nothing can be particularly said about the II conclusion. Hence in this case only conclusion I is valid.

Case-2 (Only Conclusion II is valid)

Statement − If you work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions − I. Deep concentration power is also required to pass the exam.; II. Ram is working hard and consistently, this time he will pass.

Explanation − Nothing has been told about the deep concentration in the given statement. Hence that is out of our discussion and this conclusion is not valid as per the given statement. However, conclusion II is an indirect conclusion that can be referred from the statement. Hence only conclusion II is valid.

Case-3 (Either conclusion I or II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions − I. Ram is working hard and he is consistent too. He will pass the exam.; II. Ram is not working hard and neither he is consistent; he is going to fail in the exam.

Explanation − Here with a careful reading one can understand that either of the two conclusions can happen but not both. Either Ram will work hard and will be consistent, or else he will be not. So clearly our answer will be either conclusion I or II is valid.

Case-4 (Neither conclusion I nor II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions − I. Concentration power is required to pass the exam.; II. Minimum 10 min yoga is necessary to increase the concentration power.

Explanation − Here both the conclusions are irrelevant with respect to the given statement. Hence neither of the conclusions are valid.

Case-5 (Both the conclusions will follow)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions − I. Working hard is necessary to pass the exam.; II. Consistency is required to pass the exam.

Explanation − Both the conclusions are already derived from the given statement. Hence here both the conclusions are valid.