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How to Prepare Indian Polity for CLAT 2024

Author : Tanya Kaushal

Updated On : January 17, 2023


Reader's Digest: According to Salmond, "Constitutional law is, as the name implies, a body of those legal rules which determine the constitution of the state." How to remember Indian Polity for CLAT? What is the best trick to remember parts of the Constitution? What are the tricks to remember Indian Polity? Shhh...We are giving these top 3 score booster tips to 'YOU.' So, Why Late? Dig into the blog post to learn innovative techniques, sample polity questions, and more.

3 Savvy Ways to Prepare Indian Polity for CLAT 2024

Radhika, a CLAT aspirant, was known as the 'master of the Indian Polity'. You ask it, and she has the answer to it. Out of curiosity, her friend Natasha asked her the secret to excelling in the Indian polity section. 

These are tips given by Radhika to increase marks in the Indian Polity for the LLB entrance exam.

Prepare Indian Polity for CLAT - Read the NCERT

If your knowledge of Indian Polity is too low, you must start with the basic books. Written in easy-to-understand language, NCERTs are the starter pack to prepare for CLAT.

Start with the class 8 NCERT of Political Science. Read the NCERT books till class 12 level. Refer to the definition and knowledge box for a transparent understanding of the concepts.

It will hardly take a week to go through all the NCERT books. Finish classes 8 and 9 NCERT in a day. Allot two days for NCERTs to class 10, 11 and 12. 

Follow the study routine mentioned below to prepare Indian Polity for CLAT.

  • Day 1 - NCERT of classes 8 and 9
  • Day 2 - NCERT of class 10
  • Day 3 - NCERT of class 10
  • Day 4 - NCERT of class 11
  • Day 5 - NCERT of class 11
  • Day 6 - NCERT of class 12
  • Day 7 - NCERT of class 12

Prepare Indian Polity - Brush Up the Basics with Laxmikanth

Laxmikanth is the best book to understand the concepts of Indian Polity with ease. You can read it in the manner as prescribed below. 

  • First Reading - Read all the chapters in one go without focusing on the concepts in 4-5 days.
  • Second Reading - Give a detailed reading of about 1-1.5 months to understand the topics.
  • Third Reading - Skim through all the highlighted details to revise the Indian Polity. 

Prepare Indian Polity - Learn with Mindmap, Infographics, and Mnemonics

As we all know Indian Constitution is considered to be the world's lengthiest constitution. So, it is challenging to learn all the laws, by-rules, regulations and schedules. 

Refer to the below-mentioned on how to remember Indian Polity for CLAT 2024 with mnemonics in under 10 minutes.

Trick 1 - Add 4 to all the subsequent articles related to Emergency Provisions.

For instance, 352+4= 356; 356+4=360

  • Article 352 – Proclamation of emergency (National Emergency)

  • Article 356 – State Emergency (President’s Rule)

  • Article 360 – Financial Emergency

Trick 2 - Add 90 to the following articles from the Centre and their counterpart articles in the States.

For instance, 112+90=202; 113+90=203; 114+90=204; 115+90=205; 116+90=206, and so on.
The article for the Centre are as follows:-

  • Article 112: Annual Financial statement for Union
  • Article 113: Procedure in Parliament with respect to estimates
  • Article 114: Appropriation Bills Article 115: Supplementary, additional, or excess grants
  • Article 116: Votes on account, votes of credit, and exceptional grants
  • Article 117: Special provisions as to financial Bills
  • Article 118: Rules of procedure

Corresponding Articles for States are as follows.

  • Article 202: Annual financial statement for state
  • Article 203: Procedure in Legislature with respect to estimates
  • Article 204: Appropriation Bills Article 205: Supplementary, additional, or excess grants
  • Article 206: Votes on account, votes of credit, and exceptional grants
  • Article 207: Special provisions as to financial Bills
  • Article 208: Rules of procedure

Trick 3: For remembering the Articles of the Constitution is " Lazy Elephants Jump Slowly And Sit Regularly."

  • = legislative.
  • = executive.
  • = judicial.
  • = states.
  • = amendment process.
  • = supremacy of constitution.
  • = ratification.

Trick 4 - Remember the articles of the Center, and add 89 to their corresponding articles in the state. 

For instance, 72+89=161; 74+89=163; 75+89=164; 76+89=165, and so on.

The article for the Centre are as follows:-

  • Article 74: Council of Ministers to aid and advise President.
  • Article 75: Other provisions as to Ministers
  • Article 76: Attorney General for India
  • Article 77: Conduct of business of the Government of India
  • Article 78: Duties of Prime Minister as respects the furnishing of information to the President, etc.
  • Article 79: Constitution of Parliament
  • Article 85: Sessions of Parlia ment, prorogation and dissolu tion
  • Article 86: Right of President to address and send messages to Houses
  • Article 88: Rights of Ministers and Attorno

Corresponding Articles for States are as follows.

  • Article: 164: Other provisions as to Ministers
  • Article 165: Advocate General for the Stato te
  • Article 166: Conduct of business of the Government of a State
  • Article 167: Duties of Chief Minister as respects the furnishing of information to Governor, etc.
  • Article 168: Constitution of Legislatures in States
  • Article 174: Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution
  • Article 175: Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses
  • Article 177: Rights of Ministers

CLAT Online Coaching

CLAT Online Coaching

Most Important Topics to Prepare Indian Polity for CLAT 2024

The Bar Council of India has made constitutional Law compulsory for the CLAT UG program. In CLAT UG Exam, Constitutional Law carries a weightage of 40-50 marks, including the objective section. While covering it, a particular focus should be on The Bare Act.

Not all topics deserve the same attention as others. Some topics hold more weightage depending on their significance in day-to-day activities. 

If you are preparing to write the CLAT entrance exam, you must also be prepared for Indian Polity Questions.

Indian Polity includes a range of topics like the Constitution, Citizenship, Directive Principles, Judiciary, State Governments, Local Government, Election system, Executive, President, Prime Minister & Council of Ministers, Fundamental Rights and more. 

The most crucial topic of Indian polity is The Constitution, which includes sub-topics like government, centre-state relations, new bills, laws, governance issues, social justice, etc. However, it isn't limited to these topics. 

We have curated a specially picked list of topics to help you prepare Indian Polity for CLAT:

  • Judicial bodies such as;
  1. Supreme court
  2. High Court
  3. District courts
  • Quasi-Judicial bodies such as;
  1. National Green Tribunal
  2. Central Information Commission
  3. National Human Rights Commission
  4. Tribunal
  5. SEBI
  6. Tribunals
  • Writs
  • Fundamental Rights
  • Fundamental Duties
  • Directive Principles of State Policy
  • Elections to important posts. 
  1. President
  2. Vice-President
  3. Legislative Assembly
  4. Prime Minister
  5. Chief Minister
  6. Council of Minister
  7. Chief Justice of India
  8. Speaker of Lok Sabha
  9. Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha
  10. Deputy Speaker of Rajya Sabha
  • Official language
  • Panchayati Raj
  • Emergency powers
  1. President's Rule
  2. National Emergency
  3. Financial Emergency
  • Types of bills
  • Sitting of Parliament

Sample Questions to Prepare Indian Polity for CLAT 2024 

Here is a list of sample Indian Polity questions to refer to. 

  1. Which part of the Constitution of India deals with the Emergency provisions?
  • Part XVIII
  • Part XV
  • Part XVI
  • Part XXI

Answer - Part XVIII

  1. Who is currently serving as the Speaker of Lok Sabha?
  • Om Birla
  • Meira Kumar
  • Sumitra Mahajan
  • Somnath Chatterji

Answer - Om Birla

  1. The Vice President of India also holds the position of
  • Ex officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha
  • Head of the Armed Forces
  • Speaker of Lok Sabha
  • Chairman of Rajya Sabha

Read more: Short tricks to enhance your preparation for Law entrance exams in India

Answer - Ex officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha

  1. What is the maximum strength of Lok Sabha, i.e. House of the people?
  • 552
  • 550
  • 545
  • 500

Answer - 552

  1. In India, a three-tier Panchayat is envisaged for states which have a population of 
  • 15 Lakhs
  • 20 Lakhs
  • 25 Lakhs
  • 30 Lakhs

Answer - 20 Lakhs

  1. The number of Judges can be altered in the Supreme Court By 
  • Presidential Order
  • Central Government by Notification
  • Supreme Court. by Notification
  • Parliament by Law

Answer - Parliament by Law

  1. The jurisdiction covering the Andaman and Nicobar islands falls under the supervision of 
  • A circuit bench of the Bombay High court at Port Blair
  • A circuit bench of the Madras High Court at Port Blair
  • A circuit bench of the Calcutta High Court at Port Blair
  • A circuit bench of the Supreme Court of India at Port Blair

Answer - A circuit bench of the Calcutta High Court at Port Blair

  1. Supreme Court has made the Right to Free Education as part of which among the following rights?
  • Right to life
  • Right against Exploitation
  • Right to freedom of speech and expression
  • Cultural and Educational Rights

Answer - Right to life

  1. The Ordinance passed remains in force for how long after the Parliament is reconvened?
  • Six months
  • Six weeks
  • Six days
  • Sixty days

Answer - Six days

CLAT Mock Tests

CLAT Mock Tests

  1. Which case laid down the basic structure doctrine of the Constitution of India?
  • A K Kraipak v Union of India
  • Kesavananda Bharti v State of Kerala
  • A K Gopalan v State of Madras
  • None of these

Answer - Kesavananda Bharti v State of Kerala

11. Who was the Constitutional Advisor to the Constituent Assembly?

  • B N Rau
  • B R Ambedkar
  • Rajendra Prasad
  • K M Munshi.

Answer - B N Rau

Quick Tips to Prepare Indian Polity for CLAT 2024

Cracking the exam on the first attempt is not difficult if you are committed and dedicated to your goal. The following are a few tips to enhance your CLAT exam preparation.

An hour of planning can save you 10 hours of doing. 

  • Decide the year you wish to take the CLAT exams. Plan a timesheet that you can follow every day. Knowing the exam date can help with the preparations in advance. Therefore keep a tab on the official website for any new notifications. 

Where's my syllabus to guide me through my CLAT preparations? 

  • Exam patterns and exam-related details are of extreme significance. Understand the concepts thoroughly and know the weightage for each section to prioritize your time learning those concepts. Keep yourself updated with any changes in the syllabus or exam pattern. 

It’s Okay to ask for Help

  • Apart from the online material, sample papers, reference books, and check-leged institutes that provide CLAT coaching. We have our experts at LegalEdge helping students crack their CLAT exams. 

Begin your day with a positive mindset

  • There is no better way to approach your exams than with a calm and confident mindset. 

Summing Up - Woah! After reading the tips mentioned above to prepare Indian Polity for CLAT 2024, you must feel pretty confident. Attempt the Indian Polity section and maximise your score. Good luck with your preparation! Happy reading!

“The best way to predict your future is to create it.” – Abraham Lincoln

Frequently Asked Questions

The CLAT Admission is an online process conducted for offering admission into UG and PG courses. The admissions are conducted by the respective NLUs.

Some of the best books for the CLAT Legal Aptitude section are Legal Aptitude for CLAT and other Law Exams: Workbook by A. P Bhardwaj, Our Judiciary (National Book Trust) by National Book Trust, Legal Aptitude (CLAT) by R. K Gupta and Samiksha Gupta.

It solely depends on whether you need to take CLAT coaching. If your fundamentals are strong, then it is easy to crack the exam just by solving the previous year's sample papers and Mock tests. However, opting for coaching is beneficial if you want to improve your fundamentals.
Yes, Toprankers offers Online coaching for CLAT Critical Reasoning at affordable prices. Candidates can get guidance from top-notch faculties to crack the exam in one attempt.
Yes, along with the online classes, candidates can get all the required materials in PDF format for English Language of CLAT Exam.


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