Learn Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams – English Notes as PDF

Learn Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams – English Notes as PDF

Learn Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams – English Notes as PDF. Download English notes as PDF

Learn Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams – English Notes as PDF

English Section is an integral Part of all banking and SSC Exams. Nouns are an important part of Grammar and it plays a vital role in shaping the overall performance. Grammar is an essential part of English and an exam. In order to crack any Banking and SSC Exam, you need to know your grammar well and if not it can be detrimental for you to crack the exam.

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The most important part of grammar is that you need to get your basics right. Things become a lot easier when you get your basics right.

Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams

The most significant part of English Grammar:

The Eight Parts of Speech

  • Nouns
  • Pronouns
  • Verbs
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Prepositions
  • Conjunctions
  • Interjections

Out of the eight Parts of Speech, we look at conjunctions as one of the most important parts of speech of English Language.

What is a Conjunction?

A conjunction is a part of speech or that connects the following
– One word to another word.
– One word to another clause.
– One sentence to another sentence.

Unlike Nouns or verbs, Conjunctions are limited in number and connect millions of sentences in the English language. They act as great connectors of words or sentences and make communication easier. They also break sentences wherever required.

The conjunctions are as follows : and, but, or, for, nor, so, yet, because, if, whether, lest, unless, as, since, how, when, where, while, why, till, until, after, before, however, as soon as, though and than.

Example:

One word to another word:
Ramesh and Suresh are brothers. (noun to noun)
Suresh and you have done this work. (Noun to pronoun)
You and I will go there. (Pronoun to pronoun)
Suresh sat down and wept. (verb to verb)
Suresh is sad but hopeful. (adjective to adjective)
Suresh moves slowly but silently. (Adverb to adverb)
– The bird flies through 
and through the sky. (preposition to preposition)

One word to another clause:
Suresh is so weak that he cannot walk.
She was so beautiful that everybody loved her.

One sentence to another sentence:
– I trust Suresh because he is honest.
Suresh says that he will do it.
– They will come 
if they are allowed here.
– It
‘s been a long time since I saw you first.
– You must wait here 
until your father comes back.
– I wish to know 
whether he will turn up or not.

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Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams

There are three different types of conjunctions:

  1. Coordinate Conjunction

  2. Subordinate Conjunction

  3. Correlative conjunction

Coordinate Conjunction:

Coordinate conjunctions such as and, but, or, nor, for, so, or yet are used to connect or join individual words, phrases and independent clauses.

Example:

  • She stood first and got a prize.

  • He is sad but hopeful.

  • Slow but steady wins the race

  • You must practice or you will lose the race.

  • I will not only drink water, but also eat the biscuit

  • As you sow, so shall you reap

  • It was hot and humid

  • You can either drink the cola or the tea

Subordinate Conjunction:

The subordinate clause such as since, because, although, as, until etc. are used to join an independent clause to a dependent clause. The subordinate conjunctions are used before the dependent clauses. Dependent clause can be placed before or after the independent clauses.

Example:
He wont give up until he wins
Since he had the headache, he went to sleep
Though he loved her cousin, he married another woman.
Despite calling several times, her call was not returned.

Correlative conjunctions:

Correlative conjunctions are pairs of conjunctions such as both…and, either…..or, neither……nor etc. They are used in the sentences to link words, phrases and clauses.

Correlative conjunctions connect two words or phrases or clauses that have the similar structure and are grammatically similar. That means nouns are linked to nouns, adjectives to adjectives, prepositional phrases to prepositional phrases.

Correlatives conjunctions are:
Both….and, either….or, neither….nor, not only….but also, so….that, such….that, no sooner….than, hardly….when, scarcely….when, else….than, else….but.

Example:
He is both foolish and naive. (noun to noun)
– She is 
both wise and good. (adjective to adjective)
– He must 
either work or leave. (verb to verb)
– He behaved 
neither wisely nor kindly. (adverb to adverb)
– He is 
so tired that he cannot walk.


Rules to Use Conjunctions as Part of Speech: Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams

  • While using a correlative conjunction, the two parts of the conjunction should go before words of the same kind. For instance, if the noun is used after neither, another noun should be used after nor.

Examples:

Incorrect – Neither is he an engineer nor is he a doctor.
Correct – He is 
neither an engineer nor a doctor.

Incorrect – Not only does he sing but also dance.
Correct – He 
not only sings but also dances.
Correct –
Not only does he sing but he also dances.

  • When two subjects are joined by neither-nor or either-or, the verb should agree with the subject (noun or pronoun) closest to the verb. If it is singular, choose the singular verb; if the noun is plural, choose the plural form of the verb.

Examples:

1. Incorrect –Neither Kritika nor Suhasini were wearing spectacles

Correct – Neither Kritika nor Suhasini was wearing spectacles.

2. IncorrectNeither Ramesh nor Suresh made their presence felt.

CorrectNeither Ramesh nor Suresh made his presence felt.

Tips to Learn Grammar: Conjunctions as Part of Speech for Bank & SSC Exams

1. Be a Good Listener: Be a good listener to those who can speak English well. Consume English Media like English News channels, read English newspapers, books, and novels.

2. Learn Parts of Speech: The only way you can become an expert in English is to learn parts of speech mentioned in this blog.

2. Start talking to Friends in English: Make English your first language.

3. Read Comic books and Short story books: Read English comic books like Tinkle, TinTin, or other Comic books from Amar Chitra Katha where you can improve language by reading on Indian mythology. Read Short stories that give you an opportunity to learn English and grammar.

4. Make use of Mobile Apps: Make use of free mobile apps that teach you new words and sentences every day. Make use of any of the dozen apps on Android and iOS that teach you English and Grammar.

5. Stay Confident: Stay confident and believe that you will be able to learn and improve English Grammar.

Books to Refer:

  1. Word Power by Norman Lewis (Penguin)
  2. High School Grammar & Composition by Wren and Martin (S.Chand Publishers)

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