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Statement and Conclusion Rules for CLAT 2023

Author : Palak Khanna

August 10, 2022

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The reasoning section of the Common Law Admission Test includes questions from the "Statement and Conclusion" topic. This topic is considered to be quite important and, at the same time, a very scoring topic.

Are you wondering how to solve statement and conclusion questions in the CLAT exam? Well, no need to worry.

Read through the post that will give you a complete insight into Statement and Conclusion Rules, tricks to solve statement and conclusion questions, and more.

What are Statements and Conclusions?

A statement is a group of words combined to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision arrived after considering the given statements.

In most law entrance exams like CLAT, questions on this topic are expected. Statement and Conclusion Questions for CLAT are designed to test your ability to derive correct inferences from the given piece of information.

Note that no assumptions, facts, or information can be used to answer questions related to this topic, and the data given in the statement is the only fact.

Download Free Study Material For CLAT Exam by LegalEdge

Types of Statements and Conclusions

There are two types of statements and conclusions, as explained below:

One statement with two conclusion-based questions

Let us understand this type with an example: 

Statement: Some people say that drinking water after 7:00 PM is not good. 

Read more: Short tricks to solve para jumble questions for the CLAT exam

Conclusion: Do not drink water after 7:00 PM. 

Now, the word "some" is in the statement, which does not mean "all". It means some people do not agree with this. Hence, according to the statement, only some people say drinking water after 7:00 PM is to good, so, the conclusion is not valid. Also, the word "Do not" in conclusion restricts that no one should drink after 7:00 PM. 

Thus, to derive a conclusion, read the statement carefully. You don't have to assume extra information. 

clat online coaching

clat online coaching

More than two statements and conclusion-based questions

More than one statement is followed by 3-4 conclusions in this type. You need to decide the conclusion that follows the statement correctly. 

A conclusion is a decision formed after continuous research on given statements or facts. A proper method of understanding is required before you proceed with the conclusion. 

Following Preparation Tips for CLAT will help you easily solve these questions in the exam.

Let us understand this type with an example: 

Statement

Karan Johar is a good director.

Directors are intelligent.

Read More: Time Management Tips to Score well in the CLAT Exam

Conclusion:

a) All intelligent are directors

b) Karan Johar is intelligent

c) Both a and b

d) None of these

The above statement mentions that all directors are intelligent, and Karan Johar is a director. Therefore, the solution is Karan Johar is intelligent.

clat mock test

clat mock test

How to Solve Statement and Conclusions Questions?

The logical reasoning section is one of the crucial sections in the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). The exam holds almost 20% weightage, and the questions are designed to test your comprehension and reasoning skills.

Here are a few tips and tricks that you need to follow to get the statements and conclusions answers correct while preparing for the CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation.

  • If two or more sentences are used to frame a statement, then the sentences must be interrelated, and mutual contradiction should be there.
  • Do not look for truthful notions. The information provided in the statement is the only requirement for you to answer the question. No assumptions must be made.
  • Read the statement carefully and look for keywords that are common between the statement and the conclusions
  • If there is more than one conclusion that is applicable to the statement, ensure that the conclusions you have opted for have some relation with each other.
  • Do not go by the length of the statement or statements. Make sure that you read the statement carefully before you make a conclusion.
  • Ensure not to guess the answers on this topic as you might end up with a negative marking. 

Different Types of Cases for Statement and Conclusions

Solving Previous Year's Question Papers for CLAT will help you understand the type of questions asked on this topic in the upcoming exam. Here are various cases seen in the above-explained statement and conclusion types. Read through the cases, which are explained with an example, for easy understanding.

Case-1 (Only conclusion I is valid)

Statement − You will pass the exam if you work hard and consistently.

Conclusions:

I. Hard work and consistency are required to pass an exam.

II. Without hard work, there is a possibility of passing an exam.

Explanation − Here, we can clearly see that the conclusion I can be directly derived from the given statement but nothing can be particularly said about the II conclusion. Hence in this case only conclusion I is valid.

Read more: Important topics for the CLAT exam

Case-2 (Only Conclusion II is valid)

Statement − You will pass the exam if you work hard and consistently.

Conclusions:

I. Deep concentration power is also required to pass the exam.

II. Ram is working hard and consistently; this time, he will pass.

Explanation − Nothing has been told about the deep concentration in the given statement. Hence that is out of our discussion and this conclusion is not valid as per the given statement. However, conclusion II is an indirect conclusion that can be referred to from the statement. Hence only conclusion II is valid.

Case-3 (Either conclusion I or II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Ram is working hard, and he is consistent too. He will pass the exam.

II. Ram is not working hard and is not consistent; he will fail the exam.

Explanation − Here, with a careful reading, one can understand that either of the two conclusions can happen but not both. Either Ram will work hard and be consistent, or he will not be. So clearly, our answer will be either conclusion I or II is valid.

Read more: Important time and work questions for the CLAT exam

Case-4 (Neither conclusion I nor II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Concentration power is required to pass the exam.

II. Minimum of 10 min yoga is necessary to increase the concentration power.

Explanation − Here, both the conclusions are irrelevant with respect to the given statement. Hence neither of the conclusions are valid.

Case-5 (Both the conclusions will follow)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Working hard is necessary to pass the exam.

II. Consistency is required to pass the exam.

Explanation − Both the conclusions are already derived from the given statement. Hence here both the conclusions are valid.

Frequently Asked Questions

A premise is a statement in an argument that provide reason for the conclusion where as conclusion is a statement in an argument that indicates the exact solution.
You should think only about the information given in the statement to reach a conclusion.
The answer
A summary of the main point
Final sentence
Practicing more and more questions from the previous year papers will help improve your accuracy while solving Statement and Conclusion Questions.
You can refer to the above post to know more about how to solve questions using Statement and Conclusion Rules in the exam.
  • Home
  • Statement and Conclu...

Statement and Conclusion Rules for CLAT 2023

Author : Palak Khanna

Updated On : August 10, 2022

SHARE

The reasoning section of the Common Law Admission Test includes questions from the "Statement and Conclusion" topic. This topic is considered to be quite important and, at the same time, a very scoring topic.

Are you wondering how to solve statement and conclusion questions in the CLAT exam? Well, no need to worry.

Read through the post that will give you a complete insight into Statement and Conclusion Rules, tricks to solve statement and conclusion questions, and more.

What are Statements and Conclusions?

A statement is a group of words combined to form a meaningful sentence. A conclusion is a judgment or decision arrived after considering the given statements.

In most law entrance exams like CLAT, questions on this topic are expected. Statement and Conclusion Questions for CLAT are designed to test your ability to derive correct inferences from the given piece of information.

Note that no assumptions, facts, or information can be used to answer questions related to this topic, and the data given in the statement is the only fact.

Download Free Study Material For CLAT Exam by LegalEdge

Types of Statements and Conclusions

There are two types of statements and conclusions, as explained below:

One statement with two conclusion-based questions

Let us understand this type with an example: 

Statement: Some people say that drinking water after 7:00 PM is not good. 

Read more: Short tricks to solve para jumble questions for the CLAT exam

Conclusion: Do not drink water after 7:00 PM. 

Now, the word "some" is in the statement, which does not mean "all". It means some people do not agree with this. Hence, according to the statement, only some people say drinking water after 7:00 PM is to good, so, the conclusion is not valid. Also, the word "Do not" in conclusion restricts that no one should drink after 7:00 PM. 

Thus, to derive a conclusion, read the statement carefully. You don't have to assume extra information. 

clat online coaching

clat online coaching

More than two statements and conclusion-based questions

More than one statement is followed by 3-4 conclusions in this type. You need to decide the conclusion that follows the statement correctly. 

A conclusion is a decision formed after continuous research on given statements or facts. A proper method of understanding is required before you proceed with the conclusion. 

Following Preparation Tips for CLAT will help you easily solve these questions in the exam.

Let us understand this type with an example: 

Statement

Karan Johar is a good director.

Directors are intelligent.

Read More: Time Management Tips to Score well in the CLAT Exam

Conclusion:

a) All intelligent are directors

b) Karan Johar is intelligent

c) Both a and b

d) None of these

The above statement mentions that all directors are intelligent, and Karan Johar is a director. Therefore, the solution is Karan Johar is intelligent.

clat mock test

clat mock test

How to Solve Statement and Conclusions Questions?

The logical reasoning section is one of the crucial sections in the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT). The exam holds almost 20% weightage, and the questions are designed to test your comprehension and reasoning skills.

Here are a few tips and tricks that you need to follow to get the statements and conclusions answers correct while preparing for the CLAT Logical Reasoning Preparation.

  • If two or more sentences are used to frame a statement, then the sentences must be interrelated, and mutual contradiction should be there.
  • Do not look for truthful notions. The information provided in the statement is the only requirement for you to answer the question. No assumptions must be made.
  • Read the statement carefully and look for keywords that are common between the statement and the conclusions
  • If there is more than one conclusion that is applicable to the statement, ensure that the conclusions you have opted for have some relation with each other.
  • Do not go by the length of the statement or statements. Make sure that you read the statement carefully before you make a conclusion.
  • Ensure not to guess the answers on this topic as you might end up with a negative marking. 

Different Types of Cases for Statement and Conclusions

Solving Previous Year's Question Papers for CLAT will help you understand the type of questions asked on this topic in the upcoming exam. Here are various cases seen in the above-explained statement and conclusion types. Read through the cases, which are explained with an example, for easy understanding.

Case-1 (Only conclusion I is valid)

Statement − You will pass the exam if you work hard and consistently.

Conclusions:

I. Hard work and consistency are required to pass an exam.

II. Without hard work, there is a possibility of passing an exam.

Explanation − Here, we can clearly see that the conclusion I can be directly derived from the given statement but nothing can be particularly said about the II conclusion. Hence in this case only conclusion I is valid.

Read more: Important topics for the CLAT exam

Case-2 (Only Conclusion II is valid)

Statement − You will pass the exam if you work hard and consistently.

Conclusions:

I. Deep concentration power is also required to pass the exam.

II. Ram is working hard and consistently; this time, he will pass.

Explanation − Nothing has been told about the deep concentration in the given statement. Hence that is out of our discussion and this conclusion is not valid as per the given statement. However, conclusion II is an indirect conclusion that can be referred to from the statement. Hence only conclusion II is valid.

Case-3 (Either conclusion I or II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Ram is working hard, and he is consistent too. He will pass the exam.

II. Ram is not working hard and is not consistent; he will fail the exam.

Explanation − Here, with a careful reading, one can understand that either of the two conclusions can happen but not both. Either Ram will work hard and be consistent, or he will not be. So clearly, our answer will be either conclusion I or II is valid.

Read more: Important time and work questions for the CLAT exam

Case-4 (Neither conclusion I nor II is valid)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Concentration power is required to pass the exam.

II. Minimum of 10 min yoga is necessary to increase the concentration power.

Explanation − Here, both the conclusions are irrelevant with respect to the given statement. Hence neither of the conclusions are valid.

Case-5 (Both the conclusions will follow)

Statement − You work hard and consistently, you will pass the exam.

Conclusions:

I. Working hard is necessary to pass the exam.

II. Consistency is required to pass the exam.

Explanation − Both the conclusions are already derived from the given statement. Hence here both the conclusions are valid.

Frequently Asked Questions

A premise is a statement in an argument that provide reason for the conclusion where as conclusion is a statement in an argument that indicates the exact solution.
You should think only about the information given in the statement to reach a conclusion.
The answer
A summary of the main point
Final sentence
Practicing more and more questions from the previous year papers will help improve your accuracy while solving Statement and Conclusion Questions.
You can refer to the above post to know more about how to solve questions using Statement and Conclusion Rules in the exam.

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