Know all about President Elections in India for SSC Exams

President Elections in India for SSC Exam: All about President Elections in India for all SSC aspirants on Election process for President

 Know all about President Elections in India for SSC Exams

President Elections in India for SSC Exam: Recently the President Elections were announced by the Election Commission and the President elections will be held on July 17, 2017. As of now two candidates have filed their nomination for the president election. The NDA has nominated Ram Nath Kovind, former Bihar governor, while the opposition has nominated Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar as their nominee for the president elections.

Union Executives

  1. The union executive consists of political executive and permanent executive.
  2. Political Executives: Positions under the Political executive include President, Vice President, Prime minister, council of ministers and attorney general of India. These are mostly political appointments.
  3. Permanent executive: Permanent executives are selected by UPSC and include cabinet secretary, IAS officers and the like. Permanent executives are selected on the basis of merit.

 

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Powers of President in Indian Constitution: President Elections in India for SSC Exam

There shall be a president of Union of India based on Article 52 of the constitution.

According to Article 53 of the constitution, the executive powers of the union will be vested with the president

Election of President: President Elections in India for SSC Exam

  1. President of India is elected by an electoral college based on the following parameters
  2. Electoral college comprises of elected members of both the houses of the parliament – Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  3. Other people who are part of the Electoral College include members of the legislative assemblies of the state and elected members of legislative assemblies of the union territories of Delhi and Puducherry.
  4. President of India is elected by proportional representation system by means of single transferable vote.
  5. Voting in president election is done by a secret ballot
  6. Candidate who is to be elected to the office of the president must secure a fixed quota of votes
  7. Each member of the electoral college is given a one ballot paper and each member must indicate his preference for the candidate by marking against the name of the candidate.
  8. Candidate should secure required quota to be selected as president. Otherwise there is transfer of votes in motion and the process continues till the candidate secures the required quota. Disputes related to election of president are inquired by the supreme court and the decision of the supreme court stands final.

Qualifications of Election as President: President Elections in India for SSC Exam

  1. Person should meet the following criteria to become the president of India:
  2. Candidate should be a citizen of India
  3. Should have completed 35 years of age
  4. Qualified for election as member of lok sabha
  5. Should not hold any office of profit under the central government, state government, etc

Oath of President: President Elections in India for SSC Exam

  1. President shall take oath of office in the presence of CJI or Chief Justice of India and in his absence senior most judge of supreme court. In the swearing ceremony, the president swears to preserve, protect and defend the constitution.
  2. Tenure of the president’s office:
  3. A President hold the office for a term of 5 years
  4. A president is also eligible for re-election to that officers
  5. President can resign from his office before completion of this tenure by addressing resignation letter to the Vice President.
  6. President can be removed from his office through impeachment for violation of the constitution

Impeachment of the President: President Elections in India for SSC Exam

  1. The impeachment resolution against president can be initiated by either house of the parliament signed by at least one-fourth of the members of one house
  2. Impeachment resolution is passed by two-thirds of the total membership of the house and is then sent to the other house.
  3. If second house or other house passes the impeachment resolution by voting for it by two-thirds of the total membership of the house, then president is removed from his office.

Note:

  1. Nominated members of either house of the parliament (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) participate in impeachment of the president.
  2. Members of the state legislative assemblies, state legislative councils of state do not take part in the impeachment of the president.

Stay tuned for more updates on President Elections in India for SSC Exam!

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