Let us discuss career prospects for law graduates in the Indian Judiciary. It is an outstanding stream to explore your career. One gets to study the acts, laws, rules, and norms that form the basis of the nation. It is not just beneficial for the individual but is also beneficial for the whole society.

Judiciary is one of the most sought after and coveted field for career prospects In India. The demand for judiciary jobs is more prevalent in the public sector as compared to the private sector. The demand and popularity of judiciary jobs can be estimated from the number of applicants to the judiciary exams and recruitments every year.

Do not get bogged down if you're told that there are fewer opportunities in law, only after the true guidance and direction provided by teachers and mentors will you realize that graduating in law is just the starting point.

Just like any other field or sector, the most important part of excelling in the judiciary is through proper planning, strategies, and execution on a real level. It is also necessary for aspirants to make necessary changes to their plan as per the changing demands/requirements of the industry.

Judiciary is a fast-paced professional field. It is constantly undergoing a number of various changes every other moment. This can be understood by the introduction of recent changes related to Corporate Law, Litigation, etc.

A career in Indian Judiciary

Judiciary in India has a properly structured system. This is designed to deal with the plethora of problems that we as a country and society face every day. It aims to provide an optimum and sustainable solution to every problem faced by Indian society. The field also offers a wide variety of opportunities. This can be cashed in by our Young Generation for being part of the system that provides service and help to the nation and people that make it. 

A career in the Indian Judiciary is limited to only law graduates. Only people with law degrees can hold the offices in the judiciary. Graduates from other streams can occupy the offices of legislature and executive but the judiciary is only reserved for Law Graduates. 

This is also one of the reasons why Judiciary Jobs's post-law degree is considered to open a wide variety of career opportunities to its holder which other degrees cannot. The existence of the Judiciary is a must for any nation to function democratically. Proper implementation of laws is important to maintain peace and harmony in the country. The citizens of India depend on the Indian judiciary for the proper implementation of their fundamental rights.

Career as a Judge

A judge in Judiciary Jobs is the most important position in the entire Judicial System of India. They are responsible for administering, interpreting, examining, and application of rules/laws of the Indian Constitution. This work requires a lot of dedication, determination towards the Constitution, and will to do right by the people of the country. 

Judiciary Online Coaching

Judiciary Online Coaching

In India, The final decision related to any matter/dispute, irrespective it is bad or good, lies with the judiciary. The judges have the last word in all matters that reach up to the courts. The Judiciary service as Judge is not limited to the Challenges that come with the profession. The life of Judges but also bring financial and societal respect attached to it. Since the explanation of the constitution is rested and entrusted with the Judiciary Jobs’ Courts of the country, Judges enjoy a lot of respect and power in deciding on matters relating to national and internal security.

Judges in India are often seen as the torchbearer of truth and justice. Judges through Judiciary Jobs in India are quite a few times referred as saviour for Victims as they resolve a number of critical issues that may seem like a very mundane task to them but has a deep impact on the lives of people.

Abilities of Judge

  • Honesty towards the nation.
  • Sense of Responsibility and Commitment.
  • Focused mind.
  • Passion and dedication towards the work.
  • Timely Justice

How to became a Judge

The position of Judges are the most pivotal roles in the entire Judicial machinery. They play the central role in the entire working of Judiciary Jobs. Interested aspirants can become judge in Indian Courts by qualifying recruitmets exams conducted by various State Judicial Services of India. 

Aspirants are required to fulfil certain criteria for such exams like, age limit, educational background, domicile of the state and others. Although these criterial are universal and find themselves in almost every state recruitment exams. How they are applied and details of their application defer with each exam. One eligibility that is common to all the recruitment exams is the necessity for the aspirants to hold a law degree from any recognised university or institution.

Appointment of Judges

India follows 3-tier Judiciary Jobs System. This involves the Union Judiciary, the State Judiciary followed by the Subordinate Judiciary. We will study about each of them in detail.

The Union Judiciary

The Supreme Court of India is the apex court of the country. It is believed to be the final interpreter of the Indian Constitution and the laws that flow through it. All laws declared/established by the Supreme Court of India shall have binding effect on all courts within the territory of India. 

The Supreme Court of India comprise of the Chief Justice of India and the thirty (30) additional Judges. The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President of India. It is done through consultations with other judges of the Supreme Court and High courts.

Qualifications for Appointment as a judge

  • He must be a citizen of India.
  • He has been for at least five years a Judge of a High Court or of two or more High Court in succession.
  • Has been for at least ten years an advocate of a High Court or of two or more High Court in succession.
  • He is, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist. The person shall hold office until he attains the age of 65 years.

The State Judiciary

Every state has its own Judiciary. The High Court is the senior most court in the State Judiciary. The High Court is assisted by network of system of courts subordinate to the State High Court. The courts are within the territory of the State. 

Every State High Court in Judiciary Job consists of a Chief Justice of the State High Court. The Chief Justice of the High Court is accompanied by other Judges. The number of Judges varies as the president along with the governor of the state deems necessary. All the judges in High Court are appointed by the President of India. These appointments are done in consultation with the Chief Justice of India, the Governor of the state and the Chief Justice of the High Court.

Qualifications for Appointment as a Judge

A person to be qualified for appointment as a Judge of a High Court:

  • Must be a citizen of India;
  • Must have for at least ten years held a Judicial office in the territory of India;
  • Must have for at least ten years been an advocate of a High Court or of two or more such courts in succession.
  • Judge of the High Court holds office until he attains the age of 62 years.

The Subordinate Judiciary: The District Court

The Subordinate Judiciary Job is the bottom most and last level in the Judicial Scale. It consists of a District Court. The District Court’s jurisdiction spans over the entire district. Depending upon the size of the district, there could be one or more than one District Courts in the city. 

District Court are often referred to as Succession Court. It is due to its power to exercise its jurisdiction on criminal matters which come under the Code of Criminal procedure. The Judges of Subordinate District Court aka Succession Court in any district are appointed by the Governor of the State. These appointments are done after consultations with the High Court 

Qualifications for Appointment as a Judge

To appoint a Judge in Subordinate Judiciary there are two ways mainly:

  • For Additional District Judges
    • Must be a citizen of India.
    • Must have an advocate at-least for a seven years.
    • Must have attained an age of 35 years( Age differs from state to state).
    • Qualify the exam conducted by the Higher Judicial Service.

Judiciary Online Coaching

Judiciary Online Coaching

  • For Civil Judge/ Magistrate
    • Must be a citizen of India
    • Must have an age between 21 to 35 years (Age varies from State to State ).
    • Qualify the exam conducted by the State Judicial Service.

Judicial Service Examination

The Judicial Services Examination for Judiciary Jobs in India is the gateway to Judicial Services of India which provides secure and comfortable life. Judicial Services Examination for Judiciary Jobs which is also commonly known as PCS (J)-Provincial Civil Service-Judicial Examination, are entry-level recruitment exams. These are conducted for law graduates for their recruitment to the post of judges in the subordinate judiciary. 

The State governments under the ambit of High Court conduct these state level Provincial Judicial Services Exam for Judiciary Jobs. Based upon the performance of students in the generally three tiered exam (Prelims, Mains and Interview), the shortlisted candidates are appointed to the post of Judges after the completion of their training. 

All this is done under the supervision of the respective high courts. They appoint the shortlisted students for Judiciary Jobs based on the competitive examination. Every State has different Eligibility Judiciary Jobs criteria for students appearing for the exam.

Judicial Services Examination- Eligibility Criteria

Lower Judiciary Service:

  • Candidates must have a law degree.
  • They has enrolled or qualified to be enrolled as an advocate under Advocates Act 1961.
  • No experience is required and final year candidates can also appear.
  • Usually the age limit between 21 to 35 years. ( Varies According to State)

Higher Judiciary Service

  • #Candidates must have a law degree.
  • #They have a minimum number of years of litigating practice; usually seven years.

As mentioned earlier, most of the Judicial Services Examination for Judiciary Jobs follow similar pattern/structure of the recruitment. The recruitment to the post of Judges through PCS J exam is held in three successive stages namely

  • Preliminary Examination
  • Main Examination
  • Inter-view
  1. Preliminary Examination: The preliminary examination is the first step in the multiple rounds of selection process. The Prelims level of Judiciary Jobs PCS-J recruitment serves as a screening level for subsequent rounds of the exam. The exam is of objective type. The questions are framed in the form of Multiple Choice questions with one correct answer among a few options for each question. The papers generally have negative marking. 

Since prelims is a screening level, subjects of the Preliminary exam are kept basic. This depends on the State. Generally, the prelims exam is spanned over two papers. The first paper includes general knowledge while the second paper is leaned towards the law aspect of the candidate. 

Marks obtained by the student in the preliminary examination for Judiciary Jobs is only considered for selection in the mains round of the exam. The marks obtained in the prelims round are not considered in the final selection. Marks required to qualify the prelims round to vary with each state Judiciary Jobs. 

  1. Main Examination: Unlike prelims, Mains level of examination is of the subjective type where students have to answer questions with essay type answers and not one-word answers. This is why It is called a written examination. The Mains exam of PCS J for Judiciary Jobs generally comprises three to four papers. Marks obtained by students in the Mains level along with the interview score are considered for the final selection. 

III. Inter-view: PCS Interview is the final stage of selection in the recruitment process. It is here where candidates are assessed on their personality, general interest, and intelligence among other factors. It tells about the personal view of the candidate. This round is a face to face Oral Exam examination.

Judicial Services Examination Syllabus

The syllabus of Judicial exams varies across states. While the Constitution of India is common to all the states. Candidates have to pay attention to the state laws as well when it comes to studying for the PCS Judiciary exam. The Syllabus of PCS J Exam for Judiciary Jobs is broadly divided into following sections

  • Civil law, 
  • Criminal Law and 

Benefits and allowances

As mentioned earlier, perks and allowances offered with the Judiciary Jobs are inviting. Every Judge recruited to the Judiciary is entitled to following allowances 

  • House Rent Allowance
  • Travel Allowance
  • Electricity Bill
  • Phone Bill
  • Vehicle Maintenance
  • Pension after retirement

In addition to the aforementioned allowances, Judges under Judiciary Jobs also get their own houses to live in. They are offered security. They also get an education facility for their children and other included benefits for their spouses as well.

Conclusion

Judiciary Jobs is one of the most popular and hot field these days. Candidates are in love with the field as it provides them with a unique opportunity to serve the Country through interpreting the Constitution in the best manner possible. 

The field also requires complete and unrevokable dedication and passion for justice. The Indian Judiciary Job is slumped with a huge number of cases and is in dire need of new and energetic workforces. It can be used by youth as the direct Platform to serve their nation.